|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was the motto of positivism?
(a) "Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity".
(b) "Love, Order, and Progress".
(c) "The Spirit Shall Speak through My Race".
(d) "Thus Shall We Live".
2. Why have Mexican culture and politics vacillated from one extreme to another? (Chapter Seven, page 157).
(a) Because Mexicans deny their Spanish and Indian heritage.
(b) Because there has never been a strong Mexican leader.
(c) Because Mexicans cannot invent their history from the beginning.
(d) Because Mexicans have difficulty synthesizing experiences.
3. What did the Revolution force the Mexican people to do?
(a) Confront history and invent their future.
(b) Think about the future in global terms.
(c) Synthesize their colonial past with the pre-Catholicism past..
(d) Overcome the institutions of colonialism.
4. What was one factor that guided the Revolution to prioritize tradition?
(a) Its belief in the value of the past.
(b) Its fear of the future.
(c) The workers did not belong to the city or the country, and so they did not have any tradition.
(d) The large number of supporters over the age of 50.
5. What was an important element of all ancient cultures?
(a) Historical records.
(b) Military superiority.
(d) Familial relationships.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Jorge Cuesta, how has Mexico created herself?
2. Why was unemployment high in Mexico at the time that Paz was writing?
3. According to Paz, what is the "contemporary crisis"? (Chapter Seven, page 172).
4. When Paz sees that Mexicans return to their tradition, what do they remember?
5. According to Trotsky, what should happen if the Revolution does not break out in advanced nations following World War II?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why was the Aztec nation able to unify so many diverse tribes? How were they quite skilled with that type of action?
2. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
3. What does Paz think of the Soviet Union? How does it compare to Mexico?
4. When did Independence begin in Mexico? How was it similar to or different from the Conquest?
5. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
6. What is Paz's definition of "community"? How is that definition knowingly idealistic?
7. How does Paz explain the suicides of the Aztec people? Is it a reasonable explanation?
8. Throughout his career, what did Jorge Cuesta argue? What are the benefits and downfalls of his argument?
9. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?
10. Mexico has entered a new phase of thinking and history. How does Paz explain that phase?
This section contains 2,056 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)