|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is Paz's solution for the lack of capital?
(a) Learn to harness the raw materials.
(b) Build better and more factories.
(c) Use human labor to the best advantage.
(d) Invest in other economies, particularly the United States.
2. What did Manuel Gomez-Morin accomplish for the Revolution?
(a) He led the greatest contingent of soldiers.
(b) He wrote the Plan of Ayala.
(c) He formulated the property laws.
(d) He helped draft the new Constitution.
3. What has happened to the former plurality of ideas and customs? (Chapter Seven).
(a) It has splintered into even more segments.
(b) It has grown to accommodate special-interest groups.
(c) It has been replaced by a single civilization.
(d) They have become richer.
4. What was sacrificed when Porfirio Diaz took power and subdued anarchy?
5. On what does Paz blame "the rather zigzag progress of the state"? Chapter Eight, page 181).
(a) The necessity of making revolutionary ideals work for practical living.
(b) The difficulty of dealing with a large work force.
(c) The struggle between capitalist ideals and socialism.
(d) The conflict between national capitalism and international capitalism.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why does poetry tend to eradicate history? (Chapter Seven).
2. Why was Diaz's regime in a precarious position regarding positivist philosophy?
3. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
4. In Asia and Africa, what two seemingly-contradictory ideologies are being used?
5. Who authored. the book, Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico?
Short Essay Questions
1. What role did Jose Vasconcelos play in modern education? From Paz's descriptions, what is his opinion of Vasconcelos?
2. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
3. How does Paz explain the suicides of the Aztec people? Is it a reasonable explanation?
4. Mexico has entered a new phase of thinking and history. How does Paz explain that phase?
5. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
6. What does Paz think of the Soviet Union? How does it compare to Mexico?
7. What is Paz's definition of "community"? How is that definition knowingly idealistic?
8. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?
9. Why was the Aztec nation able to unify so many diverse tribes? How were they quite skilled with that type of action?
10. How does Paz define "Mexicanism"? How does it mesh with the individual whom he had described earlier?
This section contains 1,911 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)