|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What defines a good society, according to Rawls?
(a) A wealthy society.
(b) A strong society.
(c) A society that owns the most land.
(d) A just society.
2. What does Rawls want his theory of justice to be?
(a) The dominant political view.
(b) A viable alternative to other theories.
(c) Something to remember.
(d) Something to destroy the theories of Utilitarianism.
3. What does the Individual gain out of the Social Contract?
(a) Money and wealth.
(b) Power and glory.
(c) Military might.
(d) Protection and security.
4. What is the Veil of Ignorance in Rawls' argument?
(a) A garment worn by politicians.
(b) A metaphor for a different type of belief.
(c) A metaphor to describe different types of citizens.
(d) A metaphor for not being able to tell what kind of society one will later be in.
5. Why is the argument called the Original Position?
(a) Because it comes before everything else.
(b) Because it was a very early argument that Rawls revived.
(c) Because it is about the first thing that a person sees when they wake up.
(d) Because it was the first argument Rawls thought of.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who should hold the greatest advantage in Rawls’ ideal society?
2. What is the implicit assumption that the Social Contract theory makes?
3. Why did Hobbes see the necessity of the Social Contract?
4. What branch of philosophy is this book concerned with?
5. What does Rawls think a person would decide about their society if they had any choice?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the problem of inclusion in the Social Contract Theory?
2. What problems does a just society answer, according to Rawls?
3. In what way would the German philosopher Nietzsche argue against the Original Position?
4. What is the popular definition of a Utilitarian object?
5. Why does Social Contract Theory work so well with a Theory of Rights?
6. What is the difference between the 'good' society and the Eudaimon, of 'Good Life' that Aristotle and Plato advocated?
7. Why is it important that we have a Just society?
8. Why did Adam Smith believe that Utilitarian economics were the best possible system?
9. Why does Rawls accept that his own argument is Intuitionist?
10. What is Rawls’ criticism of Utilitarianism?
This section contains 790 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)