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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why did the Spaniards not exterminate the Indians after they were conquered?
(a) They wanted to learn from the Indians.
(b) They needed labor.
(c) Their Catholicism prevented mass slaughter.
(d) They respected the Indians.
2. Which of the following contributed to making colonialism alive and relevant?
(a) Native acceptance.
(b) Imperial takeover.
3. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
(a) They overturned several of Spain's philosophical treatises.
(b) The people adopted some ideas and invented others.
(c) The people adopted ideas, but did not invent their own.
(d) They had only two great thinkers.
4. What important circumstance did early revolutionary governments not take into account?
(a) Expansion of cities.
(b) Desertion of rural areas.
(c) Population growth.
(d) Natural resources.
5. Which of the following created the Spanish monarchy?
(c) Political will.
6. What is the value of Sor Juana's poem, "First Dream"?
(a) A philosophical look at the depth of reality.
(b) A comprehensive history of the Indians before Cortez.
(c) A penetrating analysis of the effects of European influence.
(d) A philosophical look at Catholicism.
7. What was the purpose of the publishing house Fondo de Cultura Economica?
(a) To act as a façade for Revolutionary pamphlets.
(b) To print books as cheaply as possible.
(c) To print texts about Mexican life and culture.
(d) To print texts about economics for South Americans.
8. When did the Plan of Ayala go into effect?
(a) November, 1911.
(b) January, 1909.
(c) March, 1951.
(d) July, 1937.
9. According to Paz, what must be the first step toward reform?
(a) A complete overthrow of the socialist state.
(b) A struggle against rampant government corruption.
(c) A return to traditionalism.
(d) A struggle against the lie that makes colonialism official.
10. What is Paz's solution for the lack of capital?
(a) Use human labor to the best advantage.
(b) Learn to harness the raw materials.
(c) Invest in other economies, particularly the United States.
(d) Build better and more factories.
11. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
12. What was the motto of positivism?
(a) "Thus Shall We Live".
(b) "Love, Order, and Progress".
(c) "The Spirit Shall Speak through My Race".
(d) "Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity".
13. Mexico lacks basic industries except for one - what is it?
14. According to Jorge Cuesta, how has Mexico created herself?
(a) In opposition to her past.
(b) In agreement with her past.
(c) With an eye toward preventing civil war.
(d) With no regard for the common people.
15. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
(b) The common people.
(c) Their new leaders.
(d) The new poets.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
2. Who was Emiliano Zapata?
3. Why does poetry tend to eradicate history? (Chapter Seven).
4. Why did the Church support Spanish power?
5. Who authored. the book, Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico?
This section contains 546 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)