|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to the tribe of the Chamulas, what is a chulel?
(a) The imposition of Catholic beliefs over their native religion.
(b) A human soul residing in an animal.
(c) The prayer of deliverance uttered by a warrior.
(d) The tribute paid to a god.
2. Following the Revolution, why was socialist education not widely implemented in Mexico?
(a) Socialist education was highly unsuccessful.
(b) Training was not available for teachers for providing a socialist education.
(c) The government could not agree on a socialist curriculum.
(d) Socialism was not the philosophy adopted by Mexicans.
3. Why did the Church support Spanish power?
(a) The Church was bribed by the Spanish monarch.
(b) The Church was threatened by Spain.
(c) The Church owed its Mexican existence to the Spanish Conquest.
(d) The Church owned large portions of land.
4. According to Paz, who is most fascinated by death?
(a) The old.
(b) The youth.
(c) The infant.
(d) The dying.
5. Which of the following created the Spanish monarchy?
(a) Political will.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is Paz's solution for the lack of capital?
2. How did the Spanish Conquest treat religion?
3. Whom did Paz call the "guardian of freedom and traitor to his country"? (Chapter Six, page 125).
4. What horror did Cortez's rule not commit?
5. How did the Revolution relate to reality?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why did the new Constitution mandate that education be secular? How might that have made the Mexicans feel?
2. What does Paz think of the Soviet Union? How does it compare to Mexico?
3. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?
4. What is Paz's definition of "community"? How is that definition knowingly idealistic?
5. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?
6. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
7. How did Catholicism reduce the Indian converts into passive believers? How was that a significant blow?
8. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?
9. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
10. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
This section contains 1,855 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)