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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Paz discusses the result of persecution on the pachuco. What is that result?
2. How does solitude assume a purifying, almost purgative, quality for the Mexican?
3. Why are woman considered inferior people?
4. How does the philosophy of progress treat death?
5. According to Paz's argument, what is the source of the North American's irritation with the pachuco?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the Mexican view of death? When does death become saddest?
2. According to Alarcon, why does the liar lie to himself? Given what you know of the Mexican mindset, does that make sense?
3. Who is the Virgin of Guadalupe? How is she an important part of Mexican identity?
4. What mutual problem do both the Mexican and the North American face? What is the solution to that problem?
5. How did the Aztecs view sin? How does that idea explain the Conquest? What enormous change did Catholicism introduce?
6. In the author's parable, who is Nobody? Is it possible for Nobody to break the progression of his existence? Why or why not?
7. When does Paz say that a nation questions itself? Is it necessary?
8. How is the modern murderer different from a murderer of the past? How has modernity contributed to that difference?
9. What is left of the colonial world? Are those remnants the best or the worst parts that could be left behind?
10. "The pachuco has lost his whole inheritance: Language, religion, customs, and beliefs. He is left with only a body and a soul with which to confront the elements" (Chapter One, pg 15). Is that a true statement?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What dualities did Sor Juana represent (philosophical, religious, gender-based)? What lasting influence did she have?
Essay Topic 2
Who is the Chingada? What roots does she have in Aztec religion and history? Like her opposite, the Virgin of Guadalupe, is redemption possible?
Essay Topic 3
Spain accepted all forms of the Renaissance and then closed itself off to further influence. How did that affect the Conquest? How does that continue to affect Mexico's philosophical and religious development?
This section contains 1,723 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)