|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
2. What metaphor does Paz use to describe Mexico taking control from Spain?
(a) A phoenix rising from the ashes.
(b) A lion cub overtaking its elderly parent.
(c) A young man finally realizing his strength.
(d) A corpse dismembered and a nation born.
3. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
(b) The common people.
(c) The new poets.
(d) Their new leaders.
4. What was Vasconcelos' philosophy regarding the material world?
(a) The supernatural world governs the material world.
(b) The material world cannot be understood nor explained.
(c) Intellect, rather than emotions, comprehends the world and creates reality.
(d) Emotions, rather than intellect, comprehend the world and create reality.
5. What was the motto of positivism?
(a) "Love, Order, and Progress".
(b) "Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity".
(c) "Thus Shall We Live".
(d) "The Spirit Shall Speak through My Race".
Short Answer Questions
1. How does the Indian perceive salvation? (Chapter Five).
2. What economic goal did the Revolution have?
3. According to the tribe of the Chamulas, what is a chulel?
4. How did the Revolution relate to reality?
5. According to Paz, who is most fascinated by death?
Short Essay Questions
1. What role did Catholicism play in the lives of the conquering Spaniards? Was that role contradictory?
2. Throughout his career, what did Jorge Cuesta argue? What are the benefits and downfalls of his argument?
3. What happened when Spanish America separated itself from Spain? Given what Paz has stated throughout the book about that moment in history, draw your own conclusions about why that happened.
4. What role did Jose Vasconcelos play in modern education? From Paz's descriptions, what is his opinion of Vasconcelos?
5. What is the role of the Mexican intelligentsia within society? How does it differ from the function of the intelligentsia within the United States and Europe; and which one is a better role?
6. What does Paz say about the national differences among Central and South American nations? How does that tie into their relationship with Spain?
7. How was the Revolution similar to a fiesta? Because of any existing similarity, why do the people cling to that time in history? Can that be considered healthy?
8. How does unemployment on the farms affect the cities? How does it slow all of Mexico's development?
9. How does Paz define "Mexicanism"? How does it mesh with the individual whom he had described earlier?
10. Why could Mexico not have progressed as far as she has today if she were working within capitalism?
This section contains 2,040 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)