|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Paz, what must be the first step toward reform?
(a) A struggle against the lie that makes colonialism official.
(b) A struggle against rampant government corruption.
(c) A complete overthrow of the socialist state.
(d) A return to traditionalism.
2. Why did the Church support Spanish power?
(a) The Church owed its Mexican existence to the Spanish Conquest.
(b) The Church owned large portions of land.
(c) The Church was threatened by Spain.
(d) The Church was bribed by the Spanish monarch.
3. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
(a) They overturned several of Spain's philosophical treatises.
(b) They had only two great thinkers.
(c) The people adopted ideas, but did not invent their own.
(d) The people adopted some ideas and invented others.
4. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
5. Why did the Mexican Revolution have to begin before the beginning?
(a) The people still held a feudalistic mindset.
(b) Mexico did not have the basic electricity and resources needed to transform her cities.
(c) In the early 20th Century, Mexico was far behind the advanced world.
(d) The cities were not large enough to house the farmers-turned-workers.
6. What was one factor that guided the Revolution to prioritize tradition?
(a) The large number of supporters over the age of 50.
(b) The workers did not belong to the city or the country, and so they did not have any tradition.
(c) Its belief in the value of the past.
(d) Its fear of the future.
7. What has happened to the former plurality of ideas and customs? (Chapter Seven).
(a) It has grown to accommodate special-interest groups.
(b) It has splintered into even more segments.
(c) It has been replaced by a single civilization.
(d) They have become richer.
8. Why were the Indians not outraged that their religions were replaced with Catholicism? (Chapter Five).
(a) Because their gods had betrayed them when Cortez attacked.
(b) Because they had been reconnected to the world.
(c) Because they were not very connected to their gods.
(d) Because they liked Catholicism better.
9. What happened to the people annexed by greater world powers?
(a) The material gains that they made balanced the loss of voice.
(b) They became passive in the world sphere.
(c) They were forgotten.
(d) They became more active in the world sphere.
10. Why did the Spaniards not exterminate the Indians after they were conquered?
(a) Their Catholicism prevented mass slaughter.
(b) They needed labor.
(c) They wanted to learn from the Indians.
(d) They respected the Indians.
11. In Paz's estimation, why do the common people follow their revolutionary leaders?
(a) They believe in the revolution, regardless of who leads it.
(b) They are intimidated by the leaders.
(c) They identify with the men.
(d) They have no desire to upset the progress of the Revolution.
12. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
(a) Their new leaders.
(b) The new poets.
(d) The common people.
13. What was the motto of positivism?
(a) "The Spirit Shall Speak through My Race".
(b) "Love, Order, and Progress".
(c) "Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity".
(d) "Thus Shall We Live".
14. What is the value of Sor Juana's poem, "First Dream"?
(a) A philosophical look at Catholicism.
(b) A comprehensive history of the Indians before Cortez.
(c) A philosophical look at the depth of reality.
(d) A penetrating analysis of the effects of European influence.
15. What did Moctezuma think as the Spaniards approached?
(a) That was the moment of his deliverance.
(b) The gods had abandoned him.
(c) That was the time to prove his manliness.
(d) He would finally become Divine.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did Paz see the 20th Century?
2. What event precipitated Spain's complete loss of power?
3. What economic goal did the Revolution have?
4. What was the Mexican intellectual's goal?
5. Why is a study of colonialism important in understanding Mexican history?
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