Industrial Revolution - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 12 pages of information about Industrial Revolution.
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Historical Origins

Most human societies have passed through several broadly defined stages marked by major turning points or revolutions. The transition from nomadic hunting and gathering to settled agriculture (farming and herding) that first occurred in the Near East is often called the Neolithic revolution. By enabling humans to live in one area, grow more numerous, and produce sufficient food surpluses to support nonfarming vocations such as artisanship and soldiery, the Neolithic revolution laid the groundwork for the next stage in societal evolution, the urban revolution. Human history is largely the history of cities and nations, and the gathering of populations into concentrated areas is responsible for many political, cultural, technological, scientific, and other developments. The Industrial Revolution is a third major societal transition point that follows and was made possible by the first two revolutions.

An industrial revolution requires a confluence of favorable labor, capital, technological, and...

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This section contains 3,514 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Industrial Revolution Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics
Industrial Revolution from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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