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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. When Paz sees that Mexicans return to their tradition, what do they remember?
(a) That their tradition is rooted in conquest and slavery.
(b) That they do not belong to a greater universal tradition.
(c) That their tradition is mostly Indian.
(d) That they are part of Spain's tradition.
2. What was Vasconcelos' philosophy regarding the material world?
(a) Intellect, rather than emotions, comprehends the world and creates reality.
(b) Emotions, rather than intellect, comprehend the world and create reality.
(c) The material world cannot be understood nor explained.
(d) The supernatural world governs the material world.
3. What is Paz's solution for the lack of capital?
(a) Invest in other economies, particularly the United States.
(b) Build better and more factories.
(c) Learn to harness the raw materials.
(d) Use human labor to the best advantage.
4. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
5. What did the Revolution force the Mexican people to do?
(a) Synthesize their colonial past with the pre-Catholicism past..
(b) Confront history and invent their future.
(c) Think about the future in global terms.
(d) Overcome the institutions of colonialism.
6. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
(a) What comprises America?
(b) Who are the Mexicans as a people?
(c) What is Mexico?
(d) Where does the future lie?
7. How did the Revolution relate to reality?
(a) It denied reality.
(b) It was a sheer explosion of reality.
(c) It subtly altered the past idea of reality.
(d) It brought about a new idea of reality.
8. According to the tribe of the Chamulas, what is a chulel?
(a) The tribute paid to a god.
(b) The imposition of Catholic beliefs over their native religion.
(c) A human soul residing in an animal.
(d) The prayer of deliverance uttered by a warrior.
9. Which of the following created the Spanish monarchy?
(b) Political will.
10. How did the Spanish Conquest treat religion?
(a) Spain was protecting the Mesoamerican religions.
(b) Spain was defending the faith.
(c) The Conquest did not relate to religion.
(d) Spain was integrating Mesoamerican religions.
11. Why were the Indians not outraged that their religions were replaced with Catholicism? (Chapter Five).
(a) Because they had been reconnected to the world.
(b) Because their gods had betrayed them when Cortez attacked.
(c) Because they were not very connected to their gods.
(d) Because they liked Catholicism better.
12. What did positivism do with the ideals of the Reformation?
(a) Blurred them into vague, utopian dreams.
(b) Made them reality.
(c) Made them irrelevant to Mexican life and culture.
(d) Pushed them into the background.
13. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
(a) A place of stable government and economy.
(b) A gathering of people who are invested in each other.
(c) A place of liberty where men recognize themselves in each other.
(d) A place of safety, especially for women and children.
14. Why was unemployment high in Mexico at the time that Paz was writing?
(a) The two biggest factories were experiencing lay-offs.
(b) The population grew more quickly than industry.
(c) The economy was going through a recession.
(d) The labor unions made it difficult for workers to get jobs.
15. What was the most radical period of the Revolution?
(a) The Cardenas Administration.
(b) The Calles Coup.
(c) The Obregon Administration.
(d) The three months leading up to the revolt.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who authored. the book, Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico?
2. Who was Emiliano Zapata?
3. What should Mexicans recognize about their alienation from the world?
4. In Paz's philosophy, why must Mexicans face reality alone?
5. According to Trotsky, what should happen if the Revolution does not break out in advanced nations following World War II?
This section contains 695 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)