The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What example does Machiavelli use to show how a Republic can handle a malady?
(a) The Senate using wisdom to avert disaster.
(b) Plebs developing industry to create wealth.
(c) Immigrants taking part in elections and affecting the laws of government.
(d) Captains using deception to preserve freedom.

2. What often happens to Captains who see a tactical error committed by their enemies?
(a) They take the steps to assure victory.
(b) They are overly cautious and bring defeat.
(c) They are blinded by the desire for victory.
(d) They move into passes and ambush the enemy.

3. Of what is Machiavelli critical regarding the military tactics of his day?
(a) That they do not employ the tactics of ancient Rome.
(b) They do not employ Cavalry to its fullest potential.
(c) They rely on Artillery too much.
(d) They avoid frontal assault.

4. What does Machiavelli claim comes to those Republics that are changed through the general public?
(a) The public will appoint inept leaders and it will fall.
(b) Only the head of the Republic will be harmed.
(c) New elections will be controlled by the general public.
(d) The Republic will break apart and be at war with its separate pieces.

5. What does Machiavelli recommend as the three ways to restore a divided city?
(a) Dividing the city's wealth among the factions, sending them to colonies, conscripting them to the military.
(b) Kill the leaders, conscript the men to the military, take the women into slavery.
(c) Build a wall between the combatants, place soldiers between their neighborhoods, and prevent them from passing among each other.
(d) Kill the leaders of tumults, remove them from the city, or have them make peace.

6. What is the reason Machiavelli claims Princes with weaker armies would rush into battle?
(a) Such Princes are deluded over their power.
(b) Because their judgment was hindered by the situation.
(c) Such Princes face no alternative.
(d) Because a long war would be harmful to all his subjects.

7. What does Machiavelli predict comes to those Republics that are changed violently.
(a) Peace will come when the leaders are destroyed.
(b) A stronger Republic will take control over it.
(c) Injury will come to many.
(d) Treaties will be made and order restored.

8. What does Machiavelli claim causes unity in a Republic?
(a) Fortune and leisure.
(b) Fear and war.
(c) Wealth and industry.
(d) Idleness and peace.

9. Why does Machiavelli believe the Roman Republic grew?
(a) Because of the money of its Nobles.
(b) Because of the wisdom of its Magistrates.
(c) Because of the virtue of its soldiers.
(d) Because of the strength of its Captains.

10. What type of person does Machiavelli advise against promoting to important positions in a Republic?
(a) Anyone who has killed a rival.
(b) Anyone who has been done a notable injury by someone.
(c) Anyone who is ambitious.
(d) Anyone who has avoided war.

11. What, according to Machiavelli, determines whether or not a Republic falls into tyranny.
(a) The weakness of its Princes.
(b) The absence of its military.
(c) The reputation of its Citizens.
(d) The corruption of its Nobles.

12. What method of dealing with leaders of tumults that divide cities does Machiavelli favor?
(a) Conscripting combatants into the military.
(b) Taking the women into slavery.
(c) Dividing the City's wealth among the factions.
(d) Killing the leaders of tumults.

13. What opportunities come to Princes who take Machiavelli's advice in acting to take something from another Prince.
(a) The Prince who is being assaulted will be imprisoned.
(b) The Prince who is being assualted will not be able to consult his Captains.
(c) The Prince who is being assaulted might make decisions fueled by anger.
(d) The Prince who is being assaulted will have their army away from the City.

14. Why does Machiavelli suggest that Republics arrive to changing with the times later than individuals?
(a) Because Citizens in a Republic are resistant to funding changes.
(b) Because the layers of bureaucracy is unresponsive.
(c) Because their leaders are out of touch with the Citizens.
(d) Because they suffer more in changing.

15. What phrase could summarize what Livius' details as qualifications for an effective Captain.
(a) He leads by deeds and not words.
(b) He earns animosity in training but trust in battle.
(c) His wisdom is established by his deceptions.
(d) His men hate his personality but love his tactics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What are the two ways that Republics are altered that Machiavelli examines?

2. Why does Machiavelli claim that Princes should not complain of faults of People under their authority?

3. What did Livius' history of Rome identify as the three divisions of the Roman army?

4. What were the results for the two Roman Consuls in Machiavelli's illustration?

5. According to Machiavelli, what is the sign of a truly powerful Republic?

(see the answer keys)

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