The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli claim to be the conduct of excellent and courageous men whether they experience good fortune or bad?
(a) They find enemies and defeat them.
(b) They adjust to the times.
(c) They keep their courage in any fortune.
(d) They never refuse any type of challenge.

2. What does Machiavelli advise to Princes who desire to take something from another Prince?
(a) To make sure that their generals know tactics of deception.
(b) To take the Prince captive first but make no hasty decisions afterwards.
(c) To keep their plans a secret.
(d) To act quickly to force a quick decision on the other Prince.

3. Who does Machiavelli credit with protecting Rome from the ambitions of the Tribunes?
(a) Lucius Brutus.
(b) Appius Claudius.
(c) Junius Claudius.
(d) Claudius Lucius.

4. What often happens to Captains who see a tactical error committed by their enemies?
(a) They are overly cautious and bring defeat.
(b) They move into passes and ambush the enemy.
(c) They are blinded by the desire for victory.
(d) They take the steps to assure victory.

5. What has Machiavelli considered many times to be the causes of good and bad fortunes to men?
(a) Their manner of proceeding with the times.
(b) Their choice of friends.
(c) Decisions for military tactics.
(d) Enemies knowing their plans.

6. Why does Machiavelli consider the public a better judge than Princes for who should occupy public offices.
(a) Because Princes are too easily distracted by women.
(b) Because Princes play favorites.
(c) Because the public is swayed by true Nobility.
(d) Because the public is guided by what others say of a candidate beyond publicly known acts.

7. What does Machiavelli claim comes to those Republics that are changed through the general public?
(a) Only the head of the Republic will be harmed.
(b) The public will appoint inept leaders and it will fall.
(c) The Republic will break apart and be at war with its separate pieces.
(d) New elections will be controlled by the general public.

8. What were placed to the right and the left of every battle line of the Roman army?
(a) Plebs.
(b) Tribunes.
(c) Captains.
(d) The cavalry.

9. What does Machiavelli identify as the difference between a Republic and the State (government) in how they can handle maladies?
(a) A Republic has time to correct maladies, but a State does not.
(b) A Republic counts on the wisdom of its Plebes, but a State uses the wealth of its Nobles.
(c) A Republic uses its freedom, but a state uses its laws.
(d) A Republic appoints a bureaucracy, but a state goes to war.

10. What does Machiavelli claim causes men to conspire against their target?
(a) The desire to take control of the Senate
(b) The desire to take power over the military.
(c) The desire to liberate a country occupied by the Prince.
(d) The desire to manipulate the general masses.

11. What does Machiavelli claim causes unity in a Republic?
(a) Fear and war.
(b) Fortune and leisure.
(c) Wealth and industry.
(d) Idleness and peace.

12. What is the reason Machiavelli claims Princes with weaker armies would rush into battle?
(a) Because their judgment was hindered by the situation.
(b) Such Princes are deluded over their power.
(c) Such Princes face no alternative.
(d) Because a long war would be harmful to all his subjects.

13. What does Machiavelli write will prevent a bad Citizen from working evil in a Republic?
(a) The government taking steps to temporize the bad Citizen.
(b) Conspiracy against the bad Citizen.
(c) General disregard for their reputation.
(d) The absence of corruption.

14. In the comparison between the tactics of Scipio and Hannibal, what does Machiavelli consider to be praiseworthy?
(a) Surprise.
(b) Success.
(c) New uses of artillery.
(d) Feigned foolishness.

15. According to Machiavelli, what is the sign of a truly powerful Republic?
(a) It has the diplomatic skill to cajole the support of other Republics.
(b) It does not take land or gain support with money, but through the virtue of its army and war.
(c) It has the wealth to buy other lands.
(d) It can intimidate other Cities to become part of it without fighting battles.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli admire Fabius Maximus for avoiding battles?

2. Why does Machiavelli believe the Roman Republic grew?

3. What does Machiavelli consider necessary to take control over a Republic to install a bad form of government over it?

4. Against whom are conspiracies made?

5. To whom did Machiavelli refer to demonstrate the value of poverty on the character of leadership?

(see the answer keys)

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