Social Contract Theory - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 11 pages of information about Social Contract Theory.
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The idea of a social contract can have broad and narrow meanings. In the broad sense a social contract can simply be short hand for expectations in relations between individuals or groups. In the narrow, more technical sense social contract theory has a long and venerable history that in the present has been rhetorically adapted to assess general expectations between science and society. A review of various theoretical perspectives nevertheless raises questions about the adequacy of such adaptations.


Social Contracts in General

Contracts in the strict sense are agreements between two parties that establish mutual obligations and are enforceable by law. The idea of a social contract is more fundamental, and argues that society comes into existence as a kind of contract. In the classical or premodern views that are sometimes identified as anticipations of social contract theory, the social contract is not so...

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This section contains 3,085 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Social Contract Theory Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan
Social Contract Theory from Macmillan. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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