|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the Mexican intellectual's goal?
2. What horror did Cortez's rule not commit?
3. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
4. Why was unemployment high in Mexico at the time that Paz was writing?
5. What has happened to the former plurality of ideas and customs? (Chapter Seven).
Short Essay Questions
1. Who was Sor Juana? Why was she an unusual person both in South America and in old Spain?
2. How does unemployment on the farms affect the cities? How does it slow all of Mexico's development?
3. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?
4. Why did the new Constitution mandate that education be secular? How might that have made the Mexicans feel?
5. How did Catholicism reduce the Indian converts into passive believers? How was that a significant blow?
6. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
7. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?
8. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
9. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?
10. What role did Jose Vasconcelos play in modern education? From Paz's descriptions, what is his opinion of Vasconcelos?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What inspired the author to write this book? What questions did he hope to answer, and did he answer them satisfactorily?
Essay Topic 2
"Man is alone everywhere. But the solitude of the Mexican, under the great stone night of the high plateau that is still inhabited by insatiable gods, is very different from that of the North American, who wanders in an abstract world of machines, fellow citizens and moral precepts" (Chapter One, pg 20). What does that mean? Is it true?
Essay Topic 3
What are the varieties of chingar that the author explains? Does that help your comprehension of the word? Does it enrich your understanding of Mexican culture?
This section contains 1,835 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)