|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was the Mexican intellectual's goal?
(a) Political action.
(b) Propagation of the arts.
(c) Cultural education.
(d) Educational reform.
2. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
3. When Paz sees that Mexicans return to their tradition, what do they remember?
(a) That they do not belong to a greater universal tradition.
(b) That their tradition is rooted in conquest and slavery.
(c) That their tradition is mostly Indian.
(d) That they are part of Spain's tradition.
4. Why were the Indians not outraged that their religions were replaced with Catholicism? (Chapter Five).
(a) Because they were not very connected to their gods.
(b) Because they had been reconnected to the world.
(c) Because their gods had betrayed them when Cortez attacked.
(d) Because they liked Catholicism better.
5. Following the Revolution, why was socialist education not widely implemented in Mexico?
(a) Socialism was not the philosophy adopted by Mexicans.
(b) Training was not available for teachers for providing a socialist education.
(c) Socialist education was highly unsuccessful.
(d) The government could not agree on a socialist curriculum.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Paz, why did the Revolution become a compromise?
2. Which of the following contributed to making colonialism alive and relevant?
3. Whom did Paz call the "guardian of freedom and traitor to his country"? (Chapter Six, page 125).
4. What did Moctezuma think as the Spaniards approached?
5. What horror did Cortez's rule not commit?
Short Essay Questions
1. Mexico has entered a new phase of thinking and history. How does Paz explain that phase?
2. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
3. What is Paz's definition of "community"? How is that definition knowingly idealistic?
4. What did Article 3 of the new Constitution mandate? What troubles did that Article cause?
5. Why did the new Constitution mandate that education be secular? How might that have made the Mexicans feel?
6. Throughout his career, what did Jorge Cuesta argue? What are the benefits and downfalls of his argument?
7. What role did religion play in ancient South American cultures? Did Catholicism change that role?
8. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?
9. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?
10. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
This section contains 1,937 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)