The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli admire Fabius Maximus for avoiding battles?
(a) Because he waited until the time for battle was in his favor.
(b) Because it gave the Senate time to negotiate a treaty.
(c) Because he did not have a sufficient number of soldiers.
(d) Because his soldiers were unqualified for battle.

2. What method of dealing with leaders of tumults that divide cities does Machiavelli favor?
(a) Taking the women into slavery.
(b) Conscripting combatants into the military.
(c) Dividing the City's wealth among the factions.
(d) Killing the leaders of tumults.

3. What are the two ways that Republics are altered that Machiavelli examines?
(a) With natural disaster and new religions.
(b) With war and money.
(c) With bloodshed and without bloodshed.
(d) With free press and elections.

4. Against whom are conspiracies made?
(a) Republics and Senates.
(b) Captains and Kings.
(c) Citizens and Plebs.
(d) Princes and countries.

5. How does Machiavelli advise a Captain to consider a tactical error by an enemy?
(a) The time to strike with all strength.
(b) Good fortune as it foretells victory.
(c) The time to draw the enemy into the open.
(d) Cautiously as it is probably a deception.

6. Why does Machiavelli advise Captains to use new things at the time that he does?
(a) Because the enemy won't see them in camp.
(b) To give courage to his enemies and take it from enemies.
(c) Because the new technology requires different tactics.
(d) Because training is the best time to determine their use.

7. What were the results for the two Roman Consuls in Machiavelli's illustration?
(a) Fabius destroyed the enemy's city, and Junius was defeated by too many infantrymen.
(b) Claudius' enemy was fooled, and Brutus was discovered.
(c) Decius caught his enemy unaware, and Octavius was defeated by artillery.
(d) Decius' soldiers became weary from the first shocks and fled, Fabius' soldiers saved their fury for the end when the enemy lost its energy.

8. Who were the two Roman Consuls whose tactics Machiavelli compares as an example of how Princes can take what belongs to another?
(a) Fabius and Junius.
(b) Decius and Octavius.
(c) Claudius and Brutus.
(d) Decius and Fabius.

9. Why does Machiavelli believe the Roman Republic grew?
(a) Because of the virtue of its soldiers.
(b) Because of the money of its Nobles.
(c) Because of the wisdom of its Magistrates.
(d) Because of the strength of its Captains.

10. What does Machiavelli recommend that prudent men avoid?
(a) Threatening and injuring anyone with words.
(b) Deceit and war.
(c) Idleness and peace.
(d) Corruption and lies.

11. Who does Machiavelli credit with protecting Rome from the ambitions of the Tribunes?
(a) Appius Claudius.
(b) Lucius Brutus.
(c) Claudius Lucius.
(d) Junius Claudius.

12. How do weak men handle changes in fortune, according to Machiavelli?
(a) They are greedy in good times and beggars in bad times.
(b) They are insufferable in good times and obscure in bad times.
(c) They are vain and inebriated by good fortune and vile and abject in bad fortune.
(d) They are arrogant in good times and cowards in bad times.

13. What does Machiavelli cite as Aristotle's three causes of ruin women bring on tyrants.
(a) The demands women make for wealth, food, and houses.
(b) The influence women have on men, children and families.
(c) Injury tyrants commit on women either by seduction, violence or corruption of marriages.
(d) Their seduction of tyrants, distracting their focus, and softening them with parental duties.

14. What does Machiavelli consider one of the most important reasons the Roman Empire was successful in expanding its borders?
(a) It showed skill in placing Nobles in control over colonies.
(b) It had laws that kept the Plebes in their place.
(c) It kept Citizens in poverty.
(d) The Senate gave great authority to military leaders over Cities that Rome was attacking.

15. What does Machiavelli identify as the difference between a Republic and the State (government) in how they can handle maladies?
(a) A Republic uses its freedom, but a state uses its laws.
(b) A Republic appoints a bureaucracy, but a state goes to war.
(c) A Republic has time to correct maladies, but a State does not.
(d) A Republic counts on the wisdom of its Plebes, but a State uses the wealth of its Nobles.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli write will prevent a bad Citizen from working evil in a Republic?

2. Of what is Machiavelli referring when he addresses the use of deceit in managing wars?

3. In the comparison between the tactics of Scipio and Hannibal, what does Machiavelli consider to be praiseworthy?

4. What does Machiavelli believe comes to a good army without a good Captain?

5. How many commanders does Machiavelli advise over an army?

(see the answer keys)

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