European Strike Wave - Research Article from St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 15 pages of information about European Strike Wave.
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Europe 1865

Synopsis

The Industrial Revolution, which began in England in the late 1700s, spread eastward across the European continent and into Russia by the late 1800s. Throughout the nineteenth century, almost every European country industrialized to some degree, and new and old industries passed through various stages of mass production. Products such as clothing, commodities, and food were being mass produced, and urban areas experienced large population gains. According to the census of 1851, for the first time in any large country, one-half of the people in England lived in cities.

As the Industrial Revolution progressed, workers across Europe felt themselves ceding control of wages and working conditions to employers. In addition, semiskilled and unskilled workers who produced goods quickly were rapidly replacing the traditional craftsmen who, before the nineteenth century, had slowly and skillfully turned out individual articles. The working class was being redefined...

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This section contains 4,260 words
(approx. 15 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the European Strike Wave Encyclopedia Article
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European Strike Wave from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.