The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli consider to be the means of someone rising from the bottom to gain a great fortune?
(a) Deceit and self preservation.
(b) Diligence and humility.
(c) Force and fraud.
(d) Hard work and creativity.

2. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's view of freedom based upon reading view of weak and strong Princes?
(a) That Machiavelli is focused on keeping cities free from outside influences rather than individual freedom.
(b) That Machiavelli uses the term freedom in reference to the actions of Princes only.
(c) That Machiavelli considers freedom only suited to those who can earn it or buy it.
(d) That Machiavelli considered civil rights and individual liberties indispensable to the strength of a city.

3. What does Machiavelli identify as tactics the Citizen seeking not to be harmed uses?
(a) The financial ability to buy protection.
(b) Friendships with Citizens who are bold enough to fight.
(c) Acquiring friendships either through honest means or by supplying money to protect themselves from the powerful (bribes).
(d) Obscurity.

4. What historical records did Machiavelli use to support his point for keeping two important items out of peril?
(a) Historical records of Hannibal and England.
(b) Historical records of Tullus and Metius.
(c) Historical records of military tactics.
(d) Historical records of Rome and France.

5. How does Machiavelli expect a city can keep its freedom after a weak Prince follows an excellent Prince?
(a) Only if the city does not fall into war with a more virtuous city.
(b) Only if the citizens ignore the weak Prince and organize themselves to retain virtue.
(c) Only if a Prince with the virtue of the excellent Prince follows the weak Prince.
(d) Only if administrators conspire to act with the virtue of the excellent Prince.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Machiavelli identify as the cause of conspiracy against a hereditary Princes?

2. What does Machiavelli consider to be the worst example to be provided by leaders in a Republic?

3. Why does Machiavelli claim that the rule of the Caesars was preferable to the regime of the Decemvirs?

4. What does Machiavelli recommend to a City that is unable to defend itself, but wants to be protected from anyone who would attack it?

5. What does Machiavelli consider prudence in a Prince or a King?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why should a Prince measure his forces and govern by his decisions based upon them before he enters a war?

2. Why does Machiavelli believe that people who break away from the rule of a Prince have difficulty keeping their freedom?

3. Why does Machiavelli consider a Citizen rising to take authority through irregular means (popular uprising) harmful in a Republic?

4. To what is Machiavelli referring when he writes of men jumping, "...from one ambition to another?"

5. What acts by governing officials does Machiavelli consider "pernicious" or damaging to the authority of the government?

6. What are the reasons that Machiavelli gives for people who leave their home country for another out of necessity?

7. What two methods did Machiavelli identify that Roman Nobility drew honor from the Plebes?

8. What does Machiavelli mean when he uses the term "virtu" for a Prince?

9. What does Machiavelli recommend to a Prince about reform of a city or a province that he has taken?

10. What examples from history does Machiavelli claim offers guidance to leaders?

(see the answer keys)

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