The Hand: How Its Use Shapes the Brain, Language, and Human Culture Test | Final Test - Hard

Frank R. Wilson
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What distinguishes a proficient surgeon from a mediocre one?

2. What is another thing today's chef must have?

3. What did ground mammals eat at this time?

4. What is one of medicine's oldest links?

5. How does Broca identify an area in the brain that controls speech?

Short Essay Questions

1. What area of the brain seems to be specialized for language and for how long has this are been adapted for language?

2. What does the author think about concerning a high school language teacher?

3. Who is Moshe Feldenkrais and what does he discover?

4. What is the title of Feldenkrais' book and what does the book claim?

5. What does Plotkin say about secondary heuristics?

6. What do medicine and magic have in common?

7. Why can't ground mammals take advantage of this global change?

8. What is one of medicine's oldest links and how does it work?

9. What type of therapy is used in many cultures and to what does it go back?

10. Who is Patricia Greenfield and what does she theorize?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

In order for hominids to expand their range into habitats beyond the jungle, they required continuing brain evolution. The expansion of territory by hominids took group cooperation for survival. A professor of biology from the University of Liverpool named Robin Dunbar proposes a theory of brain growth, language and intelligence to correlate neocortex, brain size, with a stable group or tribe.

1. Explain how greater intelligence enabled hominids to leave the jungle. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Explain, in depth, why cooperation among hominids would be an important aspect of survival. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Discuss ways in which cooperation and social living might increase the brain size or intelligence of hominids. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 2

There are a number of interesting questions raised by The Hand. Questions that Wilson most likely want readers to consider and think through carefully. Discuss the following:

1. What does the term "author agenda" mean?

2. Name one idea/concept you think may have been a part of the Wilson's agenda. Analyze that idea throughout the book and discuss Wilson's probable agenda concerning that idea.

2. Do you think writers who have an agenda for writing should point it out in a preface?

3. How often do you think fiction is written with a clear agenda in mind by the author?

4. Research the life of Wilson and see if/where his life may have influenced his writing.

Essay Topic 3

Wilson reflects on the notion that each of us evolve over time in our own lives by unifying body and spirit through personal growth and learning. For example, Percelly and David both cross paths of trouble and opportunity mixed with family and tribal routines to try new skills or combinations. These new-found abilities are part of their repertoire that becomes useful to them and can be passed on to others.

1. Explain why Wilson might believe that personal growth helps unite the spirit and the body. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss the ways in which having trouble in a person's life could be an opportunity. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Discuss ways in which a person in a family or group or tribe learning new skills might benefit the entire group. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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