Death and Dying - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 12 pages of information about Death and Dying.
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Historical and Cultural Background

As described by the cultural historian Philippe Ariès (1991), the European experience of death has itself undergone significant transformations. Dying is not simply a basic feature of the human condition and the termination of an individual history; it has its own history. From the Graeco-Roman world up through the first millennium of the Christian era, death was so ever-present as to have been accepted as a normal aspect of human affairs. Theologically death was also often interpreted as a result of living in a fallen world marked by sin. When someone died, people paid their respects but did not dwell on the issue because of the greater importance of the community as a whole.

During the eleventh century in Europe, the rise of individualism brought with it a new perspective on death as a threat not to the community but to...

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This section contains 3,336 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Death and Dying Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics
Death and Dying from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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