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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does the pachuco represent in Paz's writing?
(a) The typical Mexican living in North American culture.
(b) The modern-day religious saint.
(c) One extreme at which the Mexican can arrive.
(d) One step along the path that a Mexican can take.
2. What type of book did Xavier Villaurrutia write?
(a) Religious exhortations about life.
(b) A scientific explanation of death.
(c) Life-related poetry.
(d) Death-related poetry.
3. Paz discusses the result of persecution on the pachuco. What is that result?
(a) It makes him distrustful.
(b) It makes him stronger.
(c) It breaks his solitude.
(d) It strengthens his anger.
4. What did Paz find in the actions and faces of North Americans?
(a) A faith in man's intrinsic goodness and its effects on their culture.
(b) An unrealistic optimism about the future.
(c) A faith in their society and confidence in its survival.
(d) A fear about the survival of their society.
5. According to Paz, what is the Mexican's relationship with his fellow man?
(a) He changes him to Nobody.
(b) He respects him only if they are the same social class.
(c) He respects him only if he is revered.
(d) He ignores him.
6. From what does a fiesta free the Mexican, in Paz's understanding?
(a) The drudgery of common living.
(b) The sense of unfulfilled desires.
(c) The explosive desires he carries in his heart.
(d) The horror of human thought.
7. Chapter Three begins with the great effect that fiestas and public celebrations have. What is this effect?
(a) They stop the flow of time.
(b) They increase man's sense of his mortality.
(c) They bring people together with unusual dynamics.
(d) They emphasize man's individuality.
8. What masculine trait enters into the idea of feminine modesty?
9. In Latin America, what was the importance of Jose Gorostiza's poem, Muerte sin Fin?
(a) It presented the Spanish conquest through the eyes of modernity.
(b) It was the best evidence of a truly modern awareness.
(c) It presented the best example of the Mexican fascination with horror.
(d) It was the last example of the colonial mindset.
10. According to Paz, how does death end when a civilization denies it?
(a) By evading death.
(b) By living fully.
(c) It does not end.
(d) Through the denial of life.
11. How are the worlds of terrorism and mass production similar to each other? (Chapter Four).
(a) They focus on the individuality of man.
(b) They are worlds of things.
(c) However subtle, they use persecution.
(d) Their primary catalyst is guilt.
12. How do Mexicans avoid the dangers of romantic relationships, according to Paz?
(a) By denying the importance of the other.
(b) By exaggerating their feelings.
(c) By stifling their feelings.
(d) By not truly loving.
13. Why does the worker lack mystery?
(a) He is identical to his fellow man.
(b) He loses his communion with the Divine.
(c) He is confined to a small space in the world.
(d) He is bound to time and space.
14. Paz says that during critical moments in a nation's development, the people ask themselves a critical question. What is that question?
(a) Who should lead us?
(b) How do we want the future to look?
(c) How can we move forward?
(d) Who are we and how can we fulfill this obligation?
15. According to Paz, why does the liar tell lies to himself?
(a) He is afraid of the world.
(b) He is afraid of himself.
(c) He is afraid of finding truth in other people.
(d) He does not know the truth.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Paz, what does it mean when a person is alone?
2. As Paz uderstands it, what is the Mexican's relation to death?
3. What familial relationship does Paz equate with solitude?
4. In Paz's thought, what does a study of the great myths reveal?
5. To which of the following does Paz reduce the Mexican character? (Chapter Four, page 73).
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