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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Following the Revolution, why was socialist education not widely implemented in Mexico?
(a) Socialism was not the philosophy adopted by Mexicans.
(b) Training was not available for teachers for providing a socialist education.
(c) The government could not agree on a socialist curriculum.
(d) Socialist education was highly unsuccessful.
2. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
(a) What is Mexico?
(b) Where does the future lie?
(c) Who are the Mexicans as a people?
(d) What comprises America?
3. Why did the Spaniards not exterminate the Indians after they were conquered?
(a) Their Catholicism prevented mass slaughter.
(b) They needed labor.
(c) They wanted to learn from the Indians.
(d) They respected the Indians.
4. What has happened to the former plurality of ideas and customs? (Chapter Seven).
(a) They have become richer.
(b) It has been replaced by a single civilization.
(c) It has splintered into even more segments.
(d) It has grown to accommodate special-interest groups.
5. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
(a) Uneducated, struggling clans.
(b) Autonomous, refined civilizations.
(c) Scattered groups of people.
(d) A single ruling power.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who authored. the book, Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico?
2. In Asia and Africa, what two seemingly-contradictory ideologies are being used?
3. How did Paz see the 20th Century?
4. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
5. How did the Revolution relate to reality?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does Paz explain the suicides of the Aztec people? Is it a reasonable explanation?
2. Mexico has entered a new phase of thinking and history. How does Paz explain that phase?
3. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
4. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?
5. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?
6. How did Catholicism reduce the Indian converts into passive believers? How was that a significant blow?
7. What role did religion play in ancient South American cultures? Did Catholicism change that role?
8. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
9. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
10. What does Paz think of the Soviet Union? How does it compare to Mexico?
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