The Hand: How Its Use Shapes the Brain, Language, and Human Culture Test | Final Test - Hard

Frank R. Wilson
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What must the magician do for success?

2. In what way does Yves Guiard propose both hands perform?

3. What is ChomTur?

4. What does "prestidigitation" mean?

5. What does Peter Reynolds spend years doing in New Guinea?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is one thing that influences which hand is dominant and what are a couple other characteristics that are often associated with one dominant hand or the other?

2. Explain the studies that are conducted by a joint effort of University of New Mexico and Gallaudet University?

3. What does Wilson say about the skills of musical virtuosos?

4. What must chefs do to create a meal?

5. Why does Wilson bring up his friend Jack Schaefer?

6. What area of the brain seems to be specialized for language and for how long has this are been adapted for language?

7. Who is Patricia Greenfield and what does she theorize?

8. What is one of medicine's oldest links and how does it work?

9. What does Feldenkrais say about how parents can inhibit their child's abilities?

10. Why can't ground mammals take advantage of this global change?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Often, authors will write about "what they know," and sometimes knowing a little about the author makes the books more interesting. Discuss the following:

1. Research and give a brief biographical sketch of Frank R. Wilson.

2. What in Wilson's background may have helped him in writing The Hand? What may have influenced the way he depicts various characters and scenes?

3. Do you think there is always some of the author's own life in his/her books? Why or why not? Give examples.

Essay Topic 2

Discuss the following:

1. Mary Marzke follows up on Napier's initial work to classify three types of grip that are defined as pad-to-side, three-jawed chuck and five-jawed cradle. Describe the three types of grips in detail and discuss why you do or do not agree with Marzke that there are only three types of grips. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. What are the eight features of the human hand that Marzke discusses and why are they important? Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Describe what you think is the single most important modification of the ape hand to human society and why you think it is. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 3

Monkeys and apes evolve from quadruped--walking on four legs--to biped, which enables movement on branches and treetops. The Pliocene epoch brings the hominids with a recognizable four-finger hand and thumb exemplified by Lucy, lacking some flexibilities of a modern hand. For example Lucy can pound and throw stones accurately overhand, unlike chimps that throw only underhand. These bio mechanical hand changes are accompanied by increased brain size, social structure, communication and cooperative tool making.

1. Discuss, in depth, how bipedal locomotion gave the hominids more survival advantages over apes. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss, in depth, why it was so important about Lucy developing four fingers and a thumb? Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Give reasons why the bio mechanical hand changes helped to increase brain size. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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