The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli claim causes unity in a Republic?
(a) Idleness and peace.
(b) Fortune and leisure.
(c) Fear and war.
(d) Wealth and industry.

2. Why does Machiavelli consider it impossible to establish a perpetual Republic?
(a) Because a Republic must always send its best men to war.
(b) Because a Republic will always have ambitious men.
(c) Because all the ruling Nobles will have to be sent to colonies.
(d) Because in a thousand unforeseen ways its ruin may be caused.

3. What does Machiavelli advise to Princes who desire to take something from another Prince?
(a) To keep their plans a secret.
(b) To take the Prince captive first but make no hasty decisions afterwards.
(c) To act quickly to force a quick decision on the other Prince.
(d) To make sure that their generals know tactics of deception.

4. What does Machiavelli consider the most useful possession for the defense of a Republic?
(a) Harsh Captains.
(b) Strong fortresses.
(c) A good army.
(d) Wise diplomats.

5. What does Machiavelli recommend as the three ways to restore a divided city?
(a) Build a wall between the combatants, place soldiers between their neighborhoods, and prevent them from passing among each other.
(b) Kill the leaders, conscript the men to the military, take the women into slavery.
(c) Kill the leaders of tumults, remove them from the city, or have them make peace.
(d) Dividing the city's wealth among the factions, sending them to colonies, conscripting them to the military.

6. What does Machiavelli predict comes to those Republics that are changed violently.
(a) Injury will come to many.
(b) Peace will come when the leaders are destroyed.
(c) Treaties will be made and order restored.
(d) A stronger Republic will take control over it.

7. Who was esteemed as being wise for acting foolish from Livius' history of Rome?
(a) Caesar Junius.
(b) Octavious Brutus.
(c) Junius Caesar.
(d) Junius Brutus

8. To whom did Machiavelli refer to demonstrate the value of poverty on the character of leadership?
(a) Cincinnatus.
(b) Brutus.
(c) Caesar.
(d) Claudius.

9. Of what is Machiavelli referring when he addresses the use of deceit in managing wars?
(a) Fooling the city he attacks to hide in a fort.
(b) Fooling the Senate to put him where he can win.
(c) Fooling his soldiers to do things he needs.
(d) Using tactics that mislead the enemy in battle.

10. Of what is Machiavelli critical regarding the military tactics of his day?
(a) They avoid frontal assault.
(b) They do not employ Cavalry to its fullest potential.
(c) They rely on Artillery too much.
(d) That they do not employ the tactics of ancient Rome.

11. According to Machiavelli, if men have prospered greatly by one procedure, what is not possible?
(a) To undo their success.
(b) To persuade them they can do well with other procedures.
(c) To remove them from their position.
(d) To undo their honor.

12. Why does Machiavelli advise Captains to use new things at the time that he does?
(a) Because training is the best time to determine their use.
(b) To give courage to his enemies and take it from enemies.
(c) Because the enemy won't see them in camp.
(d) Because the new technology requires different tactics.

13. What does Machiavelli cite as Aristotle's three causes of ruin women bring on tyrants.
(a) Injury tyrants commit on women either by seduction, violence or corruption of marriages.
(b) The demands women make for wealth, food, and houses.
(c) Their seduction of tyrants, distracting their focus, and softening them with parental duties.
(d) The influence women have on men, children and families.

14. What method of dealing with leaders of tumults that divide cities does Machiavelli favor?
(a) Conscripting combatants into the military.
(b) Dividing the City's wealth among the factions.
(c) Killing the leaders of tumults.
(d) Taking the women into slavery.

15. How many commanders does Machiavelli advise over an army?
(a) One for each division.
(b) One.
(c) A tribunal.
(d) One for battle and one for negotiation.

Short Answer Questions

1. What are the two causes that will bring a corrupted Republic to take the important step of extending its life?

2. In what cases does Machiavelli endorse acting foolishly?

3. What were placed to the right and the left of every battle line of the Roman army?

4. According to Machiavelli, why did Livius believe the Roman Republic grew?

5. What does Machiavelli believe is the only consideration to be made when the defense of a country is at stake?

(see the answer keys)

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