|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is the value of Sor Juana's poem, "First Dream"?
(a) A penetrating analysis of the effects of European influence.
(b) A comprehensive history of the Indians before Cortez.
(c) A philosophical look at Catholicism.
(d) A philosophical look at the depth of reality.
2. Where have the great revolutions of the 20th Century occurred?
(a) In places with little modern culture.
(b) In backward countries.
(c) In large, wealthy countries.
(d) Among indigenous tribes.
3. What was the motto of positivism?
(a) "Thus Shall We Live".
(b) "Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity".
(c) "Love, Order, and Progress".
(d) "The Spirit Shall Speak through My Race".
4. According to Trotsky, what should happen if the Revolution does not break out in advanced nations following World War II?
(a) The Marxist view of economics should be revised.
(b) The Marxist view of history should be revised.
(c) Socialism should be abandoned altogether.
(d) Socialism should be forced on those nations.
5. According to Paz, why did the Revolution become a compromise?
(a) Because the extremists were a minority.
(b) It could not synthesize Mexican tradition with the desire for universality.
(c) The Revolution's worldview synthesized too many elements.
(d) Its leader was not strong enough to carry their ideals forward.
6. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
(a) A place of stable government and economy.
(b) A gathering of people who are invested in each other.
(c) A place of liberty where men recognize themselves in each other.
(d) A place of safety, especially for women and children.
7. Why were the Indians not outraged that their religions were replaced with Catholicism? (Chapter Five).
(a) Because they liked Catholicism better.
(b) Because they had been reconnected to the world.
(c) Because they were not very connected to their gods.
(d) Because their gods had betrayed them when Cortez attacked.
8. Who authored. the book, Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico?
(a) Christophe Adler.
(b) Jorge Cuesta.
(c) Jorge Scheler.
(d) Samuel Ramos.
9. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
(a) The new poets.
(b) Their new leaders.
(d) The common people.
10. According to Paz, what is the "contemporary crisis"? (Chapter Seven, page 172).
(a) The crisis of self-identity sweeping South America.
(b) A struggle within a culture that no longer has any rivals.
(c) The difficulty of Mexico relating to the advancing western world.
(d) The struggle between two diverse cultures.
11. When did Spain begin to lose her hold on Mexico?
(a) The middle of the 19th Century.
(b) The early 19th Century.
(c) The end of the 16th Century.
(d) The end of the 17th Century.
12. Which of the following contributed to making colonialism alive and relevant?
(a) Native acceptance.
(b) Imperial takeover.
13. What did the Revolution force the Mexican people to do?
(a) Overcome the institutions of colonialism.
(b) Synthesize their colonial past with the pre-Catholicism past..
(c) Confront history and invent their future.
(d) Think about the future in global terms.
14. Why have Mexican culture and politics vacillated from one extreme to another? (Chapter Seven, page 157).
(a) Because Mexicans cannot invent their history from the beginning.
(b) Because there has never been a strong Mexican leader.
(c) Because Mexicans have difficulty synthesizing experiences.
(d) Because Mexicans deny their Spanish and Indian heritage.
15. In Jose Gaos' thought, what unique opportunity do young people have through their education?
(a) Creating their own philosophy.
(b) Modifying Spanish to meet the needs of the South Americans.
(c) Rebuilding their political system.
(d) Moving Mexico into the world sphere.
Short Answer Questions
1. Mexico lacks basic industries except for one - what is it?
2. How did the Independence movement begin in South America?
3. What has history demonstrated through certain Contra authors such as Isaac Deutscher?
4. Why did the Mexican Revolution have to begin before the beginning?
5. In Paz's argument, how have tradition and religion always been presented to the Mexicans?
This section contains 733 words
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