|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did liberalism and democracy function in South American countries?
2. What important circumstance did early revolutionary governments not take into account?
3. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
4. Which of the following created the Spanish monarchy?
5. What has history demonstrated through certain Contra authors such as Isaac Deutscher?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why did the new Constitution mandate that education be secular? How might that have made the Mexicans feel?
2. Throughout his career, what did Jorge Cuesta argue? What are the benefits and downfalls of his argument?
3. What does Paz think of the Soviet Union? How does it compare to Mexico?
4. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?
5. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?
6. Why was the Aztec nation able to unify so many diverse tribes? How were they quite skilled with that type of action?
7. What does Paz say about the national differences among Central and South American nations? How does that tie into their relationship with Spain?
8. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
9. How does unemployment on the farms affect the cities? How does it slow all of Mexico's development?
10. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
When does a Mexican come into conflict with his fellow man, especially another Mexican? What are the facets of the clash? How is it resolved?
Essay Topic 2
"Man is alone everywhere. But the solitude of the Mexican, under the great stone night of the high plateau that is still inhabited by insatiable gods, is very different from that of the North American, who wanders in an abstract world of machines, fellow citizens and moral precepts" (Chapter One, pg 20). What does that mean? Is it true?
Essay Topic 3
What are the varieties of chingar that the author explains? Does that help your comprehension of the word? Does it enrich your understanding of Mexican culture?
This section contains 1,805 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)