The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Machiavelli suggest that a man with power should present himself to a city in turmoil?

2. What does Machiavelli believe inspired the expansion of the Roman Empire?

3. What does Machiavelli suggest as the intention to make war?

4. What does Machiavelli predict will come to Republics that do not provide for dictatorships or powerful authorities in times of urgent perils?

5. How long did Sparta peacefully exist without changing its laws, according to Machiavelli?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Machiavelli mean when he uses the term "virtu" for a Prince?

2. What does Machiavelli claim proves the Romans' love for liberty?

3. Why were the Plebe candidates not suited for the open positions of the Tribunes?

4. What does Machiavelli recommend to a Prince about reform of a city or a province that he has taken?

5. What acts by governing officials does Machiavelli consider "pernicious" or damaging to the authority of the government?

6. What does Machiavelli claim to be the practice of writers of history who, "...so obey the fortune of the winners...?"

7. How does Machiavelli explain that a City grows either through love or through force?

8. What does Machiavelli mean when he advises that evil in a State be "temporized"?

9. Why does Machiavelli report that the Roman Senate decided to pay a public stipend to the soldiers in the army?

10. Why does Machiavelli advise that a Prince "temporize" a perceived evil in his State?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

In Machiavelli's characterization of evil against the state and the benefits of the powers of the Roman Caesars, he provides a perspective that defines his view of government and freedom. What is that view? Does it match what you have been taught regarding both and does Machiavelli and what you have learned up to this point match your personal views on government and freedom? Define the similarities and the differences and use documented support from both the book and your educational experiences to support your position.

Essay Topic 2

Machiavelli is critical of ambition in Book 1, Section 46. Do you agree with Machiavelli's criticisms? Why or why not? What is your view of ambition and how does individual freedom affect ambition?

Essay Topic 3

In Book 1, Sections 45, Machiavelli warns of the harm that comes from law makers not following the laws they make. What is the support that Machiavelli gives for his position? Do you agree with his position? Why or why not? Is his warning being followed today by American Government? What have been the consequences politically, economically, and socially? Document your support.

(see the answer keys)

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