The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How do weak men handle changes in fortune, according to Machiavelli?
(a) They are arrogant in good times and cowards in bad times.
(b) They are insufferable in good times and obscure in bad times.
(c) They are vain and inebriated by good fortune and vile and abject in bad fortune.
(d) They are greedy in good times and beggars in bad times.

2. What method of dealing with leaders of tumults that divide cities does Machiavelli favor?
(a) Killing the leaders of tumults.
(b) Dividing the City's wealth among the factions.
(c) Taking the women into slavery.
(d) Conscripting combatants into the military.

3. Why does Machiavelli admire Fabius Maximus for avoiding battles?
(a) Because he waited until the time for battle was in his favor.
(b) Because he did not have a sufficient number of soldiers.
(c) Because it gave the Senate time to negotiate a treaty.
(d) Because his soldiers were unqualified for battle.

4. What were placed to the right and the left of every battle line of the Roman army?
(a) Captains.
(b) Tribunes.
(c) The cavalry.
(d) Plebs.

5. On what does Machiavelli believe a Republic must be organized?
(a) The virtu of its Captains who will effectively deceive enemies.
(b) The wisdom of its Nobles who will know how to use wealth.
(c) On the reputation of Citizens that give benefit to the city and avoid harming it and its liberty.
(d) The strength of its armies that can occupy provinces.

6. According to Machiavelli, why did Livius believe the Roman Republic grew?
(a) Because of the money of its Nobles.
(b) Because of the strength of its soldiers.
(c) Because of the wisdom of its Magistrates.
(d) Because of the virtue of its Captains.

7. How does the institution that makes men "harsh or effeminate" influence them, according to Machiavelli?
(a) Because, "The Plebs either prepare for virtus of war or fall to corruption."
(b) Because, "The Senate either deliberates or declares war."
(c) Because, "It is very important that a young man of tender years begins to hear the good and bad of a thing."
(d) Because, "The magistrates either declare punishments or delays judgment."

8. What knowledge is necessary for a Captain to be successful?
(a) The knowledge of tactics.
(b) The knowledge of the enemy.
(c) The knowledge of sites (geography).
(d) The knowledge of deception.

9. How does Machiavelli advise a Captain to consider a tactical error by an enemy?
(a) The time to draw the enemy into the open.
(b) Cautiously as it is probably a deception.
(c) Good fortune as it foretells victory.
(d) The time to strike with all strength.

10. What does Machiavelli advise Princes in observing promises made under force?
(a) To deceive the party who forces the promise until they can make alliances that will defeat him.
(b) To observe them until which time they can fight for freedom.
(c) That they are not to be observed when the force is removed.
(d) To observe them without reservation as they put themselves in the situation due to incompenence.

11. What does Machiavelli consider the most useful possession for the defense of a Republic?
(a) Strong fortresses.
(b) A good army.
(c) Harsh Captains.
(d) Wise diplomats.

12. What institution does Machiavelli cite in Chapter 46 as being responsible for producing men that are either "harsh or effeminate."
(a) The Senate.
(b) The Plebs.
(c) The family.
(d) The Magistrates.

13. According to Machiavelli, what prevented the ambitions of the Nobles from corrupting Rome?
(a) The power of the Tribunes and the Plebes.
(b) Social ostracism by the Senate.
(c) Wars drained their wealth.
(d) The expanded Empire required that they move to colonies to lead them.

14. In the comparison between the tactics of Scipio and Hannibal, what does Machiavelli consider to be praiseworthy?
(a) Success.
(b) Feigned foolishness.
(c) New uses of artillery.
(d) Surprise.

15. What does Machiavelli consider to be a great sign of weakness in Republic?
(a) When it provides money to other cities that are weaker than it.
(b) When it uses diplomatic skill to cajole the support of other Republics.
(c) When it relies on war to gain new territory.
(d) When it continually keeps armies out of fear of other Republics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli recommend that prudent men avoid?

2. How many commanders does Machiavelli advise over an army?

3. What does Machiavelli consider necessary to take control over a Republic to install a bad form of government over it?

4. What phrase could summarize what Livius' details as qualifications for an effective Captain.

5. What are the two ways that Machiavelli claims that envy can be extinguished?

(see the answer keys)

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