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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Following the Revolution, why was socialist education not widely implemented in Mexico?
2. What did positivism do with the ideals of the Reformation?
3. What important circumstance did early revolutionary governments not take into account?
4. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
5. What was the main philosophical objective of the Revolution?
Short Essay Questions
1. What did Article 3 of the new Constitution mandate? What troubles did that Article cause?
2. Mexico has entered a new phase of thinking and history. How does Paz explain that phase?
3. How does Paz define "Mexicanism"? How does it mesh with the individual whom he had described earlier?
4. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
5. Why did the new Constitution mandate that education be secular? How might that have made the Mexicans feel?
6. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?
7. How did Catholicism reduce the Indian converts into passive believers? How was that a significant blow?
8. What role did religion play in ancient South American cultures? Did Catholicism change that role?
9. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?
10. How does Paz explain the suicides of the Aztec people? Is it a reasonable explanation?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What connections exist between love and solitude? What dangers exist within them? How does the Mexican break through the bonds of both? Clearly address and explain Paz's arguments, especially toward the end of the book.
Essay Topic 2
Who is the Chingada? What roots does she have in Aztec religion and history? Like her opposite, the Virgin of Guadalupe, is redemption possible?
Essay Topic 3
In modern Mexico, what are the contrasting ways of thinking (pg 119-20)? In that context, is Spanish heritage good? How do those two mindsets continue to influence current politics and thought?
This section contains 1,749 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)