Industrialism in the Twentieth Century - Research Article from Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library

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Efficiency Management

By the turn of the century, the use of advanced machines and technology dominated factories even more than it had in the nineteenth century. Machines were designed so that workers with little training and experience could operate them. Since they were hiring more unskilled labor, factories needed more management to oversee the work process. To remain competitive, they needed to keep their costs low and their productivity (the amount of work they could get done in a set amount of time) high.

In the late nineteenth century, Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856–1915), a machinist (someone skilled in operating machine tools, which are machines used to cut or shape metals) was working as the foreman, or overseer, of work crews at a large Philadelphia machine shop. Taylor studied all the steps accomplished on the work floor, and then tried to find ways cut down on...

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This section contains 5,764 words
(approx. 20 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Industrialism in the Twentieth Century Encyclopedia Article
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Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library
Industrialism in the Twentieth Century from Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library. ©2005-2006 by U•X•L. U•X•L is an imprint of Thomson Gale, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
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