|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What year was Adam Smith born?
2. Where does the word and idea 'Democracy' come from?
3. What did wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill famously say about Democracy?
4. What is assumed about the liberty of the Individual, according to “The Two Principles of Justice”?
5. What does Rawls think will have to be secured to keep the society a just one?
Short Essay Questions
1. What are the limits of human freedom, according to the Two Principles of Justice?
2. In what way does Rawls admit that inequalities can be endured in his system?
3. How does the Original Position not account for second- or later generations?
4. What is the second principle that the Original Position ensures?
5. What has to be used to ensure the two principles of justice?
6. What is the first principle that the Original Position ensures?
7. What form must the protection of disadvantaged people come from?
8. Why are the limits of human freedom according to the Two Principles of Justice essentially a form of social contract?
9. In what way does the Original Position ensure the two principles of justice?
10. Who decides the limits of human liberty, according to the Two Principles of Justice?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Is Rawls’ theory of the Original Position (the Waiting Room argument) idealist in nature? How does it survive when we take away an a priori foundation for morality?
Essay Topic 2
Evaluate your own society in accordance with the principles of Justice as Fairness put forth by Rawls. To what extent is it a just society in its basic political and legal structure? In what ways do you consider it an unjust society?
Essay Topic 3
Compare and Contrast Rawls’ theory of Justice as Fairness with the school of Utilitarianism.
This section contains 605 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)