A Theory of Justice Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is assumed about the liberty of the Individual, according to “The Two Principles of Justice”?

2. What year was Adam Smith born?

3. What is the only caveat to a maximum liberty of the individual?

4. What does Rawls claim is necessary for fair elections?

5. What did wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill famously say about Democracy?

Short Essay Questions

1. In what way does the Original Position ensure the two principles of justice?

2. What is the first principle that the Original Position ensures?

3. What has to be used to ensure the two principles of justice?

4. Why are the limits of human freedom according to the Two Principles of Justice essentially a form of social contract?

5. In what way does Rawls admit that inequalities can be endured in his system?

6. What form must the protection of disadvantaged people come from?

7. What is the second principle that the Original Position ensures?

8. Who decides the limits of human liberty, according to the Two Principles of Justice?

9. What are the limits of human freedom, according to the Two Principles of Justice?

10. How does the Original Position not account for second- or later generations?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

What are the sorts of essential inequalities that Rawls allows to exist in his vision of the just society? Do you agree that they are unavoidable?

Essay Topic 2

Does Rawls believe in trickle-down wealth (the Right-wing) or state support and welfare (the Left Wing). Or is his views a marriage of the two?

Essay Topic 3

The Social Contract

a. What is the Social Contract? Who ascribes and who developed this philosophy?

b. In what way is the social contract pessimistic about human nature? How is it compatible with an optimistic view of human nature?

(see the answer keys)

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