The Hand: How Its Use Shapes the Brain, Language, and Human Culture Test | Final Test - Hard

Frank R. Wilson
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why don't the ground mammals at this time eat the fruit in the trees?

2. What can cause reduced bodily movement?

3. What does right-handed knapping tend to do?

4. What did ground mammals eat at this time?

5. What is aphasia?

Short Essay Questions

1. What do medicine and magic have in common?

2. What type of therapy is used in many cultures and to what does it go back?

3. What does the author think about concerning a high school language teacher?

4. What does Wilson say about stone knapping?

5. What does Wilson say about the skills of musical virtuosos?

6. Who is Moshe Feldenkrais and what does he discover?

7. Who is Patricia Greenfield and what does she theorize?

8. What is the result of global climate changes 65 million years ago?

9. What does William Calvin believe about female apes?

10. How has the hand been used throughout its long history?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

The human brain accounts for intelligence or the ability to discover, weigh and relate facts to solve problems. Wilson claims there are two problem-solving strategies that stand out. They are the ability to design and manufacture a large, diverse, specialized inventory of tools and the use of words established by agreement among people as codes and symbols to stand for a real-world object or process.

1. Explain, in depth, why the ability to discover, weigh, and relate facts is a good measure of intelligence. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Explain why the ability to design and manufacture tools is an important survival skill and problem solving ability. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Explain how language consists of agreements about codes and symbols among people. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 2

Wilson reflects on the notion that each of us evolve over time in our own lives by unifying body and spirit through personal growth and learning. For example, Percelly and David both cross paths of trouble and opportunity mixed with family and tribal routines to try new skills or combinations. These new-found abilities are part of their repertoire that becomes useful to them and can be passed on to others.

1. Explain why Wilson might believe that personal growth helps unite the spirit and the body. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss the ways in which having trouble in a person's life could be an opportunity. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Discuss ways in which a person in a family or group or tribe learning new skills might benefit the entire group. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 3

Discuss the following:

1. Charles Bell asserts that practice enables the hand and eye to develop as sense organs so the brain teaches itself by making the hand and eye work together. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Charles Sherrington claims the tip of the thumb and index finger are treated by the brain like the sensitive part of the retina. He claims the eye is drawn to the object automatically and the hand with its sensitive fingers grasps it. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. A biologic clock develops to set an internal time reference relative to the time used in a sequence of motion--for example, the time it takes for a ball to fall. Practice improves the sense of timing but a teacher or coach can help to sequence the process and eliminate making the same mistakes. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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