|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. On what day does the "Phaedo" take place?
(a) The day of Socrates' execution.
(b) The day of Socrates' trial.
(c) A week after Socrates' execution.
(d) Two days before Socrates' execution.
2. What did Socrates say about the laws of the land during his conversation with Crito?
(a) They control members of society, but don't do much to protect them.
(b) They are just, so it is just to follow them.
(c) They are unjust, but must be followed.
(d) They both protect and control members of society.
3. According to Socrates and his friends, what happens to a soul after it spends some time in the Underworld?
(a) It is assimilated by the life force of the cosmos.
(b) It forgets its previous life.
(c) It reemerges as a new mortal.
(d) It ascends to Heaven.
4. What does the term "philosopher" mean?
(a) Educated person.
(b) Purveyor of knowledge.
(d) Lover of wisdom.
5. According to Tarrant, what is one modern debate which is similar in nature to the issues in the "Phaedo"?
(b) Intelligent Design.
(c) Capital punishment.
(d) Nature vs. nurture.
6. According to the introduction to the Phaedo, what are the most likely causes of suicide?
(a) Guilt and low self-worth.
(b) Release from pain, or consequences.
(c) A desire for a measure of control over one's death.
(d) A desire for attention, or to be remembered.
7. Why did Socrates plead with Crito to listen to his reasoning?
(a) Socrates wanted Crito to point out the flaws in his reasoning so he would be able to change his mind without guilt.
(b) Socrates wanted to reassure Crito that he was making the right choice.
(c) Because Socrates wanted Crito to be at peace with the decision that Socrates had made.
(d) Socrates just wanted to have a good philosophical debate.
8. What did the Pythagoreans conclude about the nature of matter?
(a) When matter was destroyed, it disappeared.
(b) All matter was created at the time of the Big Bang.
(c) The universe is made up of tiny, invisible particles.
(d) Matter is solid.
9. What is the theory of "Idealism" in philosophy?
(a) The gods are the ideal forms of human qualities.
(b) Ideas are constant and unchanging.
(c) Physical objects are based upon ideal forms.
(d) Ideas and thoughts have their own existence.
10. When asked how to overcome the difficulty in the debate, what did Socrates suggest?
(a) Accepting defeat graciously.
(c) Getting an impartial observer to decide the winner.
(d) Giving up.
11. What theory did the Pythagoreans have about the human soul?
(a) They didn't believe in the concept of the soul.
(b) They felt that the soul was eternal and unchanging.
(c) They felt that the soul only lasted as long as the body did.
(d) They didn't have a theory about the human soul.
12. Who was Phaedo telling the story of Socrates' execution to?
13. According to Socrates' friends, what happens when someone learns something?
(a) They remember knowledge that already existed.
(b) They discover something they already knew.
(c) They uncover new knowledge.
(d) They create knowledge which did not previously exist.
14. According to Tarrant, what parts of a person did the Greeks believe persisted through death?
(a) Their communicative powers.
(b) Their thoughts.
(c) All answers are correct.
(d) Their emotions.
15. When did Socrates' dialogue with Crito take place?
(a) Before Socrates' sentencing.
(b) After Socrates' sentencing, but before his death.
(c) At Socrates' execution.
(d) Before Socrates was informed that he was being prosecuted.
Short Answer Questions
1. Crito and Socrates agreed that what action is always unjust?
2. What was the reason for what happened to Socrates after his trial?
3. Who lost control of his emotions at Socrates' execution?
4. According to Tarrant, why did Socrates submit so easily to his sentencing?
5. In what area of thought did the Pythagorean school excel?
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