|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why is a study of colonialism important in understanding Mexican history?
(a) The nation was founded through a peaceful Spanish immersion into Indian culture.
(b) The nation was founded by a Spanish conquest of Indians.
(c) The nation's beginnings were heavily influenced by North Americans.
(d) The nation began through the colonization of several surrounding nations.
2. How did Paz see the 20th Century?
(a) A time when dictators took more power than ever before.
(b) A time when feudalism was finally thrown off.
(c) A time when the common man asserted himself.
(d) A time when all historical eras mingled and merged.
3. What has happened to the former plurality of ideas and customs? (Chapter Seven).
(a) It has splintered into even more segments.
(b) It has grown to accommodate special-interest groups.
(c) It has been replaced by a single civilization.
(d) They have become richer.
4. When Paz sees that Mexicans return to their tradition, what do they remember?
(a) That they are part of Spain's tradition.
(b) That their tradition is mostly Indian.
(c) That they do not belong to a greater universal tradition.
(d) That their tradition is rooted in conquest and slavery.
5. According to Paz, why did the Revolution become a compromise?
(a) Because the extremists were a minority.
(b) Its leader was not strong enough to carry their ideals forward.
(c) It could not synthesize Mexican tradition with the desire for universality.
(d) The Revolution's worldview synthesized too many elements.
6. Why does poetry tend to eradicate history? (Chapter Seven).
(a) Because it transcends history.
(b) Because it does not understand history.
(c) Because it attempts to explicate history.
(d) Because it disdains history.
7. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
(a) Who are the Mexicans as a people?
(b) What is Mexico?
(c) Where does the future lie?
(d) What comprises America?
8. What was the main philosophical objective of the Revolution?
(a) To replace Catholicism with rationalism.
(b) To produce several influential Mexican thinkers.
(c) To overthrow the conservative ideals.
(d) To conquer the past and take it into the present.
9. Which of the following created the Spanish monarchy?
(b) Political will.
10. What important circumstance did early revolutionary governments not take into account?
(a) Expansion of cities.
(b) Population growth.
(c) Desertion of rural areas.
(d) Natural resources.
11. Mexico lacks basic industries except for one - what is it?
12. What was the purpose of the publishing house Fondo de Cultura Economica?
(a) To act as a façade for Revolutionary pamphlets.
(b) To print books as cheaply as possible.
(c) To print texts about Mexican life and culture.
(d) To print texts about economics for South Americans.
13. How did the Revolution relate to reality?
(a) It subtly altered the past idea of reality.
(b) It was a sheer explosion of reality.
(c) It denied reality.
(d) It brought about a new idea of reality.
14. What is Paz's solution for the lack of capital?
(a) Invest in other economies, particularly the United States.
(b) Use human labor to the best advantage.
(c) Build better and more factories.
(d) Learn to harness the raw materials.
15. Why did the Spaniards not exterminate the Indians after they were conquered?
(a) Their Catholicism prevented mass slaughter.
(b) They needed labor.
(c) They respected the Indians.
(d) They wanted to learn from the Indians.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why did the Church support Spanish power?
2. What horror did Cortez's rule not commit?
3. How does the Indian perceive salvation? (Chapter Five).
4. Why was unemployment high in Mexico at the time that Paz was writing?
5. According to Paz, what is the "contemporary crisis"? (Chapter Seven, page 172).
This section contains 705 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)