The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Machiavelli suggest that Princes and other leaders deal with acts that offend their citizens?
(a) Distract the Citizens by making war against a nearby province.
(b) Make the offense quickly then act to reassure them and give them cause to quiet and firm their spirits.
(c) Increase their power and penalties for crimes and scare the Citizens into submission and acceptance.
(d) Increase taxes on the wealthy and use the money in ways that benefit the general masses.

2. What does Machiavelli suggest as the intention to make war?
(a) To acquire and maintain the acquisition, so as to enrich themselves and not to impoverish the [conquered] country the home country.
(b) To prove the power of the Prince to the Citizens.
(c) To keep Citizens attached to the power of the Prince.
(d) To keep Citizens focused on refining their virtue.

3. What does Machiavelli recommend to a City that is unable to defend itself, but wants to be protected from anyone who would attack it?
(a) To give itself freely to whomever would defend the city.
(b) Train its citizens to form a strong army.
(c) Hire mercenaries.
(d) Make alliances with powerful Cities.

4. Why does Machiavelli suggest that those who have received great rewards should not be spared punishments for acting badly?
(a) Because doing so helps to find the most ardent supporters of the Prince.
(b) Because doing so keeps the most famous citizens obedient to the Prince.
(c) Because doing so helps the Republic remain free for a long time.
(d) Because doing so gives the Prince the opportunity to prove his harshness.

5. What did Machiavelli cite as the method that Rome used to maintain its freedom?
(a) It continued to make new laws and new institutions to confront corruption.
(b) It made public displays of punishments for lawbreakers.
(c) It continually sent soldiers to expand its empire.
(d) It made frequent use of elections to allow the citizens to influence government.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Machiavelli suggest that a man with power should present himself to a city in turmoil?

2. According to Machiavelli, what is the first thing that Citizens seek when starting on the path of chasing their ambitions?

3. How does Machiavelli recommend a Republic deal with enemies that spring up within an empire?

4. What, according to Machiavelli in Book , 1 Section 38, is the fate of irresolute Republics?

5. In Book 1, Section 46, Machiavelli credits the ruin of Republics on citizens who jump from one ambition to another. What was the phrase that Sallust put in the mouth of Caesar that explains how such ambitions begin?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Machiavelli consider to be the worst example that can be committed in a Republic?

2. What does Machiavelli recommend to be done if one wants to establish a Republic where it does not exist?

3. Why does Machiavelli advise that a Prince "temporize" a perceived evil in his State?

4. To what is Machiavelli referring when he writes of men jumping, "...from one ambition to another?"

5. In the title of Book 1, Section 8, what does Machiavelli mean with the phrase, " much so calumnies are pernicious...?"

6. From what did Niccolo Machiavelli make the present that he sent to Zanobi Buondelmonti and Cosimo Rucellai?

7. What are the reasons that Machiavelli gives for people who leave their home country for another out of necessity?

8. What kind of Prince does Machiavelli consider to be weak?

9. What does Machiavelli recommend to a Prince about reform of a city or a province that he has taken?

10. Why does Machiavelli disagree with Plutarch's claim that Rome acquired its Empire more by good Fortune than by Virtu?

(see the answer keys)

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