|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why did the Spaniards not exterminate the Indians after they were conquered?
2. What should Mexicans recognize about their alienation from the world?
3. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
4. What did Manuel Gomez-Morin accomplish for the Revolution?
5. Why were the Indians not outraged that their religions were replaced with Catholicism? (Chapter Five).
Short Essay Questions
1. What did Article 3 of the new Constitution mandate? What troubles did that Article cause?
2. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
3. How does unemployment on the farms affect the cities? How does it slow all of Mexico's development?
4. How does Paz define "Mexicanism"? How does it mesh with the individual whom he had described earlier?
5. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?
6. What role did religion play in ancient South American cultures? Did Catholicism change that role?
7. Why did the new Constitution mandate that education be secular? How might that have made the Mexicans feel?
8. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
9. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
10. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Spain accepted all forms of the Renaissance and then closed itself off to further influence. How did that affect the Conquest? How does that continue to affect Mexico's philosophical and religious development?
Essay Topic 2
What is Mexico's relation to the rest of the world? How is it different from the past? What are Paz's hopes and fears for the future? Do you agree or disagree with his ideas?
Essay Topic 3
What are the varieties of chingar that the author explains? Does that help your comprehension of the word? Does it enrich your understanding of Mexican culture?
This section contains 1,844 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)