The Discourses Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli consider one of the most important reasons the Roman Empire was successful in expanding its borders?
(a) It had laws that kept the Plebes in their place.
(b) The Senate gave great authority to military leaders over Cities that Rome was attacking.
(c) It kept Citizens in poverty.
(d) It showed skill in placing Nobles in control over colonies.

2. According to Machiavelli, why did Livius believe the Roman Republic grew?
(a) Because of the virtue of its Captains.
(b) Because of the strength of its soldiers.
(c) Because of the wisdom of its Magistrates.
(d) Because of the money of its Nobles.

3. When does Machiavelli advise Captains to try new things?
(a) While armies are engaged.
(b) Never.
(c) When it is training.
(d) When it is camped in the open field.

4. What does Machiavelli predict will come of corrupted Republics if they do not take the important step of extending its life?
(a) They will become ineffective and subject to the rule of a stronger Republic.
(b) They will break apart into new Republics
(c) The corruption will kill the body.
(d) They will fall victim to a Tyrant.

5. What was the difference between the tactics of the two Roman Consuls Machiavelli used as an example?
(a) Claudius used deception and Brutus used conspiracy.
(b) Fabius used artillery and Junius used cavlary.
(c) Decius attacked with all his strength, Fabius used slow assault.
(d) Decius used surprise and Octavius used infantry.

6. What does Machiavelli recommend as the three ways to restore a divided city?
(a) Kill the leaders of tumults, remove them from the city, or have them make peace.
(b) Build a wall between the combatants, place soldiers between their neighborhoods, and prevent them from passing among each other.
(c) Kill the leaders, conscript the men to the military, take the women into slavery.
(d) Dividing the city's wealth among the factions, sending them to colonies, conscripting them to the military.

7. According to Machiavelli, what is the sign of a truly powerful Republic?
(a) It has the wealth to buy other lands.
(b) It can intimidate other Cities to become part of it without fighting battles.
(c) It does not take land or gain support with money, but through the virtue of its army and war.
(d) It has the diplomatic skill to cajole the support of other Republics.

8. What are the two things that Machiavelli cites as the causes of the dissolution of the Roman Republic?
(a) Sloth and leisure.
(b) Contentions that arose from the Agrarian law and the prolongation of military commands.
(c) Defiance of laws by Nobles and corruption of Plebs.
(d) Inflation of the currency and bureaucracy.

9. Why does Machiavelli admire Fabius Maximus for avoiding battles?
(a) Because it gave the Senate time to negotiate a treaty.
(b) Because he did not have a sufficient number of soldiers.
(c) Because he waited until the time for battle was in his favor.
(d) Because his soldiers were unqualified for battle.

10. For what reason does Machiavelli advise people in power to, "...lay aside personal hatred?"
(a) To serve the freedom of the Self.
(b) To build good families.
(c) For the good of the country.
(d) To prepare for war.

11. On what does Machiavelli believe a Republic must be organized?
(a) The strength of its armies that can occupy provinces.
(b) The virtu of its Captains who will effectively deceive enemies.
(c) The wisdom of its Nobles who will know how to use wealth.
(d) On the reputation of Citizens that give benefit to the city and avoid harming it and its liberty.

12. According to Machiavelli, if men have prospered greatly by one procedure, what is not possible?
(a) To undo their honor.
(b) To undo their success.
(c) To persuade them they can do well with other procedures.
(d) To remove them from their position.

13. In the comparison between the tactics of Scipio and Hannibal, what does Machiavelli consider to be praiseworthy?
(a) Success.
(b) New uses of artillery.
(c) Surprise.
(d) Feigned foolishness.

14. What does Machiavelli identify as the difference between a Republic and the State (government) in how they can handle maladies?
(a) A Republic appoints a bureaucracy, but a state goes to war.
(b) A Republic counts on the wisdom of its Plebes, but a State uses the wealth of its Nobles.
(c) A Republic has time to correct maladies, but a State does not.
(d) A Republic uses its freedom, but a state uses its laws.

15. What were placed to the right and the left of every battle line of the Roman army?
(a) Tribunes.
(b) Plebs.
(c) Captains.
(d) The cavalry.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the proverb that Machiavelli reports the Samnites used on the Tuscans to encourage them to make war on the Roman Empire?

2. What does Machiavelli claim that prudent men usually say?

3. What does Machiavelli consider to be necessary when restoring a Republic from a Tyranny?

4. What opportunities come to Princes who take Machiavelli's advice in acting to take something from another Prince.

5. Why would corrupt Republics accept common deceptions?

(see the answer keys)

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