|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Where have the great revolutions of the 20th Century occurred?
(a) In backward countries.
(b) Among indigenous tribes.
(c) In large, wealthy countries.
(d) In places with little modern culture.
2. In Jose Gaos' thought, what unique opportunity do young people have through their education?
(a) Rebuilding their political system.
(b) Creating their own philosophy.
(c) Modifying Spanish to meet the needs of the South Americans.
(d) Moving Mexico into the world sphere.
3. What did positivism do with the ideals of the Reformation?
(a) Blurred them into vague, utopian dreams.
(b) Pushed them into the background.
(c) Made them irrelevant to Mexican life and culture.
(d) Made them reality.
4. When Paz sees that Mexicans return to their tradition, what do they remember?
(a) That their tradition is mostly Indian.
(b) That their tradition is rooted in conquest and slavery.
(c) That they are part of Spain's tradition.
(d) That they do not belong to a greater universal tradition.
5. Which of the following contributed to making colonialism alive and relevant?
(b) Imperial takeover.
(c) Native acceptance.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was sacrificed when Porfirio Diaz took power and subdued anarchy?
2. According to Paz, why did the Revolution become a compromise?
3. Whom did Paz call the "guardian of freedom and traitor to his country"? (Chapter Six, page 125).
4. Why have Mexican culture and politics vacillated from one extreme to another? (Chapter Seven, page 157).
5. What is the value of Sor Juana's poem, "First Dream"?
Short Essay Questions
1. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
2. What is Paz's definition of "community"? How is that definition knowingly idealistic?
3. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
4. How does Paz define "Mexicanism"? How does it mesh with the individual whom he had described earlier?
5. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?
6. Why did the new Constitution mandate that education be secular? How might that have made the Mexicans feel?
7. How does Paz explain the suicides of the Aztec people? Is it a reasonable explanation?
8. What did Article 3 of the new Constitution mandate? What troubles did that Article cause?
9. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
10. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?
This section contains 1,880 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)