The Hand: How Its Use Shapes the Brain, Language, and Human Culture Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Frank R. Wilson
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who is Sir Charles Bell?

2. What does Charles Bell say practice enables?

3. What operator has to do to anticipate load weight and wind changes?

4. How does John Napier identify the terms "power grip" and "precision grip"?

5. What is the critical significance of the paddle in Duchenne's model?

Short Essay Questions

1. What are Australopithecines and what is an example of one?

2. How did Duchenne demonstrate the physiology of movement?

3. What is the connection between marionettes and the human muscle and tendon configuration in the arms and legs?

4. What does Wilson propose as the juggling riddle, and why do children not aspire to juggle?

5. What does Wilson say about our hands and feet as we are about to waken and right after?

6. What terms does John Napier use that mean essentially the same as "prehensile" and "non-prehensile" and what do the terms mean?

7. What does the addition and transport of weight to the body cause?

8. How is the arm different from the leg in how it is attached to the body, and which parts of the upper body corresponds to the "folding crane"?

9. What does Mary Marzke classify and how does she do so?

10. What puzzles Frank Wilson about rock climbing and piano playing? Why?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

The human brain accounts for intelligence or the ability to discover, weigh and relate facts to solve problems. Wilson claims there are two problem-solving strategies that stand out. They are the ability to design and manufacture a large, diverse, specialized inventory of tools and the use of words established by agreement among people as codes and symbols to stand for a real-world object or process.

1. Explain, in depth, why the ability to discover, weigh, and relate facts is a good measure of intelligence. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Explain why the ability to design and manufacture tools is an important survival skill and problem solving ability. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Explain how language consists of agreements about codes and symbols among people. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 2

Often, authors will write about "what they know," and sometimes knowing a little about the author makes the books more interesting. Discuss the following:

1. Research and give a brief biographical sketch of Frank R. Wilson.

2. What in Wilson's background may have helped him in writing The Hand? What may have influenced the way he depicts various characters and scenes?

3. Do you think there is always some of the author's own life in his/her books? Why or why not? Give examples.

Essay Topic 3

Chose one of the following:

1. The hand has been used through its long history for both social interaction and attention. Discuss, in depth, how hands are used for social interaction. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss in depth, some of the ways in which the hand is used for getting attention. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Social pressures often dictate which hand is dominant or most frequently used, such as right or left handedness, and attribute to it other irrelevant characteristics like intelligence or sex. Why do you think people connect unrelated characteristics with which hand is dominant? Use examples from the text to support your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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