|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Paz, why did the Revolution become a compromise?
(a) Because the extremists were a minority.
(b) The Revolution's worldview synthesized too many elements.
(c) It could not synthesize Mexican tradition with the desire for universality.
(d) Its leader was not strong enough to carry their ideals forward.
2. Mexico lacks basic industries except for one - what is it?
3. According to Jorge Cuesta, how has Mexico created herself?
(a) With an eye toward preventing civil war.
(b) In agreement with her past.
(c) In opposition to her past.
(d) With no regard for the common people.
4. In Asia and Africa, what two seemingly-contradictory ideologies are being used?
(a) World power and individualism.
(b) Future dreams and individualism.
(c) Colonial past and nationalism.
(d) Revolutionary aspiration and nationalism.
5. When Paz sees that Mexicans return to their tradition, what do they remember?
(a) That their tradition is mostly Indian.
(b) That their tradition is rooted in conquest and slavery.
(c) That they do not belong to a greater universal tradition.
(d) That they are part of Spain's tradition.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was an important element of all ancient cultures?
2. What did positivism do with the ideals of the Reformation?
3. Why was Diaz's regime in a precarious position regarding positivist philosophy?
4. What was Vasconcelos' philosophy regarding the material world?
5. Why is a study of colonialism important in understanding Mexican history?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does unemployment on the farms affect the cities? How does it slow all of Mexico's development?
2. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?
3. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
4. What role did Jose Vasconcelos play in modern education? From Paz's descriptions, what is his opinion of Vasconcelos?
5. How does Paz define "Mexicanism"? How does it mesh with the individual whom he had described earlier?
6. Why did the new Constitution mandate that education be secular? How might that have made the Mexicans feel?
7. What does Paz say about the national differences among Central and South American nations? How does that tie into their relationship with Spain?
8. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
9. When did Independence begin in Mexico? How was it similar to or different from the Conquest?
10. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
This section contains 1,878 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)