|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What percentage of the human body consists of water?
2. The skeleton "Lucy" found in Ethiopia in 1974 is thought to come from the hominid species:
3. The author states that extinction seems to be:
4. Most human traits, including eye color, are determined by:
5. By volume, how much of the Earth's habitable space is covered by water?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is a hominid? Describe some of the hominids that existed in the past.
2. Describe the Indonesian volcanic eruption of 1815.
3. What type of scientific work did the monk and scientist Gregor Mendel do?
4. How much of Earth's land is suitable for humans to live on?
5. Why haven't scientists discovered every species of plant and animal life yet?
6. How many elements occur naturally on Earth? How many are central to life?
7. Why does Bryson say that fossils represent only a tiny fraction of life on Earth?
8. How does DNA replicate itself?
9. What did scientists find in the Burgess Shale of British Columbia?
10. What does the author say about oxygen and the highest elevations people can live at?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Explain why scientists were reluctant to believe evidence of our planet's actual age. How did belief systems get in the way of scientific evidence?
Essay Topic 2
Explain how lead, despite being toxic to humans, found its way into gasoline. Why was safety ignored? Who fought to remove lead from gasoline? Describe this individual, his campaign, and the resistance he met. What was the outcome of his campaign?
Essay Topic 3
What is continental drift? How did this concept emerge within the scientific community? How long did it take for this idea to gain acceptance? What evidence pointed to the reality of continental drift?
This section contains 710 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)