|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What happened to the people annexed by greater world powers?
(a) They became more active in the world sphere.
(b) They were forgotten.
(c) The material gains that they made balanced the loss of voice.
(d) They became passive in the world sphere.
2. How did the Spanish Conquest treat religion?
(a) Spain was protecting the Mesoamerican religions.
(b) Spain was defending the faith.
(c) Spain was integrating Mesoamerican religions.
(d) The Conquest did not relate to religion.
3. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
(a) A gathering of people who are invested in each other.
(b) A place of liberty where men recognize themselves in each other.
(c) A place of safety, especially for women and children.
(d) A place of stable government and economy.
4. According to Paz, what must be the first step toward reform?
(a) A return to traditionalism.
(b) A struggle against the lie that makes colonialism official.
(c) A struggle against rampant government corruption.
(d) A complete overthrow of the socialist state.
5. What was one factor that guided the Revolution to prioritize tradition?
(a) Its belief in the value of the past.
(b) The large number of supporters over the age of 50.
(c) Its fear of the future.
(d) The workers did not belong to the city or the country, and so they did not have any tradition.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why did the Spaniards not exterminate the Indians after they were conquered?
2. In Jose Gaos' thought, what unique opportunity do young people have through their education?
3. What did Moctezuma think as the Spaniards approached?
4. What is Paz's solution for the lack of capital?
5. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
Short Essay Questions
1. Mexico has entered a new phase of thinking and history. How does Paz explain that phase?
2. How does Paz define "Mexicanism"? How does it mesh with the individual whom he had described earlier?
3. What does Paz think of the Soviet Union? How does it compare to Mexico?
4. What is Paz's definition of "community"? How is that definition knowingly idealistic?
5. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?
6. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
7. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
8. What did Article 3 of the new Constitution mandate? What troubles did that Article cause?
9. Why was the Aztec nation able to unify so many diverse tribes? How were they quite skilled with that type of action?
10. How did Catholicism reduce the Indian converts into passive believers? How was that a significant blow?
This section contains 1,826 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)