The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli recommend to a City that is unable to defend itself, but wants to be protected from anyone who would attack it?
(a) Make alliances with powerful Cities.
(b) Hire mercenaries.
(c) Train its citizens to form a strong army.
(d) To give itself freely to whomever would defend the city.

2. According to Machiavelli, how did the Nobles of Rome attempt to correct the limit on the wealth that was placed on them by Agrarian Laws?
(a) They raised taxes on Plebes who used the land awarded to them by the Agrarian Laws.
(b) The Nobles took political control over the Senate and changed the laws to allow Nobles to control all the land of the Empire.
(c) Rome would send out armies to colonize lands that were then distributed to Nobles.
(d) They reduced taxes on themselves and used their increased wealth to buy back their land.

3. How does Machiavelli suggest that Princes and other leaders deal with acts that offend their citizens?
(a) Increase their power and penalties for crimes and scare the Citizens into submission and acceptance.
(b) Make the offense quickly then act to reassure them and give them cause to quiet and firm their spirits.
(c) Distract the Citizens by making war against a nearby province.
(d) Increase taxes on the wealthy and use the money in ways that benefit the general masses.

4. What does Machiavelli claim causes ingratitude from a conquered citizenry?
(a) Taking the property of conquered citizens.
(b) Taking conquered citizens into slavery.
(c) Treating conquered citizens harshly.
(d) When the conquerors remove freedoms that the citizens knew before being conquered.

5. What does Machiavelli suggest as the intention to make war?
(a) To keep Citizens focused on refining their virtue.
(b) To keep Citizens attached to the power of the Prince.
(c) To prove the power of the Prince to the Citizens.
(d) To acquire and maintain the acquisition, so as to enrich themselves and not to impoverish the [conquered] country the home country.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli consider prudence in a Prince or a King?

2. Why does Machiavelli suggest wars should be quick with limited damage to the conquered City?

3. Based upon Machiavelli's details, for whose benefit were the "demonstrations made to the benefit" of Plebes devoted?

4. What are the two important items that Machiavelli considers to be unwise for a Prince to put entirely into peril?

5. What does Machiavelli believe to the nature of men that causes them to either fight from ambition or from necessity?

Short Essay Questions

1. What are the two reasons that Machiavelli gives for his opinion that the courts (Faculty of Accusing) are the most necessary and useful authority to guard liberty in a City?

2. Why does Machiavelli advise that a Prince "temporize" a perceived evil in his State?

3. What does Machiavelli mean when he advises that evil in a State be "temporized"?

4. What does Machiavelli recommend to a Prince about reform of a city or a province that he has taken?

5. Why does Machiavelli report that the Roman Senate decided to pay a public stipend to the soldiers in the army?

6. To what is Machiavelli referring when he writes of men jumping, "...from one ambition to another?"

7. What does Machiavelli claim to be the practice of writers of history who, " obey the fortune of the winners...?"

8. Why did Machiavelli consider the naming of a Caesar (dictator) over Rome was beneficial to the Empire?

9. Why should a Prince measure his forces and govern by his decisions based upon them before he enters a war?

10. Why did Machiavelli praise the Plebes for refusing to choose their peers for Tribunes for which the Nobility allowed Plebes candidacy?

(see the answer keys)

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