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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did the Spanish Conquest treat religion?
(a) The Conquest did not relate to religion.
(b) Spain was integrating Mesoamerican religions.
(c) Spain was protecting the Mesoamerican religions.
(d) Spain was defending the faith.
2. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
3. What is the value of Sor Juana's poem, "First Dream"?
(a) A penetrating analysis of the effects of European influence.
(b) A philosophical look at Catholicism.
(c) A philosophical look at the depth of reality.
(d) A comprehensive history of the Indians before Cortez.
4. What did positivism do with the ideals of the Reformation?
(a) Made them irrelevant to Mexican life and culture.
(b) Made them reality.
(c) Blurred them into vague, utopian dreams.
(d) Pushed them into the background.
5. What was one factor that guided the Revolution to prioritize tradition?
(a) The workers did not belong to the city or the country, and so they did not have any tradition.
(b) Its fear of the future.
(c) Its belief in the value of the past.
(d) The large number of supporters over the age of 50.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Manuel Gomez-Morin accomplish for the Revolution?
2. What important circumstance did early revolutionary governments not take into account?
3. What was the purpose of the publishing house Fondo de Cultura Economica?
4. Why were the Indians not outraged that their religions were replaced with Catholicism? (Chapter Five).
5. What horror did Cortez's rule not commit?
Short Essay Questions
1. When did Independence begin in Mexico? How was it similar to or different from the Conquest?
2. How does Paz explain the suicides of the Aztec people? Is it a reasonable explanation?
3. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?
4. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
5. Who was Sor Juana? Why was she an unusual person both in South America and in old Spain?
6. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?
7. What does Paz say about the national differences among Central and South American nations? How does that tie into their relationship with Spain?
8. What did Article 3 of the new Constitution mandate? What troubles did that Article cause?
9. What is Paz's definition of "community"? How is that definition knowingly idealistic?
10. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?
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