The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli consider to be necessary when restoring a Republic from a Tyranny?
(a) Public works projects that help provide citizens with provisions.
(b) Memorable executions against the enemies of the Republic.
(c) Free, fair elections.
(d) Colonies.

2. What does Machiavelli identify as the cause of using dishonorable words against an enemy?
(a) False hopes brought by victory.
(b) Poor discipline in the army.
(c) Corruption that leads to an enemy's defeat.
(d) Poor military tactics of the enemy.

3. How many commanders does Machiavelli advise over an army?
(a) One for each division.
(b) One.
(c) A tribunal.
(d) One for battle and one for negotiation.

4. Who were the two Roman Consuls whose tactics Machiavelli compares as an example of how Princes can take what belongs to another?
(a) Fabius and Junius.
(b) Claudius and Brutus.
(c) Decius and Fabius.
(d) Decius and Octavius.

5. Why would corrupt Republics accept common deceptions?
(a) Because they are put forward by men who want favors more readily for themselves than for the public.
(b) Because they keep anyone from knowing any truth.
(c) Because they help to confuse Citizens to the corruption.
(d) Because they hide the corruption of the political class.

6. What does Machiavelli believe to be important to extending the life of what he calls "mixed bodies" (Republics and Sects)?
(a) Returning to their original principles.
(b) Staying in a continual state of war.
(c) Providing the means from the state to keep them secure.
(d) Keeping turmoil alive between common masses.

7. In Book 3, Section 25, what does Machiavelli repeat to be the most useful thing to establish in a Republic?
(a) Women's rights.
(b) Universal suffrage.
(c) Public mechanisms for delivering benefits.
(d) That its Citizens are to be kept poor.

8. To whom did Machiavelli refer to demonstrate the value of poverty on the character of leadership?
(a) Brutus.
(b) Caesar.
(c) Claudius.
(d) Cincinnatus.

9. What are the two causes that will bring a corrupted Republic to take the important step of extending its life?
(a) Intrinsic and extrinsic.
(b) Religion and industry.
(c) Wisdom and knowledge.
(d) Revolution and overthrow.

10. What was the difference between the tactics of the two Roman Consuls Machiavelli used as an example?
(a) Decius used surprise and Octavius used infantry.
(b) Claudius used deception and Brutus used conspiracy.
(c) Decius attacked with all his strength, Fabius used slow assault.
(d) Fabius used artillery and Junius used cavlary.

11. What knowledge is necessary for a Captain to be successful?
(a) The knowledge of deception.
(b) The knowledge of tactics.
(c) The knowledge of the enemy.
(d) The knowledge of sites (geography).

12. What does Machiavelli believe is the only consideration to be made when the defense of a country is at stake?
(a) That the life of the country is safe and its liberty is maintained.
(b) To hide inside the City or escape to the open field.
(c) To avoid combat or strike immediately.
(d) To live free or die.

13. What were the results for the two Roman Consuls in Machiavelli's illustration?
(a) Claudius' enemy was fooled, and Brutus was discovered.
(b) Decius' soldiers became weary from the first shocks and fled, Fabius' soldiers saved their fury for the end when the enemy lost its energy.
(c) Fabius destroyed the enemy's city, and Junius was defeated by too many infantrymen.
(d) Decius caught his enemy unaware, and Octavius was defeated by artillery.

14. What finally forced Phillip into battle with Fabius, according to Machiavelli?
(a) The Samnites fell victim to the Trojans.
(b) He was laid siege in his fort.
(c) He was chased to his home and had to put a call out to his soldiers.
(d) The prolonged war worsened his condition and that of his subjects.

15. What did Roman historian Livius call Necessity?

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli consider necessary to take control over a Republic to install a bad form of government over it?

2. In Book 3, Section 1, what does Machiavelli declare to be, "...a most true thing...."

3. What institution does Machiavelli cite in Chapter 46 as being responsible for producing men that are either "harsh or effeminate."

4. What has Machiavelli considered many times to be the causes of good and bad fortunes to men?

5. In what cases does Machiavelli endorse acting foolishly?

(see the answer keys)

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