The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is Machiavelli's conclusion regarding how someone can establish a Republic where there is great equality?
(a) By uniting the whole public behind wars and efforts to grow the Empire.
(b) By assuring that the assets that create wealth are kept within the power of the State.
(c) By finding methods to maintain poverty throughout the general masses.
(d) By removing ambitious and unquiet spirits that makes men want to move up in rank.

2. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's idea of virtue from reading the review of the first three kings of Rome as he begins his discourse of weak Princes and excellent Princes?
(a) That he considers bureaucratic expertise to be an important virtue for Princes.
(b) That he believes being ferocious and warlike is an indispensible virtue for a Prince.
(c) The he considers moral integrity to be the primary virtue for Princes.
(d) That he considers the most weak Princes to practice ambivalence to virtue.

3. What did Machiavelli identify as the cause of conspiracy against a hereditary Princes?
(a) Less powerful people desired the power of the Prince.
(b) The larger population of citizens became unhappy with the the political preferences of the Princes.
(c) The general population became dissatisfied with the distribution of wealth.
(d) They degenerated from their fathers, and surpassed others in sumptuousness and lasciviousness and in every other kind of delight.

4. How did Machiavelli report that the Nobles controlled the process of Plebes having the opportunity to choose Plebes for four Tribunes?
(a) They began a war and had many Plebes sent to a foreign province.
(b) They were in charge of counting the votes.
(c) They controlled the means of Plebes to provide for themselves.
(d) They offered choices between highly reputable Nobles and ignoble Plebes who asked to be considered for the positions.

5. What are the two means that Machiavelli identifies as how laws are developed in cities at the beginning of Section 2, Book One.
(a) Through dominion of the wealthy or through bartering agreements.
(b) By war and by peace.
(c) At one time by one man and by chance at several times according to events.
(d) Through Princes or through Republics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli recommend to a City that is unable to defend itself, but wants to be protected from anyone who would attack it?

2. Reviewing earlier chapters of "The Discourses", why would Machiavelli consider long wars in foreign lands important?

3. What was a rival Empire to Rome as Rome began its expansion?

4. From what did Machiavelli develop the information that he wrote into "The Discourses"?

5. Why does Machiavelli claim that the rule of the Caesars was preferable to the regime of the Decemvirs?

Short Essay Questions

1. What are the three types of state that Machiavelli detailed and by what name are they known today?

2. How does Machiavelli explain that a City grows either through love or through force?

3. Why were the Plebe candidates not suited for the open positions of the Tribunes?

4. What kind of Prince does Machiavelli consider to be weak?

5. Why does Machiavelli report that the Roman Senate decided to pay a public stipend to the soldiers in the army?

6. What kind of Prince does Machiavelli consider to be Excellent?

7. What does Machiavelli claim proves the Romans' love for liberty?

8. What does Machiavelli mean when he uses the term "virtu" for a Prince?

9. From what did Niccolo Machiavelli make the present that he sent to Zanobi Buondelmonti and Cosimo Rucellai?

10. What does Machiavelli recommend to a Prince about reform of a city or a province that he has taken?

(see the answer keys)

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