|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Bacteria take nitrogen from the air and form it into what?
(b) Nitric oxide.
(d) Amino acids.
2. If all of the ice in Antarctica were to melt, by how much would ocean levels rise?
(a) 50 feet.
(b) 200 feet.
(c) 920 feet.
(d) 12 feet.
3. Compared to Homo sapiens, Neanderthals were:
(a) Smaller and weaker.
(b) Twice as tall.
(c) Larger and sturdier.
(d) Half as short.
4. Bryson states that the first species to care for its weak and frail members was:
(b) Homo habilis.
(d) Homo erectus.
5. In Chapter 23, the author discusses the battles that go on in the plant world regarding:
(a) Using plants for medicinal purposes.
(b) What to name plants.
(c) Funding for plant research.
(d) Who owns plant patents.
Short Answer Questions
1. What percentage of the human body consists of water?
2. The troposphere is the layer of atmosphere:
3. Trilobites are fossils of what?
4. The skeleton "Lucy" found in Ethiopia in 1974 is thought to come from the hominid species:
5. The first hand axe was shaped with a stone how many years ago?
Short Essay Questions
1. What are bipeds? What are some of the unique challenges they face because of their structure?
2. How much of Earth's land is suitable for humans to live on?
3. Why does Bryson say that fossils represent only a tiny fraction of life on Earth?
4. Describe the presence of bacteria in humans.
5. What did scientists find in the Burgess Shale of British Columbia?
6. Describe the fossilized traces of microbes found in Greenland.
7. What does the author lament about the study of wildlife throughout much of human history?
8. What type of scientific work did the monk and scientist Gregor Mendel do?
9. How do ice ages begin?
10. What is the water distribution across the world's major oceans?
This section contains 616 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)