|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In Paz's philosophy, why must Mexicans face reality alone?
(a) They have alienated themselves from the world.
(b) They do not have a comprehensive philosophy of the self.
(c) The modern world no longer has any ideas.
(d) They are not in step with the rest of the intellectual world.
2. In Asia and Africa, what two seemingly-contradictory ideologies are being used?
(a) World power and individualism.
(b) Colonial past and nationalism.
(c) Future dreams and individualism.
(d) Revolutionary aspiration and nationalism.
3. What was the Mexican intellectual's goal?
(a) Educational reform.
(b) Political action.
(c) Cultural education.
(d) Propagation of the arts.
4. Mexico lacks basic industries except for one - what is it?
5. What was Vasconcelos' philosophy regarding the material world?
(a) The material world cannot be understood nor explained.
(b) Intellect, rather than emotions, comprehends the world and creates reality.
(c) Emotions, rather than intellect, comprehend the world and create reality.
(d) The supernatural world governs the material world.
6. Why does poetry tend to eradicate history? (Chapter Seven).
(a) Because it attempts to explicate history.
(b) Because it does not understand history.
(c) Because it transcends history.
(d) Because it disdains history.
7. According to Paz, what must be the first step toward reform?
(a) A struggle against rampant government corruption.
(b) A struggle against the lie that makes colonialism official.
(c) A return to traditionalism.
(d) A complete overthrow of the socialist state.
8. On what does Paz blame "the rather zigzag progress of the state"? Chapter Eight, page 181).
(a) The necessity of making revolutionary ideals work for practical living.
(b) The struggle between capitalist ideals and socialism.
(c) The conflict between national capitalism and international capitalism.
(d) The difficulty of dealing with a large work force.
9. What was the purpose of the publishing house Fondo de Cultura Economica?
(a) To print texts about Mexican life and culture.
(b) To print texts about economics for South Americans.
(c) To print books as cheaply as possible.
(d) To act as a façade for Revolutionary pamphlets.
10. Following the Revolution, why was socialist education not widely implemented in Mexico?
(a) The government could not agree on a socialist curriculum.
(b) Training was not available for teachers for providing a socialist education.
(c) Socialism was not the philosophy adopted by Mexicans.
(d) Socialist education was highly unsuccessful.
11. What has history demonstrated through certain Contra authors such as Isaac Deutscher?
(a) No class ever voluntarily gives up its privileges.
(b) Once abundance is achieved, the state will become socialistic.
(c) Once abundance is achieved, the state will become democratic.
(d) It is extremely difficult for one class to make advancements for itself.
12. What happened to the people annexed by greater world powers?
(a) They were forgotten.
(b) They became more active in the world sphere.
(c) The material gains that they made balanced the loss of voice.
(d) They became passive in the world sphere.
13. According to the tribe of the Chamulas, what is a chulel?
(a) The imposition of Catholic beliefs over their native religion.
(b) A human soul residing in an animal.
(c) The tribute paid to a god.
(d) The prayer of deliverance uttered by a warrior.
14. During the Revolution, whom did the intelligentsia make the focal point of its activities?
(a) Their new leaders.
(b) The new poets.
(d) The common people.
15. What did Moctezuma think as the Spaniards approached?
(a) That was the moment of his deliverance.
(b) The gods had abandoned him.
(c) He would finally become Divine.
(d) That was the time to prove his manliness.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Paz, what is the "contemporary crisis"? (Chapter Seven, page 172).
2. How did the Revolution relate to reality?
3. What did the Spaniards find when they arrived in South America?
4. According to Paz, what philosophical fact defines much of Mexico's history?
5. In Paz's estimation, why do the common people follow their revolutionary leaders?
This section contains 727 words
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