The Wise Men: Six Friends and the World They Made: Acheson, Bohlen,... Test | Final Test - Easy

Walter Isaacson
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was a personal factor that made the "Six Wise Men" unpopular to the general public, according to Isaacson?
(a) Their connections to international banks and Wall Street.
(b) Their support of Algier Hiss who was found to be a Communist spy.
(c) The obvious destruction their agenda had on the American economic system.
(d) Their roles in the firing of Douglas MacArthur.

2. What role did Frank Wisner play in Kennan's plans for confronting Soviet expansionism?
(a) He became a European mediator between activists and their targets.
(b) He became a policy director for the Truman Administration in its effort to discover communist subversion activities.
(c) He became the congressional liaison for the Truman Administration informing it of Congress' mood for the international activities to contain communism.
(d) He ran the "Department of Dirty Tricks" within the CIA.

3. Who did President Eisenhower choose for his Ambassador to Russia, according to Isaacson?
(a) Dean Acheson.
(b) Averell Harriman.
(c) Chip Bohlen.
(d) George Kennan.

4. What area of the world did Averell Harriman try to encourage the Johnson Administration to show more interest according to Isaacson?
(a) Central America.
(b) East Europe.
(c) The Middle East.
(d) Africa.

5. What does Isaacson suggest to be the result of George Kennan's "Long Telegram"?
(a) It caused a harmful foreign policy debate within the Truman Administration that led to international paralysis.
(b) It formulated the containment theory which was embraced by Washington.
(c) It caused his old friend, Dean Acheson to advise him to discuss his ideas with him before he put things on paper.
(d) It made Kennan persona non grata to his superiors within the State Department.

6. Why does Isaacson suggest Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union and Mao Tse Tung of China gave support to North Korea's invasion of South Korea?
(a) They hoped to show the superiority of communism over democracy.
(b) They hoped that the U.S. would consider the conflict to be a local affair.
(c) They hoped that victory in Korea would begin the "Domino Theory" of communist world-wide revolution.
(d) They hoped that the U.S. would put itself in financial turmoil by singly funding what appeared to be a long war.

7. What scientist suggested the United States should respond to the Soviet Union's possession of the A-bomb by producing more powerful bombs?
(a) Robert Oppenheimer.
(b) Edward Teller.
(c) David Lilienthal.
(d) George Ball.

8. How does Isaacson claim President Truman planned to fight for support for the Marshall Plan in Congress?
(a) By calling for an emergency session of Congress and winning support for an "interim aid" bill.
(b) By campaigning across the country to rally popular support for the effort.
(c) By advising Democrat congressmen to amend planks of the plan to popular legislation so it would eventually get passed out of the notice of political opponents.
(d) By vetoing every spending bill until the plan was accepted in Congress.

9. What does Isaacson report that President Truman did to decide America's response to the Soviet Union's possession of nuclear weapons?
(a) He polled his cabinet and based his response on its concensus.
(b) He appointed a three-man national security committee.
(c) He sent out the "Wise Men" to conduct town hall meetings to explain the danger facing the country from Soviet nuclear weapons.
(d) He courted the press to show the film of Russia's nuclear explosion to convince the public of the urgent need for increased military spending.

10. What does Isaacson claim that Averell Harriman and his Wall Street contemporaries believed to be the best guarantee for American security?
(a) Providing financial support to allies that were targets for Soviet expansionism.
(b) Increased defense spending to force the Soviet Union to enter an unsustainable arms race.
(c) Withdrawing from international affairs and focusing on building up American markets.
(d) The establishment of democratic and representative governments everywhere.

11. Who does Isaacson report that President Truman chose to administer the European Recovery Plan (The Marshall Plan) in Europe?
(a) General Lucius Clay.
(b) Averell Harriman.
(c) Dean Acheson.
(d) Paul Hoffman.

12. What does Isaacson report that Clark Clifford wrote in a campaign memo to use the Soviet Crisis to help President Truman's re-election campaign for 1948?
(a) "This gives us the opportunity to make voters fear a change at this time."
(b) "In times of crisis, the American citizen tends to back up his President."
(c) "Never waste a good crisis."
(d) "Great wars define great leaders."

13. What was the organization that eventually replaced the Office of Strategic Services, according to Isaacson?
(a) The Office of Homeland Security.
(b) The Secret Service.
(c) The Federal Bureau of Investigation.
(d) The Central Intelligence Agency.

14. Which two of the "Six Wise Men" does Isaacson report were called to brief the Kennedy Administration on the two crises that faced them?
(a) John McCloy and Charles Bohlen.
(b) Robert Lovett and George Kennan.
(c) Charles Bohlen and George Kennan.
(d) Averell Harriman and Dean Acheson.

15. How does Isaacson report that Clark Clifford understood the rivalry between the U.S. and the Soviet Union had to be framed to make the general public support confronting the Communists?
(a) Clifford understood the rivalry had, "...to be framed as a contest between the forces of darkness and light."
(b) Clifford understood the rivalry had, "...to be framed as fearfully as possible to cajole the general public to put unquestioning support for the wisdom of its government."
(c) Clifford understood the rivalry had, "...to be framed as a potential threat to the freedom and security of every individual in the country."
(d) Clifford understood the rivalry had, "...to be framed as a personal cause of free American talent overcoming international slavery."

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Isaacson claim to be George Kennan's biggest concern regarding Soviet Communism?

2. What does Isaacson suggest to be one of the largest factors in America's rise to prominence after WWII?

3. What does Isaacson define as the main political challenge to the Truman Administration encouraging Congress to support financial aid to Greece and Turkey?

4. Which of the "Six Wise Men" was chosen by President Johnson to assume authority over all diplomatic efforts to end the war in Vietnam according to Isaacson?

5. What did Winston Churchill recommend as a solution to the challenge of growing Soviet Power?

(see the answer keys)

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