|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Mexico lacks basic industries except for one - what is it?
2. In Asia and Africa, what two seemingly-contradictory ideologies are being used?
3. What should Mexicans recognize about their alienation from the world?
4. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
5. Why have Mexican culture and politics vacillated from one extreme to another? (Chapter Seven, page 157).
Short Essay Questions
1. How does unemployment on the farms affect the cities? How does it slow all of Mexico's development?
2. How did Catholicism reduce the Indian converts into passive believers? How was that a significant blow?
3. Mexico has entered a new phase of thinking and history. How does Paz explain that phase?
4. What does Paz think of the Soviet Union? How does it compare to Mexico?
5. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?
6. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
7. Who was Sor Juana? Why was she an unusual person both in South America and in old Spain?
8. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
9. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?
10. Throughout his career, what did Jorge Cuesta argue? What are the benefits and downfalls of his argument?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
When does the author mention the Mexican ripping open his breast to reveal his emotions? What similarities and differences do those stories share? What emotions are encapsulated within them?
Essay Topic 2
What personal experiences did Paz pull from to write the book? How did he incorporate them into the broader scope of Mexican history? How did that affect the tone?
Essay Topic 3
What dualities did Sor Juana represent (philosophical, religious, gender-based)? What lasting influence did she have?
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