Mid-Book Test - Hard
|Name: _____________________________||Period: ___________________________|
This quiz consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Where does the hand's optimal strength lie when rock climbing?
2. What is paleoanthropology?
3. According to Charles Sherrington, what is a natural progression?
4. What does Henry Plotkin propose intelligence is?
5. Who describes the hand as the "consummation of all perfection as an instrument"?
Short Essay Questions
1. Who is Jeanne Bamberger and what does Wilson write about her work?
2. What two terms does Duchenne propose for the scale of movement required by two hands acting in partnership?
3. How does Seymour Sarason believe education can succeed?
4. Who is Patricia Greenfield and what does she theorize?
5. What does Mary Marzke classify and how does she do so?
6. What are the eight features of the human hand according to Mary Marzke?
7. How does the touch of the pianist differ from that of the rock climber?
8. What does Charles Bell believe about practice?
9. What does Wilson say about our hands and feet as we are about to waken and right after?
10. What does Plotkin say about secondary heuristics?
Donald assumes speech is a primary enabler and the outcome of evolution in 1) cognitive capacity as representational or mimetic, 2) articulating speech, and 3) neural structure. Donald summarizes his ideas with the claim that humans did not simply grow larger brains, memories and speaking equipment but rather incorporated new ways to represent reality in their bigger brains.
1. Why would Donald call speech a primary enabler of evolution? Use examples from the text to support your answer.
2. What do you think Donald means by cognitive capacity as representational or mimetic? cognitive capacity as representational or mimetic
3. Why would the ability to remember the past be important to hominids' survival?
Monkeys and apes evolve from quadruped--walking on four legs--to biped, which enables movement on branches and treetops. The Pliocene epoch brings the hominids with a recognizable four-finger hand and thumb exemplified by Lucy, lacking some flexibilities of a modern hand. For example Lucy can pound and throw stones accurately overhand, unlike chimps that throw only underhand. These bio mechanical hand changes are accompanied by increased brain size, social structure, communication and cooperative tool making.
1. Discuss, in depth, how bipedal locomotion gave the hominids more survival advantages over apes. Use examples from the text to support your answer.
2. Discuss, in depth, why it was so important about Lucy developing four fingers and a thumb? Use examples from the text to support your answer.
3. Give reasons why the bio mechanical hand changes helped to increase brain size. Use examples from the text to support your answer.
The Hand belongs to the non-fiction genre. Discuss the following:
1. Define the literary term "genre" and give several examples of three other genres in addition to the non-fiction genre.
2. Discuss two reasons why it might be useful to label a text by genre and two reasons it might be disadvantageous to label a text by genre.
3. What do you think is the difference between a non-fiction and a novel?
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