|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What horror did Cortez's rule not commit?
(a) Raping the indigenous women.
(b) Denying the conquered people a place in society.
(c) Complete annihilation of the native peoples.
(d) Forcing indigenous people to speak European Spanish.
2. Which of the following contributed to making colonialism alive and relevant?
(a) Native acceptance.
(d) Imperial takeover.
3. According to Paz, what must be the first step toward reform?
(a) A struggle against the lie that makes colonialism official.
(b) A complete overthrow of the socialist state.
(c) A struggle against rampant government corruption.
(d) A return to traditionalism.
4. What was an important element of all ancient cultures?
(a) Familial relationships.
(c) Historical records.
(d) Military superiority.
5. What happened to the people annexed by greater world powers?
(a) They became passive in the world sphere.
(b) The material gains that they made balanced the loss of voice.
(c) They were forgotten.
(d) They became more active in the world sphere.
6. Whom did Paz call the "guardian of freedom and traitor to his country"? (Chapter Six, page 125).
(a) Jose Maria Mora.
(c) Valentin Gomez Farias.
(d) Benito Juarez.
7. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
(a) A place of safety, especially for women and children.
(b) A gathering of people who are invested in each other.
(c) A place of liberty where men recognize themselves in each other.
(d) A place of stable government and economy.
8. What important circumstance did early revolutionary governments not take into account?
(a) Expansion of cities.
(b) Natural resources.
(c) Desertion of rural areas.
(d) Population growth.
9. What is Paz's solution for the lack of capital?
(a) Build better and more factories.
(b) Learn to harness the raw materials.
(c) Invest in other economies, particularly the United States.
(d) Use human labor to the best advantage.
10. What event precipitated Spain's complete loss of power?
(a) Her strong monarch's death.
(b) Mexico's revolt against her.
(c) The loss of her naval supremacy.
(d) Her faith losing all potency.
11. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
12. What was one factor that guided the Revolution to prioritize tradition?
(a) Its fear of the future.
(b) The workers did not belong to the city or the country, and so they did not have any tradition.
(c) Its belief in the value of the past.
(d) The large number of supporters over the age of 50.
13. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
(a) Their new leaders.
(b) The common people.
(d) The new poets.
14. Which of the following created the Spanish monarchy?
(b) Political will.
15. Why did the Spaniards not exterminate the Indians after they were conquered?
(a) They wanted to learn from the Indians.
(b) They respected the Indians.
(c) Their Catholicism prevented mass slaughter.
(d) They needed labor.
Short Answer Questions
1. Mexico lacks basic industries except for one - what is it?
2. What did Moctezuma think as the Spaniards approached?
3. In Paz's argument, how have tradition and religion always been presented to the Mexicans?
4. What was the Mexican intellectual's goal?
5. According to Jorge Cuesta, how has Mexico created herself?
This section contains 570 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)