|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Upon what did early medicine rely for healing?
2. What does the Israeli physicist discover?
3. What does Wilson wonder about his daughter?
4. What is a consistent practice common to Feldenkrais and other methods of healing?
5. What helps the high school teacher?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Feldenkrais say about how parents can inhibit their child's abilities?
2. What is the result of global climate changes 65 million years ago?
3. What must chefs do to create a meal?
4. What does eating at LuLu teach Wilson?
5. Explain the studies that are conducted by a joint effort of University of New Mexico and Gallaudet University?
6. What is one of medicine's oldest links and how does it work?
7. Who is Moshe Feldenkrais and what does he discover?
8. Describe Peter Reynolds work.
9. Why can't ground mammals take advantage of this global change?
10. Who is Patricia Greenfield and what does she theorize?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Monkeys and apes evolve from quadruped--walking on four legs--to biped, which enables movement on branches and treetops. The Pliocene epoch brings the hominids with a recognizable four-finger hand and thumb exemplified by Lucy, lacking some flexibilities of a modern hand. For example Lucy can pound and throw stones accurately overhand, unlike chimps that throw only underhand. These bio mechanical hand changes are accompanied by increased brain size, social structure, communication and cooperative tool making.
1. Discuss, in depth, how bipedal locomotion gave the hominids more survival advantages over apes. Use examples from the text to support your answer.
2. Discuss, in depth, why it was so important about Lucy developing four fingers and a thumb? Use examples from the text to support your answer.
3. Give reasons why the bio mechanical hand changes helped to increase brain size. Use examples from the text to support your answer.
Essay Topic 2
Donald assumes speech is a primary enabler and the outcome of evolution in 1) cognitive capacity as representational or mimetic, 2) articulating speech, and 3) neural structure. Donald summarizes his ideas with the claim that humans did not simply grow larger brains, memories and speaking equipment but rather incorporated new ways to represent reality in their bigger brains.
1. Why would Donald call speech a primary enabler of evolution? Use examples from the text to support your answer.
2. What do you think Donald means by cognitive capacity as representational or mimetic? cognitive capacity as representational or mimetic
3. Why would the ability to remember the past be important to hominids' survival?
Essay Topic 3
Discuss the following:
1. Mary Marzke follows up on Napier's initial work to classify three types of grip that are defined as pad-to-side, three-jawed chuck and five-jawed cradle. Describe the three types of grips in detail and discuss why you do or do not agree with Marzke that there are only three types of grips. Use examples from the text to support your answer.
2. What are the eight features of the human hand that Marzke discusses and why are they important? Use examples from the text to support your answer.
3. Describe what you think is the single most important modification of the ape hand to human society and why you think it is. Use examples from the text to support your answer.
This section contains 1,034 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)