|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
2. What was the motto of positivism?
3. Why did the Church support Spanish power?
4. When did Spain begin to lose her hold on Mexico?
5. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
Short Essay Questions
1. What did Article 3 of the new Constitution mandate? What troubles did that Article cause?
2. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
3. When did Independence begin in Mexico? How was it similar to or different from the Conquest?
4. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?
5. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?
6. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
7. What does Paz say about the national differences among Central and South American nations? How does that tie into their relationship with Spain?
8. Who was Sor Juana? Why was she an unusual person both in South America and in old Spain?
9. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?
10. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
In Paz's arguments, how important is the Mexican sense of place? What affects it? What is its most important aspect? Explain the sense of place in the greater context of the Mexican mindset that Paz presents throughout the book.
Essay Topic 2
What is the Mexican view of privacy? Why does Paz defend it at such cost? What part does lying play in his defense? Is that accepted?
Essay Topic 3
"Catholicism offered a refuge to the descendants of those who had seen the extermination of their ruling classes, the destruction of their temples and manuscripts, and the suppression of the superior forms of their culture; but for the same reason that it was decadent in Europe, it denied them any chance of expressing their singularity" (Chapter Five, pg 105). What does that mean? How does it fit in with the idea of conquered peoples being assigned a passive role?
This section contains 1,822 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)