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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Hofstadter, what type of politician was Abraham Lincoln?
(a) Strong conservative.
(b) Moderate conservative.
2. From which ancient philosophers did the Founders draw ideas?
(a) Diogenes and Socrates.
(b) Aristotle and Cicero.
(c) Epicurus and Plato.
(d) Plato and Socrates.
3. How did John C. Calhoun believe the North was oppressing the South?
(a) With blockades.
(b) With high tariffs.
(c) With increased federal taxes.
(d) By refusing to build railroads.
4. Which institution was responsible for loaning large sums of money in the 1820s?
(a) The Second Bank of the United States.
(b) The Bank of the Congress.
(c) The First Bank of the United States.
(d) The Bank of North America.
5. What position did John C. Calhoun hold in James Monroe's cabinet?
(a) Secretary of War.
(b) Attorney General.
(d) Secretary of State.
Short Answer Questions
1. What form of rivalry did the Founders wish to allow in their new country?
2. What did John C. Calhoun believe capitalism would produce?
3. How does Hofstadter describe John C. Calhoun's economic philosophies?
4. What was the Constitution based upon?
5. Who won the presidential election in 1828?
Short Essay Questions
1. What other form of oppression did Wendell Phillips seek to undermine besides slavery?
2. What is an agrarian lifestyle?
3. Describe John C. Calhoun.
4. What concerns did white laborers have over slavery?
5. What social reforms did Thomas Jefferson make in Virginia?
6. Why did some free states in the West not want freed slaves residing in their states?
7. Why does Hofstadter consider Wendell Phillips the most effective abolitionist?
8. Why did John C. Calhoun object to having the phrase "all men are created equal" in the Constitution?
9. Describe Wendell Phillips.
10. Why does Hofstadter compare John C. Calhoun to Karl Marx?
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