|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The master quarryman supervises about ____________ men cutting limestone.
(b) Three thousand.
(c) Three hundred.
(d) Thirty thousand.
2. Where are most of these skilled workers drawn from?
(a) The citizenry of Chutreaux.
(b) Neighboring kingdoms.
(c) Around the world.
(d) Other countries.
3. _______________ support the stones of the flying buttress while the mortar cures.
(a) The centerings.
(b) The hurdles.
(c) The stilts.
(d) The framers.
4. Why did William of Planz design buttresses around the cathedral's outside walls?
(a) To support the walls from buckling outward.
(b) For aesthetic purposes.
(c) To cover up seams in the walls.
(d) To balance out the large windows.
5. The walls of the choir are constructed in how many phases?
Short Answer Questions
1. Most of the walls are two vertical walls with a space between that is filled with ___________.
2. William produces a floor plan and a wall elevation drawing. What is it based on?
3. Once the design has been approved the master carpenter takes about ___________ men into the forest of Chantilly and cuts timber.
4. What are used to transport the materials through the city to the work site?
5. Pieces of cut limestone are hoisted out of the quarry. What are they cut into shape to match?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe the three phases of the construction of the walls of the choir.
2. Describe the creation of the spire.
3. What are vassoirs?
4. What are used to remove some of the strain placed on the walls?
5. Describe the buttresses and how they function.
6. When is the transept and most of its vaulting completed?
7. What takes place during the winter months?
8. How is the stone for the vaulted ceiling lifted?
9. How long has the cathedral been under construction at this point in the book?
10. What is first approved by the Bishop and the Chapter?
This section contains 697 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)