The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who does Machiavelli consider to have an advantage in battle?
(a) The attacker.
(b) The largest army.
(c) The Cavalry.
(d) The Artillery.

2. Why does Machiavelli advise Captains to use new things at the time that he does?
(a) Because the enemy won't see them in camp.
(b) Because the new technology requires different tactics.
(c) To give courage to his enemies and take it from enemies.
(d) Because training is the best time to determine their use.

3. What type of person does Machiavelli advise against promoting to important positions in a Republic?
(a) Anyone who has killed a rival.
(b) Anyone who has been done a notable injury by someone.
(c) Anyone who is ambitious.
(d) Anyone who has avoided war.

4. What were the results for the two Roman Consuls in Machiavelli's illustration?
(a) Decius' soldiers became weary from the first shocks and fled, Fabius' soldiers saved their fury for the end when the enemy lost its energy.
(b) Claudius' enemy was fooled, and Brutus was discovered.
(c) Fabius destroyed the enemy's city, and Junius was defeated by too many infantrymen.
(d) Decius caught his enemy unaware, and Octavius was defeated by artillery.

5. What does Machiavelli consider necessary to take control over a Republic to install a bad form of government over it?
(a) Leaders who are irresolute in their decisions.
(b) People corrupted by the times.
(c) Bad administrators.
(d) Bad Captains.

6. What, according to Machiavelli, did Epaminondas the Theban claim was most necessary and useful for a Captain?
(a) To have new weapons.
(b) To know the decisions and proceedings of the enemy.
(c) To use new tactics.
(d) To fight in the open.

7. What does Machiavelli claim to be the cause of Princes losing inherited power?
(a) Indifference to their Principality.
(b) Arrogance.
(c) Incompetence.
(d) Their rejection of laws and ancient institutions.

8. Why does Machiavelli consider the public a better judge than Princes for who should occupy public offices.
(a) Because the public is swayed by true Nobility.
(b) Because Princes are too easily distracted by women.
(c) Because the public is guided by what others say of a candidate beyond publicly known acts.
(d) Because Princes play favorites.

9. What was the difference between the tactics of the two Roman Consuls Machiavelli used as an example?
(a) Fabius used artillery and Junius used cavlary.
(b) Decius attacked with all his strength, Fabius used slow assault.
(c) Claudius used deception and Brutus used conspiracy.
(d) Decius used surprise and Octavius used infantry.

10. What does Machiavelli claim causes disunity in a Republic?
(a) Corruption and war.
(b) Fortune and leisure.
(c) Idleness and peace.
(d) Wealth and industry.

11. What does Machiavelli praise of the ancient Roman battlefield tactics?
(a) The ability of the three divisions to outman enemies and scare them from the battlefields.
(b) The ability of the second and third divisions to absorb fallen lines ahead of them and proceed in battle.
(c) The fierceness of the soldiers to dictate the terms of every battle.
(d) The ability of the first division to puncture enemy lines so the second and third divisions can over run the command centers.

12. What is the reason Machiavelli claims Princes with weaker armies would rush into battle?
(a) Because a long war would be harmful to all his subjects.
(b) Because their judgment was hindered by the situation.
(c) Such Princes are deluded over their power.
(d) Such Princes face no alternative.

13. What does Machiavelli claim to be the conduct of excellent and courageous men whether they experience good fortune or bad?
(a) They find enemies and defeat them.
(b) They adjust to the times.
(c) They keep their courage in any fortune.
(d) They never refuse any type of challenge.

14. How do weak men handle changes in fortune, according to Machiavelli?
(a) They are vain and inebriated by good fortune and vile and abject in bad fortune.
(b) They are insufferable in good times and obscure in bad times.
(c) They are arrogant in good times and cowards in bad times.
(d) They are greedy in good times and beggars in bad times.

15. In what cases does Machiavelli endorse acting foolishly?
(a) To confuse enemies at war.
(b) To confuse political enemies.
(c) To please a powerful Prince.
(d) To Amuse the Nobles.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the proverb that Machiavelli reports the Samnites used on the Tuscans to encourage them to make war on the Roman Empire?

2. What did Roman historian Livius call Necessity?

3. What does Machiavelli consider to be a great sign of weakness in Republic?

4. What does Machiavelli identify as the difference between a Republic and the State (government) in how they can handle maladies?

5. What does Machiavelli consider one of the most important reasons the Roman Empire was successful in expanding its borders?

(see the answer keys)

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