|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What do the various dashed lines between the piers on the floor plan show?
2. The roof is located above the vaulting, and consists of _____________ frames.
3. This typical ________ architecture technique allowed the piers to remain thin relative to their height.
4. Workmen reach the scaffolding by using ______________ built into the walls of the cathedral.
5. For what do they cut timber?
Short Essay Questions
1. How much more work is done until the roof is begun?
2. What does the floor plan show?
3. Describe the mortice-and-tenon construction method. How is this used in the construction of the cathedral?
4. What does the carpenter do once the design has been approved?
5. What is done with the cut limestone?
6. What is the job of each master craftsman?
7. What happens once the site is cleared?
8. Upon what are the flying buttresses built? Why?
9. How many men have been employed in this project so far? How long has this project been in process?
10. What first takes place in the spring of 1253?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The spire is completed in 1331.
Part 1) What is the spire? What is the purpose of a spire?
Part 2) What might the spire signify to the people in regards to the cathedral?
Part 3) What other aspects of the cathedral stand out? What purpose do these architectural details serve?
Essay Topic 2
There are several architects throughout the process of building this cathedral.
Part 1) Who are these architects? What role does each play in the construction of the cathedral?
Part 2) What must be known by an architect in the 12th century? Do you consider an architect today less skilled, as skilled, or more skilled? Why?
Part 3) How different might building a cathedral be today? Why?
Essay Topic 3
Stained glass is made for the windows.
Part 1) Describe the process of making stained glass. How might this process have been created?
Part 2) How might this process compare to the making of stained glass today?
Part 3) How are you affected by this and other processes involved in the construction of the cathedral? How has your opinion of design, architecture, science, and art been altered by this book and the processes described?
This section contains 843 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)