1. What is meant by the new civilization that Athens created?
The term refers to the works of art, writing and architecture of the period. The Athenians exhibited a productivity that has never been surpassed.
2. What were the characteristics of the ancient world in which Athens existed?
There were two distinguishing characteristics of the ancient world: a ruling despot with a subjugated population and a priestly organization which engaged in intellectual activities.
3. Before the rise of Athens, Egypt was the greatest civilization. What were the characteristics of this civilization?
The biggest interest of the ancient Egyptians was interest in the dead.
4. What is the reason for the Egyptian preoccupation with death and where one would go after life?
There are two reasons given. The first has to do with human misery and suffering during life.
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