|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why does the worker lack mystery?
(a) He is confined to a small space in the world.
(b) He loses his communion with the Divine.
(c) He is identical to his fellow man.
(d) He is bound to time and space.
2. According to Paz, how does death end when a civilization denies it?
(a) By living fully.
(b) By evading death.
(c) It does not end.
(d) Through the denial of life.
3. What masculine trait enters into the idea of feminine modesty?
4. According to Paz's argument, what is the source of the North American's irritation with the pachuco?
(a) He sees the pachuco as a threat to North American society.
(b) He sees the pachuco as an invader.
(c) He does not know how to relate to the pachuco.
(d) He sees the pachuco as a mythical figure, and thus dangerous.
5. What type of book did Xavier Villaurrutia write?
(a) A scientific explanation of death.
(b) Religious exhortations about life.
(c) Life-related poetry.
(d) Death-related poetry.
6. As explained in Chapter One, who are the pachucos?
(a) Old men who keep the memory of Mexico alive in their grandchildren who were born in the United States.
(b) Young men who leave Mexico for the United States hoping for a better life.
(c) Old men who no longer have a connection to their native land.
(d) Rebellious youths who are not assimilated into North American culture.
7. What is the difference between the Mexican killer and the modern one?
(a) Only the Mexican killer expresses true hatred.
(b) The Mexican obliterates an object, not a man.
(c) The Mexican kills as an expression of love.
(d) The Mexican kills a man, not an object.
8. Other than solitude, what does the Mexican often feel in relation to other peoples?
(c) Complete isolation.
9. In Latin America, what was the importance of Jose Gorostiza's poem, Muerte sin Fin?
(a) It presented the Spanish conquest through the eyes of modernity.
(b) It was the last example of the colonial mindset.
(c) It presented the best example of the Mexican fascination with horror.
(d) It was the best evidence of a truly modern awareness.
10. How is the myth of the "long-suffering Mexican woman" created?
(a) When the woman is most vulnerable to attack.
(b) When the woman becomes impassive in the face of suffering.
(c) When the woman's natural frailty becomes a virtue.
(d) When the woman overcomes her natural frailty.
11. According to Paz, what does it mean when a person is alone?
(a) He is inferior.
(b) He is superior.
(c) He can never relate to other people.
(d) He is different.
12. What contributes to the power of the word, chingar, and all of its derivations?
(a) The fact that people use the word in religious ceremonies.
(b) The fact that its derivations are many and complicated.
(c) The fact that the word is related to words related to death.
(d) The fact that it is prohibited in public places.
13. From what does a fiesta free the Mexican, in Paz's understanding?
(a) The sense of unfulfilled desires.
(b) The horror of human thought.
(c) The explosive desires he carries in his heart.
(d) The drudgery of common living.
14. How does a man become "like the angels" (Chapter Three, page 61)?
(a) By opening fully to death, as well as to life.
(b) By valuing life to its final moment.
(c) By running from death to an embracement of life.
(d) By entrusting everything to God.
15. What familial relationship does Paz equate with solitude?
(a) Being childless.
(b) Having no male relatives.
(c) Having no siblings.
(d) Being an orphan.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is the advantage of the North American view of women in relation to the Spanish view?
2. Why did Catholicism drastically change the Aztec view of life?
3. To follow Paz's previous argument, what is the result when one Mexican confides in another?
4. In Paz's example of the village near Mitla, how is their yearly income spent?
5. In Paz's estimation, what vital word has the Mexican forgotten?
This section contains 725 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)