The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What did Livius' history of Rome identify as the three divisions of the Roman army?
(a) .Triari, Navy, and Ordinance.
(b) Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery.
(c) Principi, Infantry, and Navy.
(d) Astati, Principi, and Triari.

2. What method of dealing with leaders of tumults that divide cities does Machiavelli favor?
(a) Dividing the City's wealth among the factions.
(b) Killing the leaders of tumults.
(c) Conscripting combatants into the military.
(d) Taking the women into slavery.

3. Who were the two Roman Consuls whose tactics Machiavelli compares as an example of how Princes can take what belongs to another?
(a) Claudius and Brutus.
(b) Fabius and Junius.
(c) Decius and Octavius.
(d) Decius and Fabius.

4. In the comparison between the tactics of Scipio and Hannibal, what does Machiavelli consider to be praiseworthy?
(a) Surprise.
(b) Feigned foolishness.
(c) Success.
(d) New uses of artillery.

5. How did Phillip of Macedonia avoid battles with Fabius Maximus?
(a) By staying in a fort.
(b) By moving his soldiers into provinces that Fabius had just left.
(c) By making an alliance with the Samnites.
(d) By disassmbling and going home.

6. What does Machiavelli claim comes to those Republics that are changed through the general public?
(a) The public will appoint inept leaders and it will fall.
(b) New elections will be controlled by the general public.
(c) Only the head of the Republic will be harmed.
(d) The Republic will break apart and be at war with its separate pieces.

7. How many commanders does Machiavelli advise over an army?
(a) One.
(b) One for battle and one for negotiation.
(c) One for each division.
(d) A tribunal.

8. What does Machiavelli advise to Princes who desire to take something from another Prince?
(a) To take the Prince captive first but make no hasty decisions afterwards.
(b) To make sure that their generals know tactics of deception.
(c) To act quickly to force a quick decision on the other Prince.
(d) To keep their plans a secret.

9. What does Machiavelli predict will come of corrupted Republics if they do not take the important step of extending its life?
(a) They will become ineffective and subject to the rule of a stronger Republic.
(b) The corruption will kill the body.
(c) They will fall victim to a Tyrant.
(d) They will break apart into new Republics

10. What does Machiavelli predict comes to those Republics that are changed violently.
(a) Peace will come when the leaders are destroyed.
(b) Treaties will be made and order restored.
(c) Injury will come to many.
(d) A stronger Republic will take control over it.

11. In Book 3, Section 1, what does Machiavelli declare to be, "...a most true thing...."
(a) That, "...all will face death and taxes."
(b) That, "...regardless, all who rise suddenly will fall with the same rapidity."
(c) That, "...all the things of the world have to have an ending to their existence."
(d) That, "...the only thing we learn from history is we do not learn from history."

12. What finally forced Phillip into battle with Fabius, according to Machiavelli?
(a) He was laid siege in his fort.
(b) He was chased to his home and had to put a call out to his soldiers.
(c) The prolonged war worsened his condition and that of his subjects.
(d) The Samnites fell victim to the Trojans.

13. What is Machiavelli's preferred military department?
(a) The Artillery.
(b) The Navy
(c) The infantry (foot soldier).
(d) The Cavalry.

14. According to Machiavelli, if men have prospered greatly by one procedure, what is not possible?
(a) To undo their honor.
(b) To persuade them they can do well with other procedures.
(c) To remove them from their position.
(d) To undo their success.

15. What were the results for the two Roman Consuls in Machiavelli's illustration?
(a) Claudius' enemy was fooled, and Brutus was discovered.
(b) Fabius destroyed the enemy's city, and Junius was defeated by too many infantrymen.
(c) Decius caught his enemy unaware, and Octavius was defeated by artillery.
(d) Decius' soldiers became weary from the first shocks and fled, Fabius' soldiers saved their fury for the end when the enemy lost its energy.

Short Answer Questions

1. Of what is Machiavelli critical regarding the military tactics of his day?

2. When does Machiavelli advise Captains to try new things?

3. What are the two ways that Machiavelli claims that envy can be extinguished?

4. What are Machiavelli's two thoughts on fortresses?

5. What does Machiavelli claim happens to great men in times of peace?

(see the answer keys)

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