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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In Latin America, what was the importance of Jose Gorostiza's poem, Muerte sin Fin?
(a) It presented the best example of the Mexican fascination with horror.
(b) It was the last example of the colonial mindset.
(c) It presented the Spanish conquest through the eyes of modernity.
(d) It was the best evidence of a truly modern awareness.
2. How does Paz differentiate between views of the body in Mexico and North America?
(a) Mexicans are modest, while North Americans are afraid of their bodies.
(b) Mexicans are ashamed of their bodies, while North Americans live with physical exuberance.
(c) Mexicans are afraid of their bodies, while North Americans are modest.
(d) Mexicans live with abandon while North Americans are prudent.
3. Why are woman considered inferior people?
(a) They are too emotionally attached.
(b) They open themselves up in submission.
(c) They are not as intelligent as men.
(d) They are not as reticent as men.
4. In Paz's thought, what does a study of the great myths reveal?
(a) Man has broken the order of the universe.
(b) Man will never truly be saved.
(c) Man can only be saved by something other than himself.
(d) Man will continually become better than he is now.
5. Why does a Mexican blend into his surroundings and become solely Appearance?
(a) He wants to end his individuality.
(b) He fears appearances.
(c) He loves appearance.
(d) He fears human interaction.
6. What did Paz find in the actions and faces of North Americans?
(a) A fear about the survival of their society.
(b) A faith in man's intrinsic goodness and its effects on their culture.
(c) An unrealistic optimism about the future.
(d) A faith in their society and confidence in its survival.
7. What is the most valued trait in both the military and political realms?
8. When does the pachuco become his true self?
(a) When his life explodes.
(b) When he is in Mexico.
(c) When he is alone.
(d) When he is surrounded by fellow Mexicans.
9. What model do Mexicans prefer that the woman follow?
(a) A model of strength, praise, and fortitude.
(b) The model of ancient Mexican goddesses.
(c) A general model of decency, secrecy, and long-suffering.
(d) The model of The Virgin Mary - chaste and kind.
10. How do Mexicans avoid the dangers of romantic relationships, according to Paz?
(a) By stifling their feelings.
(b) By denying the importance of the other.
(c) By not truly loving.
(d) By exaggerating their feelings.
11. In Paz's example of the village near Mitla, how is their yearly income spent?
(a) On education.
(b) On funerals.
(c) On fiestas.
(d) On weddings and christenings.
12. How are the worlds of terrorism and mass production similar to each other? (Chapter Four).
(a) However subtle, they use persecution.
(b) Their primary catalyst is guilt.
(c) They focus on the individuality of man.
(d) They are worlds of things.
13. How does a man become "like the angels" (Chapter Three, page 61)?
(a) By entrusting everything to God.
(b) By valuing life to its final moment.
(c) By opening fully to death, as well as to life.
(d) By running from death to an embracement of life.
14. Which of the following powers does the saying "I am your father" hold? (Chapter Four, page 80).
(a) The power of the closed person, the aggressor.
(b) The power of the Creator.
(c) The subtle power of the seemingly weaker person.
(d) The power of the justified and privileged person.
15. What is the Spanish view of women in contrast to the Mexican?
(a) Women are shaped by the minds of men.
(b) Women are idols.
(c) Women are decent and modest.
(d) Women are wild and lecherous.
Short Answer Questions
1. How is the myth of the "long-suffering Mexican woman" created?
2. Why did the sense of Mexicanism "float" in the air of Los Angeles?
3. Chapter Three begins with the great effect that fiestas and public celebrations have. What is this effect?
4. According to Paz, what is the Mexican's relationship with his fellow man?
5. In Paz's opinion, when is a person most likely to see himself as precious and unique?
This section contains 766 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)