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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which of the following created the Spanish monarchy?
(a) Political will.
2. Why does poetry tend to eradicate history? (Chapter Seven).
(a) Because it disdains history.
(b) Because it does not understand history.
(c) Because it transcends history.
(d) Because it attempts to explicate history.
3. What horror did Cortez's rule not commit?
(a) Denying the conquered people a place in society.
(b) Complete annihilation of the native peoples.
(c) Forcing indigenous people to speak European Spanish.
(d) Raping the indigenous women.
4. In Jose Gaos' thought, what unique opportunity do young people have through their education?
(a) Rebuilding their political system.
(b) Modifying Spanish to meet the needs of the South Americans.
(c) Creating their own philosophy.
(d) Moving Mexico into the world sphere.
5. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
6. What was one factor that guided the Revolution to prioritize tradition?
(a) Its belief in the value of the past.
(b) Its fear of the future.
(c) The large number of supporters over the age of 50.
(d) The workers did not belong to the city or the country, and so they did not have any tradition.
7. Which of the following contributed to making colonialism alive and relevant?
(a) Imperial takeover.
(d) Native acceptance.
8. According to Paz, why did the Revolution become a compromise?
(a) The Revolution's worldview synthesized too many elements.
(b) Because the extremists were a minority.
(c) Its leader was not strong enough to carry their ideals forward.
(d) It could not synthesize Mexican tradition with the desire for universality.
9. According to Paz, who is most fascinated by death?
(a) The youth.
(b) The dying.
(c) The old.
(d) The infant.
10. What important circumstance did early revolutionary governments not take into account?
(a) Expansion of cities.
(b) Desertion of rural areas.
(c) Population growth.
(d) Natural resources.
11. According to Paz, what is the "contemporary crisis"? (Chapter Seven, page 172).
(a) A struggle within a culture that no longer has any rivals.
(b) The crisis of self-identity sweeping South America.
(c) The difficulty of Mexico relating to the advancing western world.
(d) The struggle between two diverse cultures.
12. How did Paz see the 20th Century?
(a) A time when dictators took more power than ever before.
(b) A time when the common man asserted himself.
(c) A time when feudalism was finally thrown off.
(d) A time when all historical eras mingled and merged.
13. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
(a) A single ruling power.
(b) Autonomous, refined civilizations.
(c) Scattered groups of people.
(d) Uneducated, struggling clans.
14. Why did the Mexican Revolution have to begin before the beginning?
(a) The cities were not large enough to house the farmers-turned-workers.
(b) Mexico did not have the basic electricity and resources needed to transform her cities.
(c) In the early 20th Century, Mexico was far behind the advanced world.
(d) The people still held a feudalistic mindset.
15. What has happened to the former plurality of ideas and customs? (Chapter Seven).
(a) It has been replaced by a single civilization.
(b) It has grown to accommodate special-interest groups.
(c) They have become richer.
(d) It has splintered into even more segments.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why did the Church support Spanish power?
2. How did the Aztecs' final struggle manifest itself?
3. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
4. What did Manuel Gomez-Morin accomplish for the Revolution?
5. How does the Indian perceive salvation? (Chapter Five).
This section contains 640 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)