The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli claim to be the conduct of excellent and courageous men whether they experience good fortune or bad?
(a) They find enemies and defeat them.
(b) They never refuse any type of challenge.
(c) They keep their courage in any fortune.
(d) They adjust to the times.

2. What does Machiavelli advise Princes in observing promises made under force?
(a) That they are not to be observed when the force is removed.
(b) To observe them without reservation as they put themselves in the situation due to incompenence.
(c) To deceive the party who forces the promise until they can make alliances that will defeat him.
(d) To observe them until which time they can fight for freedom.

3. What was the difference between the tactics of the two Roman Consuls Machiavelli used as an example?
(a) Claudius used deception and Brutus used conspiracy.
(b) Decius used surprise and Octavius used infantry.
(c) Fabius used artillery and Junius used cavlary.
(d) Decius attacked with all his strength, Fabius used slow assault.

4. What does Machiavelli advise to Princes who desire to take something from another Prince?
(a) To keep their plans a secret.
(b) To make sure that their generals know tactics of deception.
(c) To take the Prince captive first but make no hasty decisions afterwards.
(d) To act quickly to force a quick decision on the other Prince.

5. According to Machiavelli, what is the sign of a truly powerful Republic?
(a) It has the wealth to buy other lands.
(b) It does not take land or gain support with money, but through the virtue of its army and war.
(c) It can intimidate other Cities to become part of it without fighting battles.
(d) It has the diplomatic skill to cajole the support of other Republics.

6. What type of person does Machiavelli advise against promoting to important positions in a Republic?
(a) Anyone who is ambitious.
(b) Anyone who has killed a rival.
(c) Anyone who has avoided war.
(d) Anyone who has been done a notable injury by someone.

7. What does Machiavelli claim that prudent men usually say?
(a) "The only thing we learn from history is that we do not learn from history..."
(b) "Whoever wants to see what is to be, considers what has been;...."
(c) "Only God knows the future and I am not God;..."
(d) "You have a reference to analyze the past, but none such for the future;..."

8. Why does Machiavelli advise Captains to use new things at the time that he does?
(a) Because the new technology requires different tactics.
(b) To give courage to his enemies and take it from enemies.
(c) Because the enemy won't see them in camp.
(d) Because training is the best time to determine their use.

9. What does Machiavelli write will prevent a bad Citizen from working evil in a Republic?
(a) The government taking steps to temporize the bad Citizen.
(b) Conspiracy against the bad Citizen.
(c) General disregard for their reputation.
(d) The absence of corruption.

10. How did Phillip of Macedonia avoid battles with Fabius Maximus?
(a) By staying in a fort.
(b) By making an alliance with the Samnites.
(c) By moving his soldiers into provinces that Fabius had just left.
(d) By disassmbling and going home.

11. What does Machiavelli consider necessary to take control over a Republic to install a bad form of government over it?
(a) Bad administrators.
(b) Bad Captains.
(c) People corrupted by the times.
(d) Leaders who are irresolute in their decisions.

12. According to Machiavelli, why did Livius believe the Roman Republic grew?
(a) Because of the money of its Nobles.
(b) Because of the virtue of its Captains.
(c) Because of the wisdom of its Magistrates.
(d) Because of the strength of its soldiers.

13. What opportunities come to Princes who take Machiavelli's advice in acting to take something from another Prince.
(a) The Prince who is being assualted will not be able to consult his Captains.
(b) The Prince who is being assaulted will be imprisoned.
(c) The Prince who is being assaulted might make decisions fueled by anger.
(d) The Prince who is being assaulted will have their army away from the City.

14. Against whom are conspiracies made?
(a) Captains and Kings.
(b) Republics and Senates.
(c) Princes and countries.
(d) Citizens and Plebs.

15. In Book 3, Section 25, what does Machiavelli repeat to be the most useful thing to establish in a Republic?
(a) That its Citizens are to be kept poor.
(b) Universal suffrage.
(c) Women's rights.
(d) Public mechanisms for delivering benefits.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli name as the reason that good men cannot accomplish good for his country?

2. What often happens to Captains who see a tactical error committed by their enemies?

3. What, according to Machiavelli, determines whether or not a Republic falls into tyranny.

4. To whom did Machiavelli refer to demonstrate the value of poverty on the character of leadership?

5. What did Roman historian Livius call Necessity?

(see the answer keys)

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