Medieval Europe 814-1450: Philosophy - Research Article from Arts and Humanities Through the Eras

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 82 pages of information about Medieval Europe 814-1450.
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354 Augustine of Hippo, who successfully reconciles Neoplatonism and Christianity, is born.
525 Boethius, the "last of the Romans," whose book struggling with the problem of evil fortune will influence generations of medieval thinkers, is executed for treason.
800 Charlemagne, whose establishment of cathedral schools will usher in a reformation of learning, is crowned the first emperor of the Romans.
c. 875 John Scotus Eriugena, author of the first summa ("summary treatment") of theology, dies.
950 Alfarabi, a Muslim philosopher who first suggested the distinction between essence (what a thing is) and existence (that by which a thing is), dies in Baghdad.
1033 St. Anselm of Canterbury, who exhibited an "almost unlimited confidence" in the power of reason, is born.
1037 Avicenna, the most influential of Muslim thinkers, dies.
1085 The Christian reconquest of Toledo in Spain gives Western thinkers access to Arabic translations of Greek philosophy and science, including Aristotle, as well as...

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This section contains 565 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Medieval Europe 814-1450: Philosophy Encyclopedia Article
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Arts and Humanities Through the Eras
Medieval Europe 814-1450: Philosophy from Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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