The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli write will prevent a bad Citizen from working evil in a Republic?
(a) Conspiracy against the bad Citizen.
(b) The absence of corruption.
(c) The government taking steps to temporize the bad Citizen.
(d) General disregard for their reputation.

2. What does Machiavelli believe to be important to extending the life of what he calls "mixed bodies" (Republics and Sects)?
(a) Returning to their original principles.
(b) Keeping turmoil alive between common masses.
(c) Providing the means from the state to keep them secure.
(d) Staying in a continual state of war.

3. What does Machiavelli praise of the ancient Roman battlefield tactics?
(a) The fierceness of the soldiers to dictate the terms of every battle.
(b) The ability of the first division to puncture enemy lines so the second and third divisions can over run the command centers.
(c) The ability of the second and third divisions to absorb fallen lines ahead of them and proceed in battle.
(d) The ability of the three divisions to outman enemies and scare them from the battlefields.

4. What does Machiavelli claim causes unity in a Republic?
(a) Wealth and industry.
(b) Idleness and peace.
(c) Fear and war.
(d) Fortune and leisure.

5. What did Roman historian Livius call Necessity?
(a) NECESSITY IS BUT AN INTERPRETATION.
(b) THE LAST AND BEST WEAPON.
(c) THE MOTHER OF INVENTION.
(d) THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF FREEDOM.

6. When does Machiavelli advise Captains to try new things?
(a) Never.
(b) While armies are engaged.
(c) When it is camped in the open field.
(d) When it is training.

7. What does Machiavelli identify as the difference between a Republic and the State (government) in how they can handle maladies?
(a) A Republic uses its freedom, but a state uses its laws.
(b) A Republic has time to correct maladies, but a State does not.
(c) A Republic appoints a bureaucracy, but a state goes to war.
(d) A Republic counts on the wisdom of its Plebes, but a State uses the wealth of its Nobles.

8. What does Machiavelli consider to be necessary when restoring a Republic from a Tyranny?
(a) Memorable executions against the enemies of the Republic.
(b) Public works projects that help provide citizens with provisions.
(c) Free, fair elections.
(d) Colonies.

9. To whom did Machiavelli refer to demonstrate the value of poverty on the character of leadership?
(a) Cincinnatus.
(b) Brutus.
(c) Caesar.
(d) Claudius.

10. According to Machiavelli, what prevented the ambitions of the Nobles from corrupting Rome?
(a) Wars drained their wealth.
(b) The power of the Tribunes and the Plebes.
(c) The expanded Empire required that they move to colonies to lead them.
(d) Social ostracism by the Senate.

11. Who does Machiavelli consider to have an advantage in battle?
(a) The Cavalry.
(b) The Artillery.
(c) The attacker.
(d) The largest army.

12. On what does Machiavelli believe a Republic must be organized?
(a) The wisdom of its Nobles who will know how to use wealth.
(b) The strength of its armies that can occupy provinces.
(c) On the reputation of Citizens that give benefit to the city and avoid harming it and its liberty.
(d) The virtu of its Captains who will effectively deceive enemies.

13. Why does Machiavelli advise Captains to use new things at the time that he does?
(a) Because the enemy won't see them in camp.
(b) Because the new technology requires different tactics.
(c) Because training is the best time to determine their use.
(d) To give courage to his enemies and take it from enemies.

14. Why does Machiavelli believe the Roman Republic grew?
(a) Because of the strength of its Captains.
(b) Because of the virtue of its soldiers.
(c) Because of the wisdom of its Magistrates.
(d) Because of the money of its Nobles.

15. What is Machiavelli's preferred military department?
(a) The infantry (foot soldier).
(b) The Navy
(c) The Artillery.
(d) The Cavalry.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli believe that leaders of his time refuse to follow the examples of dealing with tumults set by leaders of ancient times.

2. What does Machiavelli advise to Princes who desire to take something from another Prince?

3. What opportunities come to Princes who take Machiavelli's advice in acting to take something from another Prince.

4. In the comparison between the tactics of Scipio and Hannibal, what does Machiavelli consider to be praiseworthy?

5. What type of person does Machiavelli advise against promoting to important positions in a Republic?

(see the answer keys)

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