|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Trotsky, what should happen if the Revolution does not break out in advanced nations following World War II?
(a) The Marxist view of economics should be revised.
(b) Socialism should be forced on those nations.
(c) Socialism should be abandoned altogether.
(d) The Marxist view of history should be revised.
2. How does the Indian perceive salvation? (Chapter Five).
(a) As something open to anyone who would believe.
(b) As something attainable only by a few people.
(c) As part of society and the cosmos, as well as individual.
(d) As something solely individual.
3. What is the value of Sor Juana's poem, "First Dream"?
(a) A philosophical look at Catholicism.
(b) A philosophical look at the depth of reality.
(c) A comprehensive history of the Indians before Cortez.
(d) A penetrating analysis of the effects of European influence.
4. What has history demonstrated through certain Contra authors such as Isaac Deutscher?
(a) Once abundance is achieved, the state will become democratic.
(b) Once abundance is achieved, the state will become socialistic.
(c) No class ever voluntarily gives up its privileges.
(d) It is extremely difficult for one class to make advancements for itself.
5. What happened to the people annexed by greater world powers?
(a) They became more active in the world sphere.
(b) They became passive in the world sphere.
(c) The material gains that they made balanced the loss of voice.
(d) They were forgotten.
6. In Paz's philosophy, why must Mexicans face reality alone?
(a) They are not in step with the rest of the intellectual world.
(b) The modern world no longer has any ideas.
(c) They have alienated themselves from the world.
(d) They do not have a comprehensive philosophy of the self.
7. Where have the great revolutions of the 20th Century occurred?
(a) In backward countries.
(b) In large, wealthy countries.
(c) In places with little modern culture.
(d) Among indigenous tribes.
8. What economic goal did the Revolution have?
(a) To pull the nation out of poverty.
(b) To free Mexico from dependence on Spain.
(c) To improve the commerce that had already been established.
(d) To establish commerce and industry.
9. How did the Independence movement begin in South America?
(a) With a small band of determined revolutionaries.
(b) With simultaneous victories sweeping the continent.
(c) Under the leadership of impassioned leader, San Martin.
(d) With Mexican housewives gradually overturning the governing body.
10. In Asia and Africa, what two seemingly-contradictory ideologies are being used?
(a) Future dreams and individualism.
(b) Revolutionary aspiration and nationalism.
(c) World power and individualism.
(d) Colonial past and nationalism.
11. What was Vasconcelos' philosophy regarding the material world?
(a) Intellect, rather than emotions, comprehends the world and creates reality.
(b) The supernatural world governs the material world.
(c) Emotions, rather than intellect, comprehend the world and create reality.
(d) The material world cannot be understood nor explained.
12. Why is a study of colonialism important in understanding Mexican history?
(a) The nation was founded through a peaceful Spanish immersion into Indian culture.
(b) The nation's beginnings were heavily influenced by North Americans.
(c) The nation began through the colonization of several surrounding nations.
(d) The nation was founded by a Spanish conquest of Indians.
13. What did Manuel Gomez-Morin accomplish for the Revolution?
(a) He wrote the Plan of Ayala.
(b) He led the greatest contingent of soldiers.
(c) He formulated the property laws.
(d) He helped draft the new Constitution.
14. What was the main philosophical objective of the Revolution?
(a) To conquer the past and take it into the present.
(b) To overthrow the conservative ideals.
(c) To replace Catholicism with rationalism.
(d) To produce several influential Mexican thinkers.
15. According to Paz, why did the Revolution become a compromise?
(a) The Revolution's worldview synthesized too many elements.
(b) Its leader was not strong enough to carry their ideals forward.
(c) It could not synthesize Mexican tradition with the desire for universality.
(d) Because the extremists were a minority.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the purpose of the publishing house Fondo de Cultura Economica?
2. Who authored. the book, Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico?
3. According to Paz, who is most fascinated by death?
4. What did the Revolution force the Mexican people to do?
5. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
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