The Labyrinth of Solitude: Life and Thought in Mexico Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
(a) Where does the future lie?
(b) Who are the Mexicans as a people?
(c) What is Mexico?
(d) What comprises America?

2. According to the tribe of the Chamulas, what is a chulel?
(a) The prayer of deliverance uttered by a warrior.
(b) A human soul residing in an animal.
(c) The imposition of Catholic beliefs over their native religion.
(d) The tribute paid to a god.

3. When did the Plan of Ayala go into effect?
(a) March, 1951.
(b) July, 1937.
(c) November, 1911.
(d) January, 1909.

4. When did Spain begin to lose her hold on Mexico?
(a) The end of the 17th Century.
(b) The early 19th Century.
(c) The middle of the 19th Century.
(d) The end of the 16th Century.

5. What is Paz's solution for the lack of capital?
(a) Use human labor to the best advantage.
(b) Invest in other economies, particularly the United States.
(c) Learn to harness the raw materials.
(d) Build better and more factories.

Short Answer Questions

1. In Paz's estimation, why do the common people follow their revolutionary leaders?

2. Why were the Indians not outraged that their religions were replaced with Catholicism? (Chapter Five).

3. What was the most radical period of the Revolution?

4. How does the Indian perceive salvation? (Chapter Five).

5. In Asia and Africa, what two seemingly-contradictory ideologies are being used?

Short Essay Questions

1. What role did religion play in ancient South American cultures? Did Catholicism change that role?

2. Mexico has entered a new phase of thinking and history. How does Paz explain that phase?

3. What is Paz's definition of "community"? How is that definition knowingly idealistic?

4. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?

5. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?

6. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?

7. How did Catholicism reduce the Indian converts into passive believers? How was that a significant blow?

8. Why did the new Constitution mandate that education be secular? How might that have made the Mexicans feel?

9. What role did Jose Vasconcelos play in modern education? From Paz's descriptions, what is his opinion of Vasconcelos?

10. What did Article 3 of the new Constitution mandate? What troubles did that Article cause?

(see the answer keys)

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