|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the main philosophical objective of the Revolution?
2. According to the tribe of the Chamulas, what is a chulel?
3. What is one factor that drives world markets?
4. How did Paz see the 20th Century?
5. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
Short Essay Questions
1. How did Catholicism reduce the Indian converts into passive believers? How was that a significant blow?
2. What did Article 3 of the new Constitution mandate? What troubles did that Article cause?
3. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
4. Mexico has entered a new phase of thinking and history. How does Paz explain that phase?
5. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
6. Who was Sor Juana? Why was she an unusual person both in South America and in old Spain?
7. What role did religion play in ancient South American cultures? Did Catholicism change that role?
8. How does Paz define "Mexicanism"? How does it mesh with the individual whom he had described earlier?
9. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
10. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Use this quote as the foundation for your essay: "We have been expelled from the center of the world, and are condemned to search for it through jungles and deserts or in the underground mazes of the labyrinth.
Essay Topic 2
Find the deaths that are mentioned in the book. According to the Mexican criterion for a worthy death - the death suits the life - how many of those people died a worthy death? How many of them died a death that did not suit their lives?
Essay Topic 3
"Man is alone everywhere. But the solitude of the Mexican, under the great stone night of the high plateau that is still inhabited by insatiable gods, is very different from that of the North American, who wanders in an abstract world of machines, fellow citizens and moral precepts" (Chapter One, pg 20). What does that mean? Is it true?
This section contains 1,921 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)