A Short History of Nearly Everything Test | Final Test - Easy

Bill Bryson
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How deep is Earth's atmosphere?
(a) 30 miles.
(b) 120 miles.
(c) 800 miles.
(d) 5 miles.

2. Approximately how many okapi live in the rain forests of Zaire?
(a) 400,000.
(b) 1,340,000.
(c) 12,000.
(d) 30,000.

3. Alan Thorne's multiregional hypothesis asserts that modern man evolved from:
(a) Seven families in seven regions across the globe.
(b) Four primary regions in northern Asia.
(c) Three primary regions in Africa.
(d) Ongoing movement between cultures and regions.

4. Humans share 98.4 percent of their DNA with:
(a) Chinchillas.
(b) Chimpanzees.
(c) Lemurs.
(d) Lions.

5. What did Carl Linnaeus develop that is still in wide use today?
(a) Binomial system of genus and species.
(b) Way to differentiate closely related bacteria.
(c) Method to unravel DNA codes.
(d) System for naming lunar features.

6. According to Bryson, what percentage of all animal and plant life is yet to be discovered?
(a) 97.
(b) 54.
(c) 32.
(d) 19.

7. The author states that extinction seems to be:
(a) Almost exclusively caused by humans.
(b) Because of natural disasters.
(c) A natural part of the life cycle.
(d) A rare occurrence on Earth.

8. The human body is composed of how many cells?
(a) 10,000 trillion.
(b) 500 million.
(c) 800 thousand.
(d) 2,000 billion.

9. What book did paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould write?
(a) Amazing Creatures.
(b) Wonderful Life.
(c) Enormous Animals.
(d) Fantastic Voyage.

10. Most life on Earth is based on what element?
(a) Iron.
(b) Magnesium.
(c) Carbon.
(d) Hydrogen.

11. At this time, how many plant and animal species are becoming extinct per week?
(a) 1 to 2.
(b) 50 to 80.
(c) 600 to 1,000.
(d) 100 to 200.

12. Scientists now believe that life began on Earth how long ago?
(a) 6.25 thousand years.
(b) 5.75 million years.
(c) 3.85 billion years.
(d) 7.35 trillion years.

13. Who was Robert Fitzroy?
(a) Head of the HMS Beagle Laboratory.
(b) Captain of the HMS Beagle.
(c) Darwin's theology professor.
(d) Darwin's first cousin and fellow naturalist.

14. Scientists assumed stromatolites were extinct until they were discovered where in 1961?
(a) Armenia.
(b) Algeria.
(c) Argentina.
(d) Australia.

15. In what year did Charles Darwin publish his famous book on natural selection called "On The Origin Of Species"?
(a) 1891.
(b) 1859.
(c) 1913.
(d) 1775.

Short Answer Questions

1. Charles Darwin suggested that evolution was a process taking millions of years, which many met with skepticism because scientists:

2. In Chapter 23, the author discusses the battles that go on in the plant world regarding:

3. What is the current estimate of the number of species that have lived on Earth since the beginning of life on our planet?

4. Photosynthesis was developed during the early history of life on Earth by what?

5. What did Carl Linnaeus bring order to through his method of classification?

(see the answer keys)

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