|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did Moctezuma think as the Spaniards approached?
(a) That was the time to prove his manliness.
(b) He would finally become Divine.
(c) The gods had abandoned him.
(d) That was the moment of his deliverance.
2. Whom did Paz call the "guardian of freedom and traitor to his country"? (Chapter Six, page 125).
(a) Jose Maria Mora.
(b) Valentin Gomez Farias.
(c) Benito Juarez.
3. What should Mexicans recognize about their alienation from the world?
(a) It has managed to cut them off completely.
(b) It is shared by many people around the world.
(c) It is unique to their country.
(d) It can be reversed only by a charismatic leader.
4. According to Paz, why did the Revolution become a compromise?
(a) It could not synthesize Mexican tradition with the desire for universality.
(b) The Revolution's worldview synthesized too many elements.
(c) Because the extremists were a minority.
(d) Its leader was not strong enough to carry their ideals forward.
5. In Paz's estimation, why do the common people follow their revolutionary leaders?
(a) They have no desire to upset the progress of the Revolution.
(b) They are intimidated by the leaders.
(c) They identify with the men.
(d) They believe in the revolution, regardless of who leads it.
6. What did Manuel Gomez-Morin accomplish for the Revolution?
(a) He helped draft the new Constitution.
(b) He led the greatest contingent of soldiers.
(c) He wrote the Plan of Ayala.
(d) He formulated the property laws.
7. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
(a) The people adopted some ideas and invented others.
(b) The people adopted ideas, but did not invent their own.
(c) They had only two great thinkers.
(d) They overturned several of Spain's philosophical treatises.
8. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
9. Why was Diaz's regime in a precarious position regarding positivist philosophy?
(a) Because only about half the regime favored the philosophy.
(b) Because it adopted rather than fathered the philosophy.
(c) Because it could not afford to support such a philosophy when the regime itself was so new.
(d) Because the common people vehemently opposed the philosophy.
10. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
(a) Who are the Mexicans as a people?
(b) What is Mexico?
(c) Where does the future lie?
(d) What comprises America?
11. Where have the great revolutions of the 20th Century occurred?
(a) In large, wealthy countries.
(b) Among indigenous tribes.
(c) In backward countries.
(d) In places with little modern culture.
12. Why did the Spaniards not exterminate the Indians after they were conquered?
(a) They needed labor.
(b) Their Catholicism prevented mass slaughter.
(c) They respected the Indians.
(d) They wanted to learn from the Indians.
13. In Paz's argument, how have tradition and religion always been presented to the Mexicans?
(a) As things leading to their spiritual salvation.
(b) As things that will solidify their national identity.
(c) As things that stifle their individuality.
(d) As things to be held lightly or discarded.
14. What economic goal did the Revolution have?
(a) To free Mexico from dependence on Spain.
(b) To improve the commerce that had already been established.
(c) To pull the nation out of poverty.
(d) To establish commerce and industry.
15. What is Paz's solution for the lack of capital?
(a) Build better and more factories.
(b) Learn to harness the raw materials.
(c) Invest in other economies, particularly the United States.
(d) Use human labor to the best advantage.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why did the Mexican Revolution have to begin before the beginning?
2. According to Jorge Cuesta, how has Mexico created herself?
3. What event precipitated Spain's complete loss of power?
4. What was one factor that guided the Revolution to prioritize tradition?
5. In Asia and Africa, what two seemingly-contradictory ideologies are being used?
This section contains 720 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)