Industrialism Takes Root in the United States - Research Article from Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library

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The Industrial Revolution in England

The English Textile Industry

English workers who could no longer find work on farms began to spend more time at other trades, particularly the production of textiles, or cloth. Prior to the 1730s most English textiles were produced in the home. People called spinners spun thread from raw fibers like cotton, wool, or flax on a spinning wheel or by hand. They sold the thread to cloth merchants, who brought it to the homes of weavers to be woven into cloth. This process took so long that the cloth merchants could not keep up with the demand for their goods. Then, in the 1730s English engineer John Kay (1704–1764) designed the flying shuttle to speed up the pace of weaving. A shuttle is a device that carries threads across the loom (a frame or machine used for weaving...

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This section contains 3,564 words
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Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library
Industrialism Takes Root in the United States from Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library. ©2005-2006 by U•X•L. U•X•L is an imprint of Thomson Gale, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
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