Democracy - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 12 pages of information about Democracy.
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Historical Development

Over the centuries philosophers have developed various conceptions about the nature of democracy. These different versions of democracy pose distinct conflicts among ethical values linked to science and technology, as well as suggest different solutions to those problems.

The classic form of democracy or rule by the people is generally taken from Athens in the fifth century B.C.E., where a form of direct or participatory government was practiced by the free males of the city-state. In Rome from the fifth to the first centuries B.C.E. there developed a classic form of republican or representative democracy, in which individuals are elected by the people to handle governmental decision making. During the Middle Ages democratic forms of government were relegated to the margins of public life where they continued to play important roles in religious institutions such as monasteries; they reemerged into public affairs during...

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This section contains 3,348 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Democracy Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics
Democracy from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.