|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why did the Mexican Revolution have to begin before the beginning?
(a) The people still held a feudalistic mindset.
(b) In the early 20th Century, Mexico was far behind the advanced world.
(c) Mexico did not have the basic electricity and resources needed to transform her cities.
(d) The cities were not large enough to house the farmers-turned-workers.
2. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
(a) Their new leaders.
(b) The new poets.
(c) The common people.
3. What has history demonstrated through certain Contra authors such as Isaac Deutscher?
(a) Once abundance is achieved, the state will become socialistic.
(b) Once abundance is achieved, the state will become democratic.
(c) It is extremely difficult for one class to make advancements for itself.
(d) No class ever voluntarily gives up its privileges.
4. What was the main philosophical objective of the Revolution?
(a) To replace Catholicism with rationalism.
(b) To conquer the past and take it into the present.
(c) To overthrow the conservative ideals.
(d) To produce several influential Mexican thinkers.
5. How did the Independence movement begin in South America?
(a) Under the leadership of impassioned leader, San Martin.
(b) With a small band of determined revolutionaries.
(c) With simultaneous victories sweeping the continent.
(d) With Mexican housewives gradually overturning the governing body.
6. How did the Spanish Conquest treat religion?
(a) Spain was integrating Mesoamerican religions.
(b) Spain was defending the faith.
(c) The Conquest did not relate to religion.
(d) Spain was protecting the Mesoamerican religions.
7. What is one factor that drives world markets?
(a) The low cost of raw materials, and the high cost of manufactured products.
(b) The unchallenged advantages of advanced countries.
(c) The inability of third-world markets to compete.
(d) The unequal distribution of raw materials.
8. In Paz's philosophy, why must Mexicans face reality alone?
(a) They are not in step with the rest of the intellectual world.
(b) They do not have a comprehensive philosophy of the self.
(c) The modern world no longer has any ideas.
(d) They have alienated themselves from the world.
9. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
(a) What comprises America?
(b) What is Mexico?
(c) Who are the Mexicans as a people?
(d) Where does the future lie?
10. Why does poetry tend to eradicate history? (Chapter Seven).
(a) Because it attempts to explicate history.
(b) Because it does not understand history.
(c) Because it transcends history.
(d) Because it disdains history.
11. Where have the great revolutions of the 20th Century occurred?
(a) Among indigenous tribes.
(b) In large, wealthy countries.
(c) In backward countries.
(d) In places with little modern culture.
12. Why have Mexican culture and politics vacillated from one extreme to another? (Chapter Seven, page 157).
(a) Because there has never been a strong Mexican leader.
(b) Because Mexicans deny their Spanish and Indian heritage.
(c) Because Mexicans have difficulty synthesizing experiences.
(d) Because Mexicans cannot invent their history from the beginning.
13. How does the Indian perceive salvation? (Chapter Five).
(a) As something attainable only by a few people.
(b) As something open to anyone who would believe.
(c) As something solely individual.
(d) As part of society and the cosmos, as well as individual.
14. What is Paz's solution for the lack of capital?
(a) Build better and more factories.
(b) Use human labor to the best advantage.
(c) Invest in other economies, particularly the United States.
(d) Learn to harness the raw materials.
15. In Paz's argument, how have tradition and religion always been presented to the Mexicans?
(a) As things that will solidify their national identity.
(b) As things to be held lightly or discarded.
(c) As things leading to their spiritual salvation.
(d) As things that stifle their individuality.
Short Answer Questions
1. What event precipitated Spain's complete loss of power?
2. According to Paz, why did the Revolution become a compromise?
3. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
4. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
5. Why did the Church support Spanish power?
This section contains 759 words
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