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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which of the following created the Spanish monarchy?
(a) Political will.
2. Mexico lacks basic industries except for one - what is it?
3. According to Paz, what is the "contemporary crisis"? (Chapter Seven, page 172).
(a) A struggle within a culture that no longer has any rivals.
(b) The difficulty of Mexico relating to the advancing western world.
(c) The struggle between two diverse cultures.
(d) The crisis of self-identity sweeping South America.
4. When did the Plan of Ayala go into effect?
(a) March, 1951.
(b) November, 1911.
(c) January, 1909.
(d) July, 1937.
5. What is one factor that drives world markets?
(a) The low cost of raw materials, and the high cost of manufactured products.
(b) The unequal distribution of raw materials.
(c) The unchallenged advantages of advanced countries.
(d) The inability of third-world markets to compete.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why was unemployment high in Mexico at the time that Paz was writing?
2. What metaphor does Paz use to describe Mexico taking control from Spain?
3. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
4. According to Paz, who is most fascinated by death?
5. What has happened to the former plurality of ideas and customs? (Chapter Seven).
Short Essay Questions
1. When did Independence begin in Mexico? How was it similar to or different from the Conquest?
2. What did Article 3 of the new Constitution mandate? What troubles did that Article cause?
3. How does unemployment on the farms affect the cities? How does it slow all of Mexico's development?
4. What does Paz think of the Soviet Union? How does it compare to Mexico?
5. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
6. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?
7. How did Catholicism reduce the Indian converts into passive believers? How was that a significant blow?
8. What role did religion play in ancient South American cultures? Did Catholicism change that role?
9. How does Paz define "Mexicanism"? How does it mesh with the individual whom he had described earlier?
10. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
This section contains 1,735 words
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