The Hand: How Its Use Shapes the Brain, Language, and Human Culture Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Frank R. Wilson
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How many muscles that are attached to the thumb enable it to do its work?

2. How does a goat eat a piece of candy?

3. What is one activity the author mentions that the hand usually does in the morning?

4. What is the critical significance of the paddle in Duchenne's model?

5. How does David compensate for his lack of strength?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the connection between marionettes and the human muscle and tendon configuration in the arms and legs?

2. What does Wilson say about juggling as a pastime?

3. What are the eight features of the human hand according to Mary Marzke?

4. What has to happen in order for the thumb to be useful?

5. What does Wilson propose as the juggling riddle, and why do children not aspire to juggle?

6. What two terms does Duchenne propose for the scale of movement required by two hands acting in partnership?

7. Who is David and how is he able to succeed at wrestling despite not being very strong?

8. What terms does John Napier use that mean essentially the same as "prehensile" and "non-prehensile" and what do the terms mean?

9. According to Wilson, what are the two problem-solving strategies that stand out?

10. What puzzles Frank Wilson about rock climbing and piano playing? Why?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Discuss, in depth, the following statements using examples from the text to support your answer:

1. Writing and drawing relate to many other skills using small tools by both right and left-handers.

2. Throwing and throwing arm choice correlates with other whole body skills.

3. Right-handers both write and throw with that hand, whereas left-hand writers throw with right hands in one-half the cases and have stronger, larger right-hand thumbs and kick with a right foot.

Essay Topic 2

Wilson claims the brain and musculoskeletal systems evolve by changing structure and function over time, the bipedal gait and upper limb changes are characteristic of the hominid line distinct from primates, and the driving force of hominid brain evolution is the brain and society as hominids expand their range beyond the jungle into other habitats.

1. Explain what Wilson means by the brain and musculoskeletal systems changing structure and function. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss, in depth, how the bipedal gait and upper limbs differ between hominids and apes. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Discuss reasons you think expanding the range of habitats made the hominid more intelligent. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 3

Discuss the following:

1. Charles Bell asserts that practice enables the hand and eye to develop as sense organs so the brain teaches itself by making the hand and eye work together. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Charles Sherrington claims the tip of the thumb and index finger are treated by the brain like the sensitive part of the retina. He claims the eye is drawn to the object automatically and the hand with its sensitive fingers grasps it. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. A biologic clock develops to set an internal time reference relative to the time used in a sequence of motion--for example, the time it takes for a ball to fall. Practice improves the sense of timing but a teacher or coach can help to sequence the process and eliminate making the same mistakes. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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