The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli identify as an important action for Nobles to take to control the ambitions of Citizens seeking position?
(a) Have them kidnapped and killed.
(b) Forestall their paths to attain the rank they seek.
(c) Find ways to bring the ambitious Citizens into Noble circles to keep them under watch and compromise their influence.
(d) Find ways to have them sent to war.

2. How did Roman soldiers provide for themselves before the Senate decided to pay them?
(a) They received sponsorships from Nobles.
(b) They worked as aides to Senators.
(c) They worked as farmers.
(d) They were required to provide for their own needs.

3. What are the two means that Machiavelli identifies as how laws are developed in cities at the beginning of Section 2, Book One.
(a) By war and by peace.
(b) At one time by one man and by chance at several times according to events.
(c) Through Princes or through Republics.
(d) Through dominion of the wealthy or through bartering agreements.

4. What was an example from Roman history that Machiavelli used to suggest the Plebes possesses greater wisdom than Nobles?
(a) The Magistrates decision to delay battle against the Samnites.
(b) A time when the Plebes could have chosen all Plebes for four Tribunes, chose, instead, four Nobles because they recognized the weaknesses of Plebes filling those offices.
(c) The failed attempt of the Nobles to put Plebes of ill-repute to selection for Tribunes.
(d) The willingness of the Plebes to go to war for the glory of Rome.

5. What did Machiavelli cite as the method that Rome used to maintain its freedom?
(a) It continually sent soldiers to expand its empire.
(b) It continued to make new laws and new institutions to confront corruption.
(c) It made frequent use of elections to allow the citizens to influence government.
(d) It made public displays of punishments for lawbreakers.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Machiavelli suggest that Princes and other leaders deal with acts that offend their citizens?

2. Reviewing earlier chapters of "The Discourses", why would Machiavelli consider long wars in foreign lands important?

3. Why does Machiavelli suggest that a Prince keep his conquered territories disunited from the City over which he has his power?

4. What were the reasons that Machiavelli cited for the Roman Senate choosing to pay a public stipend to fighting men (soldiers)?

5. What was the inspiration for Machiavelli's "The Discourses"?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli challenge Cities to punish citizens with respected reputations when they commit wrong acts?

2. What are the two reasons that Machiavelli gives for his opinion that the courts (Faculty of Accusing) are the most necessary and useful authority to guard liberty in a City?

3. What does Machiavelli recommend to a Prince about reform of a city or a province that he has taken?

4. What does Machiavelli mean when he uses the term "virtu" for a Prince?

5. What does Machiavelli claim to be the practice of writers of history who, " obey the fortune of the winners...?"

6. What does Machiavelli recommend to be done if one wants to establish a Republic where it does not exist?

7. To what is Machiavelli referring when he writes of men jumping, "...from one ambition to another?"

8. What two methods did Machiavelli identify that Roman Nobility drew honor from the Plebes?

9. What are the three types of state that Machiavelli detailed and by what name are they known today?

10. Why does Machiavelli advise that a Prince "temporize" a perceived evil in his State?

(see the answer keys)

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