The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who was esteemed as being wise for acting foolish from Livius' history of Rome?
(a) Octavious Brutus.
(b) Junius Brutus
(c) Caesar Junius.
(d) Junius Caesar.

2. What does Machiavelli write will prevent a bad Citizen from working evil in a Republic?
(a) Conspiracy against the bad Citizen.
(b) The absence of corruption.
(c) General disregard for their reputation.
(d) The government taking steps to temporize the bad Citizen.

3. How do weak men handle changes in fortune, according to Machiavelli?
(a) They are arrogant in good times and cowards in bad times.
(b) They are greedy in good times and beggars in bad times.
(c) They are insufferable in good times and obscure in bad times.
(d) They are vain and inebriated by good fortune and vile and abject in bad fortune.

4. What does Machiavelli consider one of the most important reasons the Roman Empire was successful in expanding its borders?
(a) It showed skill in placing Nobles in control over colonies.
(b) The Senate gave great authority to military leaders over Cities that Rome was attacking.
(c) It had laws that kept the Plebes in their place.
(d) It kept Citizens in poverty.

5. What does Machiavelli believe to be important to extending the life of what he calls "mixed bodies" (Republics and Sects)?
(a) Providing the means from the state to keep them secure.
(b) Returning to their original principles.
(c) Staying in a continual state of war.
(d) Keeping turmoil alive between common masses.

6. What does Machiavelli claim to be the cause of Princes losing inherited power?
(a) Their rejection of laws and ancient institutions.
(b) Incompetence.
(c) Arrogance.
(d) Indifference to their Principality.

7. What is the proverb that Machiavelli reports the Samnites used on the Tuscans to encourage them to make war on the Roman Empire?
(a) "Do you want to die as free men or live as slaves?"
(b) "What would you give to breath the air of free men."
(c) "Peace (with Rome) was more of a burden to slaves than war is to free men."
(d) "Will you not trade you security for freedom."

8. Why does Machiavelli believe that leaders of his time refuse to follow the examples of dealing with tumults set by leaders of ancient times.
(a) They did not have the power of the Romans.
(b) They were too easily influenced by women.
(c) They regard the judgments of ancient leaders to be inhuman and impossible to apply.
(d) They did not have the virtu of the Romans.

9. What finally forced Phillip into battle with Fabius, according to Machiavelli?
(a) The Samnites fell victim to the Trojans.
(b) The prolonged war worsened his condition and that of his subjects.
(c) He was chased to his home and had to put a call out to his soldiers.
(d) He was laid siege in his fort.

10. What does Machiavelli claim causes men to conspire against their target?
(a) The desire to take control of the Senate
(b) The desire to liberate a country occupied by the Prince.
(c) The desire to take power over the military.
(d) The desire to manipulate the general masses.

11. Why does Machiavelli admire Fabius Maximus for avoiding battles?
(a) Because he waited until the time for battle was in his favor.
(b) Because his soldiers were unqualified for battle.
(c) Because it gave the Senate time to negotiate a treaty.
(d) Because he did not have a sufficient number of soldiers.

12. What institution does Machiavelli cite in Chapter 46 as being responsible for producing men that are either "harsh or effeminate."
(a) The Senate.
(b) The Magistrates.
(c) The Plebs.
(d) The family.

13. What is the reason Machiavelli claims Princes with weaker armies would rush into battle?
(a) Such Princes face no alternative.
(b) Such Princes are deluded over their power.
(c) Because their judgment was hindered by the situation.
(d) Because a long war would be harmful to all his subjects.

14. What kinds of men are frowned upon in corrupt Republics?
(a) Common men.
(b) Scribes.
(c) Excellent men.
(d) Vocal men.

15. What does Machiavelli cite as Aristotle's three causes of ruin women bring on tyrants.
(a) Injury tyrants commit on women either by seduction, violence or corruption of marriages.
(b) The influence women have on men, children and families.
(c) Their seduction of tyrants, distracting their focus, and softening them with parental duties.
(d) The demands women make for wealth, food, and houses.

Short Answer Questions

1. What example does Machiavelli use to show how a Republic can handle a malady?

2. Who were the two Roman Consuls whose tactics Machiavelli compares as an example of how Princes can take what belongs to another?

3. In Book 3, Section 25, what does Machiavelli repeat to be the most useful thing to establish in a Republic?

4. What are the two ways that Machiavelli claims that envy can be extinguished?

5. What does Machiavelli believe comes to a good army without a good Captain?

(see the answer keys)

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