A Theory of Justice Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does the ignorant chooser know what is fair and what is not, according to Rawls?
(a) Because they are taught what to believe.
(b) Because the monarch told them so.
(c) Because of an innate knowledge of fairness.
(d) Because God told them so.

2. What is another name for the Original Position?
(a) The First Argument.
(b) The Waiting Room Argument.
(c) The Man in the Barrel Argument.
(d) The Brain in the Vat Argument.

3. What does Rawls think a person would decide about their society if they had any choice?
(a) That it be at least a wealthy society.
(b) That it would be at least fair.
(c) That it be at least a beautiful land.
(d) That it would be at least a strong society.

4. What is the first virtue of social institution, according to Rawls?
(a) Strength.
(b) Justice.
(c) Militarism.
(d) Wealth.

5. Who was the father of Utilitarianism?
(a) David Hume.
(b) Jesus Christ.
(c) Karl Marx.
(d) Spinoza.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Rawls accept about his own theory?

2. In the chapter “The Original Position,” what does Rawls say must be assumed about the person?

3. What branch of philosophy is this book concerned with?

4. What is the essential problem of Intuitionism?

5. Where did the early Intuitionists believe they got their appreciation of morals, rights and wrongs or fairness?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the individual afforded in a just society, according to Rawls?

2. Why did Adam Smith believe that Utilitarian economics were the best possible system?

3. What other name is generally applied to the Original Position?

4. What is the difference between the 'good' society and the Eudaimon, of 'Good Life' that Aristotle and Plato advocated?

5. What does an Intuitionist believe is the innate?

6. Why does Rawls accept that his own argument is Intuitionist?

7. What does it seem rational that the hypothetical person in the Original Position chooses?

8. What does Rawls hope to do with this Theory of Justice?

9. What is one of the essential difficulties of Utilitarian theory?

10. Why does Rawls prefer the Social Contract Theory?

(see the answer keys)

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