|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the status of British finances at the time?
2. What was developed in 1924?
3. What book did Hitler write in the early 1920s?
4. Where was an intelligence leak found?
5. Why did the Roosevelt administration keep Joseph Kennedy in London for as long as possible?
Short Essay Questions
1. How were reports sent out from Bermuda?
2. Who was Madeleine?
3. What did Donovan favor to help Britain out with its financial woes?
4. How did Donovan become more involved with Stevenson's work?
5. What did Stevenson notice about Germany during his inspections?
6. What did Roosevelt realize about Germany and its system of codes?
7. How did Stevenson and Donovan try to delay Hitler's invasion of Russia?
8. What sent Hitler into a rage; what does he do, and what is the result of Hitler's actions?
9. Why did Ambassador Kennedy remain in London until Hitler began bombing the city?
10. How did William Stevenson get into the field of communications?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Hitler was expanding his terror bombing to other English cities. Warning those population centers would give away their capability to break the German codes. No warnings were given. Later, when coded messages are broken about Hitler's imminent invasion of Russia, the intelligence community warns Russia but is not taken seriously because the BSC will not reveal their source. Discuss the following:
1. Is it moral to hold back information to save innocent civilian lives in order to keep Germany from knowing that its codes were compromised?
2. Many people would argue that it is for the greater good that some people had to suffer (i.e., those in cities who are bombed without warning). Does the concept of the "greater good" apply in this situation? Why or why not.
3. Do you think Russia could have done things any differently even if they had been warned about Hitler's imminent invasion? Explain fully. (This may require some research).
Essay Topic 2
Plans for the assassination of Heydrich began in August 1941, even through they didn't carry out the plot until after Pearl Harbor. As Heydrich lay in a hospital dying, the Germans began a series of retributions by killing one hundred Czechs every evening. More killings followed as houses were searched. The people were killed in the village where the assassins had landed. The village of Lidice was burned to the ground. Discuss the following:
1. Is the act of assassination honorable? Justifiable? Should governments such as the United States condone and assist in assassinations? What about the idea of a fair trial? Does an assassination take that idea into account? Should it?
2. Do you think the BSC and OSS would have carried out the assassination of Heydrich had they known of the probable consequences? Why or why not? Was the assassination of one man worth the death of hundreds more?
3. Thoroughly discuss Henrich Heydrich and his role in the Nazi war machine and atrocities carried out by the Nazis.
Essay Topic 3
Churchill appoints Stevenson the director of His Majesty's Secret Intelligence Services and gives him a great deal of latitude in performing his duties. The organization was known as the BSC or British Security Coordination and it established headquarters in New York City. Discuss the following:
1. Why do you think the BSC chooses to headquarter in New York City? Does it seem like a good choice to you? Why or why not.
2. Do you think the United States would tolerate an intelligence-gathering organization from another country to operate freely and openly today? Why or why not? What if it were an ally in a wartime situation?
3. What do you think were the advantages and disadvantages of having the BSC headquartered in New York City?
This section contains 1,286 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)