Ecosystem - Research Article from Environmental Encyclopedia

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 5 pages of information about Ecosystem.
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Ecosystem


The term ecosystem was coined in 1935 by the Oxford ecologist Arthur Tansley to encompass the interactions among biotic and abiotic components of the environment at a given site. It was defined in its presently accepted form by Eugene Odum as follows: "Any unit that includes all of the organisms (i.e, the community) in a given area interacting with the physical environment so that a flow of energy leads to clearly defined trophic structure, biotic diversity, and material cycles (i.e., exchange of materials between living and non-living parts) within the system." Tansley's concept had been expressed earlier in 1913 by the Oxford geographer A. J. Herbertson, who suggested the term "macroorganism" for such a combined biotic and abiotic entity. He was, however, too far in advance of his time and the idea was not taken up by ecologists. On the other hand Tansley's concept—elaborated in terms...

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This section contains 1,269 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Ecosystem Encyclopedia Article
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Ecosystem from Environmental Encyclopedia. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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