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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
(a) They overturned several of Spain's philosophical treatises.
(b) The people adopted ideas, but did not invent their own.
(c) They had only two great thinkers.
(d) The people adopted some ideas and invented others.
2. Why were the Indians not outraged that their religions were replaced with Catholicism? (Chapter Five).
(a) Because they were not very connected to their gods.
(b) Because they liked Catholicism better.
(c) Because they had been reconnected to the world.
(d) Because their gods had betrayed them when Cortez attacked.
3. According to Paz, who is most fascinated by death?
(a) The youth.
(b) The dying.
(c) The infant.
(d) The old.
4. What was the most radical period of the Revolution?
(a) The Cardenas Administration.
(b) The three months leading up to the revolt.
(c) The Calles Coup.
(d) The Obregon Administration.
5. What economic goal did the Revolution have?
(a) To improve the commerce that had already been established.
(b) To pull the nation out of poverty.
(c) To free Mexico from dependence on Spain.
(d) To establish commerce and industry.
Short Answer Questions
1. When did the Plan of Ayala go into effect?
2. How does the Indian perceive salvation? (Chapter Five).
3. What important circumstance did early revolutionary governments not take into account?
4. In Paz's argument, how have tradition and religion always been presented to the Mexicans?
5. Why was Diaz's regime in a precarious position regarding positivist philosophy?
Short Essay Questions
1. Who was Sor Juana? Why was she an unusual person both in South America and in old Spain?
2. What does Paz say about the national differences among Central and South American nations? How does that tie into their relationship with Spain?
3. Why was the Aztec nation able to unify so many diverse tribes? How were they quite skilled with that type of action?
4. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
5. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?
6. What did Article 3 of the new Constitution mandate? What troubles did that Article cause?
7. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
8. What does Paz think of the Soviet Union? How does it compare to Mexico?
9. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
10. When did Independence begin in Mexico? How was it similar to or different from the Conquest?
This section contains 1,923 words
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