The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli claim that the rule of the Caesars was preferable to the regime of the Decemvirs?
(a) Because, according to Machiavelli, the Decemvirs did not pursue expansion of the Empire.
(b) Because Machiavelli believed that the Decemvirs were too lax on punishments for violators of the law.
(c) Because under the Caesar, there remained the Tribunes, Consuls, and the Senate, to whom the Caesar remained responsible.
(d) Because the Caesars ended Rome's state of continual war.

2. What does Machiavelli examine in Chapter 1 of Book 2?
(a) Why fortune is more important that virtue.
(b) How to develop fortune and virtue.
(c) Whether the Roman Empire was built upon fortune or virtue.
(d) How virtue can destroy fortune.

3. Why does Machiavelli claim these forms of government developed?
(a) So those with influence could hold it without violence.
(b) To prevent people with the ability to use force from destroying each other.
(c) So those with wealth could protect themselves from those who had none.
(d) To provide defense for people who gathered together.

4. Reviewing earlier chapters of "The Discourses", why would Machiavelli consider long wars in foreign lands important?
(a) Because Machiavelli considers fighting wars and building empires to be signs of virtuous leaders.
(b) Because long wars assures that poverty will be maintained for everyone in the Republic.
(c) Because Machiavelli suggested long wars helped to keep Republics united.
(d) Because long wars give Nobles an opportunity for Nobles to encourage Plebes to perform glorious works for the Republic.

5. What does Machiavelli claim causes ingratitude from a conquered citizenry?
(a) When the conquerors remove freedoms that the citizens knew before being conquered.
(b) Taking the property of conquered citizens.
(c) Treating conquered citizens harshly.
(d) Taking conquered citizens into slavery.

Short Answer Questions

1. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's view of freedom based upon reading view of weak and strong Princes?

2. What is a Prince as Machiavelli uses the term?

3. What is the main point Machiavelli investigates as he prepares to discuss the affects of strong Princes and weak Princes?

4. What are the three ways a Republic can expand that Machiavelli recognized?

5. According to Machiavelli, what type of people seek what office to cause a city to become corrupt?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli recommend to leaders of a Republic to keep a shadow of the institutions that are being reformed?

2. Why did Machiavelli consider the naming of a Caesar (dictator) over Rome was beneficial to the Empire?

3. Why does Machiavelli disagree with Plutarch's claim that Rome acquired its Empire more by good Fortune than by Virtu?

4. What does Machiavelli recommend to a Prince about reform of a city or a province that he has taken?

5. What kind of Prince does Machiavelli consider to be weak?

6. Why does Machiavelli advise that a Prince "temporize" a perceived evil in his State?

7. What does Machiavelli consider to be the worst example that can be committed in a Republic?

8. What are the three types of state that Machiavelli detailed and by what name are they known today?

9. Why does Machiavelli believe that people who break away from the rule of a Prince have difficulty keeping their freedom?

10. Why does Machiavelli consider a Citizen rising to take authority through irregular means (popular uprising) harmful in a Republic?

(see the answer keys)

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