The Hand: How Its Use Shapes the Brain, Language, and Human Culture Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Frank R. Wilson
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. On the other hand, why might juggling have a use?

2. What is one feature of the human hand that Marzke identifies?

3. What is the weight of the touch of a pianist's fingers on the keyboard?

4. Who says that the hand and brain both speak to each other?

5. What is the other main reason the author writes this book on the hand?

Short Essay Questions

1. What did Herophilus and Galen discover?

2. What has to happen in order for the thumb to be useful?

3. What are the eight features of the human hand according to Mary Marzke?

4. What aspects of the human capacity for passionate, creative work does Wilson illustrate?

5. What does Charles Bell believe about practice?

6. According to Wilson, what are the two problem-solving strategies that stand out?

7. What two terms does Duchenne propose for the scale of movement required by two hands acting in partnership?

8. What are Australopithecines and what is an example of one?

9. How were the ape and human hands compared anatomically until recently?

10. Explain the crane metaphor Wilson uses.

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Through the ages of human history Wilson explores cultural transformation of human paths and posits the "permanent immaturity" of a human brain. Wilson's underlying thesis is that people are born resourceful. Over time and experience, they adapt and evolve to become skillful and thoughtful.

1. Explain, in detail what is meant by "permanent immaturity" of a human brain. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss two ways in which humans have adapted to their environment. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Explain how becoming more skillful and thoughtful is related to evolution. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 2

Wilson claims the brain and musculoskeletal systems evolve by changing structure and function over time, the bipedal gait and upper limb changes are characteristic of the hominid line distinct from primates, and the driving force of hominid brain evolution is the brain and society as hominids expand their range beyond the jungle into other habitats.

1. Explain what Wilson means by the brain and musculoskeletal systems changing structure and function. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss, in depth, how the bipedal gait and upper limbs differ between hominids and apes. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Discuss reasons you think expanding the range of habitats made the hominid more intelligent. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 3

Discuss, in depth, the following statements using examples from the text to support your answer:

1. Writing and drawing relate to many other skills using small tools by both right and left-handers.

2. Throwing and throwing arm choice correlates with other whole body skills.

3. Right-handers both write and throw with that hand, whereas left-hand writers throw with right hands in one-half the cases and have stronger, larger right-hand thumbs and kick with a right foot.

(see the answer keys)

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