|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did the Spanish Conquest treat religion?
(a) Spain was protecting the Mesoamerican religions.
(b) Spain was defending the faith.
(c) Spain was integrating Mesoamerican religions.
(d) The Conquest did not relate to religion.
2. What was sacrificed when Porfirio Diaz took power and subdued anarchy?
3. How did the Independence movement begin in South America?
(a) With simultaneous victories sweeping the continent.
(b) With a small band of determined revolutionaries.
(c) With Mexican housewives gradually overturning the governing body.
(d) Under the leadership of impassioned leader, San Martin.
4. How did the Revolution relate to reality?
(a) It denied reality.
(b) It was a sheer explosion of reality.
(c) It subtly altered the past idea of reality.
(d) It brought about a new idea of reality.
5. According to Paz, why did the Revolution become a compromise?
(a) The Revolution's worldview synthesized too many elements.
(b) It could not synthesize Mexican tradition with the desire for universality.
(c) Its leader was not strong enough to carry their ideals forward.
(d) Because the extremists were a minority.
Short Answer Questions
1. What economic goal did the Revolution have?
2. Why was Diaz's regime in a precarious position regarding positivist philosophy?
3. Why did the Church support Spanish power?
4. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
5. What metaphor does Paz use to describe Mexico taking control from Spain?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Paz think of the Soviet Union? How does it compare to Mexico?
2. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
3. What role did religion play in ancient South American cultures? Did Catholicism change that role?
4. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?
5. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
6. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
7. How does Paz define "Mexicanism"? How does it mesh with the individual whom he had described earlier?
8. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?
9. What role did Jose Vasconcelos play in modern education? From Paz's descriptions, what is his opinion of Vasconcelos?
10. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?
This section contains 1,960 words
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