|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The anti-evolution movement develops during the 1920s as it does due to Bryan's leadership and what else?
(a) Fundamentalists' opposition to modernism.
(b) Modernists' strong support of conservative Christianity.
(c) Fundamentalists' opposition to conservative Christianity.
(d) Fundamentalists' support of modernism.
2. Scopes is the ideal defendant in many ways being young, single, shy, well-liked, and what else?
(a) Willing to pursue postgraduate studies in law.
(b) Having little to lose.
(c) Can offer soapbox replies about evolution.
(d) Plans to publish book about the trial.
3. Bryan involves himself in how many state anti-evolution proposals in 1923?
4. Who spurs the idea that science and religion conflict, and deny a growing consensus among theologians and scientists by the 1900s?
(a) Historians, theologians.
(b) Historians, geologists.
(c) Historians, writers.
(d) Clergy, natural scientists.
5. Bryan hears of the proposal to ban teaching evolution, and as he supports the idea in talks and writing, he does what else?
(a) Addresses the state House of Representatives.
(b) Addresses joint sessions of the state's legislature.
(c) Addresses the state Senate.
(d) Avoids addressing governmental bodies.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does John Randolph Neal do while serving as the primary defense at a preliminary hearing on May 9?
2. The initial bill, calling for a ban on teaching evolution in schools, results in defeat by how many votes in the state's House of Representatives?
3. When Tennessee's bill passes, the ACLU runs a notice where, seeking a teacher willing to challenge the law?
4. Who is the presiding judge?
5. Talk of evolution and new fossil finds have anti-evolutionists responding how beyond calling for teaching limits?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why was Scopes seen as the ideal defendant?
2. What does George W. Rappleyea see upon viewing the press release about the trial in Dayton?
3. What is the position that Bryan comes to aid in prosecuting?
4. What initial legislative reform does Bryan seek prior to Tennessee?
5. Why does the National Civil Liberties Bureau change its name to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)?
6. Why is it that the ACLU is concerned about the academic freedom around which the Scopes trial centers?
7. What role does World War I play in the tensions between fundamentalists and modernists?
8. How does Darrow become involved in the Scopes trial on the defense side?
9. Why is it that the anti-evolution movement's lack of a clear, specific legal or political issue changes by late 1921?
10. What were concerns the ACLU had about Darrow?
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