|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did liberalism and democracy function in South American countries?
(a) As a veneer for the workings of colonialism.
(b) As an impetus to move the countries into modernity.
(c) As the breath of fresh air, politically speaking.
(d) As the new structure of governments around the continent.
2. On what does Paz blame "the rather zigzag progress of the state"? Chapter Eight, page 181).
(a) The necessity of making revolutionary ideals work for practical living.
(b) The conflict between national capitalism and international capitalism.
(c) The struggle between capitalist ideals and socialism.
(d) The difficulty of dealing with a large work force.
3. In Paz's philosophy, why must Mexicans face reality alone?
(a) They do not have a comprehensive philosophy of the self.
(b) They are not in step with the rest of the intellectual world.
(c) The modern world no longer has any ideas.
(d) They have alienated themselves from the world.
4. Who was Emiliano Zapata?
(a) The first leader of the Revolution.
(b) The replacement in Diaz's regime.
(c) The leader of the Revolution of the South.
(d) The military leader in Diaz's regime.
5. What horror did Cortez's rule not commit?
(a) Raping the indigenous women.
(b) Complete annihilation of the native peoples.
(c) Forcing indigenous people to speak European Spanish.
(d) Denying the conquered people a place in society.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did the Revolution relate to reality?
2. Why were the Indians not outraged that their religions were replaced with Catholicism? (Chapter Five).
3. According to Jorge Cuesta, how has Mexico created herself?
4. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
5. What did the Revolution force the Mexican people to do?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why did the new Constitution mandate that education be secular? How might that have made the Mexicans feel?
2. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?
3. How does Paz define "Mexicanism"? How does it mesh with the individual whom he had described earlier?
4. Who was Sor Juana? Why was she an unusual person both in South America and in old Spain?
5. When did Independence begin in Mexico? How was it similar to or different from the Conquest?
6. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?
7. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
8. Throughout his career, what did Jorge Cuesta argue? What are the benefits and downfalls of his argument?
9. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?
10. How did Catholicism reduce the Indian converts into passive believers? How was that a significant blow?
This section contains 1,976 words
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