The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli identify as an important action for Nobles to take to control the ambitions of Citizens seeking position?
(a) Forestall their paths to attain the rank they seek.
(b) Find ways to have them sent to war.
(c) Find ways to bring the ambitious Citizens into Noble circles to keep them under watch and compromise their influence.
(d) Have them kidnapped and killed.

2. What are two reasons Machiavelli gives for foreign forces building a city?
(a) To spread the culture of the homeland and use resources for financial development.
(b) To exercise power over enemies and expand the power of an established system.
(c) To relieve existing towns of excessive inhabitants and for the defense of the country from which the forces come.
(d) To offer people in other lands the benefits of the existing system and to make their abilities and resources for universally beneficial.

3. Through what means does Machiavelli suggest that a City can achieve what he considers greatness?
(a) Through conquest and deceit.
(b) Through love or force.
(c) Through laws and wealth.
(d) Through fear and violence.

4. What does Machiavelli believe will come of agreements made by force?
(a) They will lead to the overthrow of he who has the power to enforce them.
(b) They will not last.
(c) The will lead to the capture of those who are under the power.
(d) They aid to enhance the power of the Prince.

5. Who were the Decemvirs?
(a) Courtiers who gathered around the Caesars to protect them during times of festivals.
(b) The 12 Nobles who the Caesars appointed to help him manage the Empire.
(c) Officials who took their power in the last month of the year.
(d) Ten citizens created by the Roman people to make the laws in Rome.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the branch of government that Machiavelli recognizes as that which most prevents or causes corruption to come over a city?

2. What does Machiavelli claim causes ingratitude from a conquered citizenry?

3. According to Machiavelli, what caused the Roman Republic to form?

4. What does "Crescit interea Roma Albae ruinis" mean?

5. What are the two important items that Machiavelli considers to be unwise for a Prince to put entirely into peril?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Machiavelli claim proves the Romans' love for liberty?

2. What does Machiavelli consider to be the worst example that can be committed in a Republic?

3. What are the two reasons that Machiavelli gives for his opinion that the courts (Faculty of Accusing) are the most necessary and useful authority to guard liberty in a City?

4. Why does Machiavelli consider a Citizen rising to take authority through irregular means (popular uprising) harmful in a Republic?

5. Why did Machiavelli praise the Plebes for refusing to choose their peers for Tribunes for which the Nobility allowed Plebes candidacy?

6. What does Machiavelli mean when he advises that evil in a State be "temporized"?

7. Why were the Plebe candidates not suited for the open positions of the Tribunes?

8. Why does Machiavelli challenge Cities to punish citizens with respected reputations when they commit wrong acts?

9. How does Machiavelli explain that a City grows either through love or through force?

10. What are the three types of state that Machiavelli detailed and by what name are they known today?

(see the answer keys)

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