Final Test - Easy
|Name: _____________________________||Period: ___________________________|
This quiz consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why did the Spaniards not exterminate the Indians after they were conquered?
(a) Their Catholicism prevented mass slaughter.
(b) They respected the Indians.
(c) They needed labor.
(d) They wanted to learn from the Indians.
2. What metaphor does Paz use to describe Mexico taking control from Spain?
(a) A phoenix rising from the ashes.
(b) A lion cub overtaking its elderly parent.
(c) A young man finally realizing his strength.
(d) A corpse dismembered and a nation born.
3. How did liberalism and democracy function in South American countries?
(a) As a veneer for the workings of colonialism.
(b) As the breath of fresh air, politically speaking.
(c) As an impetus to move the countries into modernity.
(d) As the new structure of governments around the continent.
4. What important circumstance did early revolutionary governments not take into account?
(a) Desertion of rural areas.
(b) Natural resources.
(c) Expansion of cities.
(d) Population growth.
5. When Paz sees that Mexicans return to their tradition, what do they remember?
(a) That they do not belong to a greater universal tradition.
(b) That they are part of Spain's tradition.
(c) That their tradition is mostly Indian.
(d) That their tradition is rooted in conquest and slavery.
6. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
(a) Uneducated, struggling clans.
(b) A single ruling power.
(c) Autonomous, refined civilizations.
(d) Scattered groups of people.
7. What did the Revolution force the Mexican people to do?
(a) Confront history and invent their future.
(b) Overcome the institutions of colonialism.
(c) Synthesize their colonial past with the pre-Catholicism past..
(d) Think about the future in global terms.
8. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
9. Where have the great revolutions of the 20th Century occurred?
(a) In backward countries.
(b) In large, wealthy countries.
(c) In places with little modern culture.
(d) Among indigenous tribes.
10. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
(a) The common people.
(c) Their new leaders.
(d) The new poets.
11. What is Paz's solution for the lack of capital?
(a) Invest in other economies, particularly the United States.
(b) Use human labor to the best advantage.
(c) Build better and more factories.
(d) Learn to harness the raw materials.
12. In Paz's estimation, why do the common people follow their revolutionary leaders?
(a) They identify with the men.
(b) They have no desire to upset the progress of the Revolution.
(c) They are intimidated by the leaders.
(d) They believe in the revolution, regardless of who leads it.
13. Who authored. the book, Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico?
(a) Jorge Scheler.
(b) Jorge Cuesta.
(c) Christophe Adler.
(d) Samuel Ramos.
14. What is the value of Sor Juana's poem, "First Dream"?
(a) A penetrating analysis of the effects of European influence.
(b) A philosophical look at the depth of reality.
(c) A comprehensive history of the Indians before Cortez.
(d) A philosophical look at Catholicism.
15. Whom did Paz call the "guardian of freedom and traitor to his country"? (Chapter Six, page 125).
(b) Jose Maria Mora.
(c) Benito Juarez.
(d) Valentin Gomez Farias.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did the Revolution relate to reality?
2. According to Jorge Cuesta, how has Mexico created herself?
3. How did the Reform want to justify itself?
4. What was the purpose of the publishing house Fondo de Cultura Economica?
5. What was the motto of positivism?
This section contains 625 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)