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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why does Utilitarian thinking not really understand the difference between persons?
(a) Utilitarianism is never applied to the society.
(b) Utilitarianism is never applied to the individual.
(c) That different people’s situations mean different levels of happiness, contentment or suffering.
(d) It perceives persons only as voters.
2. In what era was the theory of the Social Contract in favor?
(a) The Dark Ages.
(b) The Modern Era.
(c) The Enlightenment.
(d) The Renaissance.
3. What do Intuitionist' believe in?
(a) That good and wrong are revealed by God to the select few.
(b) That good and wrong are illusions told by the rich.
(c) That good and wrong are taught.
(d) That good and wrong are innately known.
4. Which century was Intuitionism first developed?
5. What is the maxim of Utilitarian philosophy?
(a) Might makes right.
(b) The greatest good to the wealthiest.
(c) The greatest good to the deserving.
(d) The greatest good for the greatest number.
Short Answer Questions
1. What defines a good society, according to Rawls?
2. Who should hold the greatest advantage in Rawls’ ideal society?
3. Why did Hobbes see the necessity of the Social Contract?
4. In the chapter “The Original Position,” what does Rawls say must be assumed about the person?
5. What does the Individual gain out of the Social Contract?
Short Essay Questions
1. What choice is the hypothetical person in the Original Position offered?
2. When was Intuitionism first developed?
3. According to the chapter “The Original Position,” what do we have to assume about the individual's rational capabilities?
4. What does an Intuitionist believe is the innate?
5. What theory does Rawls want to re-invigorate in his argument?
6. Is fairness always the same as equality, according to Rawls?
7. What is the maxim of Utilitarian theory?
8. In what way is Democracy still a Utilitarian system?
9. What is one of the prime problems for the Intuitionist?
10. What was the dominant political philosophy theory throughout the 20th Century?
This section contains 639 words
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