The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Machiavelli, what caused the Roman Republic to form?
(a) Political rivalries between powerful generals.
(b) Class warfare between the patricians and the plebes.
(c) Economic agreements between fertile cities.
(d) Trade agreements between cities with resources and cities with technologies.

2. What are two reasons Machiavelli gives for foreign forces building a city?
(a) To offer people in other lands the benefits of the existing system and to make their abilities and resources for universally beneficial.
(b) To relieve existing towns of excessive inhabitants and for the defense of the country from which the forces come.
(c) To exercise power over enemies and expand the power of an established system.
(d) To spread the culture of the homeland and use resources for financial development.

3. If a cliché could be given to the preface to Book Two of "The Discourses", what would it be?
(a) "Go where you belong--on the ash heap of history."
(b) "History is written by the winners."
(c) "Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it."
(d) ."The only thing we learn from history is that we do not learn from history."

4. What is a Prince as Machiavelli uses the term?
(a) A dispatched bureaucrat that carries out orders over a territory.
(b) A hereditary noble.
(c) An underling to the ruling authority.
(d) A monarch over a sovereign system of government and territory.

5. In Book 1, Section 37, what does Machiavelli claim to be the foundation of well-ordered Republics?
(a) They keep the public [State] rich and its Citizens poor.
(b) They keep the public and the Citizens rich.
(c) They keep the public and the Citizens poor.
(d) They keep the Citizens rich and the public poor.

Short Answer Questions

1. What advice does Machiavelli offer in Book 1, Section 52 to those who want to pursue their ambitions?

2. How does Machiavelli predict a citizen will conduct himself if he is not punished for his misdeeds because of his reputation for doing good deeds, according to Machiavelli.

3. What does Machiavelli claim causes ingratitude from a conquered citizenry?

4. What is the main point Machiavelli investigates as he prepares to discuss the affects of strong Princes and weak Princes?

5. What should the reader consider as evil when Machiavelli is advising Princes to "recognize evils".

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Machiavelli advise those who seek to change a Republic?

2. Why does Machiavelli consider towns more difficult to conquer after the Citizens have been in rebellion?

3. Why does Machiavelli recommend to avoid appointing anyone who has been offended to an important position in government?

4. Why doesn't Machiavelli expect promises made under force to be kept?

5. Why does Machiavelli report that the Roman Senate decided to pay a public stipend to the soldiers in the army?

6. What does Machiavelli recommend to be done if one wants to establish a Republic where it does not exist?

7. What are two remedies that Machiavelli recommends in Book Three, section16 to prevent a City from becoming corrupted by periods of peace and wealth?

8. Why did Machiavelli consider the naming of a Caesar (dictator) over Rome was beneficial to the Empire?

9. What does Machiavelli claim proves the Romans' love for liberty?

10. What two methods did Machiavelli identify that Roman Nobility drew honor from the Plebes?

(see the answer keys)

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