The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli consider one of the most important reasons the Roman Empire was successful in expanding its borders?
(a) It kept Citizens in poverty.
(b) It showed skill in placing Nobles in control over colonies.
(c) It had laws that kept the Plebes in their place.
(d) The Senate gave great authority to military leaders over Cities that Rome was attacking.

2. What knowledge is necessary for a Captain to be successful?
(a) The knowledge of tactics.
(b) The knowledge of the enemy.
(c) The knowledge of deception.
(d) The knowledge of sites (geography).

3. What were the results for the two Roman Consuls in Machiavelli's illustration?
(a) Claudius' enemy was fooled, and Brutus was discovered.
(b) Fabius destroyed the enemy's city, and Junius was defeated by too many infantrymen.
(c) Decius' soldiers became weary from the first shocks and fled, Fabius' soldiers saved their fury for the end when the enemy lost its energy.
(d) Decius caught his enemy unaware, and Octavius was defeated by artillery.

4. What does Machiavelli consider to be necessary when restoring a Republic from a Tyranny?
(a) Colonies.
(b) Memorable executions against the enemies of the Republic.
(c) Public works projects that help provide citizens with provisions.
(d) Free, fair elections.

5. In Book 3, Section 1, what does Machiavelli declare to be, "...a most true thing...."
(a) That, "...all the things of the world have to have an ending to their existence."
(b) That, "...the only thing we learn from history is we do not learn from history."
(c) That, "...all will face death and taxes."
(d) That, "...regardless, all who rise suddenly will fall with the same rapidity."

6. What does Machiavelli write will prevent a bad Citizen from working evil in a Republic?
(a) The government taking steps to temporize the bad Citizen.
(b) The absence of corruption.
(c) Conspiracy against the bad Citizen.
(d) General disregard for their reputation.

7. Why does Machiavelli suggest that Republics arrive to changing with the times later than individuals?
(a) Because the layers of bureaucracy is unresponsive.
(b) Because they suffer more in changing.
(c) Because their leaders are out of touch with the Citizens.
(d) Because Citizens in a Republic are resistant to funding changes.

8. Who were the two Roman Consuls whose tactics Machiavelli compares as an example of how Princes can take what belongs to another?
(a) Decius and Octavius.
(b) Decius and Fabius.
(c) Fabius and Junius.
(d) Claudius and Brutus.

9. What does Machiavelli believe comes to a good army without a good Captain?
(a) It breaks apart and goes home.
(b) It sells itself to the highest bidder.
(c) It regroups and promotes its most virtuous member.
(d) It becomes insolent and dangerous.

10. What does Machiavelli claim causes disunity in a Republic?
(a) Fortune and leisure.
(b) Wealth and industry.
(c) Idleness and peace.
(d) Corruption and war.

11. According to Machiavelli, what is the sign of a truly powerful Republic?
(a) It has the diplomatic skill to cajole the support of other Republics.
(b) It does not take land or gain support with money, but through the virtue of its army and war.
(c) It has the wealth to buy other lands.
(d) It can intimidate other Cities to become part of it without fighting battles.

12. What does Machiavelli praise of the ancient Roman battlefield tactics?
(a) The fierceness of the soldiers to dictate the terms of every battle.
(b) The ability of the second and third divisions to absorb fallen lines ahead of them and proceed in battle.
(c) The ability of the first division to puncture enemy lines so the second and third divisions can over run the command centers.
(d) The ability of the three divisions to outman enemies and scare them from the battlefields.

13. What institution does Machiavelli cite in Chapter 46 as being responsible for producing men that are either "harsh or effeminate."
(a) The family.
(b) The Senate.
(c) The Magistrates.
(d) The Plebs.

14. What does Machiavelli recommend that prudent men avoid?
(a) Threatening and injuring anyone with words.
(b) Corruption and lies.
(c) Deceit and war.
(d) Idleness and peace.

15. What does Machiavelli claim happens to great men in times of peace?
(a) They become tyrants.
(b) They retire and slip into obscurity.
(c) They become corrupted and evil.
(d) They become neglected.

Short Answer Questions

1. What were placed to the right and the left of every battle line of the Roman army?

2. What does Machiavelli advise Princes in observing promises made under force?

3. What example does Machiavelli use to show how a Republic can handle a malady?

4. In what cases does Machiavelli endorse acting foolishly?

5. Who does Machiavelli credit with protecting Rome from the ambitions of the Tribunes?

(see the answer keys)

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