|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How is the arm different from the leg in how it's attached to the body?
(a) The arm is attached by muscle rather than bone.
(b) The arm is suspended away from the body; whereas the leg is anchored to the body..
(c) The arm is attached in several places; whereas, the leg is attached in only one place.
(d) The arm swings 180 degrees; whereas, the leg swings only 90 degrees.
2. What does Charles Bell say practice enables?
(a) The juggler to juggle and chew gum at the same time.
(b) The juggler to talk and juggle at the same time.
(c) The hand and eye to develop as sense organs.
(d) The juggler to manage a dozen or more objects.
3. Who says that the hand and brain both speak to each other?
(a) Frank Wilson.
(b) Merlin Donald.
(c) Robertson Davies.
(d) Henry Plotkin.
4. What does the author say is a choreographed skill?
(a) The way the hand performs thousands of activities.
(b) Making sure a person performs all their morning abulations.
(c) Making breakfast while on the phone and reading the newspaper.
(d) Getting the children ready for school while planning your day at the office.
5. Where does the hand's optimal strength lie when rock climbing?
(c) Heel of hand.
6. What does the coordination of muscles, tendons, ligaments, and bones do?
(a) Creates a system of interrelated functions.
(b) Creates tensions to enable movement.
(c) Forms a synergistic system.
(d) It orients the arm and hand to make adjusting and tension-setting movements that keep the body upright.
7. What does Frederick Wood Jones note about the hand?
(a) It is only as good as the mind wishes it to be.
(b) It is not as important as the tongue.
(c) It is actually the brain in control rather than the hand.
(d) It can be an instrument of good or evil.
8. What is the critical significance of the paddle in Duchenne's model?
(a) It allows for greater rotation.
(b) It sends simultaneous signals that result in the interplay of movement.
(c) It leaves one muscle group unbalanced.
(d) It leaves one muscle group balanced.
9. What problem causes the author to reach a turning point in his thinking about the hand?
(a) A stroke.
(b) Musician's cramp.
(c) A finger amputation.
(d) A broken wrist.
10. What does the neocortex size reliably predict?
(a) Group size.
(c) Evolution rate.
11. What does Galen discover?
(a) Pairs of muscles must pull in the same direction for action.
(b) Ligaments pull muscles in the same direction for pulling and in opposite directions for pushing
(c) Pairs of muscles are required to pull against each other for action.
(d) Muscles cannot pull without ligaments acting in opposition.
12. What type of control does a human or ape exert over its arm to execute a move?
(c) Both conscious and unconscious.
13. Up until a certain point, what separated the human hand from that of the ape's hand?
(a) The size.
(b) The texture.
(c) The thumb.
(d) The number of digits.
14. According to Wilson, what did the expansion of territory by hominids require?
(a) Group cooperation.
(b) Good leadership.
(c) Equality of the sexes.
(d) Inequality of the sexes.
15. From what does the word neuron derive its meaning?
(a) A Slavic word for transmit.
(b) A Latin word for cord or fiber.
(c) A Slavic word for entangle
(d) A Greek word for cord or fiber.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who is David who is mentioned in this chapter?
2. What does Charles Sherrington claim about the tip of the thumb and index finger?
3. What is the purpose of the shoulder, arm and hand in being fully integrated?
4. What does Merlin Donald's theory of cultural and cognitive evolution propose?
5. What does Henry Plotkin propose intelligence is?
This section contains 690 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)