A Theory of Justice Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Rawls claim about the Social Contract theory?
(a) It is the only philosophy that makes sense.
(b) It is ridiculous.
(c) It is better than Marxism.
(d) It is better than Utilitarian theory.

2. How, according to Rawls, does justice help to assign rights and duties?
(a) It enforces the law.
(b) It states who has the power and who doesn't.
(c) It ensures that there is an equal distribution of such.
(d) It ensures that some people get more duties than others.

3. What defines a good society, according to Rawls?
(a) A just society.
(b) A society that owns the most land.
(c) A wealthy society.
(d) A strong society.

4. What is the first virtue of social institution, according to Rawls?
(a) Wealth.
(b) Justice.
(c) Strength.
(d) Militarism.

5. Who was the father of Utilitarianism?
(a) Karl Marx.
(b) David Hume.
(c) Jesus Christ.
(d) Spinoza.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Rawls believe is the dominant theory of political philosophy throughout the 20th Century?

2. What is the greatest criticism levelled against Utilitarianism?

3. Why is the argument called the Original Position?

4. What is the implicit assumption that the Social Contract theory makes?

5. In the chapter “The Original Position,” what does Rawls say must be assumed about the person?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is Rawls’ criticism of Utilitarianism?

2. According to the Social Contract Theory, what does the individual willingly sacrifice, and what are they rewarded in return?

3. What is one of the prime problems for the Intuitionist?

4. What is the individual afforded in a just society, according to Rawls?

5. In what way is the Original Position a proponent of Intuition or Innate Ideas?

6. Is fairness always the same as equality, according to Rawls?

7. What is the maxim of Utilitarian theory?

8. In what way would the German philosopher Nietzsche argue against the Original Position?

9. Why does Rawls move away from Individualist ethics?

10. When was the theory that Rawls wants to re-invigorate in his argument prevalent?

(see the answer keys)

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