|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why is the answer to number 74 hung from the top of the wall instead of rising from the ground?
2. What else is done to this location?
3. _____________, a row of arches and a narrow passageway, rises twenty feet.
4. In the twelfth century the people of Europe believed that God was ___________.
5. The outward buckling force is then transferred from the piers and walls to the buttresses by arches known as ___________.
Short Essay Questions
1. Who makes the tools?
2. What is done first to the site to prepare it for the building of the new cathedral?
3. Describe the mortice-and-tenon construction method. How is this used in the construction of the cathedral?
4. What is the job of each master craftsman?
5. Describe the excavation of the foundation.
6. How much more work is done until the roof is begun?
7. Upon what are the flying buttresses built? Why?
8. What are used to remove some of the strain placed on the walls?
9. Describe the transportation of the lumber and stone.
10. What does the wall elevation show?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
A great wheel is used to hoist supplies for the vaulted ceiling.
Part 1) Describe this great wheel. How does it work to hoist supplies? What other machines are used to make the building of this cathedral possible?
Part 2) What does this machine reveal about the technology of the time? How does it compare to the technology of today?
Part 3) How have these early machines influenced the machines of today?
Essay Topic 2
The spire is completed in 1331.
Part 1) What is the spire? What is the purpose of a spire?
Part 2) What might the spire signify to the people in regards to the cathedral?
Part 3) What other aspects of the cathedral stand out? What purpose do these architectural details serve?
Essay Topic 3
1280 is a year that marks a huge transitional period in the construction of the cathedral.
Part 1) Describe the events that take place during this year. How is this a transitional period?
Part 2) Why is work not interrupted? What does this say about the organization of this project?
Part 3) What other periods of significance exist in the building of this cathedral? How are these periods significant?
This section contains 792 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)