The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli recommend as the three ways to restore a divided city?
(a) Build a wall between the combatants, place soldiers between their neighborhoods, and prevent them from passing among each other.
(b) Kill the leaders of tumults, remove them from the city, or have them make peace.
(c) Kill the leaders, conscript the men to the military, take the women into slavery.
(d) Dividing the city's wealth among the factions, sending them to colonies, conscripting them to the military.

2. How many commanders does Machiavelli advise over an army?
(a) A tribunal.
(b) One.
(c) One for battle and one for negotiation.
(d) One for each division.

3. What does Machiavelli write will prevent a bad Citizen from working evil in a Republic?
(a) Conspiracy against the bad Citizen.
(b) The absence of corruption.
(c) General disregard for their reputation.
(d) The government taking steps to temporize the bad Citizen.

4. What does Machiavelli consider the most useful possession for the defense of a Republic?
(a) Wise diplomats.
(b) Strong fortresses.
(c) A good army.
(d) Harsh Captains.

5. What method of dealing with leaders of tumults that divide cities does Machiavelli favor?
(a) Taking the women into slavery.
(b) Conscripting combatants into the military.
(c) Dividing the City's wealth among the factions.
(d) Killing the leaders of tumults.

6. Why does Machiavelli admire Fabius Maximus for avoiding battles?
(a) Because his soldiers were unqualified for battle.
(b) Because it gave the Senate time to negotiate a treaty.
(c) Because he waited until the time for battle was in his favor.
(d) Because he did not have a sufficient number of soldiers.

7. What are the two things that Machiavelli cites as the causes of the dissolution of the Roman Republic?
(a) Inflation of the currency and bureaucracy.
(b) Defiance of laws by Nobles and corruption of Plebs.
(c) Sloth and leisure.
(d) Contentions that arose from the Agrarian law and the prolongation of military commands.

8. What are Machiavelli's two thoughts on fortresses?
(a) They are important for protection and wise for storing armaments.
(b) They are costly and hard to maintain.
(c) They are not necessary and harmful.
(d) They build confidence and demonstrate power.

9. In Book 3, Section 25, what does Machiavelli repeat to be the most useful thing to establish in a Republic?
(a) Women's rights.
(b) Public mechanisms for delivering benefits.
(c) That its Citizens are to be kept poor.
(d) Universal suffrage.

10. What does Machiavelli claim causes unity in a Republic?
(a) Fortune and leisure.
(b) Idleness and peace.
(c) Wealth and industry.
(d) Fear and war.

11. What does Machiavelli recommend that prudent men avoid?
(a) Corruption and lies.
(b) Idleness and peace.
(c) Threatening and injuring anyone with words.
(d) Deceit and war.

12. When does Machiavelli advise Captains to try new things?
(a) Never.
(b) While armies are engaged.
(c) When it is camped in the open field.
(d) When it is training.

13. How do weak men handle changes in fortune, according to Machiavelli?
(a) They are vain and inebriated by good fortune and vile and abject in bad fortune.
(b) They are greedy in good times and beggars in bad times.
(c) They are insufferable in good times and obscure in bad times.
(d) They are arrogant in good times and cowards in bad times.

14. Why does Machiavelli believe that leaders of his time refuse to follow the examples of dealing with tumults set by leaders of ancient times.
(a) They did not have the virtu of the Romans.
(b) They regard the judgments of ancient leaders to be inhuman and impossible to apply.
(c) They were too easily influenced by women.
(d) They did not have the power of the Romans.

15. Why does Machiavelli advise Captains to use new things at the time that he does?
(a) Because the new technology requires different tactics.
(b) To give courage to his enemies and take it from enemies.
(c) Because the enemy won't see them in camp.
(d) Because training is the best time to determine their use.

Short Answer Questions

1. What finally forced Phillip into battle with Fabius, according to Machiavelli?

2. What did Livius' history of Rome identify as the three divisions of the Roman army?

3. What are the two ways that Republics are altered that Machiavelli examines?

4. What does Machiavelli advise to Princes who desire to take something from another Prince?

5. Why does Machiavelli consider men prudent for considering the proverb he cites at the beginning of Book 2, Section 49?

(see the answer keys)

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