|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What shook Britain from its complacency?
2. What was Donovan investigating?
3. What did ships from the United States to Lisbon receive when they stopped in Bermuda?
4. Where was an intelligence leak found?
5. What company did Stevenson form with two other men?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why did Ambassador Kennedy remain in London until Hitler began bombing the city?
2. What did Stevenson learn from his network in Sweden?
3. Where did the King and Queen of England go and what did the King make clear?
4. What did Stevenson write about concerning Germany and how does he have access to the German communication network?
5. What was the Phony War?
6. How was it evident that the United States was headed for war?
7. How did William Stevenson get into the field of communications?
8. What did Donovan favor to help Britain out with its financial woes?
9. What was the problem with the sea lanes and what is done?
10. What did Churchill appoint Stevenson to and out of where does he operate?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Churchill appoints Stevenson the director of His Majesty's Secret Intelligence Services and gives him a great deal of latitude in performing his duties. The organization was known as the BSC or British Security Coordination and it established headquarters in New York City. Discuss the following:
1. Why do you think the BSC chooses to headquarter in New York City? Does it seem like a good choice to you? Why or why not.
2. Do you think the United States would tolerate an intelligence-gathering organization from another country to operate freely and openly today? Why or why not? What if it were an ally in a wartime situation?
3. What do you think were the advantages and disadvantages of having the BSC headquartered in New York City?
Essay Topic 2
Plans for the assassination of Heydrich began in August 1941, even through they didn't carry out the plot until after Pearl Harbor. As Heydrich lay in a hospital dying, the Germans began a series of retributions by killing one hundred Czechs every evening. More killings followed as houses were searched. The people were killed in the village where the assassins had landed. The village of Lidice was burned to the ground. Discuss the following:
1. Is the act of assassination honorable? Justifiable? Should governments such as the United States condone and assist in assassinations? What about the idea of a fair trial? Does an assassination take that idea into account? Should it?
2. Do you think the BSC and OSS would have carried out the assassination of Heydrich had they known of the probable consequences? Why or why not? Was the assassination of one man worth the death of hundreds more?
3. Thoroughly discuss Henrich Heydrich and his role in the Nazi war machine and atrocities carried out by the Nazis.
Essay Topic 3
There is a time of one-hundred-and-fifty days that was known as the "Phony War." This consisted of communications between Churchill, coded "Naval Person" and Roosevelt coded "POTUS." Discuss the following:
1. Research the "Phony War" and write a brief informative essay about how it affected Great Britian, France, Germany and the United States.
2. Do you think anything could have been done during the Phony War to have averted a world war?
3. What event(s) precipitated the phony war into the real war? At this point, was war inevitable? Why or why not.
This section contains 1,125 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)