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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In what year did Charles Darwin publish his famous book on natural selection called "On The Origin Of Species"?
2. What is the highest elevation that humans are able to live and survive on Earth continuously without special accommodations?
(a) 27,000 feet.
(b) 22,000 feet.
(c) 18,000 feet.
(d) 14,000 feet.
3. What are eukarya?
(a) Salt-tolerant single-celled organisms.
(b) Organisms with nucleated cells.
(c) Carbon-trapping rocks.
(d) Bacteria that live on clouds.
4. In a cell, what is the cytoplasm?
(a) Outer fatty casing.
(b) DNA inside each cell.
(c) Contents of the cell outside the nucleus.
(d) The nucleus.
5. Which body of water holds more than half of the planet's water?
(a) Arctic Ocean.
(b) Indian Ocean.
(c) Pacific Ocean.
(d) Atlantic Ocean.
6. Mitochondria convert food and oxygen into ATP, which is what?
(a) Energy used by the body.
(b) A new generation of mitochondria.
(c) A self-destruction signal.
(d) Waste that needs to be discarded.
7. What did Carl Linnaeus bring order to through his method of classification?
(a) The plant world.
(b) Naming features of the moon.
(c) The bacterial world.
(d) Naming bodies of water.
8. What is the current estimate of the number of species that have lived on Earth since the beginning of life on our planet?
(a) 30 billion.
(b) 32 trillion.
(c) 421 thousand.
(d) 27 million.
9. By volume, how much of the Earth's habitable space is covered by water?
(a) 71.75 percent.
(b) 99.5 percent.
(c) 80.5 percent.
(d) 87.75 percent.
10. Photosynthesis was developed during the early history of life on Earth by what?
11. The skeleton "Lucy" found in Ethiopia in 1974 is thought to come from the hominid species:
(a) Kenyanthropus platyops.
(b) Homo habilis.
(d) Sahelanthropus tchadensis.
12. Only one out of how many bones is ever fossilized?
(a) Five million.
(b) A hundred.
(c) Fifty thousand.
(d) A billion.
13. Alan Thorne's multiregional hypothesis asserts that modern man evolved from:
(a) Ongoing movement between cultures and regions.
(b) Three primary regions in Africa.
(c) Four primary regions in northern Asia.
(d) Seven families in seven regions across the globe.
14. What must amino acids do to become protein?
15. What is the name of the Navy-funded mini submarine often used in undersea explorations?
Short Answer Questions
1. The Burgess Shale Formation, containing tens of thousands of fossils of soft-bodied creatures preserved by a mudslide, was found where?
2. When entomologist Terry Erwin collected insect samples from 19 rain forest trees, how many different varieties of beetles did he find?
3. During the Cryogenian period 1.2 billion years ago, Earth was:
4. Gregor Mendel, who conducted research on transmittal of traits in pea plants, was a scientist and a:
5. The human body is composed of how many cells?
This section contains 421 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)