|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was Vasconcelos' philosophy regarding the material world?
(a) The material world cannot be understood nor explained.
(b) Emotions, rather than intellect, comprehend the world and create reality.
(c) The supernatural world governs the material world.
(d) Intellect, rather than emotions, comprehends the world and creates reality.
2. Why did the Spaniards not exterminate the Indians after they were conquered?
(a) They respected the Indians.
(b) Their Catholicism prevented mass slaughter.
(c) They needed labor.
(d) They wanted to learn from the Indians.
3. What was the motto of positivism?
(a) "The Spirit Shall Speak through My Race".
(b) "Love, Order, and Progress".
(c) "Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity".
(d) "Thus Shall We Live".
4. What is one factor that drives world markets?
(a) The unchallenged advantages of advanced countries.
(b) The low cost of raw materials, and the high cost of manufactured products.
(c) The unequal distribution of raw materials.
(d) The inability of third-world markets to compete.
5. What was the main philosophical objective of the Revolution?
(a) To produce several influential Mexican thinkers.
(b) To replace Catholicism with rationalism.
(c) To overthrow the conservative ideals.
(d) To conquer the past and take it into the present.
6. On what does Paz blame "the rather zigzag progress of the state"? Chapter Eight, page 181).
(a) The conflict between national capitalism and international capitalism.
(b) The necessity of making revolutionary ideals work for practical living.
(c) The struggle between capitalist ideals and socialism.
(d) The difficulty of dealing with a large work force.
7. What economic goal did the Revolution have?
(a) To improve the commerce that had already been established.
(b) To free Mexico from dependence on Spain.
(c) To pull the nation out of poverty.
(d) To establish commerce and industry.
8. Which of the following created the Spanish monarchy?
(b) Political will.
9. Following the Revolution, why was socialist education not widely implemented in Mexico?
(a) Socialism was not the philosophy adopted by Mexicans.
(b) The government could not agree on a socialist curriculum.
(c) Training was not available for teachers for providing a socialist education.
(d) Socialist education was highly unsuccessful.
10. Why did the Church support Spanish power?
(a) The Church owed its Mexican existence to the Spanish Conquest.
(b) The Church was bribed by the Spanish monarch.
(c) The Church was threatened by Spain.
(d) The Church owned large portions of land.
11. When did Spain begin to lose her hold on Mexico?
(a) The end of the 16th Century.
(b) The middle of the 19th Century.
(c) The early 19th Century.
(d) The end of the 17th Century.
12. What was an important element of all ancient cultures?
(a) Historical records.
(c) Military superiority.
(d) Familial relationships.
13. Why was Diaz's regime in a precarious position regarding positivist philosophy?
(a) Because it adopted rather than fathered the philosophy.
(b) Because only about half the regime favored the philosophy.
(c) Because the common people vehemently opposed the philosophy.
(d) Because it could not afford to support such a philosophy when the regime itself was so new.
14. According to Paz, what must be the first step toward reform?
(a) A struggle against rampant government corruption.
(b) A complete overthrow of the socialist state.
(c) A return to traditionalism.
(d) A struggle against the lie that makes colonialism official.
15. Who authored. the book, Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico?
(a) Samuel Ramos.
(b) Christophe Adler.
(c) Jorge Cuesta.
(d) Jorge Scheler.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did the Revolution force the Mexican people to do?
2. How did the Independence movement begin in South America?
3. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
4. What has history demonstrated through certain Contra authors such as Isaac Deutscher?
5. Why does poetry tend to eradicate history? (Chapter Seven).
This section contains 689 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)