|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Where have the great revolutions of the 20th Century occurred?
(a) In large, wealthy countries.
(b) In places with little modern culture.
(c) Among indigenous tribes.
(d) In backward countries.
2. According to the tribe of the Chamulas, what is a chulel?
(a) A human soul residing in an animal.
(b) The prayer of deliverance uttered by a warrior.
(c) The imposition of Catholic beliefs over their native religion.
(d) The tribute paid to a god.
3. According to Jorge Cuesta, how has Mexico created herself?
(a) With no regard for the common people.
(b) In agreement with her past.
(c) In opposition to her past.
(d) With an eye toward preventing civil war.
4. How did liberalism and democracy function in South American countries?
(a) As the breath of fresh air, politically speaking.
(b) As a veneer for the workings of colonialism.
(c) As the new structure of governments around the continent.
(d) As an impetus to move the countries into modernity.
5. What did the Revolution force the Mexican people to do?
(a) Think about the future in global terms.
(b) Confront history and invent their future.
(c) Synthesize their colonial past with the pre-Catholicism past..
(d) Overcome the institutions of colonialism.
6. Why is a study of colonialism important in understanding Mexican history?
(a) The nation was founded by a Spanish conquest of Indians.
(b) The nation was founded through a peaceful Spanish immersion into Indian culture.
(c) The nation's beginnings were heavily influenced by North Americans.
(d) The nation began through the colonization of several surrounding nations.
7. How did the Revolution relate to reality?
(a) It subtly altered the past idea of reality.
(b) It brought about a new idea of reality.
(c) It denied reality.
(d) It was a sheer explosion of reality.
8. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
9. What question did Edmundo O'Gorman try to answer?
(a) What is Mexico?
(b) Who are the Mexicans as a people?
(c) Where does the future lie?
(d) What comprises America?
10. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
(a) They had only two great thinkers.
(b) They overturned several of Spain's philosophical treatises.
(c) The people adopted ideas, but did not invent their own.
(d) The people adopted some ideas and invented others.
11. What economic goal did the Revolution have?
(a) To pull the nation out of poverty.
(b) To free Mexico from dependence on Spain.
(c) To establish commerce and industry.
(d) To improve the commerce that had already been established.
12. Who authored. the book, Profile of Man and Culture in Mexico?
(a) Jorge Cuesta.
(b) Samuel Ramos.
(c) Jorge Scheler.
(d) Christophe Adler.
13. What was Vasconcelos' philosophy regarding the material world?
(a) The material world cannot be understood nor explained.
(b) Intellect, rather than emotions, comprehends the world and creates reality.
(c) The supernatural world governs the material world.
(d) Emotions, rather than intellect, comprehend the world and create reality.
14. How did the Independence movement begin in South America?
(a) With Mexican housewives gradually overturning the governing body.
(b) With a small band of determined revolutionaries.
(c) Under the leadership of impassioned leader, San Martin.
(d) With simultaneous victories sweeping the continent.
15. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
(a) A place of safety, especially for women and children.
(b) A place of stable government and economy.
(c) A place of liberty where men recognize themselves in each other.
(d) A gathering of people who are invested in each other.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Paz, what must be the first step toward reform?
2. What happened to the people annexed by greater world powers?
3. According to Paz, what is the "contemporary crisis"? (Chapter Seven, page 172).
4. What is the value of Sor Juana's poem, "First Dream"?
5. When Paz sees that Mexicans return to their tradition, what do they remember?
This section contains 734 words
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