|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In Asia and Africa, what two seemingly-contradictory ideologies are being used?
(a) Revolutionary aspiration and nationalism.
(b) Future dreams and individualism.
(c) Colonial past and nationalism.
(d) World power and individualism.
2. According to Paz, who is most fascinated by death?
(a) The dying.
(b) The youth.
(c) The old.
(d) The infant.
3. In Paz's argument, how have tradition and religion always been presented to the Mexicans?
(a) As things leading to their spiritual salvation.
(b) As things to be held lightly or discarded.
(c) As things that will solidify their national identity.
(d) As things that stifle their individuality.
4. Which of the following created the Spanish monarchy?
(a) Political will.
5. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
(a) What comprises America?
(b) Where does the future lie?
(c) Who are the Mexicans as a people?
(d) What is Mexico?
6. According to Paz, what is the "contemporary crisis"? (Chapter Seven, page 172).
(a) The difficulty of Mexico relating to the advancing western world.
(b) The struggle between two diverse cultures.
(c) A struggle within a culture that no longer has any rivals.
(d) The crisis of self-identity sweeping South America.
7. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
(a) A place of liberty where men recognize themselves in each other.
(b) A place of safety, especially for women and children.
(c) A gathering of people who are invested in each other.
(d) A place of stable government and economy.
8. Following the Revolution, why was socialist education not widely implemented in Mexico?
(a) Training was not available for teachers for providing a socialist education.
(b) The government could not agree on a socialist curriculum.
(c) Socialism was not the philosophy adopted by Mexicans.
(d) Socialist education was highly unsuccessful.
9. What metaphor does Paz use to describe Mexico taking control from Spain?
(a) A corpse dismembered and a nation born.
(b) A phoenix rising from the ashes.
(c) A lion cub overtaking its elderly parent.
(d) A young man finally realizing his strength.
10. What important circumstance did early revolutionary governments not take into account?
(a) Desertion of rural areas.
(b) Expansion of cities.
(c) Natural resources.
(d) Population growth.
11. What horror did Cortez's rule not commit?
(a) Denying the conquered people a place in society.
(b) Forcing indigenous people to speak European Spanish.
(c) Raping the indigenous women.
(d) Complete annihilation of the native peoples.
12. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
(a) Autonomous, refined civilizations.
(b) A single ruling power.
(c) Scattered groups of people.
(d) Uneducated, struggling clans.
13. According to Paz, what must be the first step toward reform?
(a) A return to traditionalism.
(b) A struggle against the lie that makes colonialism official.
(c) A complete overthrow of the socialist state.
(d) A struggle against rampant government corruption.
14. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
(a) Their new leaders.
(b) The common people.
(d) The new poets.
15. Why does poetry tend to eradicate history? (Chapter Seven).
(a) Because it disdains history.
(b) Because it transcends history.
(c) Because it does not understand history.
(d) Because it attempts to explicate history.
Short Answer Questions
1. On what does Paz blame "the rather zigzag progress of the state"? Chapter Eight, page 181).
2. What did positivism do with the ideals of the Reformation?
3. How does the Indian perceive salvation? (Chapter Five).
4. What was the most radical period of the Revolution?
5. According to Paz, why did the Revolution become a compromise?
This section contains 660 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)