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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
(a) Who are the Mexicans as a people?
(b) What comprises America?
(c) Where does the future lie?
(d) What is Mexico?
2. What has happened to the former plurality of ideas and customs? (Chapter Seven).
(a) They have become richer.
(b) It has splintered into even more segments.
(c) It has been replaced by a single civilization.
(d) It has grown to accommodate special-interest groups.
3. What happened to the people annexed by greater world powers?
(a) The material gains that they made balanced the loss of voice.
(b) They became more active in the world sphere.
(c) They were forgotten.
(d) They became passive in the world sphere.
4. What important circumstance did early revolutionary governments not take into account?
(a) Desertion of rural areas.
(b) Expansion of cities.
(c) Natural resources.
(d) Population growth.
5. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
(a) A single ruling power.
(b) Autonomous, refined civilizations.
(c) Scattered groups of people.
(d) Uneducated, struggling clans.
6. On what does Paz blame "the rather zigzag progress of the state"? Chapter Eight, page 181).
(a) The necessity of making revolutionary ideals work for practical living.
(b) The conflict between national capitalism and international capitalism.
(c) The struggle between capitalist ideals and socialism.
(d) The difficulty of dealing with a large work force.
7. How did Paz see the 20th Century?
(a) A time when dictators took more power than ever before.
(b) A time when the common man asserted himself.
(c) A time when all historical eras mingled and merged.
(d) A time when feudalism was finally thrown off.
8. According to Jorge Cuesta, how has Mexico created herself?
(a) With an eye toward preventing civil war.
(b) In opposition to her past.
(c) In agreement with her past.
(d) With no regard for the common people.
9. Who authored. the book, Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico?
(a) Samuel Ramos.
(b) Jorge Scheler.
(c) Jorge Cuesta.
(d) Christophe Adler.
10. What was an important element of all ancient cultures?
(b) Historical records.
(c) Military superiority.
(d) Familial relationships.
11. How did the Reform want to justify itself?
(a) Through the future.
(b) Through its changes.
(c) Through its popularity.
(d) Through its past.
12. What was the Mexican intellectual's goal?
(a) Cultural education.
(b) Educational reform.
(c) Political action.
(d) Propagation of the arts.
13. Why did the Church support Spanish power?
(a) The Church owned large portions of land.
(b) The Church owed its Mexican existence to the Spanish Conquest.
(c) The Church was bribed by the Spanish monarch.
(d) The Church was threatened by Spain.
14. In Paz's philosophy, why must Mexicans face reality alone?
(a) They are not in step with the rest of the intellectual world.
(b) The modern world no longer has any ideas.
(c) They do not have a comprehensive philosophy of the self.
(d) They have alienated themselves from the world.
15. Why were the Indians not outraged that their religions were replaced with Catholicism? (Chapter Five).
(a) Because they liked Catholicism better.
(b) Because their gods had betrayed them when Cortez attacked.
(c) Because they had been reconnected to the world.
(d) Because they were not very connected to their gods.
Short Answer Questions
1. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
2. According to Trotsky, what should happen if the Revolution does not break out in advanced nations following World War II?
3. According to Paz, who is most fascinated by death?
4. Why did the Mexican Revolution have to begin before the beginning?
5. What did positivism do with the ideals of the Reformation?
This section contains 651 words
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