The Hand: How Its Use Shapes the Brain, Language, and Human Culture Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Frank R. Wilson
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did the brain do when the forelimbs were no longer used to walk?

2. What does the hand "think" about as it helps you get ready for the day?

3. Why was Serge Percelly told he had the eye for tennis?

4. What does juggling as learned and performed by Percelly provide?

5. According to Wilson, why do children not usually enjoy doing juggling?

Short Essay Questions

1. What two terms does Duchenne propose for the scale of movement required by two hands acting in partnership?

2. How is the arm different from the leg in how it is attached to the body, and which parts of the upper body corresponds to the "folding crane"?

3. What are the eight features of the human hand according to Mary Marzke?

4. What is Wilson's "mission" with this book?

5. Who is David and how is he able to succeed at wrestling despite not being very strong?

6. Explain the crane metaphor Wilson uses.

7. What does Wilson say about our hands and feet as we are about to waken and right after?

8. What did Herophilus and Galen discover?

9. What aspects of the human capacity for passionate, creative work does Wilson illustrate?

10. What does Wilson say about juggling as a pastime?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Monkeys and apes evolve from quadruped--walking on four legs--to biped, which enables movement on branches and treetops. The Pliocene epoch brings the hominids with a recognizable four-finger hand and thumb exemplified by Lucy, lacking some flexibilities of a modern hand. For example Lucy can pound and throw stones accurately overhand, unlike chimps that throw only underhand. These bio mechanical hand changes are accompanied by increased brain size, social structure, communication and cooperative tool making.

1. Discuss, in depth, how bipedal locomotion gave the hominids more survival advantages over apes. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss, in depth, why it was so important about Lucy developing four fingers and a thumb? Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Give reasons why the bio mechanical hand changes helped to increase brain size. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 2

The human brain accounts for intelligence or the ability to discover, weigh and relate facts to solve problems. Wilson claims there are two problem-solving strategies that stand out. They are the ability to design and manufacture a large, diverse, specialized inventory of tools and the use of words established by agreement among people as codes and symbols to stand for a real-world object or process.

1. Explain, in depth, why the ability to discover, weigh, and relate facts is a good measure of intelligence. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Explain why the ability to design and manufacture tools is an important survival skill and problem solving ability. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Explain how language consists of agreements about codes and symbols among people. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 3

Chose one of the following:

1. The hand has been used through its long history for both social interaction and attention. Discuss, in depth, how hands are used for social interaction. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss in depth, some of the ways in which the hand is used for getting attention. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Social pressures often dictate which hand is dominant or most frequently used, such as right or left handedness, and attribute to it other irrelevant characteristics like intelligence or sex. Why do you think people connect unrelated characteristics with which hand is dominant? Use examples from the text to support your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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