|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was one factor that guided the Revolution to prioritize tradition?
(a) The workers did not belong to the city or the country, and so they did not have any tradition.
(b) The large number of supporters over the age of 50.
(c) Its belief in the value of the past.
(d) Its fear of the future.
2. What is Paz's solution for the lack of capital?
(a) Use human labor to the best advantage.
(b) Build better and more factories.
(c) Invest in other economies, particularly the United States.
(d) Learn to harness the raw materials.
3. Who was Emiliano Zapata?
(a) The military leader in Diaz's regime.
(b) The first leader of the Revolution.
(c) The replacement in Diaz's regime.
(d) The leader of the Revolution of the South.
4. Why have Mexican culture and politics vacillated from one extreme to another? (Chapter Seven, page 157).
(a) Because Mexicans cannot invent their history from the beginning.
(b) Because there has never been a strong Mexican leader.
(c) Because Mexicans have difficulty synthesizing experiences.
(d) Because Mexicans deny their Spanish and Indian heritage.
5. What economic goal did the Revolution have?
(a) To free Mexico from dependence on Spain.
(b) To establish commerce and industry.
(c) To improve the commerce that had already been established.
(d) To pull the nation out of poverty.
6. How did liberalism and democracy function in South American countries?
(a) As a veneer for the workings of colonialism.
(b) As the breath of fresh air, politically speaking.
(c) As the new structure of governments around the continent.
(d) As an impetus to move the countries into modernity.
7. According to Paz, who is most fascinated by death?
(a) The infant.
(b) The old.
(c) The youth.
(d) The dying.
8. According to Paz, what must be the first step toward reform?
(a) A return to traditionalism.
(b) A complete overthrow of the socialist state.
(c) A struggle against rampant government corruption.
(d) A struggle against the lie that makes colonialism official.
9. What event precipitated Spain's complete loss of power?
(a) Her strong monarch's death.
(b) Her faith losing all potency.
(c) Mexico's revolt against her.
(d) The loss of her naval supremacy.
10. In Paz's estimation, why do the common people follow their revolutionary leaders?
(a) They identify with the men.
(b) They are intimidated by the leaders.
(c) They believe in the revolution, regardless of who leads it.
(d) They have no desire to upset the progress of the Revolution.
11. Mexico lacks basic industries except for one - what is it?
12. According to Trotsky, what should happen if the Revolution does not break out in advanced nations following World War II?
(a) Socialism should be abandoned altogether.
(b) The Marxist view of history should be revised.
(c) The Marxist view of economics should be revised.
(d) Socialism should be forced on those nations.
13. According to Jorge Cuesta, how has Mexico created herself?
(a) In agreement with her past.
(b) With no regard for the common people.
(c) With an eye toward preventing civil war.
(d) In opposition to her past.
14. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
(a) The new poets.
(b) Their new leaders.
(d) The common people.
15. In Paz's argument, how have tradition and religion always been presented to the Mexicans?
(a) As things to be held lightly or discarded.
(b) As things that will solidify their national identity.
(c) As things that stifle their individuality.
(d) As things leading to their spiritual salvation.
Short Answer Questions
1. In Paz's philosophy, why must Mexicans face reality alone?
2. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
3. What did positivism do with the ideals of the Reformation?
4. What was sacrificed when Porfirio Diaz took power and subdued anarchy?
5. In Jose Gaos' thought, what unique opportunity do young people have through their education?
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