The Hand: How Its Use Shapes the Brain, Language, and Human Culture Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Frank R. Wilson
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What sport does David participate in during High School?

2. What is one thing that shoulder and forearm development enabled?

3. How many types of grips does Mary Marzke classify?

4. Why was Serge Percelly told he had the eye for tennis?

5. What enables the human to weigh and relate facts to solve problems?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Mary Marzke classify and how does she do so?

2. What are the eight features of the human hand according to Mary Marzke?

3. What does Wilson say about juggling as a pastime?

4. How were the ape and human hands compared anatomically until recently?

5. What has to happen in order for the thumb to be useful?

6. How is the arm different from the leg in how it is attached to the body, and which parts of the upper body corresponds to the "folding crane"?

7. What aspects of the human capacity for passionate, creative work does Wilson illustrate?

8. What does practice after learning do?

9. Who is George, and what does Wilson say about him?

10. How did Duchenne demonstrate the physiology of movement?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Greenfield proposes a hierarchical rule generator in the human brain that overcomes naive childhood impulses. She claims to know how a child will solve her stick puzzle simply by knowing the child's age. The MIT Professor Jeanne Bamberger corroborates Greenfield's opinion referring to a "felt path" that she describes as "exactly how chimps would do it." Older children pass the "chimp stage" so that by eleven they are not orderly solvers but improvisers who behave with intelligence.

1. Do you think human children are as predictable as Greenfield asserts? Why or why not? Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. The MIT Professor Jeanne Bamberger corroborates Greenfield's opinion referring to a "felt path" that she describes as "exactly how chimps would do it." What do you think is meant by this statement. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Explain why improvising in solving problems is a higher form of intelligence than being orderly in solving a problem. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 2

In order for hominids to expand their range into habitats beyond the jungle, they required continuing brain evolution. The expansion of territory by hominids took group cooperation for survival. A professor of biology from the University of Liverpool named Robin Dunbar proposes a theory of brain growth, language and intelligence to correlate neocortex, brain size, with a stable group or tribe.

1. Explain how greater intelligence enabled hominids to leave the jungle. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Explain, in depth, why cooperation among hominids would be an important aspect of survival. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Discuss ways in which cooperation and social living might increase the brain size or intelligence of hominids. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 3

Discuss the following:

1. A puzzling consideration for the author is the hand's ability to be adept at rock-climbing and piano-playing. What do you think is meant by this statement? Use examples from The Hand to support your answer.

2. The human hand is a tool that functions at a wide variety and range of speed and strength. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. The hand function clinician John Napier identifies the terms "power grip" and "precision grip" by defining "prehensile" and "non-prehensile" movement. Explain the terms in the above sentence. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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