The Hand: How Its Use Shapes the Brain, Language, and Human Culture Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Frank R. Wilson
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How is the arm different from the leg in how it's attached to the body?

2. What is pad-to-side?

3. What is one feature of the human hand that Marzke identifies?

4. According to Wilson, why do children not usually enjoy doing juggling?

5. According to Charles Sherrington, what are sensors to the target object?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the connection between marionettes and the human muscle and tendon configuration in the arms and legs?

2. What aspects of the human capacity for passionate, creative work does Wilson illustrate?

3. What are Australopithecines and what is an example of one?

4. Who is Robin Dunbar and what does he propose?

5. What did Herophilus and Galen discover?

6. Who is David and how is he able to succeed at wrestling despite not being very strong?

7. What does Wilson propose as the juggling riddle, and why do children not aspire to juggle?

8. What does Charles Bell believe about practice?

9. According to Wilson, what are the two problem-solving strategies that stand out?

10. What puzzles Frank Wilson about rock climbing and piano playing? Why?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Discuss, in depth, the following statements using examples from the text to support your answer:

1. Writing and drawing relate to many other skills using small tools by both right and left-handers.

2. Throwing and throwing arm choice correlates with other whole body skills.

3. Right-handers both write and throw with that hand, whereas left-hand writers throw with right hands in one-half the cases and have stronger, larger right-hand thumbs and kick with a right foot.

Essay Topic 2

Greenfield proposes a hierarchical rule generator in the human brain that overcomes naive childhood impulses. She claims to know how a child will solve her stick puzzle simply by knowing the child's age. The MIT Professor Jeanne Bamberger corroborates Greenfield's opinion referring to a "felt path" that she describes as "exactly how chimps would do it." Older children pass the "chimp stage" so that by eleven they are not orderly solvers but improvisers who behave with intelligence.

1. Do you think human children are as predictable as Greenfield asserts? Why or why not? Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. The MIT Professor Jeanne Bamberger corroborates Greenfield's opinion referring to a "felt path" that she describes as "exactly how chimps would do it." What do you think is meant by this statement. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Explain why improvising in solving problems is a higher form of intelligence than being orderly in solving a problem. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 3

The human brain accounts for intelligence or the ability to discover, weigh and relate facts to solve problems. Wilson claims there are two problem-solving strategies that stand out. They are the ability to design and manufacture a large, diverse, specialized inventory of tools and the use of words established by agreement among people as codes and symbols to stand for a real-world object or process.

1. Explain, in depth, why the ability to discover, weigh, and relate facts is a good measure of intelligence. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Explain why the ability to design and manufacture tools is an important survival skill and problem solving ability. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Explain how language consists of agreements about codes and symbols among people. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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