The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. For what reason does Machiavelli advise people in power to, "...lay aside personal hatred?"
(a) To serve the freedom of the Self.
(b) To build good families.
(c) For the good of the country.
(d) To prepare for war.

2. What does Machiavelli believe is the only consideration to be made when the defense of a country is at stake?
(a) That the life of the country is safe and its liberty is maintained.
(b) To hide inside the City or escape to the open field.
(c) To avoid combat or strike immediately.
(d) To live free or die.

3. According to Machiavelli, if men have prospered greatly by one procedure, what is not possible?
(a) To remove them from their position.
(b) To undo their honor.
(c) To undo their success.
(d) To persuade them they can do well with other procedures.

4. On what does Machiavelli believe a Republic must be organized?
(a) The virtu of its Captains who will effectively deceive enemies.
(b) The strength of its armies that can occupy provinces.
(c) The wisdom of its Nobles who will know how to use wealth.
(d) On the reputation of Citizens that give benefit to the city and avoid harming it and its liberty.

5. Why does Machiavelli consider men prudent for considering the proverb he cites at the beginning of Book 2, Section 49?
(a) Because Machiavelli believes, "It is better to know where you have been to know what direction you are going."
(b) Because Machiavelli believes, "for all the things of the world in every time have had the very resemblance as those of ancient times.
(c) Because Machiavelli believes, "Men are too quick to neglect the achievements of their fathers."
(d) Because Machiavelli believes, "only the fool says there is no God."

6. How do weak men handle changes in fortune, according to Machiavelli?
(a) They are vain and inebriated by good fortune and vile and abject in bad fortune.
(b) They are arrogant in good times and cowards in bad times.
(c) They are greedy in good times and beggars in bad times.
(d) They are insufferable in good times and obscure in bad times.

7. What method of dealing with leaders of tumults that divide cities does Machiavelli favor?
(a) Dividing the City's wealth among the factions.
(b) Killing the leaders of tumults.
(c) Taking the women into slavery.
(d) Conscripting combatants into the military.

8. What does Machiavelli advise to Princes who desire to take something from another Prince?
(a) To take the Prince captive first but make no hasty decisions afterwards.
(b) To make sure that their generals know tactics of deception.
(c) To keep their plans a secret.
(d) To act quickly to force a quick decision on the other Prince.

9. What are the two things that give an army confidence according to Machiavelli?
(a) Tactics and technology.
(b) That it is well armed and organized and each man should know the other.
(c) Victory and technology.
(d) Deception and strength.

10. Of what is Machiavelli critical regarding the military tactics of his day?
(a) They do not employ Cavalry to its fullest potential.
(b) They avoid frontal assault.
(c) That they do not employ the tactics of ancient Rome.
(d) They rely on Artillery too much.

11. What has Machiavelli considered many times to be the causes of good and bad fortunes to men?
(a) Decisions for military tactics.
(b) Their choice of friends.
(c) Their manner of proceeding with the times.
(d) Enemies knowing their plans.

12. Why does Machiavelli believe the Roman Republic grew?
(a) Because of the money of its Nobles.
(b) Because of the wisdom of its Magistrates.
(c) Because of the virtue of its soldiers.
(d) Because of the strength of its Captains.

13. Who was esteemed as being wise for acting foolish from Livius' history of Rome?
(a) Caesar Junius.
(b) Junius Caesar.
(c) Junius Brutus
(d) Octavious Brutus.

14. What does Machiavelli identify as the cause of using dishonorable words against an enemy?
(a) False hopes brought by victory.
(b) Corruption that leads to an enemy's defeat.
(c) Poor military tactics of the enemy.
(d) Poor discipline in the army.

15. What is the reason Machiavelli claims Princes with weaker armies would rush into battle?
(a) Because their judgment was hindered by the situation.
(b) Because a long war would be harmful to all his subjects.
(c) Such Princes are deluded over their power.
(d) Such Princes face no alternative.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli name as the reason that good men cannot accomplish good for his country?

2. How many commanders does Machiavelli advise over an army?

3. What does Machiavelli claim causes men to conspire against their target?

4. What does Machiavelli claim causes disunity in a Republic?

5. What does Machiavelli recommend that prudent men avoid?

(see the answer keys)

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