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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Mexico lacks basic industries except for one - what is it?
2. What happened to the people annexed by greater world powers?
(a) They became more active in the world sphere.
(b) They became passive in the world sphere.
(c) They were forgotten.
(d) The material gains that they made balanced the loss of voice.
3. Who authored. the book, Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico?
(a) Jorge Cuesta.
(b) Samuel Ramos.
(c) Jorge Scheler.
(d) Christophe Adler.
4. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
(a) The people adopted some ideas and invented others.
(b) They overturned several of Spain's philosophical treatises.
(c) The people adopted ideas, but did not invent their own.
(d) They had only two great thinkers.
5. In Paz's argument, how have tradition and religion always been presented to the Mexicans?
(a) As things to be held lightly or discarded.
(b) As things leading to their spiritual salvation.
(c) As things that will solidify their national identity.
(d) As things that stifle their individuality.
6. How did the Independence movement begin in South America?
(a) Under the leadership of impassioned leader, San Martin.
(b) With Mexican housewives gradually overturning the governing body.
(c) With a small band of determined revolutionaries.
(d) With simultaneous victories sweeping the continent.
7. When did Spain begin to lose her hold on Mexico?
(a) The end of the 17th Century.
(b) The early 19th Century.
(c) The end of the 16th Century.
(d) The middle of the 19th Century.
8. What did the Revolution force the Mexican people to do?
(a) Think about the future in global terms.
(b) Synthesize their colonial past with the pre-Catholicism past..
(c) Overcome the institutions of colonialism.
(d) Confront history and invent their future.
9. What is Paz's solution for the lack of capital?
(a) Use human labor to the best advantage.
(b) Learn to harness the raw materials.
(c) Build better and more factories.
(d) Invest in other economies, particularly the United States.
10. Why were the Indians not outraged that their religions were replaced with Catholicism? (Chapter Five).
(a) Because they were not very connected to their gods.
(b) Because they liked Catholicism better.
(c) Because they had been reconnected to the world.
(d) Because their gods had betrayed them when Cortez attacked.
11. What has happened to the former plurality of ideas and customs? (Chapter Seven).
(a) They have become richer.
(b) It has been replaced by a single civilization.
(c) It has splintered into even more segments.
(d) It has grown to accommodate special-interest groups.
12. What was the main philosophical objective of the Revolution?
(a) To conquer the past and take it into the present.
(b) To replace Catholicism with rationalism.
(c) To overthrow the conservative ideals.
(d) To produce several influential Mexican thinkers.
13. What metaphor does Paz use to describe Mexico taking control from Spain?
(a) A lion cub overtaking its elderly parent.
(b) A corpse dismembered and a nation born.
(c) A phoenix rising from the ashes.
(d) A young man finally realizing his strength.
14. Where have the great revolutions of the 20th Century occurred?
(a) In backward countries.
(b) Among indigenous tribes.
(c) In places with little modern culture.
(d) In large, wealthy countries.
15. When Paz sees that Mexicans return to their tradition, what do they remember?
(a) That their tradition is mostly Indian.
(b) That they do not belong to a greater universal tradition.
(c) That they are part of Spain's tradition.
(d) That their tradition is rooted in conquest and slavery.
Short Answer Questions
1. Following the Revolution, why was socialist education not widely implemented in Mexico?
2. Why have Mexican culture and politics vacillated from one extreme to another? (Chapter Seven, page 157).
3. What horror did Cortez's rule not commit?
4. What did Manuel Gomez-Morin accomplish for the Revolution?
5. Who was Emiliano Zapata?
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