|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who created the idea that a star can collapse and become a black hole?
2. Hawking co-authored a paper in what year that explains the big bang theory?
3. Groups of atoms create what?
4. A location on earth's surface is defined by what?
5. Aristotle and who believed that time is not absolute?
Short Essay Questions
1. What could cause the expansion of the universe to go on forever?
2. What is one implication of the theory of relativity?
3. What is the uncertainty principle?
4. Why do scientists think that there is a black hole in the star system Cygnus X-1?
5. What are the six varieties of quarks?
6. What is the relationship between quantum mechanics and predictions?
7. What are quanta?
8. When looking at the sky on a clear night what do you see and how far away is it?
9. What will happen if the expansion of the universe stops?
10. What model of the atom persisted until the 1960's?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Black holes exist in math, but not in observational reality. What does this mean for the evolution of ideas that scientists accept the idea of a new creation purely by seeing the math work? What does Hawking say about the evolution of ideas without observational proof? Please use the text to support your answer.
Essay Topic 2
What is Hawking's definition of a scientific theory? Using this definition, discuss why (or why not) various theories in the book are scientific theories. Discuss at least three theories and use the book to support your answers.
Essay Topic 3
What is the division between philosophy and science, according to Hawking? Using examples from the text to support your answer: How does this lead to, or doesn't lead to, humanity's ability to answer why the universe is here?
This section contains 495 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)