|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did Moctezuma think as the Spaniards approached?
(a) He would finally become Divine.
(b) That was the moment of his deliverance.
(c) The gods had abandoned him.
(d) That was the time to prove his manliness.
2. Why have Mexican culture and politics vacillated from one extreme to another? (Chapter Seven, page 157).
(a) Because Mexicans have difficulty synthesizing experiences.
(b) Because Mexicans deny their Spanish and Indian heritage.
(c) Because there has never been a strong Mexican leader.
(d) Because Mexicans cannot invent their history from the beginning.
3. Which of the following contributed to making colonialism alive and relevant?
(b) Native acceptance.
(d) Imperial takeover.
4. Who authored. the book, Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico?
(a) Jorge Scheler.
(b) Jorge Cuesta.
(c) Samuel Ramos.
(d) Christophe Adler.
5. Why did the Mexican Revolution have to begin before the beginning?
(a) In the early 20th Century, Mexico was far behind the advanced world.
(b) The people still held a feudalistic mindset.
(c) The cities were not large enough to house the farmers-turned-workers.
(d) Mexico did not have the basic electricity and resources needed to transform her cities.
6. What did the Revolution force the Mexican people to do?
(a) Think about the future in global terms.
(b) Confront history and invent their future.
(c) Overcome the institutions of colonialism.
(d) Synthesize their colonial past with the pre-Catholicism past..
7. What was sacrificed when Porfirio Diaz took power and subdued anarchy?
8. According to the tribe of the Chamulas, what is a chulel?
(a) The prayer of deliverance uttered by a warrior.
(b) The tribute paid to a god.
(c) A human soul residing in an animal.
(d) The imposition of Catholic beliefs over their native religion.
9. When did the Plan of Ayala go into effect?
(a) November, 1911.
(b) January, 1909.
(c) March, 1951.
(d) July, 1937.
10. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
(a) Scattered groups of people.
(b) A single ruling power.
(c) Autonomous, refined civilizations.
(d) Uneducated, struggling clans.
11. According to Trotsky, what should happen if the Revolution does not break out in advanced nations following World War II?
(a) The Marxist view of history should be revised.
(b) Socialism should be abandoned altogether.
(c) Socialism should be forced on those nations.
(d) The Marxist view of economics should be revised.
12. How did the Spanish Conquest treat religion?
(a) Spain was integrating Mesoamerican religions.
(b) Spain was defending the faith.
(c) Spain was protecting the Mesoamerican religions.
(d) The Conquest did not relate to religion.
13. Why did the Spaniards not exterminate the Indians after they were conquered?
(a) They wanted to learn from the Indians.
(b) They respected the Indians.
(c) Their Catholicism prevented mass slaughter.
(d) They needed labor.
14. Mexico lacks basic industries except for one - what is it?
15. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
(a) What is Mexico?
(b) Who are the Mexicans as a people?
(c) Where does the future lie?
(d) What comprises America?
Short Answer Questions
1. Whom did Paz call the "guardian of freedom and traitor to his country"? (Chapter Six, page 125).
2. What did Manuel Gomez-Morin accomplish for the Revolution?
3. In Jose Gaos' thought, what unique opportunity do young people have through their education?
4. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
5. Why was unemployment high in Mexico at the time that Paz was writing?
This section contains 605 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)