|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is one factor that drives world markets?
(a) The low cost of raw materials, and the high cost of manufactured products.
(b) The inability of third-world markets to compete.
(c) The unchallenged advantages of advanced countries.
(d) The unequal distribution of raw materials.
2. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
(a) A place of stable government and economy.
(b) A place of liberty where men recognize themselves in each other.
(c) A gathering of people who are invested in each other.
(d) A place of safety, especially for women and children.
3. Who authored. the book, Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico?
(a) Christophe Adler.
(b) Jorge Cuesta.
(c) Samuel Ramos.
(d) Jorge Scheler.
4. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
(a) Where does the future lie?
(b) What comprises America?
(c) What is Mexico?
(d) Who are the Mexicans as a people?
5. How did the Revolution relate to reality?
(a) It was a sheer explosion of reality.
(b) It subtly altered the past idea of reality.
(c) It brought about a new idea of reality.
(d) It denied reality.
Short Answer Questions
1. What happened to the people annexed by greater world powers?
2. What economic goal did the Revolution have?
3. On what does Paz blame "the rather zigzag progress of the state"? Chapter Eight, page 181).
4. In Jose Gaos' thought, what unique opportunity do young people have through their education?
5. Which of the following contributed to making colonialism alive and relevant?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why did the new Constitution mandate that education be secular? How might that have made the Mexicans feel?
2. Mexico has entered a new phase of thinking and history. How does Paz explain that phase?
3. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?
4. What role did religion play in ancient South American cultures? Did Catholicism change that role?
5. When did Independence begin in Mexico? How was it similar to or different from the Conquest?
6. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
7. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
8. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?
9. What role did Jose Vasconcelos play in modern education? From Paz's descriptions, what is his opinion of Vasconcelos?
10. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
This section contains 1,901 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)