|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The flying buttresses work by transferring downward forces from the walls to ___________.
(a) The centerings.
(b) The hurdles.
(c) The piers.
(d) The buttresses.
2. _______ walls span some portions of the cathedrals.
3. To date, over how many men have been involved in this project?
(a) Two hundred.
(b) Four hundred.
(c) Three hundred.
(d) Five hundred.
4. Who fabricates the wood components of the tools?
(a) The woodworkers.
(b) The cooper.
(c) The wheelwright.
(d) The blacksmith.
5. Is Chutreaux, France a real place?
(b) Yes, but it is actually in England.
(d) Yes, but it was destroyed many centuries ago.
6. To whom are the drawings presented?
(a) The king.
(b) The Chapter.
(c) The townspeople.
(d) The Bishop and the Chapter.
7. The space between piers is filled with tracery. What is tracery?
(b) Wood chips.
(c) A stone framework with glass windows.
8. Why are the new stonework and mortar covered in this?
(a) To keep them from falling down.
(b) To keep them from cracking in the cold.
(c) To make them more appealing.
(d) To decorate them.
9. What halts construction for five months?
(a) An earthquake.
(b) A volcanic eruption.
(c) The winter.
(d) A terrible storm.
10. The stones are marked for what purposes?
(a) To decorate the stone.
(b) To know where they will go.
(c) Tracking and remuneration.
(d) To know how much the carpenter is owed for his work.
11. What happens to a portion of the Bishop's palace?
(a) It is attached to the new cathedral.
(b) It is remodeled.
(c) It is altered.
(d) It is demolished.
12. Why did William of Planz design buttresses around the cathedral's outside walls?
(a) For aesthetic purposes.
(b) To balance out the large windows.
(c) To cover up seams in the walls.
(d) To support the walls from buckling outward.
13. What else is done to this location?
(a) It is smoothed.
(b) It is marked with stakes.
(c) It is decorated.
(d) It is destroyed.
14. This typical ________ architecture technique allowed the piers to remain thin relative to their height.
15. What are used to transport the materials through the city to the work site?
Short Answer Questions
1. What do the various dashed lines between the piers on the floor plan show?
2. Once the site is cleared, the location of what are surveyed?
3. The walls of the choir are constructed in how many phases?
4. Why is the answer to number 74 hung from the top of the wall instead of rising from the ground?
5. ______________, stone tracery and sixty-foot high windows, rises sixty feet for a total vertical rise of 160 feet.
This section contains 469 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)