|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why does poetry tend to eradicate history? (Chapter Seven).
(a) Because it does not understand history.
(b) Because it disdains history.
(c) Because it attempts to explicate history.
(d) Because it transcends history.
2. What was an important element of all ancient cultures?
(a) Military superiority.
(b) Familial relationships.
(c) Historical records.
3. According to Trotsky, what should happen if the Revolution does not break out in advanced nations following World War II?
(a) The Marxist view of economics should be revised.
(b) Socialism should be abandoned altogether.
(c) Socialism should be forced on those nations.
(d) The Marxist view of history should be revised.
4. How did the Independence movement begin in South America?
(a) With simultaneous victories sweeping the continent.
(b) With a small band of determined revolutionaries.
(c) Under the leadership of impassioned leader, San Martin.
(d) With Mexican housewives gradually overturning the governing body.
5. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
(a) They had only two great thinkers.
(b) The people adopted some ideas and invented others.
(c) They overturned several of Spain's philosophical treatises.
(d) The people adopted ideas, but did not invent their own.
6. According to Paz, why did the Revolution become a compromise?
(a) Because the extremists were a minority.
(b) The Revolution's worldview synthesized too many elements.
(c) Its leader was not strong enough to carry their ideals forward.
(d) It could not synthesize Mexican tradition with the desire for universality.
7. When did the Plan of Ayala go into effect?
(a) March, 1951.
(b) November, 1911.
(c) January, 1909.
(d) July, 1937.
8. What was the purpose of the publishing house Fondo de Cultura Economica?
(a) To print texts about economics for South Americans.
(b) To print books as cheaply as possible.
(c) To print texts about Mexican life and culture.
(d) To act as a façade for Revolutionary pamphlets.
9. What was the Mexican intellectual's goal?
(a) Propagation of the arts.
(b) Educational reform.
(c) Political action.
(d) Cultural education.
10. What did Manuel Gomez-Morin accomplish for the Revolution?
(a) He wrote the Plan of Ayala.
(b) He led the greatest contingent of soldiers.
(c) He helped draft the new Constitution.
(d) He formulated the property laws.
11. Why did the Mexican Revolution have to begin before the beginning?
(a) Mexico did not have the basic electricity and resources needed to transform her cities.
(b) In the early 20th Century, Mexico was far behind the advanced world.
(c) The cities were not large enough to house the farmers-turned-workers.
(d) The people still held a feudalistic mindset.
12. What has history demonstrated through certain Contra authors such as Isaac Deutscher?
(a) Once abundance is achieved, the state will become socialistic.
(b) No class ever voluntarily gives up its privileges.
(c) It is extremely difficult for one class to make advancements for itself.
(d) Once abundance is achieved, the state will become democratic.
13. Following the Revolution, why was socialist education not widely implemented in Mexico?
(a) Training was not available for teachers for providing a socialist education.
(b) Socialist education was highly unsuccessful.
(c) Socialism was not the philosophy adopted by Mexicans.
(d) The government could not agree on a socialist curriculum.
14. What was one factor that guided the Revolution to prioritize tradition?
(a) Its fear of the future.
(b) Its belief in the value of the past.
(c) The large number of supporters over the age of 50.
(d) The workers did not belong to the city or the country, and so they did not have any tradition.
15. How did liberalism and democracy function in South American countries?
(a) As the new structure of governments around the continent.
(b) As the breath of fresh air, politically speaking.
(c) As an impetus to move the countries into modernity.
(d) As a veneer for the workings of colonialism.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was sacrificed when Porfirio Diaz took power and subdued anarchy?
2. Which of the following contributed to making colonialism alive and relevant?
3. What important circumstance did early revolutionary governments not take into account?
4. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
5. Why were the Indians not outraged that their religions were replaced with Catholicism? (Chapter Five).
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