|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Trotsky, what should happen if the Revolution does not break out in advanced nations following World War II?
(a) The Marxist view of economics should be revised.
(b) Socialism should be forced on those nations.
(c) The Marxist view of history should be revised.
(d) Socialism should be abandoned altogether.
2. What did positivism do with the ideals of the Reformation?
(a) Made them irrelevant to Mexican life and culture.
(b) Blurred them into vague, utopian dreams.
(c) Made them reality.
(d) Pushed them into the background.
3. Where have the great revolutions of the 20th Century occurred?
(a) In backward countries.
(b) Among indigenous tribes.
(c) In large, wealthy countries.
(d) In places with little modern culture.
4. According to Paz, why did the Revolution become a compromise?
(a) Because the extremists were a minority.
(b) It could not synthesize Mexican tradition with the desire for universality.
(c) Its leader was not strong enough to carry their ideals forward.
(d) The Revolution's worldview synthesized too many elements.
5. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
(a) The new poets.
(b) Their new leaders.
(c) The common people.
6. What was the purpose of the publishing house Fondo de Cultura Economica?
(a) To print texts about economics for South Americans.
(b) To print books as cheaply as possible.
(c) To act as a façade for Revolutionary pamphlets.
(d) To print texts about Mexican life and culture.
7. How did the Reform want to justify itself?
(a) Through its past.
(b) Through the future.
(c) Through its popularity.
(d) Through its changes.
8. What was Vasconcelos' philosophy regarding the material world?
(a) The supernatural world governs the material world.
(b) The material world cannot be understood nor explained.
(c) Intellect, rather than emotions, comprehends the world and creates reality.
(d) Emotions, rather than intellect, comprehend the world and create reality.
9. According to Paz, what must be the first step toward reform?
(a) A struggle against rampant government corruption.
(b) A complete overthrow of the socialist state.
(c) A struggle against the lie that makes colonialism official.
(d) A return to traditionalism.
10. According to the tribe of the Chamulas, what is a chulel?
(a) The prayer of deliverance uttered by a warrior.
(b) The imposition of Catholic beliefs over their native religion.
(c) The tribute paid to a god.
(d) A human soul residing in an animal.
11. Why did the Mexican Revolution have to begin before the beginning?
(a) In the early 20th Century, Mexico was far behind the advanced world.
(b) Mexico did not have the basic electricity and resources needed to transform her cities.
(c) The people still held a feudalistic mindset.
(d) The cities were not large enough to house the farmers-turned-workers.
12. What did the Revolution force the Mexican people to do?
(a) Think about the future in global terms.
(b) Overcome the institutions of colonialism.
(c) Synthesize their colonial past with the pre-Catholicism past..
(d) Confront history and invent their future.
13. What was an important element of all ancient cultures?
(a) Familial relationships.
(c) Military superiority.
(d) Historical records.
14. What economic goal did the Revolution have?
(a) To pull the nation out of poverty.
(b) To establish commerce and industry.
(c) To improve the commerce that had already been established.
(d) To free Mexico from dependence on Spain.
15. What important circumstance did early revolutionary governments not take into account?
(a) Natural resources.
(b) Population growth.
(c) Desertion of rural areas.
(d) Expansion of cities.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the most radical period of the Revolution?
2. Why is a study of colonialism important in understanding Mexican history?
3. What is one factor that drives world markets?
4. What was one factor that guided the Revolution to prioritize tradition?
5. What was the main philosophical objective of the Revolution?
This section contains 728 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)