|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In Asia and Africa, what two seemingly-contradictory ideologies are being used?
(a) Future dreams and individualism.
(b) Colonial past and nationalism.
(c) Revolutionary aspiration and nationalism.
(d) World power and individualism.
2. Mexico lacks basic industries except for one - what is it?
3. Why were the Indians not outraged that their religions were replaced with Catholicism? (Chapter Five).
(a) Because they were not very connected to their gods.
(b) Because their gods had betrayed them when Cortez attacked.
(c) Because they had been reconnected to the world.
(d) Because they liked Catholicism better.
4. When Paz sees that Mexicans return to their tradition, what do they remember?
(a) That their tradition is mostly Indian.
(b) That they are part of Spain's tradition.
(c) That they do not belong to a greater universal tradition.
(d) That their tradition is rooted in conquest and slavery.
5. What was the main philosophical objective of the Revolution?
(a) To produce several influential Mexican thinkers.
(b) To replace Catholicism with rationalism.
(c) To conquer the past and take it into the present.
(d) To overthrow the conservative ideals.
6. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
(a) A place of liberty where men recognize themselves in each other.
(b) A place of stable government and economy.
(c) A place of safety, especially for women and children.
(d) A gathering of people who are invested in each other.
7. According to the tribe of the Chamulas, what is a chulel?
(a) The tribute paid to a god.
(b) A human soul residing in an animal.
(c) The imposition of Catholic beliefs over their native religion.
(d) The prayer of deliverance uttered by a warrior.
8. According to Paz, who is most fascinated by death?
(a) The youth.
(b) The old.
(c) The dying.
(d) The infant.
9. What did positivism do with the ideals of the Reformation?
(a) Made them reality.
(b) Blurred them into vague, utopian dreams.
(c) Made them irrelevant to Mexican life and culture.
(d) Pushed them into the background.
10. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
(a) The new poets.
(c) The common people.
(d) Their new leaders.
11. How did the Aztecs' final struggle manifest itself?
(a) In suicide.
(b) In destruction of their own property.
(c) In silence.
(d) As the last battle.
12. How did Paz see the 20th Century?
(a) A time when all historical eras mingled and merged.
(b) A time when feudalism was finally thrown off.
(c) A time when dictators took more power than ever before.
(d) A time when the common man asserted himself.
13. Why was unemployment high in Mexico at the time that Paz was writing?
(a) The population grew more quickly than industry.
(b) The two biggest factories were experiencing lay-offs.
(c) The labor unions made it difficult for workers to get jobs.
(d) The economy was going through a recession.
14. How did the Reform want to justify itself?
(a) Through the future.
(b) Through its popularity.
(c) Through its changes.
(d) Through its past.
15. When did the Plan of Ayala go into effect?
(a) November, 1911.
(b) July, 1937.
(c) March, 1951.
(d) January, 1909.
Short Answer Questions
1. Where have the great revolutions of the 20th Century occurred?
2. According to Trotsky, what should happen if the Revolution does not break out in advanced nations following World War II?
3. How did the Revolution relate to reality?
4. In Jose Gaos' thought, what unique opportunity do young people have through their education?
5. What was the Mexican intellectual's goal?
This section contains 630 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)