|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What do Intuitionist' believe in?
(a) That good and wrong are taught.
(b) That good and wrong are illusions told by the rich.
(c) That good and wrong are revealed by God to the select few.
(d) That good and wrong are innately known.
2. What is the Veil of Ignorance in Rawls' argument?
(a) A metaphor to describe different types of citizens.
(b) A metaphor for a different type of belief.
(c) A garment worn by politicians.
(d) A metaphor for not being able to tell what kind of society one will later be in.
3. What is the essential problem of Intuitionism?
(a) Some people do not seem to act with a natural morality.
(b) Many philosophers don't agree with it.
(c) It doesn't support a healthy economy.
(d) It makes defending one’s country more difficult.
4. Who was the father of Utilitarianism?
(b) David Hume.
(c) Karl Marx.
(d) Jesus Christ.
5. Who should hold the greatest advantage in Rawls’ ideal society?
(a) No one.
(b) The rich.
(c) The poor.
(d) The royals.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is the first virtue of social institution, according to Rawls?
2. What does Rawls claim about the Social Contract theory?
3. Why is the argument called the Original Position?
4. In the chapter “The Original Position,” what does Rawls say must be assumed about the person?
5. Why does Utilitarian thinking not really understand the difference between persons?
Short Essay Questions
1. Who does the individual have a contract with, according to the Social Contract Theory?
2. What does it seem rational that the hypothetical person in the Original Position chooses?
3. Why does Rawls move away from Individualist ethics?
4. What choice is the hypothetical person in the Original Position offered?
5. What is the problem of inclusion in the Social Contract Theory?
6. Why is Utilitarian theory so easy to maintain?
7. In what way is Democracy still a Utilitarian system?
8. What was the dominant political philosophy theory throughout the 20th Century?
9. Why does the Original Position especially look after those less fortunate?
10. What is the definition of the 'good' society in Rawls’ view?
This section contains 746 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)