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The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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Mid-Book Test - Hard

Name: _____________________________ Period: ___________________________

This quiz consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is an obvious counterpoint to Machiavelli's assertion to the benefits of the power of the Caesars to the Roman Empire?



2. What are the two important items that Machiavelli considers to be unwise for a Prince to put entirely into peril?



3. What does Machiavelli identify as tactics the Citizen seeking not to be harmed uses?



4. What, according to Machiavelli in Book , 1 Section 38, is the fate of irresolute Republics?



5. In Book 1, Section 46, Machiavelli credits the ruin of Republics on citizens who jump from one ambition to another. What was the phrase that Sallust put in the mouth of Caesar that explains how such ambitions begin?



Short Essay Questions

1. What acts by governing officials does Machiavelli consider "pernicious" or damaging to the authority of the government?



2. What does Machiavelli recommend to Captains as an element of strategy to assure success in capturing a town?



3. From what did Niccolo Machiavelli make the present that he sent to Zanobi Buondelmonti and Cosimo Rucellai?



4. What does Machiavelli advise those who seek to change a Republic?



5. What is the advice that Machiavelli gives to Princes who take possessions from another Prince?



6. Why did "Captains of Fortune" favor cavalry over infantry?



7. What does Machiavelli mean when he advises that evil in a State be "temporized"?



8. What does Machiavelli recommend to be done if one wants to establish a Republic where it does not exist?



9. What does Machiavelli claim to be the practice of writers of history who, "...so obey the fortune of the winners...?"



10. What does Machiavelli claim proves the Romans' love for liberty?



Essay Topics

In Book 3, Sections 31 and 33, Machiavelli examines the type of individual character that contributes to strong Republics and military victory. What is your view on the Machiavelli's principles regarding consistent character through favorable times and bad? On what points do you agree with the character qualities he calls "virtu" and those which he criticizes? What character qualities would you add or replace with what he calls "virtu"? Why would you make such changes?

In Book 1, Section 50, Machiavelli details the activities of a city being halted by magistrates. Who were the magistrates? What activity was being stopped? How was the situation changed? How does Machiavelli's characterization further define his views on the purpose of government with regard to the purpose of its citizens?

Machiavelli used history of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire to develop much of his support for his positions. What are the dates of the existence of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire, what differences in the forms of government between the two, and what brought the passage of the Republic to the Empire.

(see the answer keys)

This section contains 977 words
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