|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Paz mean by the word, "community"?
(a) A place of liberty where men recognize themselves in each other.
(b) A place of stable government and economy.
(c) A gathering of people who are invested in each other.
(d) A place of safety, especially for women and children.
2. What was the most radical period of the Revolution?
(a) The Calles Coup.
(b) The Cardenas Administration.
(c) The three months leading up to the revolt.
(d) The Obregon Administration.
3. How did the Aztecs' final struggle manifest itself?
(a) In suicide.
(b) As the last battle.
(c) In destruction of their own property.
(d) In silence.
4. Mexico lacks basic industries except for one - what is it?
5. According to Paz, who is most fascinated by death?
(a) The old.
(b) The youth.
(c) The dying.
(d) The infant.
6. When did the Plan of Ayala go into effect?
(a) July, 1937.
(b) November, 1911.
(c) March, 1951.
(d) January, 1909.
7. Why was Diaz's regime in a precarious position regarding positivist philosophy?
(a) Because it could not afford to support such a philosophy when the regime itself was so new.
(b) Because it adopted rather than fathered the philosophy.
(c) Because the common people vehemently opposed the philosophy.
(d) Because only about half the regime favored the philosophy.
8. What was the purpose of the publishing house Fondo de Cultura Economica?
(a) To act as a façade for Revolutionary pamphlets.
(b) To print books as cheaply as possible.
(c) To print texts about Mexican life and culture.
(d) To print texts about economics for South Americans.
9. Why did the Mexican Revolution have to begin before the beginning?
(a) In the early 20th Century, Mexico was far behind the advanced world.
(b) The cities were not large enough to house the farmers-turned-workers.
(c) The people still held a feudalistic mindset.
(d) Mexico did not have the basic electricity and resources needed to transform her cities.
10. Where have the great revolutions of the 20th Century occurred?
(a) In places with little modern culture.
(b) In backward countries.
(c) In large, wealthy countries.
(d) Among indigenous tribes.
11. What has happened to the former plurality of ideas and customs? (Chapter Seven).
(a) It has been replaced by a single civilization.
(b) They have become richer.
(c) It has splintered into even more segments.
(d) It has grown to accommodate special-interest groups.
12. Which of the following contributed to making colonialism alive and relevant?
(a) Native acceptance.
(c) Imperial takeover.
13. Who were the last people to enter the Valley of Mexico?
14. According to Paz, what is the "contemporary crisis"? (Chapter Seven, page 172).
(a) The crisis of self-identity sweeping South America.
(b) The struggle between two diverse cultures.
(c) The difficulty of Mexico relating to the advancing western world.
(d) A struggle within a culture that no longer has any rivals.
15. According to Trotsky, what should happen if the Revolution does not break out in advanced nations following World War II?
(a) The Marxist view of history should be revised.
(b) Socialism should be abandoned altogether.
(c) Socialism should be forced on those nations.
(d) The Marxist view of economics should be revised.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why is a study of colonialism important in understanding Mexican history?
2. What event precipitated Spain's complete loss of power?
3. What did Moctezuma think as the Spaniards approached?
4. In Paz's argument, how have tradition and religion always been presented to the Mexicans?
5. What economic goal did the Revolution have?
This section contains 669 words
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