|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What killed Dr. Gregory Black?
(c) Heart attack.
2. Who was the physician renowned for his work on embryonic research and conjoined twins who also participated in Spencer’s program?
(a) Joab A. Holace.
(b) Martin S. Laird.
(c) Isaiah D. Williams.
(d) David J. Breiten.
3. What book did Emma Black write that is mentioned in Chapter 1?
(a) Pasteurization and Bacteriolgy.
(b) Microorganisms and Bacteria.
(c) A Journey with an American Naturalist.
(d) A Journey with an American Doctor.
4. How did Spencer believe scientific evidence was derived?
(a) By objective observers.
(b) By learned scholars.
5. What year were Spencer and Elise married?
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the last year that Spencer worked at Ward C?
2. In Chapter 3, who strongly disagreed with claims Spencer made in the first paper he published in Chapter 3?
3. How old was Spencer when he began helping his father and brother dig up cadavers?
4. Who was one of Spencer’s most influential professors?
5. What was the name of the man in the household where Spencer and his brother lived after their father died?
Short Essay Questions
1. What ideas about evolution would eventually separate Spencer from the rest of the scientific community?
2. How did the success of Ward C affect the academy?
3. What was a nightmare that Spencer wrote about in his journal in Chapter 4?
4. What work did Spencer find in the evenings in 1869?
5. How did Spencer’s personality change in 1876?
6. What death did Spencer experience in the fall of 1874?
7. How did Spencer seem to feel about the birth of his third child?
8. During this time in America and around the world, what changes were occurring in medicine?
9. What special program did Spencer begin in Chapter 3?
10. What was the first operation performed in Ward C?
This section contains 657 words
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