|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
(a) The people adopted some ideas and invented others.
(b) The people adopted ideas, but did not invent their own.
(c) They overturned several of Spain's philosophical treatises.
(d) They had only two great thinkers.
2. What event precipitated Spain's complete loss of power?
(a) Her faith losing all potency.
(b) The loss of her naval supremacy.
(c) Mexico's revolt against her.
(d) Her strong monarch's death.
3. Which of the following contributed to making colonialism alive and relevant?
(b) Imperial takeover.
(c) Native acceptance.
4. How did the Aztecs' final struggle manifest itself?
(a) In silence.
(b) As the last battle.
(c) In destruction of their own property.
(d) In suicide.
5. What was the Mexican intellectual's goal?
(a) Educational reform.
(b) Propagation of the arts.
(c) Political action.
(d) Cultural education.
6. What did Moctezuma think as the Spaniards approached?
(a) That was the moment of his deliverance.
(b) The gods had abandoned him.
(c) That was the time to prove his manliness.
(d) He would finally become Divine.
7. What was the main philosophical objective of the Revolution?
(a) To conquer the past and take it into the present.
(b) To produce several influential Mexican thinkers.
(c) To replace Catholicism with rationalism.
(d) To overthrow the conservative ideals.
8. In Paz's philosophy, why must Mexicans face reality alone?
(a) They have alienated themselves from the world.
(b) The modern world no longer has any ideas.
(c) They do not have a comprehensive philosophy of the self.
(d) They are not in step with the rest of the intellectual world.
9. How did the Reform want to justify itself?
(a) Through its popularity.
(b) Through its past.
(c) Through its changes.
(d) Through the future.
10. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
11. What is the value of Sor Juana's poem, "First Dream"?
(a) A philosophical look at Catholicism.
(b) A comprehensive history of the Indians before Cortez.
(c) A philosophical look at the depth of reality.
(d) A penetrating analysis of the effects of European influence.
12. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
(a) A place of liberty where men recognize themselves in each other.
(b) A place of stable government and economy.
(c) A gathering of people who are invested in each other.
(d) A place of safety, especially for women and children.
13. How did liberalism and democracy function in South American countries?
(a) As the new structure of governments around the continent.
(b) As an impetus to move the countries into modernity.
(c) As the breath of fresh air, politically speaking.
(d) As a veneer for the workings of colonialism.
14. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
(a) Scattered groups of people.
(b) A single ruling power.
(c) Uneducated, struggling clans.
(d) Autonomous, refined civilizations.
15. Why was Diaz's regime in a precarious position regarding positivist philosophy?
(a) Because it adopted rather than fathered the philosophy.
(b) Because the common people vehemently opposed the philosophy.
(c) Because only about half the regime favored the philosophy.
(d) Because it could not afford to support such a philosophy when the regime itself was so new.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Paz, what is the "contemporary crisis"? (Chapter Seven, page 172).
2. How does the Indian perceive salvation? (Chapter Five).
3. Why have Mexican culture and politics vacillated from one extreme to another? (Chapter Seven, page 157).
4. What did positivism do with the ideals of the Reformation?
5. In Paz's argument, how have tradition and religion always been presented to the Mexicans?
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