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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the Mexican intellectual's goal?
2. According to Jorge Cuesta, how has Mexico created herself?
3. What was the most radical period of the Revolution?
4. What was the main philosophical objective of the Revolution?
5. According to Paz, why did the Revolution become a compromise?
Short Essay Questions
1. What role did Jose Vasconcelos play in modern education? From Paz's descriptions, what is his opinion of Vasconcelos?
2. What does Paz think of the Soviet Union? How does it compare to Mexico?
3. Who was Sor Juana? Why was she an unusual person both in South America and in old Spain?
4. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
5. Why was the Aztec nation able to unify so many diverse tribes? How were they quite skilled with that type of action?
6. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?
7. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
8. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?
9. How does unemployment on the farms affect the cities? How does it slow all of Mexico's development?
10. Throughout his career, what did Jorge Cuesta argue? What are the benefits and downfalls of his argument?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Spain accepted all forms of the Renaissance and then closed itself off to further influence. How did that affect the Conquest? How does that continue to affect Mexico's philosophical and religious development?
Essay Topic 2
What connections exist between love and solitude? What dangers exist within them? How does the Mexican break through the bonds of both? Clearly address and explain Paz's arguments, especially toward the end of the book.
Essay Topic 3
When does a Mexican come into conflict with his fellow man, especially another Mexican? What are the facets of the clash? How is it resolved?
This section contains 1,819 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)