The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What phrase could summarize what Livius' details as qualifications for an effective Captain.
(a) He earns animosity in training but trust in battle.
(b) His men hate his personality but love his tactics.
(c) He leads by deeds and not words.
(d) His wisdom is established by his deceptions.

2. What finally forced Phillip into battle with Fabius, according to Machiavelli?
(a) He was laid siege in his fort.
(b) The prolonged war worsened his condition and that of his subjects.
(c) He was chased to his home and had to put a call out to his soldiers.
(d) The Samnites fell victim to the Trojans.

3. Of what is Machiavelli critical regarding the military tactics of his day?
(a) They do not employ Cavalry to its fullest potential.
(b) They avoid frontal assault.
(c) They rely on Artillery too much.
(d) That they do not employ the tactics of ancient Rome.

4. What does Machiavelli consider to be necessary when restoring a Republic from a Tyranny?
(a) Free, fair elections.
(b) Colonies.
(c) Memorable executions against the enemies of the Republic.
(d) Public works projects that help provide citizens with provisions.

5. What does Machiavelli claim to be the cause of Princes losing inherited power?
(a) Arrogance.
(b) Indifference to their Principality.
(c) Incompetence.
(d) Their rejection of laws and ancient institutions.

6. According to Machiavelli, what is the sign of a truly powerful Republic?
(a) It can intimidate other Cities to become part of it without fighting battles.
(b) It has the wealth to buy other lands.
(c) It has the diplomatic skill to cajole the support of other Republics.
(d) It does not take land or gain support with money, but through the virtue of its army and war.

7. For what reason does Machiavelli advise people in power to, "...lay aside personal hatred?"
(a) To prepare for war.
(b) For the good of the country.
(c) To build good families.
(d) To serve the freedom of the Self.

8. According to Machiavelli, what prevented the ambitions of the Nobles from corrupting Rome?
(a) The expanded Empire required that they move to colonies to lead them.
(b) The power of the Tribunes and the Plebes.
(c) Social ostracism by the Senate.
(d) Wars drained their wealth.

9. What was the difference between the tactics of the two Roman Consuls Machiavelli used as an example?
(a) Decius used surprise and Octavius used infantry.
(b) Decius attacked with all his strength, Fabius used slow assault.
(c) Claudius used deception and Brutus used conspiracy.
(d) Fabius used artillery and Junius used cavlary.

10. What has Machiavelli considered many times to be the causes of good and bad fortunes to men?
(a) Decisions for military tactics.
(b) Their choice of friends.
(c) Their manner of proceeding with the times.
(d) Enemies knowing their plans.

11. What does Machiavelli consider one of the most important reasons the Roman Empire was successful in expanding its borders?
(a) It had laws that kept the Plebes in their place.
(b) The Senate gave great authority to military leaders over Cities that Rome was attacking.
(c) It kept Citizens in poverty.
(d) It showed skill in placing Nobles in control over colonies.

12. Who does Machiavelli consider to have an advantage in battle?
(a) The attacker.
(b) The Cavalry.
(c) The Artillery.
(d) The largest army.

13. What are the two causes that will bring a corrupted Republic to take the important step of extending its life?
(a) Intrinsic and extrinsic.
(b) Revolution and overthrow.
(c) Religion and industry.
(d) Wisdom and knowledge.

14. What does Machiavelli advise Princes in observing promises made under force?
(a) To observe them until which time they can fight for freedom.
(b) To observe them without reservation as they put themselves in the situation due to incompenence.
(c) To deceive the party who forces the promise until they can make alliances that will defeat him.
(d) That they are not to be observed when the force is removed.

15. What does Machiavelli claim comes to those Republics that are changed through the general public?
(a) Only the head of the Republic will be harmed.
(b) New elections will be controlled by the general public.
(c) The Republic will break apart and be at war with its separate pieces.
(d) The public will appoint inept leaders and it will fall.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli believe to be important to extending the life of what he calls "mixed bodies" (Republics and Sects)?

2. What knowledge is necessary for a Captain to be successful?

3. Why does Machiavelli advise Captains to use new things at the time that he does?

4. Why does Machiavelli consider it impossible to establish a perpetual Republic?

5. How do weak men handle changes in fortune, according to Machiavelli?

(see the answer keys)

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