The New Way Things Work Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. In the illustration of binary code, what represents the "off" number?

2. What are happening to the crates at the opening to Chapter 2 in this section?

3. How are signals and messages created out of light and radio waves?

4. What is the type of electricity when electrons travel through a conductor such as metal?

5. Of what is color photography paper made when printing from a negative?

Short Essay Questions

1. Describe how the author illustrates a chemical reaction.

2. What topic does Part 5 cover?

3. What is the input?

4. Explain in detail the forming of static electricity.

5. What are sensors and detectors? What do they measure?

6. Briefly discuss the three ways musical instruments create waves.

7. What is a CPU and how is it illustrated by Macaulay?

8. Explain how electromagnets keep machines running.

9. Discuss the composition of light.

10. Discuss the two types of lens, concave and convex.

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Discuss the following:

1) Using examples, explain how a heating element works and the principle(s) of physics behind the element working.

2) Explain how heat can be used to keep things cool. Be sure to discuss both the molecular principle related to cooling and the process of cooling itself in both an air conditioner and a refrigerator.

3) Research and discuss the cultural and environmental impact the ability to cool via an air conditioner and refrigerator has had.

Essay Topic 2

One of the greatest impacts upon modern society is the invention of the internal combustion engine. Discuss the following:

1) What is an internal combustion engine?

2) Compare an engine that uses gas to one that is used in a jet.

3) Do you think the overall impact of the internal combustion engine in the modern world has been positive or negative? Explain your answer.

4) What engine preceded the internal combustion engine and what did this engine precipitate? Explain how this engine works.

Essay Topic 3

In Part One, The Mechanics of Movement, states that to understand the way things work, one needs to understand the underlying principles. Discuss the following:

1) Discuss the principles/laws of physics that underpin all of the various tools and machines presented in The New Way Things Work.

2) Thoroughly discuss the wedge. How is it used? Upon what principles of physics is it based? What are some common wedges? What is the most complex wedge that is discussed?

3) How often do you think you use a wedge during the course of your everyday life? Do you think it is important to understand the underlying principles of a wedge? Why or why not? Do you think it is interesting to understand upon what basis something such as a zipper was created?

(see the answer keys)

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