The Discourses Test | Lesson Plans Mid-Book Test - Hard

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Mid-Book Test - Hard

Name: _________________________ Period: ___________________

This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is an obvious counterpoint to Machiavelli's assertion to the benefits of the power of the Caesars to the Roman Empire?

2. What are the two important items that Machiavelli considers to be unwise for a Prince to put entirely into peril?

3. What does Machiavelli identify as tactics the Citizen seeking not to be harmed uses?

4. What, according to Machiavelli in Book , 1 Section 38, is the fate of irresolute Republics?

5. In Book 1, Section 46, Machiavelli credits the ruin of Republics on citizens who jump from one ambition to another. What was the phrase that Sallust put in the mouth of Caesar that explains how such ambitions begin?

Short Essay Questions

1. What acts by governing officials does Machiavelli consider "pernicious" or damaging to the authority of the government?

2. What does Machiavelli recommend to Captains as an element of strategy to assure success in capturing a town?

3. From what did Niccolo Machiavelli make the present that he sent to Zanobi Buondelmonti and Cosimo Rucellai?

4. What does Machiavelli advise those who seek to change a Republic?

5. What is the advice that Machiavelli gives to Princes who take possessions from another Prince?

6. Why did "Captains of Fortune" favor cavalry over infantry?

7. What does Machiavelli mean when he advises that evil in a State be "temporized"?

8. What does Machiavelli recommend to be done if one wants to establish a Republic where it does not exist?

9. What does Machiavelli claim to be the practice of writers of history who, "...so obey the fortune of the winners...?"

10. What does Machiavelli claim proves the Romans' love for liberty?

Essay Topics

Essay Topic 1

At the beginning of Book 2, Machiavelli begins investigating what he considers to be virtuous touches on "virtu" throughout the rest of "The Discourses". Find two characterizations of what Machiavelli considers "virtu" with which you agree and two with which you do not. Explain your positions in each case and give examples of how your choices have been proven through history.

Essay Topic 2

In Book 1, Section 50, Machiavelli details the activities of a city being halted by magistrates. Who were the magistrates? What activity was being stopped? How was the situation changed? How does Machiavelli's characterization further define his views on the purpose of government with regard to the purpose of its citizens?

Essay Topic 3

"The Discourses" were originally written as a letter to two Italian politicians at the time. Explain how that intended audience of this letter shaped the focus and tone of the text. What does Machiavelli's recommendations throughout the book say of the character of the intended audience? Give examples from the book to support your assumptions.

(see the answer keys)

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Science and Its Times
The Discourses from Science and Its Times. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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