The Hand: How Its Use Shapes the Brain, Language, and Human Culture Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Frank R. Wilson
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is one puzzling concern the author mentions in this chapter?

2. How many features of the human hand does Mary Marzke identify?

3. Where does the hand's optimal strength lie when rock climbing?

4. What is one term related to the scale of movement required by two hands acting in partnership?

5. What does the author attempt to do that is not a well-orchestrated pattern of learning from simple to more complex?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Charles Bell believe about practice?

2. How were the ape and human hands compared anatomically until recently?

3. Who is David and how is he able to succeed at wrestling despite not being very strong?

4. Who is Robin Dunbar and what does he propose?

5. How is the arm different from the leg in how it is attached to the body, and which parts of the upper body corresponds to the "folding crane"?

6. Who is George, and what does Wilson say about him?

7. How did Duchenne demonstrate the physiology of movement?

8. What did Herophilus and Galen discover?

9. What two terms does Duchenne propose for the scale of movement required by two hands acting in partnership?

10. What are the eight features of the human hand according to Mary Marzke?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Discuss the following:

1. What do you think are the characteristics of a successful work of non-fiction?

2. Analyze and discuss The Hand based upon the criteria you decide upon in #1 and judge if The Hand is a successful work of non-fiction/memoir.

3. Is The Hand a book you would recommend to a friend? Why or why not? Explain.

4. Can a non-fictional book be successful and yet many readers not enjoy it? Explain your response.

Essay Topic 2

Wilson claims the brain and musculoskeletal systems evolve by changing structure and function over time, the bipedal gait and upper limb changes are characteristic of the hominid line distinct from primates, and the driving force of hominid brain evolution is the brain and society as hominids expand their range beyond the jungle into other habitats.

1. Explain what Wilson means by the brain and musculoskeletal systems changing structure and function. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss, in depth, how the bipedal gait and upper limbs differ between hominids and apes. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Discuss reasons you think expanding the range of habitats made the hominid more intelligent. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 3

Wilson reflects on the notion that each of us evolve over time in our own lives by unifying body and spirit through personal growth and learning. For example, Percelly and David both cross paths of trouble and opportunity mixed with family and tribal routines to try new skills or combinations. These new-found abilities are part of their repertoire that becomes useful to them and can be passed on to others.

1. Explain why Wilson might believe that personal growth helps unite the spirit and the body. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss the ways in which having trouble in a person's life could be an opportunity. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Discuss ways in which a person in a family or group or tribe learning new skills might benefit the entire group. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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