|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How many fingers does George saw off his right hand by accident?
2. What is the other main reason the author writes this book on the hand?
3. How does the conscious dimension of action occur?
4. What is the hand's optimal position over the keyboard?
5. What does Duchenne figure out how to demonstrate?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Charles Bell believe about practice?
2. What does Mary Marzke classify and how does she do so?
3. Who is George, and what does Wilson say about him?
4. Who is Merlin Donald and what does he propose?
5. What is Wilson's "mission" with this book?
6. How is the arm different from the leg in how it is attached to the body, and which parts of the upper body corresponds to the "folding crane"?
7. What terms does John Napier use that mean essentially the same as "prehensile" and "non-prehensile" and what do the terms mean?
8. What does Wilson say about our hands and feet as we are about to waken and right after?
9. What has to happen in order for the thumb to be useful?
10. What two terms does Duchenne propose for the scale of movement required by two hands acting in partnership?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Hands can learn to function in a complementary partnership, become an articulate organ with which to express oneself and associate complex motor linkages of hand and brain.
1. Give three examples of hands working as complementary partners and explain, in depth, those examples. Use examples from the text to support your answer.
2. What does the author mean by the following statement? Hands can become an articulate organ with which to express itself. Use examples from the text to support your answer.
3. What does the author mean by the following statement? Hands can associate complex motor linkages of hand and brain. Use examples from the text to support your answer.
Essay Topic 2
Donald assumes speech is a primary enabler and the outcome of evolution in 1) cognitive capacity as representational or mimetic, 2) articulating speech, and 3) neural structure. Donald summarizes his ideas with the claim that humans did not simply grow larger brains, memories and speaking equipment but rather incorporated new ways to represent reality in their bigger brains.
1. Why would Donald call speech a primary enabler of evolution? Use examples from the text to support your answer.
2. What do you think Donald means by cognitive capacity as representational or mimetic? cognitive capacity as representational or mimetic
3. Why would the ability to remember the past be important to hominids' survival?
Essay Topic 3
Through the ages of human history Wilson explores cultural transformation of human paths and posits the "permanent immaturity" of a human brain. Wilson's underlying thesis is that people are born resourceful. Over time and experience, they adapt and evolve to become skillful and thoughtful.
1. Explain, in detail what is meant by "permanent immaturity" of a human brain. Use examples from the text to support your answer.
2. Discuss two ways in which humans have adapted to their environment. Use examples from the text to support your answer.
3. Explain how becoming more skillful and thoughtful is related to evolution. Use examples from the text to support your answer.
This section contains 944 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)