The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli consider men prudent for considering the proverb he cites at the beginning of Book 2, Section 49?
(a) Because Machiavelli believes, "Men are too quick to neglect the achievements of their fathers."
(b) Because Machiavelli believes, "It is better to know where you have been to know what direction you are going."
(c) Because Machiavelli believes, "only the fool says there is no God."
(d) Because Machiavelli believes, "for all the things of the world in every time have had the very resemblance as those of ancient times.

2. Who does Machiavelli consider to have an advantage in battle?
(a) The attacker.
(b) The largest army.
(c) The Cavalry.
(d) The Artillery.

3. Why would corrupt Republics accept common deceptions?
(a) Because they keep anyone from knowing any truth.
(b) Because they are put forward by men who want favors more readily for themselves than for the public.
(c) Because they hide the corruption of the political class.
(d) Because they help to confuse Citizens to the corruption.

4. What is Machiavelli's preferred military department?
(a) The Cavalry.
(b) The infantry (foot soldier).
(c) The Artillery.
(d) The Navy

5. What does Machiavelli believe comes to a good army without a good Captain?
(a) It regroups and promotes its most virtuous member.
(b) It breaks apart and goes home.
(c) It becomes insolent and dangerous.
(d) It sells itself to the highest bidder.

6. What does Machiavelli claim that prudent men usually say?
(a) "The only thing we learn from history is that we do not learn from history..."
(b) "Whoever wants to see what is to be, considers what has been;...."
(c) "Only God knows the future and I am not God;..."
(d) "You have a reference to analyze the past, but none such for the future;..."

7. What institution does Machiavelli cite in Chapter 46 as being responsible for producing men that are either "harsh or effeminate."
(a) The Plebs.
(b) The Magistrates.
(c) The family.
(d) The Senate.

8. According to Machiavelli, why did Livius believe the Roman Republic grew?
(a) Because of the strength of its soldiers.
(b) Because of the wisdom of its Magistrates.
(c) Because of the virtue of its Captains.
(d) Because of the money of its Nobles.

9. What phrase could summarize what Livius' details as qualifications for an effective Captain.
(a) He leads by deeds and not words.
(b) He earns animosity in training but trust in battle.
(c) His wisdom is established by his deceptions.
(d) His men hate his personality but love his tactics.

10. In Book 3, Section 1, what does Machiavelli declare to be, "...a most true thing...."
(a) That, "...all the things of the world have to have an ending to their existence."
(b) That, "...regardless, all who rise suddenly will fall with the same rapidity."
(c) That, "...all will face death and taxes."
(d) That, "...the only thing we learn from history is we do not learn from history."

11. What does Machiavelli advise to Princes who desire to take something from another Prince?
(a) To keep their plans a secret.
(b) To make sure that their generals know tactics of deception.
(c) To act quickly to force a quick decision on the other Prince.
(d) To take the Prince captive first but make no hasty decisions afterwards.

12. Why does Machiavelli claim that Princes should not complain of faults of People under their authority?
(a) Because the insults will encourage conspiracy.
(b) Because such faults result either from their negligence or because they are stained by similar faults.
(c) Because the People will become indignant of the criticism.
(d) Because doing so will blind the Prince to conspiracy.

13. What does Machiavelli consider to be necessary when restoring a Republic from a Tyranny?
(a) Colonies.
(b) Public works projects that help provide citizens with provisions.
(c) Free, fair elections.
(d) Memorable executions against the enemies of the Republic.

14. What kinds of men are frowned upon in corrupt Republics?
(a) Vocal men.
(b) Common men.
(c) Scribes.
(d) Excellent men.

15. What method of dealing with leaders of tumults that divide cities does Machiavelli favor?
(a) Killing the leaders of tumults.
(b) Conscripting combatants into the military.
(c) Taking the women into slavery.
(d) Dividing the City's wealth among the factions.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli consider the public a better judge than Princes for who should occupy public offices.

2. What are the two ways that Machiavelli claims that envy can be extinguished?

3. What example does Machiavelli use to show how a Republic can handle a malady?

4. Why does Machiavelli suggest that Republics arrive to changing with the times later than individuals?

5. What is the reason Machiavelli claims Princes with weaker armies would rush into battle?

(see the answer keys)

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Science and Its Times
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