Kant: A Very Short Introduction Test | Final Test - Easy

Roger Scruton
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What distinguishes a person from the rest of existence?
(a) Contradictions.
(b) Self-consciousness.
(c) Rational will.
(d) Psychology.

2. What does Kant's ethical system sometimes defy?
(a) His own sensibilities.
(b) The law.
(c) Common sense.
(d) The Ten Commandments.

3. Why didn't Kant advocate democracy?
(a) He didn't think men should be able to control others.
(b) He didn't think all were qualified to vote.
(c) He did not like the concept of political parties.
(d) He didn't think all should hold office.

4. What was Kant's key to law?
(a) Agreement of his contemporaries.
(b) Consent of the people.
(c) Advocacy of all submitting to the law.
(d) Ensuring the safety of the people.

5. What describes the second formulation of Kant's categorical imperative?
(a) One cannot treat others disrespectfully.
(b) One must love one's neighbors.
(c) One cannot use others to fulfill goals with no respect for the fact that they have their own goals.
(d) One must have faith to be moral.

6. According to Hegel, what does reason want to reach?
(a) Humanity.
(b) Heaven.
(c) The world.
(d) Human brains.

7. What does aesthetics relate to?
(a) The process of using reason.
(b) Beauty and image.
(c) Logic and rationality.
(d) Prose and the written word.

8. When judging beauty, what does the mind apply?
(a) Properties.
(b) Substance.
(c) Subjects.
(d) Concepts.

9. What elements are essential for aesthetic judgment?
(a) Substance and property.
(b) Subjectivity and objectivity.
(c) Substance and property.
(d) Objectivity and substance.

10. What best describes the arguments in Kant's "Critique of Judgment"?
(a) Subjective.
(b) Impressive.
(c) Weak.
(d) Illogical.

11. Who was Kant most critical of when it came to voting rights?
(a) Women.
(b) Old men.
(c) Young men.
(d) Poor men.

12. Which of the following describes a categorical imperative?
(a) A "would" statement.
(b) Completely unqualified.
(c) Substance rather than property.
(d) Morally ambiguous.

13. What did Fichte distinguish between?
(a) Monarchy and anarchy.
(b) Synthetic and analytic.
(c) Substance and property.
(d) Phenomena and noumena.

14. Which of the following is an unfortunate reality that Kant took into account?
(a) Most people do not want to vote.
(b) Most people are unintelligent.
(c) Most people are not rational.
(d) Most people are poor.

15. What type of judgment is beauty?
(a) Reactionary.
(b) Immediate.
(c) Substantiary.
(d) Deliberate.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does the paradox freedom highlight a contradiction between?

2. What was Kant's basic political belief?

3. Following from Kant's view, what measures whether or not an action is good?

4. In an aesthetic situation that is not ideal, how does one judge?

5. How do Schopenhauer and Fichte compare?

(see the answer keys)

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