|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
2. Who was Emiliano Zapata?
(a) The first leader of the Revolution.
(b) The military leader in Diaz's regime.
(c) The leader of the Revolution of the South.
(d) The replacement in Diaz's regime.
3. What did positivism do with the ideals of the Reformation?
(a) Made them irrelevant to Mexican life and culture.
(b) Blurred them into vague, utopian dreams.
(c) Made them reality.
(d) Pushed them into the background.
4. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
(a) They overturned several of Spain's philosophical treatises.
(b) The people adopted ideas, but did not invent their own.
(c) The people adopted some ideas and invented others.
(d) They had only two great thinkers.
5. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
(a) Who are the Mexicans as a people?
(b) Where does the future lie?
(c) What comprises America?
(d) What is Mexico?
6. What should Mexicans recognize about their alienation from the world?
(a) It has managed to cut them off completely.
(b) It is unique to their country.
(c) It can be reversed only by a charismatic leader.
(d) It is shared by many people around the world.
7. Why was unemployment high in Mexico at the time that Paz was writing?
(a) The two biggest factories were experiencing lay-offs.
(b) The labor unions made it difficult for workers to get jobs.
(c) The population grew more quickly than industry.
(d) The economy was going through a recession.
8. What did the Revolution force the Mexican people to do?
(a) Think about the future in global terms.
(b) Synthesize their colonial past with the pre-Catholicism past..
(c) Confront history and invent their future.
(d) Overcome the institutions of colonialism.
9. How did the Spanish Conquest treat religion?
(a) Spain was defending the faith.
(b) The Conquest did not relate to religion.
(c) Spain was integrating Mesoamerican religions.
(d) Spain was protecting the Mesoamerican religions.
10. How did the Independence movement begin in South America?
(a) With a small band of determined revolutionaries.
(b) Under the leadership of impassioned leader, San Martin.
(c) With Mexican housewives gradually overturning the governing body.
(d) With simultaneous victories sweeping the continent.
11. What was the Mexican intellectual's goal?
(a) Cultural education.
(b) Political action.
(c) Educational reform.
(d) Propagation of the arts.
12. What economic goal did the Revolution have?
(a) To establish commerce and industry.
(b) To improve the commerce that had already been established.
(c) To pull the nation out of poverty.
(d) To free Mexico from dependence on Spain.
13. Why was Diaz's regime in a precarious position regarding positivist philosophy?
(a) Because it could not afford to support such a philosophy when the regime itself was so new.
(b) Because it adopted rather than fathered the philosophy.
(c) Because the common people vehemently opposed the philosophy.
(d) Because only about half the regime favored the philosophy.
14. When did Spain begin to lose her hold on Mexico?
(a) The early 19th Century.
(b) The end of the 17th Century.
(c) The middle of the 19th Century.
(d) The end of the 16th Century.
15. How did the Revolution relate to reality?
(a) It was a sheer explosion of reality.
(b) It denied reality.
(c) It brought about a new idea of reality.
(d) It subtly altered the past idea of reality.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does the Indian perceive salvation? (Chapter Five).
2. Why does poetry tend to eradicate history? (Chapter Seven).
3. What was sacrificed when Porfirio Diaz took power and subdued anarchy?
4. Which of the following created the Spanish monarchy?
5. What metaphor does Paz use to describe Mexico taking control from Spain?
This section contains 639 words
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