|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Paz, why did the Revolution become a compromise?
(a) The Revolution's worldview synthesized too many elements.
(b) Its leader was not strong enough to carry their ideals forward.
(c) Because the extremists were a minority.
(d) It could not synthesize Mexican tradition with the desire for universality.
2. What has history demonstrated through certain Contra authors such as Isaac Deutscher?
(a) Once abundance is achieved, the state will become democratic.
(b) No class ever voluntarily gives up its privileges.
(c) Once abundance is achieved, the state will become socialistic.
(d) It is extremely difficult for one class to make advancements for itself.
3. What was Vasconcelos' philosophy regarding the material world?
(a) The supernatural world governs the material world.
(b) Emotions, rather than intellect, comprehend the world and create reality.
(c) Intellect, rather than emotions, comprehends the world and creates reality.
(d) The material world cannot be understood nor explained.
4. What was an important element of all ancient cultures?
(a) Familial relationships.
(b) Military superiority.
(c) Historical records.
5. How did the Reform want to justify itself?
(a) Through its past.
(b) Through its popularity.
(c) Through the future.
(d) Through its changes.
Short Answer Questions
1. What event precipitated Spain's complete loss of power?
2. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
3. What was the most radical period of the Revolution?
4. Which of the following created the Spanish monarchy?
5. According to Jorge Cuesta, how has Mexico created herself?
Short Essay Questions
1. What did Article 3 of the new Constitution mandate? What troubles did that Article cause?
2. Throughout his career, what did Jorge Cuesta argue? What are the benefits and downfalls of his argument?
3. Mexico has entered a new phase of thinking and history. How does Paz explain that phase?
4. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?
5. What does Paz think of the Soviet Union? How does it compare to Mexico?
6. How does Paz define "Mexicanism"? How does it mesh with the individual whom he had described earlier?
7. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?
8. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?
9. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
10. Why was the Aztec nation able to unify so many diverse tribes? How were they quite skilled with that type of action?
This section contains 1,820 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)