|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Galen discover?
(a) Muscles cannot pull without ligaments acting in opposition.
(b) Pairs of muscles must pull in the same direction for action.
(c) Pairs of muscles are required to pull against each other for action.
(d) Ligaments pull muscles in the same direction for pulling and in opposite directions for pushing
2. How many muscles that are attached to the thumb enable it to do its work?
(b) About six.
(c) Twelve or thirteen.
(d) Eight or nine.
3. How is the arm different from the leg in how it's attached to the body?
(a) The arm is attached in several places; whereas, the leg is attached in only one place.
(b) The arm is attached by muscle rather than bone.
(c) The arm is suspended away from the body; whereas the leg is anchored to the body..
(d) The arm swings 180 degrees; whereas, the leg swings only 90 degrees.
4. What is the hand's optimal position over the keyboard?
(a) A gentle curve.
(b) With the fingers spread as far as possible.
(c) With the palm slightly convex.
(d) With the fingers fairly rigid.
5. To what was the pre-human arm metaphorically compared?
(a) A whooping crane and its beak.
(b) A block and tackle.
(c) A construction crane and its operator.
(d) A fulcrum.
6. What did hominids require in order to expand their range beyond the jungle?
(a) Opposing thumb.
(b) Brain evolution.
(d) Walking upright.
7. According to Wilson, what did the expansion of territory by hominids require?
(a) Good leadership.
(b) Inequality of the sexes.
(c) Equality of the sexes.
(d) Group cooperation.
8. What is one term related to the scale of movement required by two hands acting in partnership?
9. What is one thing the thumb is uniquely able to do?
(a) Bend at the middle knuckle.
(b) Move independently of any other finger.
10. What does Rene Decartes think fluid in the eye does?
(a) Causes action.
(b) Damages the optic nerve.
(c) Causes cataracts.
(d) Keeps the iris the correct color.
11. What problem causes the author to reach a turning point in his thinking about the hand?
(a) Musician's cramp.
(b) A stroke.
(c) A finger amputation.
(d) A broken wrist.
12. Until recently, how have anthropologists perceived ape and human hands?
(a) As functionally very different.
(b) As structurally radically different.
(c) As functionally equivalent.
(d) As structurally equivalent.
13. How does the conscious dimension of action occur?
(a) With the thought of moving.
(b) With the movement itself.
(c) With the unconscious thought first.
(d) There is no conscious dimension of action.
14. What does the neocortex size reliably predict?
(b) Evolution rate.
(d) Group size.
15. According to Charles Sherrington, what is a natural progression?
(a) Using intent.
(b) The learning of focus.
(c) The learning of motor skills.
(d) Juggling with increasing number of objects.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who says that the hand and brain both speak to each other?
2. What is one thing that shoulder and forearm development enabled?
3. From where does Sherrington discover signals originate to cause movement?
4. How many fingers does George saw off his right hand by accident?
5. What does the addition and transport of weight by the upper body change?
This section contains 543 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)