The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli admire Fabius Maximus for avoiding battles?
(a) Because his soldiers were unqualified for battle.
(b) Because he did not have a sufficient number of soldiers.
(c) Because it gave the Senate time to negotiate a treaty.
(d) Because he waited until the time for battle was in his favor.

2. When does Machiavelli advise Captains to try new things?
(a) When it is training.
(b) Never.
(c) While armies are engaged.
(d) When it is camped in the open field.

3. How many commanders does Machiavelli advise over an army?
(a) A tribunal.
(b) One for each division.
(c) One for battle and one for negotiation.
(d) One.

4. What did Roman historian Livius call Necessity?
(a) NECESSITY IS BUT AN INTERPRETATION.
(b) THE LAST AND BEST WEAPON.
(c) THE MOTHER OF INVENTION.
(d) THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF FREEDOM.

5. What were the results for the two Roman Consuls in Machiavelli's illustration?
(a) Fabius destroyed the enemy's city, and Junius was defeated by too many infantrymen.
(b) Decius' soldiers became weary from the first shocks and fled, Fabius' soldiers saved their fury for the end when the enemy lost its energy.
(c) Decius caught his enemy unaware, and Octavius was defeated by artillery.
(d) Claudius' enemy was fooled, and Brutus was discovered.

6. What does Machiavelli claim causes men to conspire against their target?
(a) The desire to manipulate the general masses.
(b) The desire to liberate a country occupied by the Prince.
(c) The desire to take control of the Senate
(d) The desire to take power over the military.

7. What opportunities come to Princes who take Machiavelli's advice in acting to take something from another Prince.
(a) The Prince who is being assualted will not be able to consult his Captains.
(b) The Prince who is being assaulted will have their army away from the City.
(c) The Prince who is being assaulted will be imprisoned.
(d) The Prince who is being assaulted might make decisions fueled by anger.

8. What does Machiavelli advise Princes in observing promises made under force?
(a) To observe them until which time they can fight for freedom.
(b) To observe them without reservation as they put themselves in the situation due to incompenence.
(c) That they are not to be observed when the force is removed.
(d) To deceive the party who forces the promise until they can make alliances that will defeat him.

9. What does Machiavelli identify as the difference between a Republic and the State (government) in how they can handle maladies?
(a) A Republic has time to correct maladies, but a State does not.
(b) A Republic counts on the wisdom of its Plebes, but a State uses the wealth of its Nobles.
(c) A Republic appoints a bureaucracy, but a state goes to war.
(d) A Republic uses its freedom, but a state uses its laws.

10. How did Phillip of Macedonia avoid battles with Fabius Maximus?
(a) By moving his soldiers into provinces that Fabius had just left.
(b) By staying in a fort.
(c) By disassmbling and going home.
(d) By making an alliance with the Samnites.

11. What does Machiavelli consider to be a great sign of weakness in Republic?
(a) When it uses diplomatic skill to cajole the support of other Republics.
(b) When it continually keeps armies out of fear of other Republics.
(c) When it provides money to other cities that are weaker than it.
(d) When it relies on war to gain new territory.

12. Why does Machiavelli consider men prudent for considering the proverb he cites at the beginning of Book 2, Section 49?
(a) Because Machiavelli believes, "for all the things of the world in every time have had the very resemblance as those of ancient times.
(b) Because Machiavelli believes, "Men are too quick to neglect the achievements of their fathers."
(c) Because Machiavelli believes, "only the fool says there is no God."
(d) Because Machiavelli believes, "It is better to know where you have been to know what direction you are going."

13. What does Machiavelli claim to be the conduct of excellent and courageous men whether they experience good fortune or bad?
(a) They find enemies and defeat them.
(b) They keep their courage in any fortune.
(c) They adjust to the times.
(d) They never refuse any type of challenge.

14. What does Machiavelli believe is the only consideration to be made when the defense of a country is at stake?
(a) To live free or die.
(b) To avoid combat or strike immediately.
(c) To hide inside the City or escape to the open field.
(d) That the life of the country is safe and its liberty is maintained.

15. What does Machiavelli cite as Aristotle's three causes of ruin women bring on tyrants.
(a) Injury tyrants commit on women either by seduction, violence or corruption of marriages.
(b) Their seduction of tyrants, distracting their focus, and softening them with parental duties.
(c) The influence women have on men, children and families.
(d) The demands women make for wealth, food, and houses.

Short Answer Questions

1. Against whom are conspiracies made?

2. What does Machiavelli consider to be necessary when restoring a Republic from a Tyranny?

3. How do weak men handle changes in fortune, according to Machiavelli?

4. What did Livius' history of Rome identify as the three divisions of the Roman army?

5. What is the proverb that Machiavelli reports the Samnites used on the Tuscans to encourage them to make war on the Roman Empire?

(see the answer keys)

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