|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In Paz's estimation, why do the common people follow their revolutionary leaders?
(a) They are intimidated by the leaders.
(b) They have no desire to upset the progress of the Revolution.
(c) They identify with the men.
(d) They believe in the revolution, regardless of who leads it.
2. In Asia and Africa, what two seemingly-contradictory ideologies are being used?
(a) Future dreams and individualism.
(b) World power and individualism.
(c) Colonial past and nationalism.
(d) Revolutionary aspiration and nationalism.
3. When did Spain begin to lose her hold on Mexico?
(a) The end of the 17th Century.
(b) The end of the 16th Century.
(c) The middle of the 19th Century.
(d) The early 19th Century.
4. What should Mexicans recognize about their alienation from the world?
(a) It is unique to their country.
(b) It has managed to cut them off completely.
(c) It is shared by many people around the world.
(d) It can be reversed only by a charismatic leader.
5. How did the Aztecs' final struggle manifest itself?
(a) In suicide.
(b) In destruction of their own property.
(c) As the last battle.
(d) In silence.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the most radical period of the Revolution?
2. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
3. What is Paz's solution for the lack of capital?
4. How did the Independence movement begin in South America?
5. When did the Plan of Ayala go into effect?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does Paz explain the suicides of the Aztec people? Is it a reasonable explanation?
2. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
3. Throughout his career, what did Jorge Cuesta argue? What are the benefits and downfalls of his argument?
4. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
5. What role did religion play in ancient South American cultures? Did Catholicism change that role?
6. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?
7. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?
8. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
9. How did Catholicism reduce the Indian converts into passive believers? How was that a significant blow?
10. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?
This section contains 1,985 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)