|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did liberalism and democracy function in South American countries?
(a) As the new structure of governments around the continent.
(b) As the breath of fresh air, politically speaking.
(c) As an impetus to move the countries into modernity.
(d) As a veneer for the workings of colonialism.
2. According to Paz, what must be the first step toward reform?
(a) A complete overthrow of the socialist state.
(b) A struggle against the lie that makes colonialism official.
(c) A struggle against rampant government corruption.
(d) A return to traditionalism.
3. According to Trotsky, what should happen if the Revolution does not break out in advanced nations following World War II?
(a) The Marxist view of economics should be revised.
(b) The Marxist view of history should be revised.
(c) Socialism should be forced on those nations.
(d) Socialism should be abandoned altogether.
4. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
5. Who authored. the book, Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico?
(a) Jorge Scheler.
(b) Samuel Ramos.
(c) Christophe Adler.
(d) Jorge Cuesta.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the purpose of the publishing house Fondo de Cultura Economica?
2. When did the Plan of Ayala go into effect?
3. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
4. What did positivism do with the ideals of the Reformation?
5. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
Short Essay Questions
1. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
2. How does Paz explain the suicides of the Aztec people? Is it a reasonable explanation?
3. When did Independence begin in Mexico? How was it similar to or different from the Conquest?
4. Who was Sor Juana? Why was she an unusual person both in South America and in old Spain?
5. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?
6. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?
7. How does Paz define "Mexicanism"? How does it mesh with the individual whom he had described earlier?
8. What role did Jose Vasconcelos play in modern education? From Paz's descriptions, what is his opinion of Vasconcelos?
9. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
10. How does unemployment on the farms affect the cities? How does it slow all of Mexico's development?
This section contains 1,789 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)