|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What should Mexicans recognize about their alienation from the world?
(a) It is unique to their country.
(b) It is shared by many people around the world.
(c) It can be reversed only by a charismatic leader.
(d) It has managed to cut them off completely.
2. Who authored. the book, Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico?
(a) Christophe Adler.
(b) Jorge Scheler.
(c) Samuel Ramos.
(d) Jorge Cuesta.
3. When did the Plan of Ayala go into effect?
(a) March, 1951.
(b) January, 1909.
(c) July, 1937.
(d) November, 1911.
4. How did liberalism and democracy function in South American countries?
(a) As an impetus to move the countries into modernity.
(b) As the breath of fresh air, politically speaking.
(c) As a veneer for the workings of colonialism.
(d) As the new structure of governments around the continent.
5. In Paz's argument, how have tradition and religion always been presented to the Mexicans?
(a) As things leading to their spiritual salvation.
(b) As things that stifle their individuality.
(c) As things that will solidify their national identity.
(d) As things to be held lightly or discarded.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Moctezuma think as the Spaniards approached?
2. What is one factor that drives world markets?
3. How does the Indian perceive salvation? (Chapter Five).
4. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
5. How did the Aztecs' final struggle manifest itself?
Short Essay Questions
1. When did Independence begin in Mexico? How was it similar to or different from the Conquest?
2. Who was Sor Juana? Why was she an unusual person both in South America and in old Spain?
3. What role did religion play in ancient South American cultures? Did Catholicism change that role?
4. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
5. What did Article 3 of the new Constitution mandate? What troubles did that Article cause?
6. What does Paz say about the national differences among Central and South American nations? How does that tie into their relationship with Spain?
7. How does Paz explain the suicides of the Aztec people? Is it a reasonable explanation?
8. Throughout his career, what did Jorge Cuesta argue? What are the benefits and downfalls of his argument?
9. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
10. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
This section contains 1,947 words
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