|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did the Reform want to justify itself?
(a) Through its popularity.
(b) Through the future.
(c) Through its past.
(d) Through its changes.
2. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
(a) A place of stable government and economy.
(b) A gathering of people who are invested in each other.
(c) A place of liberty where men recognize themselves in each other.
(d) A place of safety, especially for women and children.
3. What is the value of Sor Juana's poem, "First Dream"?
(a) A philosophical look at the depth of reality.
(b) A comprehensive history of the Indians before Cortez.
(c) A philosophical look at Catholicism.
(d) A penetrating analysis of the effects of European influence.
4. What is one factor that drives world markets?
(a) The inability of third-world markets to compete.
(b) The unequal distribution of raw materials.
(c) The unchallenged advantages of advanced countries.
(d) The low cost of raw materials, and the high cost of manufactured products.
5. How did Paz see the 20th Century?
(a) A time when dictators took more power than ever before.
(b) A time when the common man asserted himself.
(c) A time when all historical eras mingled and merged.
(d) A time when feudalism was finally thrown off.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Paz, what is the "contemporary crisis"? (Chapter Seven, page 172).
2. According to Paz, who is most fascinated by death?
3. According to Jorge Cuesta, how has Mexico created herself?
4. In Paz's argument, how have tradition and religion always been presented to the Mexicans?
5. Why is a study of colonialism important in understanding Mexican history?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?
2. Throughout his career, what did Jorge Cuesta argue? What are the benefits and downfalls of his argument?
3. Why did the new Constitution mandate that education be secular? How might that have made the Mexicans feel?
4. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
5. What does Paz think of the Soviet Union? How does it compare to Mexico?
6. Why was the Aztec nation able to unify so many diverse tribes? How were they quite skilled with that type of action?
7. How does Paz define "Mexicanism"? How does it mesh with the individual whom he had described earlier?
8. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
9. When did Independence begin in Mexico? How was it similar to or different from the Conquest?
10. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?
This section contains 1,951 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)