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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who was Phaedo telling the story of Socrates' execution to?
2. According to Tarrant, what is one modern debate which is similar in nature to the issues in the "Phaedo"?
(b) Nature vs. nurture.
(c) Intelligent Design.
(d) Capital punishment.
3. Each theory about the afterlife that is presented by Socrates' friends represents a different conception of what?
(b) The gods.
(c) The soul.
4. According to Tarrant, why did Socrates submit so easily to his sentencing?
(a) It afforded him some control.
(b) He had no will to live.
(c) He had a terminal illness.
(d) He chose it over being banished.
5. How did Socrates interpret his dream?
(a) He knew what awaited him in the Underworld.
(b) He felt that Apollo might save him from his fate.
(c) He believed he had two days left to live.
(d) He believed there might be a way for him to escape his execution.
6. What does "transmigration of souls" mean?
(a) Some aspects of an individual exist before, during, and after their lifetime.
(b) The journey across the River Styx.
(c) Displaced souls that roam the earth.
(d) The communications from the dead that are received by the living.
7. According to Tarrant, what parts of a person did the Greeks believe persisted through death?
(a) Their thoughts.
(b) Their communicative powers.
(c) All answers are correct.
(d) Their emotions.
8. How did Phaedo describe Socrates' execution?
9. Who is Phaedo?
(a) Meletus' cousin.
(b) One of Socrates' friends.
(c) Socrates' son.
(d) Plato's brother.
10. What is the reason, according to Socrates, for "mislogic"?
(a) People don't understand the limitations of logic.
(b) People are defeated in logical arguments.
(c) People don't know how to use logic correctly.
(d) People are more interested in "winning" an argument than in knowing the truth.
11. Crito first attempted to persuade Socrates with what type of argument?
12. What happens to energy, according to the Pythagoreans?
(a) It is constantly created and destroyed.
(b) When an object is destroyed, so is the energy contained within it.
(c) It is preserved and perpetuated.
(d) It lasts for a finite amount of time.
13. Crito and Socrates agreed that what action is always unjust?
(a) Harming others.
(b) Avoiding one's punishment.
(c) Judging another person.
(d) Doing a just thing for the wrong reasons.
14. What did Socrates say about the jurors who convicted him?
(a) They were being selfish.
(b) The jury committed an injustice against him.
(c) They were doing what they felt was just.
(d) They didn't know any better.
15. What does the term "philosopher" mean?
(b) Educated person.
(c) Purveyor of knowledge.
(d) Lover of wisdom.
Short Answer Questions
1. On what day does the "Phaedo" take place?
2. According to Socrates' friends, what happens when someone learns something?
3. What metaphor does Tarrant use to describe the different mentalities in the Phaedo?
4. Against who were Socrates and his partner debating at the end of Book 5, Chapter 2?
5. Who temporarily won the debate in Book 5, Chapter 2?
This section contains 548 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)