On China Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. The first major attempt to right things with China was led by Britain's Lord George ______.

2. A tribute system was developed in the _____ Islands.

3. Kissinger compares the unification to which European treaty in 1648?

4. One of the great wars in China revolved around which drug?

5. China underwent a "century of _____" before giving into national communism.

Short Essay Questions

1. What was the Taiping Rebellion? When did it take place?

2. Who was Wei Yuan? When did he live? What was his major work? What did the work contain?

3. The Chinese are very involved in strategy. Examine the Chinese use of strategy and the types of games in which it is employed.

4. How and why does Kissinger compare Confucius to Machiavelli?

5. What were the The Qiying-Pottinger negotiations? What did the negotiations change between China and the West?

6. According to Kissinger, the tale of the Yellow Emperor is the beginning of China as an entity. However, in Chinese legend, although no other history exists, the Yellow Emperor appears to have arrived to save China. What is the legend?

7. How did China perceive Europe? What was Britain's goal?

8. How does Kissinger address the history of the Chinese-Indian borders?

9. At its peak, what was the size and scope of the Chinese empire?

10. How does Kissinger explain the Nian Rebellion?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Kissinger took his 40 years experience in working with China to present this book. Kissinger writes:

"This book is an effort, based in part on conversations with Chinese leaders, to explain the conceptual way the Chinese think about problems of peace and war and international order, and its relationship to the more pragmatic, case-by-case American approach. Different histories and cultures produce occasionally divergent conclusions. I do not always agree with the Chinese perspective, nor will every reader. But it is necessary to understand it, since China will play such a big role in the world that is emerging in the twenty-first century." (Preface, p. 11)

Why do you think the book was so important to Kissinger? Do you think it will change the American perception of the country? How can it help to bring the two countries closer together? How could Kissinger write about such a sensitive topic? Explain.

Essay Topic 2

Kissinger states:

"A special feature of Chinese civilization is that it seems to have no beginning. It appears in history less as a conventional nation-state than a permanent natural phenomenon. In the tale of the Yellow Emperor, revered by many Chinese as the legendary founding ruler, China seems already to exist. When the Yellow Emperor appears in myth, Chinese civilization has fallen into chaos. Competing princes harass each other and the people, yet an enfeebled ruler fails to maintain order. Levying an army, the new hero pacifies the realm and is acclaimed as emperor." (Chap. 1, p. 20)

What is meant by this statement? Why is the Yellow Emperor seen as a myth? Why did China need a new hero? Why does this undocumented history make China special?

Essay Topic 3

China and the United States were trying to work closely with the Soviet Union during the downfall of Communism. Did the U.S. and China know that Communism was about the fall? Did they know that the Soviet Union would soon cease to exist? How would they be able to work with the new Russia? How did it affect foreign policy and globalization?

(see the answer keys)

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