The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who does Machiavelli credit with protecting Rome from the ambitions of the Tribunes?
(a) Claudius Lucius.
(b) Lucius Brutus.
(c) Junius Claudius.
(d) Appius Claudius.

2. What does Machiavelli predict comes to those Republics that are changed violently.
(a) Peace will come when the leaders are destroyed.
(b) Injury will come to many.
(c) Treaties will be made and order restored.
(d) A stronger Republic will take control over it.

3. To whom did Machiavelli refer to demonstrate the value of poverty on the character of leadership?
(a) Caesar.
(b) Cincinnatus.
(c) Claudius.
(d) Brutus.

4. What does Machiavelli claim happens to great men in times of peace?
(a) They retire and slip into obscurity.
(b) They become corrupted and evil.
(c) They become neglected.
(d) They become tyrants.

5. What are the two things that Machiavelli cites as the causes of the dissolution of the Roman Republic?
(a) Contentions that arose from the Agrarian law and the prolongation of military commands.
(b) Sloth and leisure.
(c) Inflation of the currency and bureaucracy.
(d) Defiance of laws by Nobles and corruption of Plebs.

6. In Book 3, Section 1, what does Machiavelli declare to be, "...a most true thing...."
(a) That, "...the only thing we learn from history is we do not learn from history."
(b) That, "...regardless, all who rise suddenly will fall with the same rapidity."
(c) That, "...all the things of the world have to have an ending to their existence."
(d) That, "...all will face death and taxes."

7. What does Machiavelli claim causes men to conspire against their target?
(a) The desire to liberate a country occupied by the Prince.
(b) The desire to take power over the military.
(c) The desire to take control of the Senate
(d) The desire to manipulate the general masses.

8. What is the proverb that Machiavelli reports the Samnites used on the Tuscans to encourage them to make war on the Roman Empire?
(a) "What would you give to breath the air of free men."
(b) "Peace (with Rome) was more of a burden to slaves than war is to free men."
(c) "Do you want to die as free men or live as slaves?"
(d) "Will you not trade you security for freedom."

9. What does Machiavelli praise of the ancient Roman battlefield tactics?
(a) The fierceness of the soldiers to dictate the terms of every battle.
(b) The ability of the first division to puncture enemy lines so the second and third divisions can over run the command centers.
(c) The ability of the three divisions to outman enemies and scare them from the battlefields.
(d) The ability of the second and third divisions to absorb fallen lines ahead of them and proceed in battle.

10. What did Livius' history of Rome identify as the three divisions of the Roman army?
(a) Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery.
(b) Principi, Infantry, and Navy.
(c) .Triari, Navy, and Ordinance.
(d) Astati, Principi, and Triari.

11. What is Machiavelli's preferred military department?
(a) The Artillery.
(b) The infantry (foot soldier).
(c) The Navy
(d) The Cavalry.

12. Against whom are conspiracies made?
(a) Captains and Kings.
(b) Citizens and Plebs.
(c) Princes and countries.
(d) Republics and Senates.

13. What are the two ways that Republics are altered that Machiavelli examines?
(a) With war and money.
(b) With free press and elections.
(c) With bloodshed and without bloodshed.
(d) With natural disaster and new religions.

14. What example does Machiavelli use to show how a Republic can handle a malady?
(a) Plebs developing industry to create wealth.
(b) Captains using deception to preserve freedom.
(c) The Senate using wisdom to avert disaster.
(d) Immigrants taking part in elections and affecting the laws of government.

15. What does Machiavelli believe comes to a good army without a good Captain?
(a) It breaks apart and goes home.
(b) It sells itself to the highest bidder.
(c) It becomes insolent and dangerous.
(d) It regroups and promotes its most virtuous member.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli write will prevent a bad Citizen from working evil in a Republic?

2. What does Machiavelli name as the reason that good men cannot accomplish good for his country?

3. Why does Machiavelli consider men prudent for considering the proverb he cites at the beginning of Book 2, Section 49?

4. Of what is Machiavelli referring when he addresses the use of deceit in managing wars?

5. What has Machiavelli considered many times to be the causes of good and bad fortunes to men?

(see the answer keys)

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