|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to the Superstring Theory, the components making up protons, neutrons, electrons, and neutrinos are not regular particles, but instead are:
(a) Gravity pockets.
(b) Super particles.
(c) Vibrating strings.
(d) Super-cooled forces.
2. The fact that Pluto has a moon was not discovered until:
3. The Geiger counter is a:
(a) Radioactivity detector.
(b) Magnetic imager.
(c) Voltage meter.
(d) Molecular microscope.
4. Many scientists suspect that Pluto is just a comet of the:
(a) Kuiper Belt.
(b) Orion Belt.
(c) Solar Belt.
(d) Neptunian Belt.
5. Sir Isaac Newton wrote "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy," which explains his laws of what?
(a) Electromagnetic interference.
(c) Motion and gravity.
(d) Quantum physics.
6. According to James Ussher, an Archbishop of the Church of Ireland who was alive in the 1600s, Earth had been created:
(a) On January 1, 10,000 B.C.
(b) In an instant.
(c) On October 23, 4004 B.C.
(d) Millions of years ago.
7. Plate tectonics refers to:
(a) The motion of the Earth's crust.
(b) The mechanism behind hurricanes.
(c) The motion of the Earth's atmosphere.
(d) The mechanism behind sand dunes.
8. Our universe is at least how many light-years wide?
(a) 100 billion.
(b) 50 million trillions.
(c) 350 trillion.
(d) 5 trillion.
9. James Hutton believed that the natural forces forming the geology of Earth are:
(a) Random and unpredictable.
(b) Still at work.
(c) Impossible to classify.
(d) Now extinct.
10. Had the universe formed just slightly differently:
(a) Earth would have seven moons.
(b) Our solar system would have ten times more planets.
(c) Planets would be flat instead of round.
(d) Mankind would not exist.
11. In a span of just 20 years, the number of known moons in the solar system grew from:
(a) 30 to more than 90.
(b) 60 to more than 500.
(c) 12 to more than 300.
(d) 10 to more than 25.
12. Through the examples provided about Thomas Midgley's inventions, what is the author trying to say about science?
(a) Science is the cause of all our modern ills.
(b) Science can better our lives but used unwisely it can be dangerous to the planet.
(c) Without science, we would still be living in caveman days in primitive dwellings.
(d) Pursuing scientific avenues is always justified, regardless of outcome.
13. In 2003, NASA came up with an estimated age of the universe. What was it?
(a) 731 trillion years.
(b) 13.7 billion years.
(c) 103.5 million years.
(d) 35 million years.
14. When radiation was first discovered, people thought it must have:
(a) High toxicity.
(b) Been caused by thunderstorms.
(c) Healthful properties.
(d) An extraterrestrial origin.
15. What did the French Compte de Buffon claim about the New World (the Americas) compared to the known Old World?
(a) Everything was smaller and inferior in the New World.
(b) Unusual, enormous species would be found in the New World.
(c) The New World was much more fertile than the old.
(d) Diseases of the New World would be much more deadly than in the Old World.
Short Answer Questions
1. When was the Big Bang Theory first proposed?
2. What is an extremophile?
3. How do today's professional astronomers search for supernovae?
4. When French physicist Henri Becquerel accidentally left a packet of uranium salts on a photographic plate, what happened?
5. What are so small that the dot on the letter "i" could hold 5 billion of them?
This section contains 554 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)