The Labyrinth of Solitude: Life and Thought in Mexico Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which of the following created the Spanish monarchy?
(a) Unity.
(b) Political will.
(c) Diversity.
(d) Violence.

2. Why is a study of colonialism important in understanding Mexican history?
(a) The nation was founded through a peaceful Spanish immersion into Indian culture.
(b) The nation was founded by a Spanish conquest of Indians.
(c) The nation's beginnings were heavily influenced by North Americans.
(d) The nation began through the colonization of several surrounding nations.

3. What is one factor that drives world markets?
(a) The low cost of raw materials, and the high cost of manufactured products.
(b) The unchallenged advantages of advanced countries.
(c) The unequal distribution of raw materials.
(d) The inability of third-world markets to compete.

4. According to Paz, what is the "contemporary crisis"? (Chapter Seven, page 172).
(a) The difficulty of Mexico relating to the advancing western world.
(b) The crisis of self-identity sweeping South America.
(c) The struggle between two diverse cultures.
(d) A struggle within a culture that no longer has any rivals.

5. How did the Spanish Conquest treat religion?
(a) Spain was integrating Mesoamerican religions.
(b) Spain was protecting the Mesoamerican religions.
(c) The Conquest did not relate to religion.
(d) Spain was defending the faith.

Short Answer Questions

1. What important circumstance did early revolutionary governments not take into account?

2. On what does Paz blame "the rather zigzag progress of the state"? Chapter Eight, page 181).

3. Why did the Church support Spanish power?

4. Why was Diaz's regime in a precarious position regarding positivist philosophy?

5. What was the main philosophical objective of the Revolution?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why was the Aztec nation able to unify so many diverse tribes? How were they quite skilled with that type of action?

2. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?

3. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?

4. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?

5. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.

6. What did Article 3 of the new Constitution mandate? What troubles did that Article cause?

7. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?

8. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?

9. What role did religion play in ancient South American cultures? Did Catholicism change that role?

10. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?

(see the answer keys)

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