The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What knowledge is necessary for a Captain to be successful?
(a) The knowledge of sites (geography).
(b) The knowledge of the enemy.
(c) The knowledge of deception.
(d) The knowledge of tactics.

2. What does Machiavelli advise Princes in observing promises made under force?
(a) To observe them without reservation as they put themselves in the situation due to incompenence.
(b) To deceive the party who forces the promise until they can make alliances that will defeat him.
(c) That they are not to be observed when the force is removed.
(d) To observe them until which time they can fight for freedom.

3. What did Livius' history of Rome identify as the three divisions of the Roman army?
(a) Principi, Infantry, and Navy.
(b) Astati, Principi, and Triari.
(c) .Triari, Navy, and Ordinance.
(d) Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery.

4. Why does Machiavelli consider it impossible to establish a perpetual Republic?
(a) Because all the ruling Nobles will have to be sent to colonies.
(b) Because a Republic will always have ambitious men.
(c) Because a Republic must always send its best men to war.
(d) Because in a thousand unforeseen ways its ruin may be caused.

5. Of what is Machiavelli referring when he addresses the use of deceit in managing wars?
(a) Fooling the city he attacks to hide in a fort.
(b) Fooling the Senate to put him where he can win.
(c) Fooling his soldiers to do things he needs.
(d) Using tactics that mislead the enemy in battle.

6. What does Machiavelli consider necessary to take control over a Republic to install a bad form of government over it?
(a) Bad administrators.
(b) Leaders who are irresolute in their decisions.
(c) Bad Captains.
(d) People corrupted by the times.

7. What does Machiavelli write will prevent a bad Citizen from working evil in a Republic?
(a) The government taking steps to temporize the bad Citizen.
(b) Conspiracy against the bad Citizen.
(c) The absence of corruption.
(d) General disregard for their reputation.

8. What are Machiavelli's two thoughts on fortresses?
(a) They build confidence and demonstrate power.
(b) They are important for protection and wise for storing armaments.
(c) They are costly and hard to maintain.
(d) They are not necessary and harmful.

9. What example does Machiavelli use to show how a Republic can handle a malady?
(a) Plebs developing industry to create wealth.
(b) Immigrants taking part in elections and affecting the laws of government.
(c) The Senate using wisdom to avert disaster.
(d) Captains using deception to preserve freedom.

10. What has Machiavelli considered many times to be the causes of good and bad fortunes to men?
(a) Their manner of proceeding with the times.
(b) Decisions for military tactics.
(c) Enemies knowing their plans.
(d) Their choice of friends.

11. What does Machiavelli predict will come of corrupted Republics if they do not take the important step of extending its life?
(a) They will fall victim to a Tyrant.
(b) They will break apart into new Republics
(c) The corruption will kill the body.
(d) They will become ineffective and subject to the rule of a stronger Republic.

12. Who was esteemed as being wise for acting foolish from Livius' history of Rome?
(a) Octavious Brutus.
(b) Caesar Junius.
(c) Junius Brutus
(d) Junius Caesar.

13. Who does Machiavelli credit with protecting Rome from the ambitions of the Tribunes?
(a) Claudius Lucius.
(b) Lucius Brutus.
(c) Appius Claudius.
(d) Junius Claudius.

14. According to Machiavelli, what prevented the ambitions of the Nobles from corrupting Rome?
(a) Wars drained their wealth.
(b) The power of the Tribunes and the Plebes.
(c) Social ostracism by the Senate.
(d) The expanded Empire required that they move to colonies to lead them.

15. Who does Machiavelli consider to have an advantage in battle?
(a) The Artillery.
(b) The Cavalry.
(c) The attacker.
(d) The largest army.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli praise of the ancient Roman battlefield tactics?

2. Why does Machiavelli believe the Roman Republic grew?

3. What were the results for the two Roman Consuls in Machiavelli's illustration?

4. What were placed to the right and the left of every battle line of the Roman army?

5. What does Machiavelli consider one of the most important reasons the Roman Empire was successful in expanding its borders?

(see the answer keys)

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