The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli predict comes to those Republics that are changed violently.
(a) Peace will come when the leaders are destroyed.
(b) Injury will come to many.
(c) Treaties will be made and order restored.
(d) A stronger Republic will take control over it.

2. How do weak men handle changes in fortune, according to Machiavelli?
(a) They are insufferable in good times and obscure in bad times.
(b) They are arrogant in good times and cowards in bad times.
(c) They are greedy in good times and beggars in bad times.
(d) They are vain and inebriated by good fortune and vile and abject in bad fortune.

3. Why does Machiavelli believe the Roman Republic grew?
(a) Because of the strength of its Captains.
(b) Because of the virtue of its soldiers.
(c) Because of the money of its Nobles.
(d) Because of the wisdom of its Magistrates.

4. What does Machiavelli claim causes unity in a Republic?
(a) Fortune and leisure.
(b) Fear and war.
(c) Wealth and industry.
(d) Idleness and peace.

5. To whom did Machiavelli refer to demonstrate the value of poverty on the character of leadership?
(a) Cincinnatus.
(b) Brutus.
(c) Caesar.
(d) Claudius.

6. What are the two things that give an army confidence according to Machiavelli?
(a) Deception and strength.
(b) That it is well armed and organized and each man should know the other.
(c) Tactics and technology.
(d) Victory and technology.

7. What is the reason Machiavelli claims Princes with weaker armies would rush into battle?
(a) Such Princes face no alternative.
(b) Because a long war would be harmful to all his subjects.
(c) Such Princes are deluded over their power.
(d) Because their judgment was hindered by the situation.

8. How does the institution that makes men "harsh or effeminate" influence them, according to Machiavelli?
(a) Because, "It is very important that a young man of tender years begins to hear the good and bad of a thing."
(b) Because, "The Plebs either prepare for virtus of war or fall to corruption."
(c) Because, "The magistrates either declare punishments or delays judgment."
(d) Because, "The Senate either deliberates or declares war."

9. What does Machiavelli consider one of the most important reasons the Roman Empire was successful in expanding its borders?
(a) It showed skill in placing Nobles in control over colonies.
(b) It kept Citizens in poverty.
(c) It had laws that kept the Plebes in their place.
(d) The Senate gave great authority to military leaders over Cities that Rome was attacking.

10. Of what is Machiavelli referring when he addresses the use of deceit in managing wars?
(a) Fooling the Senate to put him where he can win.
(b) Fooling his soldiers to do things he needs.
(c) Fooling the city he attacks to hide in a fort.
(d) Using tactics that mislead the enemy in battle.

11. What is Machiavelli's preferred military department?
(a) The Artillery.
(b) The Navy
(c) The Cavalry.
(d) The infantry (foot soldier).

12. In Book 3, Section 25, what does Machiavelli repeat to be the most useful thing to establish in a Republic?
(a) That its Citizens are to be kept poor.
(b) Public mechanisms for delivering benefits.
(c) Universal suffrage.
(d) Women's rights.

13. What does Machiavelli recommend that prudent men avoid?
(a) Corruption and lies.
(b) Idleness and peace.
(c) Threatening and injuring anyone with words.
(d) Deceit and war.

14. What type of person does Machiavelli advise against promoting to important positions in a Republic?
(a) Anyone who has been done a notable injury by someone.
(b) Anyone who is ambitious.
(c) Anyone who has avoided war.
(d) Anyone who has killed a rival.

15. What often happens to Captains who see a tactical error committed by their enemies?
(a) They are overly cautious and bring defeat.
(b) They take the steps to assure victory.
(c) They are blinded by the desire for victory.
(d) They move into passes and ambush the enemy.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli consider to be necessary when restoring a Republic from a Tyranny?

2. On what does Machiavelli believe a Republic must be organized?

3. What is the proverb that Machiavelli reports the Samnites used on the Tuscans to encourage them to make war on the Roman Empire?

4. What did Livius' history of Rome identify as the three divisions of the Roman army?

5. Who were the two Roman Consuls whose tactics Machiavelli compares as an example of how Princes can take what belongs to another?

(see the answer keys)

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