This school of political philosophy seeks to suggest that the best way to govern society is 'the greatest good to the greatest number'. To this day, it is the final benchmark test of fairness. However, this system has been criticized many times, as it could lead to a minority being treated monstrously by the majority. This school of thought has been redefined over the years regarding what is meant by the 'greatest good.
The Social Contract
This theory of political philosophy was discussed between the works of the philosophers Hobbes and Rousseau, who deemed that it was sadly essential that there be a contract between the Individual and the Society. This contract afforded the individual rights, but only so long as they obeyed the edicts of the society. Different variations of this theory abound as to the extent of the rights and liberties of the individual, and...
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