The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In Book 3, Section 1, what does Machiavelli declare to be, "...a most true thing...."
(a) That, "...regardless, all who rise suddenly will fall with the same rapidity."
(b) That, "...all the things of the world have to have an ending to their existence."
(c) That, "...all will face death and taxes."
(d) That, "...the only thing we learn from history is we do not learn from history."

2. What does Machiavelli write will prevent a bad Citizen from working evil in a Republic?
(a) Conspiracy against the bad Citizen.
(b) The government taking steps to temporize the bad Citizen.
(c) General disregard for their reputation.
(d) The absence of corruption.

3. What finally forced Phillip into battle with Fabius, according to Machiavelli?
(a) The Samnites fell victim to the Trojans.
(b) He was laid siege in his fort.
(c) The prolonged war worsened his condition and that of his subjects.
(d) He was chased to his home and had to put a call out to his soldiers.

4. Why does Machiavelli consider the public a better judge than Princes for who should occupy public offices.
(a) Because Princes play favorites.
(b) Because Princes are too easily distracted by women.
(c) Because the public is swayed by true Nobility.
(d) Because the public is guided by what others say of a candidate beyond publicly known acts.

5. How many commanders does Machiavelli advise over an army?
(a) One for each division.
(b) One for battle and one for negotiation.
(c) One.
(d) A tribunal.

6. What are the two ways that Machiavelli claims that envy can be extinguished?
(a) Through friendship and common wealth.
(b) Through war and crisis.
(c) Through life threatening disaster or through the death of rivals.
(d) Through conspiracy and corruption.

7. Who does Machiavelli credit with protecting Rome from the ambitions of the Tribunes?
(a) Lucius Brutus.
(b) Junius Claudius.
(c) Appius Claudius.
(d) Claudius Lucius.

8. What does Machiavelli advise to Princes who desire to take something from another Prince?
(a) To make sure that their generals know tactics of deception.
(b) To take the Prince captive first but make no hasty decisions afterwards.
(c) To keep their plans a secret.
(d) To act quickly to force a quick decision on the other Prince.

9. What, according to Machiavelli, did Epaminondas the Theban claim was most necessary and useful for a Captain?
(a) To have new weapons.
(b) To fight in the open.
(c) To know the decisions and proceedings of the enemy.
(d) To use new tactics.

10. What does Machiavelli believe is the only consideration to be made when the defense of a country is at stake?
(a) To hide inside the City or escape to the open field.
(b) To live free or die.
(c) To avoid combat or strike immediately.
(d) That the life of the country is safe and its liberty is maintained.

11. According to Machiavelli, if men have prospered greatly by one procedure, what is not possible?
(a) To undo their honor.
(b) To remove them from their position.
(c) To undo their success.
(d) To persuade them they can do well with other procedures.

12. What does Machiavelli praise of the ancient Roman battlefield tactics?
(a) The ability of the three divisions to outman enemies and scare them from the battlefields.
(b) The ability of the second and third divisions to absorb fallen lines ahead of them and proceed in battle.
(c) The ability of the first division to puncture enemy lines so the second and third divisions can over run the command centers.
(d) The fierceness of the soldiers to dictate the terms of every battle.

13. Why does Machiavelli claim that Princes should not complain of faults of People under their authority?
(a) Because doing so will blind the Prince to conspiracy.
(b) Because such faults result either from their negligence or because they are stained by similar faults.
(c) Because the People will become indignant of the criticism.
(d) Because the insults will encourage conspiracy.

14. On what does Machiavelli believe a Republic must be organized?
(a) The strength of its armies that can occupy provinces.
(b) On the reputation of Citizens that give benefit to the city and avoid harming it and its liberty.
(c) The virtu of its Captains who will effectively deceive enemies.
(d) The wisdom of its Nobles who will know how to use wealth.

15. What does Machiavelli believe comes to a good army without a good Captain?
(a) It becomes insolent and dangerous.
(b) It breaks apart and goes home.
(c) It sells itself to the highest bidder.
(d) It regroups and promotes its most virtuous member.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does the institution that makes men "harsh or effeminate" influence them, according to Machiavelli?

2. What does Machiavelli consider to be necessary when restoring a Republic from a Tyranny?

3. What does Machiavelli claim happens to great men in times of peace?

4. What are the two ways that Republics are altered that Machiavelli examines?

5. What were the results for the two Roman Consuls in Machiavelli's illustration?

(see the answer keys)

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