The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli consider prudence in a Prince or a King?
(a) In times of peace not neglecting the arrangements of war.
(b) Picking battles that are important enough to fight and small enough to win.
(c) Knowing that the enemy of his enemy is his friend.
(d) Keeping friends close and enemies closer.

2. What are the five types of government identified by Machiavelli?
(a) Tyranny, constitutional, military oligarchy, principality, and democracy.
(b) Democracy, anarchy, monarchy, constitutional, and institutional.
(c) Monarchy, aristocracy, democracy, oligarchy, and anarchy.
(d) Republic, fascistic, democracy, principality, and oligarchy.

3. What are three reasons that Machiavelli gives for cities becoming unhappy?
(a) When leaders drain resources to fight wars, when laws become tools for Princes to become more wealthy, when there is taxation without representation.
(b) When cities are compelled to reorganize laws by themselves, when the laws diverge from their established institutions, and when the laws lead cities from the right path.
(c) When cities face armed challenges from outside institutions, the courts do not act justly, and when leaders abuse their power.
(d) When taxes drain Plebes of their wages, when resources are not allocated equitably, and when Princes seek to expand their influence with wars.

4. What do fertile areas offer to those who settle there according to Machiavelli?
(a) The means by which a city can grow and have the ability to defend themselves.
(b) Raw materials that can be sent to sterile areas for manufacturing and refinement.
(c) Resources that will sustain a growing population.
(d) The ability to affect the economy of sterile areas.

5. Considering Machiavelli's praise for the example of how Nobles manipulated the opportunity for Plebes to select their peers for positions of influence, who is the clear intended audience of "The Discourses"?
(a) Plebes who need to know the tactics of Nobles to control them.
(b) Nobles seeking methods to keep their power.
(c) Those who are concerned with how the Republic is being manipulated by people with power.
(d) Future candidates for election who need to know how to win.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Machiavelli report led gatherings of people to make laws?

2. What does "Crescit interea Roma Albae ruinis" mean?

3. What does Machiavelli believe will come of agreements made by force?

4. What does Machiavelli examine in Chapter 1 of Book 2?

5. What does Machiavelli suggest as the intention to make war?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why did Machiavelli praise the Plebes for refusing to choose their peers for Tribunes for which the Nobility allowed Plebes candidacy?

2. How does Machiavelli explain that a City grows either through love or through force?

3. What kind of Prince does Machiavelli consider to be weak?

4. What does Machiavelli recommend to be done if one wants to establish a Republic where it does not exist?

5. What does Machiavelli consider to be the worst example that can be committed in a Republic?

6. Why does Machiavelli challenge Cities to punish citizens with respected reputations when they commit wrong acts?

7. What are the three types of state that Machiavelli detailed and by what name are they known today?

8. What kind of Prince does Machiavelli consider to be Excellent?

9. Why does Machiavelli believe that people who break away from the rule of a Prince have difficulty keeping their freedom?

10. What does Machiavelli recommend to a Prince about reform of a city or a province that he has taken?

(see the answer keys)

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