The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli identify as the cause of using dishonorable words against an enemy?
(a) Poor discipline in the army.
(b) Corruption that leads to an enemy's defeat.
(c) False hopes brought by victory.
(d) Poor military tactics of the enemy.

2. What does Machiavelli predict comes to those Republics that are changed violently.
(a) Treaties will be made and order restored.
(b) A stronger Republic will take control over it.
(c) Injury will come to many.
(d) Peace will come when the leaders are destroyed.

3. What does Machiavelli claim causes men to conspire against their target?
(a) The desire to manipulate the general masses.
(b) The desire to take power over the military.
(c) The desire to take control of the Senate
(d) The desire to liberate a country occupied by the Prince.

4. What does Machiavelli consider to be a great sign of weakness in Republic?
(a) When it continually keeps armies out of fear of other Republics.
(b) When it provides money to other cities that are weaker than it.
(c) When it relies on war to gain new territory.
(d) When it uses diplomatic skill to cajole the support of other Republics.

5. Who does Machiavelli credit with protecting Rome from the ambitions of the Tribunes?
(a) Junius Claudius.
(b) Appius Claudius.
(c) Claudius Lucius.
(d) Lucius Brutus.

6. What often happens to Captains who see a tactical error committed by their enemies?
(a) They move into passes and ambush the enemy.
(b) They are blinded by the desire for victory.
(c) They are overly cautious and bring defeat.
(d) They take the steps to assure victory.

7. Why does Machiavelli consider it impossible to establish a perpetual Republic?
(a) Because in a thousand unforeseen ways its ruin may be caused.
(b) Because all the ruling Nobles will have to be sent to colonies.
(c) Because a Republic will always have ambitious men.
(d) Because a Republic must always send its best men to war.

8. What are the two things that Machiavelli cites as the causes of the dissolution of the Roman Republic?
(a) Inflation of the currency and bureaucracy.
(b) Contentions that arose from the Agrarian law and the prolongation of military commands.
(c) Sloth and leisure.
(d) Defiance of laws by Nobles and corruption of Plebs.

9. What was the difference between the tactics of the two Roman Consuls Machiavelli used as an example?
(a) Decius used surprise and Octavius used infantry.
(b) Claudius used deception and Brutus used conspiracy.
(c) Fabius used artillery and Junius used cavlary.
(d) Decius attacked with all his strength, Fabius used slow assault.

10. Why does Machiavelli claim that Princes should not complain of faults of People under their authority?
(a) Because such faults result either from their negligence or because they are stained by similar faults.
(b) Because the insults will encourage conspiracy.
(c) Because doing so will blind the Prince to conspiracy.
(d) Because the People will become indignant of the criticism.

11. What does Machiavelli advise to Princes who desire to take something from another Prince?
(a) To take the Prince captive first but make no hasty decisions afterwards.
(b) To make sure that their generals know tactics of deception.
(c) To act quickly to force a quick decision on the other Prince.
(d) To keep their plans a secret.

12. According to Machiavelli, why did Livius believe the Roman Republic grew?
(a) Because of the virtue of its Captains.
(b) Because of the wisdom of its Magistrates.
(c) Because of the money of its Nobles.
(d) Because of the strength of its soldiers.

13. For what reason does Machiavelli advise people in power to, "...lay aside personal hatred?"
(a) To prepare for war.
(b) To build good families.
(c) To serve the freedom of the Self.
(d) For the good of the country.

14. What does Machiavelli predict will come of corrupted Republics if they do not take the important step of extending its life?
(a) They will fall victim to a Tyrant.
(b) They will break apart into new Republics
(c) They will become ineffective and subject to the rule of a stronger Republic.
(d) The corruption will kill the body.

15. How does Machiavelli advise a Captain to consider a tactical error by an enemy?
(a) Cautiously as it is probably a deception.
(b) Good fortune as it foretells victory.
(c) The time to draw the enemy into the open.
(d) The time to strike with all strength.

Short Answer Questions

1. In the comparison between the tactics of Scipio and Hannibal, what does Machiavelli consider to be praiseworthy?

2. Why does Machiavelli believe the Roman Republic grew?

3. What does Machiavelli consider the most useful possession for the defense of a Republic?

4. Who were the two Roman Consuls whose tactics Machiavelli compares as an example of how Princes can take what belongs to another?

5. In what cases does Machiavelli endorse acting foolishly?

(see the answer keys)

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