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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. One drawback of equality of social conditions is an increase in what?
2. The separation between the workmen and the owners has created a new aristocracy based on what?
3. According to de Tocqueville, when men seek more equality and comfort, what do they tend to become?
4. In de Tocqueville's beliefs, what is the surest and fastest way to destroy liberty?
5. Democracy counters individualism by insuring that common good is understood as what?
Short Essay Questions
1. When the people feel more equal, what are some other side effects?
2. What protects a democratic society from the great excesses that plague aristocratic societies, according to de Tocqueville?
3. Why are democratic societies less likely to wage war?
4. What is one reason that democracies do not value equality and liberty equally?
5. According to de Tocqueville, what political instinct have the American people developed that will counter their natural tendency towards equality?
6. Why does the military, even in a democratic society, tend to seek war?
7. What is at least one difference between the family in a democratic society and in an aristocratic society?
8. What is at least one thing that led America to develop industry instead of agriculture?
9. How do the citizens of America see their equality when it comes to work collectively, according to de Tocqueville's observations?
10. According to de Tocqueville, in a democratic society, what seems like endless variations of the same and monotonous reality?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Compare and contrast the following ideas as de Tocqueville uses them in his explanation and exploration of democracy:
i. servitude and individuality
ii. despotism and tyranny
iii. oppression and freedom.
Essay Topic 2
How does de Tocqueville define a political association? What role does association have in democracy as de Tocqueville presents it? Is that the same role it has today? Explain your answer using specific examples from today and the book.
Essay Topic 3
De Tocqueville presents many ways in which a democracy can protect itself from abuse. Why does de Tocqueville believe that a democracy will be abused, and what does he suggest as protection from that abuse? Use examples from the book to support your ideas.
This section contains 664 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)