The Hand: How Its Use Shapes the Brain, Language, and Human Culture Test | Final Test - Hard

Frank R. Wilson
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Broca identify an area in the brain that controls speech?

2. What develops early in the brain of a child?

3. Who must suspend their disbelief?

4. What do some scientists say practicing a skill using one hand more frequently than the other does?

5. By what age do children become improvisers who behave with intelligence?

Short Essay Questions

1. What do medicine and magic have in common?

2. What are Wilson's conclusions about musical talent or heuristic?

3. Who is Jeanne Bamberger and what does Wilson write about her work?

4. Upon what does early medicine rely?

5. What is one of medicine's oldest links and how does it work?

6. Why can't ground mammals take advantage of this global change?

7. What does eating at LuLu teach Wilson?

8. What does Plotkin say about secondary heuristics?

9. Why does Wilson bring up his friend Jack Schaefer?

10. What does Wilson say about the skills of musical virtuosos?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

The human brain accounts for intelligence or the ability to discover, weigh and relate facts to solve problems. Wilson claims there are two problem-solving strategies that stand out. They are the ability to design and manufacture a large, diverse, specialized inventory of tools and the use of words established by agreement among people as codes and symbols to stand for a real-world object or process.

1. Explain, in depth, why the ability to discover, weigh, and relate facts is a good measure of intelligence. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Explain why the ability to design and manufacture tools is an important survival skill and problem solving ability. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Explain how language consists of agreements about codes and symbols among people. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 2

Often, authors will write about "what they know," and sometimes knowing a little about the author makes the books more interesting. Discuss the following:

1. Research and give a brief biographical sketch of Frank R. Wilson.

2. What in Wilson's background may have helped him in writing The Hand? What may have influenced the way he depicts various characters and scenes?

3. Do you think there is always some of the author's own life in his/her books? Why or why not? Give examples.

Essay Topic 3

Discuss the following:

1. Charles Bell asserts that practice enables the hand and eye to develop as sense organs so the brain teaches itself by making the hand and eye work together. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Charles Sherrington claims the tip of the thumb and index finger are treated by the brain like the sensitive part of the retina. He claims the eye is drawn to the object automatically and the hand with its sensitive fingers grasps it. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. A biologic clock develops to set an internal time reference relative to the time used in a sequence of motion--for example, the time it takes for a ball to fall. Practice improves the sense of timing but a teacher or coach can help to sequence the process and eliminate making the same mistakes. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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