|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Whom did Paz call the "guardian of freedom and traitor to his country"? (Chapter Six, page 125).
(a) Jose Maria Mora.
(b) Benito Juarez.
(c) Valentin Gomez Farias.
2. What is the value of Sor Juana's poem, "First Dream"?
(a) A penetrating analysis of the effects of European influence.
(b) A philosophical look at Catholicism.
(c) A philosophical look at the depth of reality.
(d) A comprehensive history of the Indians before Cortez.
3. What did the Revolution force the Mexican people to do?
(a) Think about the future in global terms.
(b) Synthesize their colonial past with the pre-Catholicism past..
(c) Overcome the institutions of colonialism.
(d) Confront history and invent their future.
4. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
(a) A place of liberty where men recognize themselves in each other.
(b) A place of stable government and economy.
(c) A gathering of people who are invested in each other.
(d) A place of safety, especially for women and children.
5. In Asia and Africa, what two seemingly-contradictory ideologies are being used?
(a) World power and individualism.
(b) Colonial past and nationalism.
(c) Revolutionary aspiration and nationalism.
(d) Future dreams and individualism.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why was Diaz's regime in a precarious position regarding positivist philosophy?
2. According to Paz, who is most fascinated by death?
3. What did positivism do with the ideals of the Reformation?
4. According to Jorge Cuesta, how has Mexico created herself?
5. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
Short Essay Questions
1. What role did Jose Vasconcelos play in modern education? From Paz's descriptions, what is his opinion of Vasconcelos?
2. What role did religion play in ancient South American cultures? Did Catholicism change that role?
3. How does unemployment on the farms affect the cities? How does it slow all of Mexico's development?
4. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
5. What does Paz think of the Soviet Union? How does it compare to Mexico?
6. Who was Sor Juana? Why was she an unusual person both in South America and in old Spain?
7. Why did the new Constitution mandate that education be secular? How might that have made the Mexicans feel?
8. When did Independence begin in Mexico? How was it similar to or different from the Conquest?
9. How did Catholicism reduce the Indian converts into passive believers? How was that a significant blow?
10. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
This section contains 1,870 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)