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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In 1989 when the people were to vote for the new Congress of People's Deputies, who wanted sovereignty?
2. Who was Bukharian's wife?
3. What was the news on August 19, 1991?
4. What did Sakharov love most of all in life, according to Yelena Bonner?
5. How many years did Bukharian's wife spend in prison or exile?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why was Genrikh Joffe accused of being a "preacher of bourgeois ideology"?
2. What was the homeless situation in Moscow in 1988?
3. Why did Shakhnazarov say that Gorbachev, himself, and all the others who surrounded Gorbachev were double-thinkers?
4. Why was Andropov important to Gorbachev?
5. Why is Misha Litvinov a reserved person?
6. What central fact of Gorbachev's early life did he keep to himself until 1990?
7. What gnawing uncertainty is the condition of life in the Soviet Union for an empire inhabited by holocaust survivors and the children of survivors?
8. How did Yakovlev know that the article "I Cannot Forsake Principles" was sanctioned?
9. Why did no one believe that a new "epoch of human progress" began in October 1917?
10. What was Magadan like in the late 1930s?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
When people's convictions are threatened, they either capitulate or stand up and defend their convictions. Using specific examples from the book, compare individuals who abandoned their convictions when threatened to individuals who stood up to attacks on their convictions at great personal risk or cost.
Essay Topic 2
Shekhovtsov, Korniyenkova, and some of Stalin's grandchildren still revere Stalin. Explain the reasons why they still support Stalin and their motives for supporting him.
Essay Topic 3
The hard-liners began a coup in August 1991. Explain how and why the actions of the conspirators, the military, the secret police, the people, the media (television, radio, and press), and the reform politicians caused the coup to fail.
This section contains 999 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)