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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Where have the great revolutions of the 20th Century occurred?
(a) Among indigenous tribes.
(b) In large, wealthy countries.
(c) In backward countries.
(d) In places with little modern culture.
2. What is one factor that drives world markets?
(a) The inability of third-world markets to compete.
(b) The low cost of raw materials, and the high cost of manufactured products.
(c) The unequal distribution of raw materials.
(d) The unchallenged advantages of advanced countries.
3. In Jose Gaos' thought, what unique opportunity do young people have through their education?
(a) Rebuilding their political system.
(b) Moving Mexico into the world sphere.
(c) Creating their own philosophy.
(d) Modifying Spanish to meet the needs of the South Americans.
4. According to the tribe of the Chamulas, what is a chulel?
(a) A human soul residing in an animal.
(b) The imposition of Catholic beliefs over their native religion.
(c) The prayer of deliverance uttered by a warrior.
(d) The tribute paid to a god.
5. What important circumstance did early revolutionary governments not take into account?
(a) Population growth.
(b) Desertion of rural areas.
(c) Natural resources.
(d) Expansion of cities.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why did the Mexican Revolution have to begin before the beginning?
2. Why were the Indians not outraged that their religions were replaced with Catholicism? (Chapter Five).
3. Why is a study of colonialism important in understanding Mexican history?
4. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
5. How did the Revolution relate to reality?
Short Essay Questions
1. Throughout his career, what did Jorge Cuesta argue? What are the benefits and downfalls of his argument?
2. Mexico has entered a new phase of thinking and history. How does Paz explain that phase?
3. What role did religion play in ancient South American cultures? Did Catholicism change that role?
4. Despite Mexico's advancements, where does she still stand on the world spectrum? How can she change her placement?
5. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
6. When did Independence begin in Mexico? How was it similar to or different from the Conquest?
7. How does unemployment on the farms affect the cities? How does it slow all of Mexico's development?
8. What does Paz think of the Soviet Union? How does it compare to Mexico?
9. Why did the new Constitution mandate that education be secular? How might that have made the Mexicans feel?
10. Pulling from the ideas of Jose Gaos, Paz, speaks of the physical duality in Mexico. What does that mean? What significance does that idea have?
This section contains 1,933 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)