The Discourses Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Machiavelli, what is the sign of a truly powerful Republic?

2. What does Machiavelli recommend as the three ways to restore a divided city?

3. What were placed to the right and the left of every battle line of the Roman army?

4. What does Machiavelli claim causes men to conspire against their target?

5. What does Machiavelli consider the most useful possession for the defense of a Republic?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli devote his longest section of "The Discourses" to discussing conspiracy?

2. Why did "Captains of Fortune" favor cavalry over infantry?

3. What does Machiavelli recommend to Captains as an element of strategy to assure success in capturing a town?

4. Why does Machiavelli in Section 28 recommend that Citizens be allowed to obtain honors through public means, but prevented from seeking honors through private means?

5. Why does Machiavelli consider defending an army with fortifications useless with the artillery that was new to his day?

6. What are some of methods that Machiavelli identifies that Citizens use to earn private honors?

7. Why does Machiavelli consider negotiating peace treaties with insurrectionists to be the most harmful method of ending conflicts in a City?

8. When Machiavelli uses the word "esteemed" in reference to artillery and infantry, what does he mean?

9. Why does Machiavelli recommend to avoid appointing anyone who has been offended to an important position in government?

10. What are two reasons that Machiavelli claims men have a hard time changing with the times?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Compare and contrast Machiavelli's favored tactic of forming military divisions for the purpose of absorbing an enemy's initial thrust to the tactic that is known as "Blitzkrieg". Using the American occupations of Iraq and Afghanistan as modern examples of how both are used, as well as the history of Rome and the regime that depended on "Blitzkrieg", give your views on which tactic is more successful.

Essay Topic 2

Machiavelli advises on dealing with evil challenging a State in Book 1, Sections 33. What does Machiavelli consider evil? Support what you find as his definition with statements from all of "The Discourses". Do you agree with his assessments? Why or why not? In your response give documented support from other political or moral thinkers.

Essay Topic 3

In Machiavelli's characterization of evil against the state and the benefits of the powers of the Roman Caesars, he provides a perspective that defines his view of government and freedom. What is that view? Does it match what you have been taught regarding both and does Machiavelli and what you have learned up to this point match your personal views on government and freedom? Define the similarities and the differences and use documented support from both the book and your educational experiences to support your position.

(see the answer keys)

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