|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did positivism do with the ideals of the Reformation?
(a) Made them reality.
(b) Made them irrelevant to Mexican life and culture.
(c) Pushed them into the background.
(d) Blurred them into vague, utopian dreams.
2. According to Jorge Cuesta, how has Mexico created herself?
(a) With an eye toward preventing civil war.
(b) In opposition to her past.
(c) With no regard for the common people.
(d) In agreement with her past.
3. Why was Diaz's regime in a precarious position regarding positivist philosophy?
(a) Because it could not afford to support such a philosophy when the regime itself was so new.
(b) Because only about half the regime favored the philosophy.
(c) Because the common people vehemently opposed the philosophy.
(d) Because it adopted rather than fathered the philosophy.
4. What did Manuel Gomez-Morin accomplish for the Revolution?
(a) He wrote the Plan of Ayala.
(b) He led the greatest contingent of soldiers.
(c) He formulated the property laws.
(d) He helped draft the new Constitution.
5. How did the Independence movement begin in South America?
(a) With a small band of determined revolutionaries.
(b) With Mexican housewives gradually overturning the governing body.
(c) With simultaneous victories sweeping the continent.
(d) Under the leadership of impassioned leader, San Martin.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why were the Indians not outraged that their religions were replaced with Catholicism? (Chapter Five).
2. According to Paz, who is most fascinated by death?
3. What horror did Cortez's rule not commit?
4. Who was Emiliano Zapata?
5. What is the value of Sor Juana's poem, "First Dream"?
Short Essay Questions
1. Mexico has entered a new phase of thinking and history. How does Paz explain that phase?
2. What did Article 3 of the new Constitution mandate? What troubles did that Article cause?
3. Paz asserts that every revolution attempts to restore the order that an oppressor has twisted or disregarded altogether. How was that true in Mexico?
4. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
5. How does unemployment on the farms affect the cities? How does it slow all of Mexico's development?
6. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?
7. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?
8. What role did religion play in ancient South American cultures? Did Catholicism change that role?
9. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
10. How did Catholicism reduce the Indian converts into passive believers? How was that a significant blow?
This section contains 1,956 words
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