|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does each master craftsman then establish?
2. After _______ more years of labor the walls of the choir and aisle are completed and work begins on the cathedral roof.
3. ______________, stone tracery and sixty-foot high windows, rises sixty feet for a total vertical rise of 160 feet.
4. The outward buckling force is then transferred from the piers and walls to the buttresses by arches known as ___________.
5. Are these drawings approved?
Short Essay Questions
1. Where is the roof located? Of what does it consist?
2. What is done with the cut limestone?
3. What types of tools are needed in the workshops?
4. What is the master quarryman doing at the same time?
5. Who is William in charge of hiring?
6. Describe the building of the scaffolding.
7. What is completed by this point in the book? How long has the cathedral been under construction?
8. Describe the mortice-and-tenon construction method. How is this used in the construction of the cathedral?
9. Describe the buttresses and how they function.
10. Describe the excavation of the foundation.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Training and discipline were required for the successful completion of this cathedral.
Part 1) Describe the training necessary for a project such as this. Could artisans today build it in a similar way? Why or why not?
Part 2) Why is discipline necessary? Is this type of discipline found in projects today? Why or why not?
Part 3) What are your thoughts on this project and its completion after eighty-six years?
Essay Topic 2
The spire is completed in 1331.
Part 1) What is the spire? What is the purpose of a spire?
Part 2) What might the spire signify to the people in regards to the cathedral?
Part 3) What other aspects of the cathedral stand out? What purpose do these architectural details serve?
Essay Topic 3
There are several architects throughout the process of building this cathedral.
Part 1) Who are these architects? What role does each play in the construction of the cathedral?
Part 2) What must be known by an architect in the 12th century? Do you consider an architect today less skilled, as skilled, or more skilled? Why?
Part 3) How different might building a cathedral be today? Why?
This section contains 783 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)