|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What happens to the old cathedral?
2. The masons place the stones while who mix and apply the mortar?
3. How is the cut lumber transported to Chutreaux?
4. What happens to a portion of the Bishop's palace?
5. Why are the walls filled with this?
Short Essay Questions
1. Upon what are the flying buttresses built? Why?
2. How do the flying buttresses work?
3. What are used to remove some of the strain placed on the walls?
4. What types of tools are needed in the workshops?
5. Describe the mortice-and-tenon construction method. How is this used in the construction of the cathedral?
6. What takes place during the winter months?
7. Describe the building of the scaffolding.
8. What is done first to the site to prepare it for the building of the new cathedral?
9. What is first approved by the Bishop and the Chapter?
10. Who makes the tools?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Buttresses were used when building this cathedral.
Part 1) What are buttresses? What purpose do they serve? Are they necessary? Why or why not?
Part 2) What are three other aspects of the cathedral that are necessary during the building process? How are they necessary?
Part 3) Why are buttresses not needed today? What is still needed during a building project today? Why?
Essay Topic 2
The cathedral took eighty-six years to build.
Part 1) Could it have taken less time? Why or why not? How long might it take to build today? Why?
Part 2) Do any projects take as long today? How might people feel today if a project took this long? Why would they feel this way?
Part 3) How might the people involved in this project feel about its outcome? Why would they feel this way?
Essay Topic 3
The plans for the cathedral are much like other Gothic cathedrals.
Part 1) Describe the cathedral's plans. How are they like the plans for other Gothic cathedrals?
Part 2) Are buildings constructed in this style today? Why or why not? How might the planning process be different for a Gothic cathedral today?
Part 3) Compare Gothic architecture to modern architecture. What similarities exist? What are the differences?
This section contains 799 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)