The Hand: How Its Use Shapes the Brain, Language, and Human Culture Test | Final Test - Hard

Frank R. Wilson
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does the beginning of this chapter say the hand been used throughout its long history?

2. Who is Reed Hearon?

3. Who is an Israeli physicist mentioned in this chapter?

4. Who must suspend their disbelief?

5. What is aphasia?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Anatomically, ape and human hands have been, until recently, considered functionally equivalent by anthropologists. The prehuman arm, however, was considered functionally and anatomically different metaphorically by analysis to a construction crane and its operator.

1. Explain the metaphor of the prehuman being related to a crane. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Explain what part of the body is the crane operator in the above metaphor and how it relates to the use of the hand. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Discuss the following statement in relation to modern human society. When the forelimbs were relieved of the duty to walk on and support body weight, the brain enabled them to become functional in many other areas and skills. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 2

Through the ages of human history Wilson explores cultural transformation of human paths and posits the "permanent immaturity" of a human brain. Wilson's underlying thesis is that people are born resourceful. Over time and experience, they adapt and evolve to become skillful and thoughtful.

1. Explain, in detail what is meant by "permanent immaturity" of a human brain. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss two ways in which humans have adapted to their environment. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Explain how becoming more skillful and thoughtful is related to evolution. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 3

The human brain accounts for intelligence or the ability to discover, weigh and relate facts to solve problems. Wilson claims there are two problem-solving strategies that stand out. They are the ability to design and manufacture a large, diverse, specialized inventory of tools and the use of words established by agreement among people as codes and symbols to stand for a real-world object or process.

1. Explain, in depth, why the ability to discover, weigh, and relate facts is a good measure of intelligence. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Explain why the ability to design and manufacture tools is an important survival skill and problem solving ability. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Explain how language consists of agreements about codes and symbols among people. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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