The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What were placed to the right and the left of every battle line of the Roman army?
(a) Tribunes.
(b) Plebs.
(c) The cavalry.
(d) Captains.

2. What was the difference between the tactics of the two Roman Consuls Machiavelli used as an example?
(a) Claudius used deception and Brutus used conspiracy.
(b) Decius attacked with all his strength, Fabius used slow assault.
(c) Decius used surprise and Octavius used infantry.
(d) Fabius used artillery and Junius used cavlary.

3. According to Machiavelli, what is the sign of a truly powerful Republic?
(a) It has the wealth to buy other lands.
(b) It can intimidate other Cities to become part of it without fighting battles.
(c) It has the diplomatic skill to cajole the support of other Republics.
(d) It does not take land or gain support with money, but through the virtue of its army and war.

4. What knowledge is necessary for a Captain to be successful?
(a) The knowledge of tactics.
(b) The knowledge of sites (geography).
(c) The knowledge of the enemy.
(d) The knowledge of deception.

5. According to Machiavelli, if men have prospered greatly by one procedure, what is not possible?
(a) To undo their success.
(b) To remove them from their position.
(c) To undo their honor.
(d) To persuade them they can do well with other procedures.

6. When does Machiavelli advise Captains to try new things?
(a) When it is training.
(b) Never.
(c) While armies are engaged.
(d) When it is camped in the open field.

7. What is Machiavelli's preferred military department?
(a) The infantry (foot soldier).
(b) The Cavalry.
(c) The Navy
(d) The Artillery.

8. What often happens to Captains who see a tactical error committed by their enemies?
(a) They move into passes and ambush the enemy.
(b) They take the steps to assure victory.
(c) They are blinded by the desire for victory.
(d) They are overly cautious and bring defeat.

9. How many commanders does Machiavelli advise over an army?
(a) One for each division.
(b) A tribunal.
(c) One.
(d) One for battle and one for negotiation.

10. What does Machiavelli claim to be the conduct of excellent and courageous men whether they experience good fortune or bad?
(a) They find enemies and defeat them.
(b) They adjust to the times.
(c) They never refuse any type of challenge.
(d) They keep their courage in any fortune.

11. What are the two ways that Republics are altered that Machiavelli examines?
(a) With war and money.
(b) With free press and elections.
(c) With natural disaster and new religions.
(d) With bloodshed and without bloodshed.

12. What does Machiavelli claim comes to those Republics that are changed through the general public?
(a) The public will appoint inept leaders and it will fall.
(b) The Republic will break apart and be at war with its separate pieces.
(c) Only the head of the Republic will be harmed.
(d) New elections will be controlled by the general public.

13. What did Roman historian Livius call Necessity?

14. In the comparison between the tactics of Scipio and Hannibal, what does Machiavelli consider to be praiseworthy?
(a) Success.
(b) New uses of artillery.
(c) Feigned foolishness.
(d) Surprise.

15. How does Machiavelli advise a Captain to consider a tactical error by an enemy?
(a) Good fortune as it foretells victory.
(b) Cautiously as it is probably a deception.
(c) The time to draw the enemy into the open.
(d) The time to strike with all strength.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli consider it impossible to establish a perpetual Republic?

2. What does Machiavelli believe to be important to extending the life of what he calls "mixed bodies" (Republics and Sects)?

3. To whom did Machiavelli refer to demonstrate the value of poverty on the character of leadership?

4. What example does Machiavelli use to show how a Republic can handle a malady?

5. What are Machiavelli's two thoughts on fortresses?

(see the answer keys)

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