The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli predict will come to Republics that do not provide for dictatorships or powerful authorities in times of urgent perils?
(a) They will always be ruined in grave incidents.
(b) The trust leaders show in the people will inspire them to overcome the peril.
(c) A Republican government will always move in the benefit of everyone dependent on them.
(d) The gathering of officials will paralyze the Republic in debate.

2. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's view of freedom based upon reading view of weak and strong Princes?
(a) That Machiavelli considers freedom only suited to those who can earn it or buy it.
(b) That Machiavelli considered civil rights and individual liberties indispensable to the strength of a city.
(c) That Machiavelli uses the term freedom in reference to the actions of Princes only.
(d) That Machiavelli is focused on keeping cities free from outside influences rather than individual freedom.

3. What does Machiavelli claim will make a City great?
(a) Many industries.
(b) Many soldiers.
(c) Many inhabitants.
(d) Many administrators.

4. What is an obvious counterpoint to Machiavelli's assertion to the benefits of the power of the Caesars to the Roman Empire?
(a) Without the Caesars, provinces of the Empire would have moved to avoid hazards.
(b) If the Nobles of Rome had not sought to possess distant provinces, there would have been no need for Caesars.
(c) Without the empire is it possible that the hazards the empire faced would not have materialized.
(d) The cost of Empire caused hazards to gather domestically as well as throughout the Empire.

5. What historical records did Machiavelli use to support his point for keeping two important items out of peril?
(a) Historical records of Tullus and Metius.
(b) Historical records of Rome and France.
(c) Historical records of Hannibal and England.
(d) Historical records of military tactics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What are two reasons Machiavelli gives for foreign forces building a city?

2. Through what means does Machiavelli suggest that a City can achieve what he considers greatness?

3. What does Machiavelli identify as the easiest way to "...ruin a Republic where the People have authority...."

4. Reviewing earlier chapters of "The Discourses", why would Machiavelli consider long wars in foreign lands important?

5. What is Machiavelli's explanation for initiating his recommended approach with enemies against an empire?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Machiavelli mean when he advises that evil in a State be "temporized"?

2. In the title of Book 1, Section 8, what does Machiavelli mean with the phrase, " much so calumnies are pernicious...?"

3. What does Machiavelli claim to be the practice of writers of history who, " obey the fortune of the winners...?"

4. What two methods did Machiavelli identify that Roman Nobility drew honor from the Plebes?

5. What does Machiavelli mean when he uses the term "virtu" for a Prince?

6. What acts by governing officials does Machiavelli consider "pernicious" or damaging to the authority of the government?

7. Why did Machiavelli praise the Plebes for refusing to choose their peers for Tribunes for which the Nobility allowed Plebes candidacy?

8. What does Machiavelli claim proves the Romans' love for liberty?

9. What does Machiavelli recommend to a Prince about reform of a city or a province that he has taken?

10. What does Machiavelli consider to be the worst example that can be committed in a Republic?

(see the answer keys)

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