|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was the main philosophical objective of the Revolution?
(a) To overthrow the conservative ideals.
(b) To produce several influential Mexican thinkers.
(c) To replace Catholicism with rationalism.
(d) To conquer the past and take it into the present.
2. In Paz's philosophy, why must Mexicans face reality alone?
(a) The modern world no longer has any ideas.
(b) They are not in step with the rest of the intellectual world.
(c) They do not have a comprehensive philosophy of the self.
(d) They have alienated themselves from the world.
3. Why is a study of colonialism important in understanding Mexican history?
(a) The nation's beginnings were heavily influenced by North Americans.
(b) The nation was founded through a peaceful Spanish immersion into Indian culture.
(c) The nation began through the colonization of several surrounding nations.
(d) The nation was founded by a Spanish conquest of Indians.
4. When did the Plan of Ayala go into effect?
(a) November, 1911.
(b) January, 1909.
(c) March, 1951.
(d) July, 1937.
5. What event precipitated Spain's complete loss of power?
(a) Mexico's revolt against her.
(b) The loss of her naval supremacy.
(c) Her faith losing all potency.
(d) Her strong monarch's death.
6. When did Spain begin to lose her hold on Mexico?
(a) The end of the 17th Century.
(b) The middle of the 19th Century.
(c) The early 19th Century.
(d) The end of the 16th Century.
7. According to the tribe of the Chamulas, what is a chulel?
(a) The imposition of Catholic beliefs over their native religion.
(b) The prayer of deliverance uttered by a warrior.
(c) A human soul residing in an animal.
(d) The tribute paid to a god.
8. How did Paz see the 20th Century?
(a) A time when dictators took more power than ever before.
(b) A time when the common man asserted himself.
(c) A time when all historical eras mingled and merged.
(d) A time when feudalism was finally thrown off.
9. Mexico lacks basic industries except for one - what is it?
10. What did Manuel Gomez-Morin accomplish for the Revolution?
(a) He helped draft the new Constitution.
(b) He led the greatest contingent of soldiers.
(c) He formulated the property laws.
(d) He wrote the Plan of Ayala.
11. What was the most radical period of the Revolution?
(a) The Cardenas Administration.
(b) The Calles Coup.
(c) The three months leading up to the revolt.
(d) The Obregon Administration.
12. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
(a) The common people.
(b) The new poets.
(d) Their new leaders.
13. What was sacrificed when Porfirio Diaz took power and subdued anarchy?
14. According to Trotsky, what should happen if the Revolution does not break out in advanced nations following World War II?
(a) The Marxist view of history should be revised.
(b) Socialism should be forced on those nations.
(c) The Marxist view of economics should be revised.
(d) Socialism should be abandoned altogether.
15. What metaphor does Paz use to describe Mexico taking control from Spain?
(a) A phoenix rising from the ashes.
(b) A young man finally realizing his strength.
(c) A corpse dismembered and a nation born.
(d) A lion cub overtaking its elderly parent.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does the Indian perceive salvation? (Chapter Five).
2. Which of the following created the Spanish monarchy?
3. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
4. Whom did Paz call the "guardian of freedom and traitor to his country"? (Chapter Six, page 125).
5. Why was unemployment high in Mexico at the time that Paz was writing?
This section contains 651 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)