The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What are the two things that Machiavelli cites as the causes of the dissolution of the Roman Republic?
(a) Inflation of the currency and bureaucracy.
(b) Contentions that arose from the Agrarian law and the prolongation of military commands.
(c) Sloth and leisure.
(d) Defiance of laws by Nobles and corruption of Plebs.

2. What does Machiavelli consider to be a great sign of weakness in Republic?
(a) When it uses diplomatic skill to cajole the support of other Republics.
(b) When it relies on war to gain new territory.
(c) When it provides money to other cities that are weaker than it.
(d) When it continually keeps armies out of fear of other Republics.

3. How did Phillip of Macedonia avoid battles with Fabius Maximus?
(a) By staying in a fort.
(b) By disassmbling and going home.
(c) By moving his soldiers into provinces that Fabius had just left.
(d) By making an alliance with the Samnites.

4. What are the two causes that will bring a corrupted Republic to take the important step of extending its life?
(a) Intrinsic and extrinsic.
(b) Revolution and overthrow.
(c) Religion and industry.
(d) Wisdom and knowledge.

5. What does Machiavelli predict will come of corrupted Republics if they do not take the important step of extending its life?
(a) They will break apart into new Republics
(b) They will become ineffective and subject to the rule of a stronger Republic.
(c) The corruption will kill the body.
(d) They will fall victim to a Tyrant.

6. What did Roman historian Livius call Necessity?
(a) THE MOTHER OF INVENTION.
(b) NECESSITY IS BUT AN INTERPRETATION.
(c) THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF FREEDOM.
(d) THE LAST AND BEST WEAPON.

7. What opportunities come to Princes who take Machiavelli's advice in acting to take something from another Prince.
(a) The Prince who is being assaulted will be imprisoned.
(b) The Prince who is being assaulted will have their army away from the City.
(c) The Prince who is being assaulted might make decisions fueled by anger.
(d) The Prince who is being assualted will not be able to consult his Captains.

8. What is the reason Machiavelli claims Princes with weaker armies would rush into battle?
(a) Because their judgment was hindered by the situation.
(b) Such Princes are deluded over their power.
(c) Because a long war would be harmful to all his subjects.
(d) Such Princes face no alternative.

9. In what cases does Machiavelli endorse acting foolishly?
(a) To confuse political enemies.
(b) To Amuse the Nobles.
(c) To please a powerful Prince.
(d) To confuse enemies at war.

10. What does Machiavelli consider the most useful possession for the defense of a Republic?
(a) Harsh Captains.
(b) Strong fortresses.
(c) Wise diplomats.
(d) A good army.

11. What example does Machiavelli use to show how a Republic can handle a malady?
(a) The Senate using wisdom to avert disaster.
(b) Plebs developing industry to create wealth.
(c) Captains using deception to preserve freedom.
(d) Immigrants taking part in elections and affecting the laws of government.

12. What does Machiavelli name as the reason that good men cannot accomplish good for his country?
(a) Envy of other men.
(b) They are at war.
(c) Incompetence.
(d) The lack of methods to pass down customs.

13. In the comparison between the tactics of Scipio and Hannibal, what does Machiavelli consider to be praiseworthy?
(a) New uses of artillery.
(b) Feigned foolishness.
(c) Success.
(d) Surprise.

14. What does Machiavelli believe comes to a good army without a good Captain?
(a) It regroups and promotes its most virtuous member.
(b) It sells itself to the highest bidder.
(c) It breaks apart and goes home.
(d) It becomes insolent and dangerous.

15. What does Machiavelli claim to be the cause of Princes losing inherited power?
(a) Incompetence.
(b) Indifference to their Principality.
(c) Arrogance.
(d) Their rejection of laws and ancient institutions.

Short Answer Questions

1. For what reason does Machiavelli advise people in power to, "...lay aside personal hatred?"

2. What does Machiavelli consider one of the most important reasons the Roman Empire was successful in expanding its borders?

3. What does Machiavelli claim comes to those Republics that are changed through the general public?

4. Why does Machiavelli admire Fabius Maximus for avoiding battles?

5. What does Machiavelli identify as the cause of using dishonorable words against an enemy?

(see the answer keys)

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