|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Paz deem to be the first and most serious change that a man endures when he becomes a worker?
(a) He loses communion with his fellow man.
(b) He loses his sense of the Divine.
(c) He loses his individuality.
(d) He stops earning what he is worth.
2. When does the pachuco become his true self?
(a) When his life explodes.
(b) When he is in Mexico.
(c) When he is alone.
(d) When he is surrounded by fellow Mexicans.
3. In the book's argument, what happens when a Mexican woman is passive?
(a) She embodies the ancient elements of earth, motherhood, and virginity.
(b) She comes to believe in the societal values given her.
(c) She functions as a channel of the ancient elements: Earth, motherhood, and virginity.
(d) She can no longer relate to the man.
4. Why are people sad if a person dies badly (Chapter Three)?
(a) There is no honor in an untoward death.
(b) The life is less important than the death.
(c) There will be no rest for his soul.
(d) The death should reflect the life.
5. In Latin America, what was the importance of Jose Gorostiza's poem, Muerte sin Fin?
(a) It presented the Spanish conquest through the eyes of modernity.
(b) It was the best evidence of a truly modern awareness.
(c) It was the last example of the colonial mindset.
(d) It presented the best example of the Mexican fascination with horror.
6. Aside from being an excess, what does the fiesta revolt against?
7. To which of the following does Paz reduce the Mexican character? (Chapter Four, page 73).
(a) The Mexican only lives when he faces death.
(b) The Mexican is himself only in the crowd of a fiesta or ceremony.
(c) The Mexican is stronger when he is alone.
(d) The Mexican does not dare or want to be himself.
8. What analogy does Paz use to explain Mexico's history?
(a) A child without a family.
(b) A man searching for his wife.
(c) A child without a future.
(d) A man searching for his parents.
9. What happens when the Mexican dissimulates?
(a) He nearly ceases to exist.
(b) He becomes estranged from society.
(c) He merges with the common people.
(d) He preserves his individuality intact.
10. Through dissimulation, what does a Mexican attempt to do?
(a) Become invisible and save his individuality.
(b) Share his individuality with others to make it real.
(c) Become himself in contradistinction to others.
(d) Withdraw from society to save his individuality.
11. In Paz's estimation, woman is a living representation of which of the following?
(b) Life overpowered by death.
(c) Man's incomplete nature.
(d) The strangeness of the world.
12. What do a pachuco's actions and lifestyle demonstrate?
(a) His desire to return to Mexico.
(b) His will to remain different.
(c) His dissatisfaction with North American culture.
(d) His anger at a culture that will not assimilate him.
13. Why did the sense of Mexicanism "float" in the air of Los Angeles?
(a) People struggled to retain Mexican identity in a foreign land.
(b) No one truly knew that it meant to be Mexican.
(c) It was an ethereal sense of nationality.
(d) It did not mix with the North American efficiency or precision.
14. What is the difference between the Mexican killer and the modern one?
(a) The Mexican obliterates an object, not a man.
(b) The Mexican kills as an expression of love.
(c) The Mexican kills a man, not an object.
(d) Only the Mexican killer expresses true hatred.
15. Why are a woman's instincts those of a species rather than her own?
(a) She must have instincts of the species in order to perpetuate the race.
(b) She is the incarnation of the life force, which itself is impersonal.
(c) Her individual instincts are obliterated because of her proximity to the Divine.
(d) As an inferior person, she does not have individual instincts.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is the Mexican concept of work?
2. In their relation to their world, to whom does Paz compare Mexicans?
3. What is the advantage of the North American view of women in relation to the Spanish view?
4. What does the Mexican value in art, religion, and politics?
5. How do Mexicans perceive an opening-up of one's self?
This section contains 731 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)