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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What concept does Tarrant label as "Christian," which he says the Greeks did not possess?
2. What was the relationship, according to Crito and Socrates, between just actions and natural ones?
(a) An action may be just, but not natural.
(b) An action may be natural, but unjust.
(c) Natural actions are always just.
(d) Just actions are always natural.
3. According to Tarrant, why did Socrates submit so easily to his sentencing?
(a) He had a terminal illness.
(b) He chose it over being banished.
(c) He had no will to live.
(d) It afforded him some control.
4. According to the introduction to the Phaedo, what are the most likely causes of suicide?
(a) A desire for a measure of control over one's death.
(b) A desire for attention, or to be remembered.
(c) Release from pain, or consequences.
(d) Guilt and low self-worth.
5. What was Socrates doing when Crito arrived?
6. Crito and Socrates agreed that what action is always unjust?
(a) Avoiding one's punishment.
(b) Judging another person.
(c) Doing a just thing for the wrong reasons.
(d) Harming others.
7. How did Socrates interpret his dream?
(a) He believed he had two days left to live.
(b) He knew what awaited him in the Underworld.
(c) He felt that Apollo might save him from his fate.
(d) He believed there might be a way for him to escape his execution.
8. How was Socrates executed?
(a) Thrown to the lions.
(b) Drawing and quartering.
(c) Self-administered hemlock poisoning.
(d) Firing squad.
9. What theory did the Pythagoreans have about the human soul?
(a) They didn't believe in the concept of the soul.
(b) They didn't have a theory about the human soul.
(c) They felt that the soul only lasted as long as the body did.
(d) They felt that the soul was eternal and unchanging.
10. What happened to Socrates after his trial?
(a) His method of execution was changed.
(b) His sentence was commuted.
(c) His execution was delayed.
(d) He was caught and brought back to Athens.
11. What do we know about Phaedo?
(a) He died at a very early age.
(b) His intellect rivaled that of Socrates.
(c) He suffered terribly.
(d) He was not an actual living person.
12. What term did the Greeks use to refer to the souls of the departed?
13. Where did Socrates' dialogue with Crito take place?
(a) In the courtroom.
(b) In Crito's home.
(c) In the Athenian marketplace.
(d) In Socrates' prison cell.
14. What new activity did Socrates try while in prison?
(a) Writing poetry.
(d) Writing down some of his dialogues.
15. What does the term "philosopher" mean?
(a) Purveyor of knowledge.
(b) Educated person.
(c) Lover of wisdom.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the view of Socrates' friends on the topic of suicide?
2. Why did Socrates ask Crito to be cautious?
3. What is the theory of "Idealism" in philosophy?
4. What did Crito offer Socrates?
5. Why did Socrates plead with Crito to listen to his reasoning?
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