The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What are the two causes that will bring a corrupted Republic to take the important step of extending its life?
(a) Revolution and overthrow.
(b) Intrinsic and extrinsic.
(c) Religion and industry.
(d) Wisdom and knowledge.

2. What does Machiavelli claim comes to those Republics that are changed through the general public?
(a) New elections will be controlled by the general public.
(b) The public will appoint inept leaders and it will fall.
(c) Only the head of the Republic will be harmed.
(d) The Republic will break apart and be at war with its separate pieces.

3. Of what is Machiavelli critical regarding the military tactics of his day?
(a) They rely on Artillery too much.
(b) That they do not employ the tactics of ancient Rome.
(c) They do not employ Cavalry to its fullest potential.
(d) They avoid frontal assault.

4. What are the two ways that Republics are altered that Machiavelli examines?
(a) With free press and elections.
(b) With war and money.
(c) With natural disaster and new religions.
(d) With bloodshed and without bloodshed.

5. Why does Machiavelli believe the Roman Republic grew?
(a) Because of the money of its Nobles.
(b) Because of the virtue of its soldiers.
(c) Because of the strength of its Captains.
(d) Because of the wisdom of its Magistrates.

6. What does Machiavelli claim to be the conduct of excellent and courageous men whether they experience good fortune or bad?
(a) They find enemies and defeat them.
(b) They adjust to the times.
(c) They never refuse any type of challenge.
(d) They keep their courage in any fortune.

7. According to Machiavelli, what is the sign of a truly powerful Republic?
(a) It does not take land or gain support with money, but through the virtue of its army and war.
(b) It can intimidate other Cities to become part of it without fighting battles.
(c) It has the wealth to buy other lands.
(d) It has the diplomatic skill to cajole the support of other Republics.

8. According to Machiavelli, why did Livius believe the Roman Republic grew?
(a) Because of the strength of its soldiers.
(b) Because of the money of its Nobles.
(c) Because of the wisdom of its Magistrates.
(d) Because of the virtue of its Captains.

9. Why does Machiavelli suggest that Republics arrive to changing with the times later than individuals?
(a) Because Citizens in a Republic are resistant to funding changes.
(b) Because they suffer more in changing.
(c) Because the layers of bureaucracy is unresponsive.
(d) Because their leaders are out of touch with the Citizens.

10. What are Machiavelli's two thoughts on fortresses?
(a) They are costly and hard to maintain.
(b) They are not necessary and harmful.
(c) They build confidence and demonstrate power.
(d) They are important for protection and wise for storing armaments.

11. Who were the two Roman Consuls whose tactics Machiavelli compares as an example of how Princes can take what belongs to another?
(a) Decius and Fabius.
(b) Claudius and Brutus.
(c) Fabius and Junius.
(d) Decius and Octavius.

12. Why does Machiavelli consider it impossible to establish a perpetual Republic?
(a) Because a Republic must always send its best men to war.
(b) Because a Republic will always have ambitious men.
(c) Because all the ruling Nobles will have to be sent to colonies.
(d) Because in a thousand unforeseen ways its ruin may be caused.

13. What did Roman historian Livius call Necessity?
(a) NECESSITY IS BUT AN INTERPRETATION.
(b) THE MOTHER OF INVENTION.
(c) THE LAST AND BEST WEAPON.
(d) THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF FREEDOM.

14. What does Machiavelli predict will come of corrupted Republics if they do not take the important step of extending its life?
(a) They will fall victim to a Tyrant.
(b) They will break apart into new Republics
(c) The corruption will kill the body.
(d) They will become ineffective and subject to the rule of a stronger Republic.

15. What are the two ways that Machiavelli claims that envy can be extinguished?
(a) Through war and crisis.
(b) Through friendship and common wealth.
(c) Through life threatening disaster or through the death of rivals.
(d) Through conspiracy and corruption.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli consider to be a great sign of weakness in Republic?

2. In Book 3, Section 1, what does Machiavelli declare to be, "...a most true thing...."

3. What were the results for the two Roman Consuls in Machiavelli's illustration?

4. What does Machiavelli identify as the three divisions of armies of his day?

5. What does Machiavelli recommend as the three ways to restore a divided city?

(see the answer keys)

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