The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli claim to be the cause of Princes losing inherited power?
(a) Indifference to their Principality.
(b) Incompetence.
(c) Arrogance.
(d) Their rejection of laws and ancient institutions.

2. According to Machiavelli, if men have prospered greatly by one procedure, what is not possible?
(a) To remove them from their position.
(b) To persuade them they can do well with other procedures.
(c) To undo their success.
(d) To undo their honor.

3. What type of person does Machiavelli advise against promoting to important positions in a Republic?
(a) Anyone who has killed a rival.
(b) Anyone who is ambitious.
(c) Anyone who has avoided war.
(d) Anyone who has been done a notable injury by someone.

4. What does Machiavelli consider to be necessary when restoring a Republic from a Tyranny?
(a) Memorable executions against the enemies of the Republic.
(b) Colonies.
(c) Free, fair elections.
(d) Public works projects that help provide citizens with provisions.

5. Who does Machiavelli consider to have an advantage in battle?
(a) The Cavalry.
(b) The attacker.
(c) The Artillery.
(d) The largest army.

6. What does Machiavelli cite as Aristotle's three causes of ruin women bring on tyrants.
(a) The demands women make for wealth, food, and houses.
(b) The influence women have on men, children and families.
(c) Injury tyrants commit on women either by seduction, violence or corruption of marriages.
(d) Their seduction of tyrants, distracting their focus, and softening them with parental duties.

7. What does Machiavelli consider the most useful possession for the defense of a Republic?
(a) Harsh Captains.
(b) A good army.
(c) Wise diplomats.
(d) Strong fortresses.

8. What does Machiavelli claim happens to great men in times of peace?
(a) They become corrupted and evil.
(b) They become neglected.
(c) They become tyrants.
(d) They retire and slip into obscurity.

9. What has Machiavelli considered many times to be the causes of good and bad fortunes to men?
(a) Decisions for military tactics.
(b) Their manner of proceeding with the times.
(c) Enemies knowing their plans.
(d) Their choice of friends.

10. In what cases does Machiavelli endorse acting foolishly?
(a) To please a powerful Prince.
(b) To confuse political enemies.
(c) To Amuse the Nobles.
(d) To confuse enemies at war.

11. Who were the two Roman Consuls whose tactics Machiavelli compares as an example of how Princes can take what belongs to another?
(a) Fabius and Junius.
(b) Decius and Octavius.
(c) Claudius and Brutus.
(d) Decius and Fabius.

12. In Book 3, Section 25, what does Machiavelli repeat to be the most useful thing to establish in a Republic?
(a) Women's rights.
(b) Public mechanisms for delivering benefits.
(c) That its Citizens are to be kept poor.
(d) Universal suffrage.

13. What does Machiavelli identify as the cause of using dishonorable words against an enemy?
(a) False hopes brought by victory.
(b) Poor military tactics of the enemy.
(c) Corruption that leads to an enemy's defeat.
(d) Poor discipline in the army.

14. How does the institution that makes men "harsh or effeminate" influence them, according to Machiavelli?
(a) Because, "The Plebs either prepare for virtus of war or fall to corruption."
(b) Because, "It is very important that a young man of tender years begins to hear the good and bad of a thing."
(c) Because, "The magistrates either declare punishments or delays judgment."
(d) Because, "The Senate either deliberates or declares war."

15. What does Machiavelli advise to Princes who desire to take something from another Prince?
(a) To act quickly to force a quick decision on the other Prince.
(b) To make sure that their generals know tactics of deception.
(c) To take the Prince captive first but make no hasty decisions afterwards.
(d) To keep their plans a secret.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli claim causes unity in a Republic?

2. What phrase could summarize what Livius' details as qualifications for an effective Captain.

3. Why does Machiavelli admire Fabius Maximus for avoiding battles?

4. What does Machiavelli recommend that prudent men avoid?

5. On what does Machiavelli believe a Republic must be organized?

(see the answer keys)

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