|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Sontag claims that Bataille could see extreme pain as a form of __________.
2. Concerned with the public health risk posed by cigarette smoking, officials in which country suggested that images of black lungs, damaged hearts or periodontal disease be included on the warning label for tobacco products?
3. In discussing images that remind us of death, Sontag references a particular 1943 photograph. What is the subject of this photograph?
4. Which of the following produced a documentary about a "deranged" Pacific war veteran who drives the streets of Tokyo speaking against Japanese war crimes?
5. Sontag refutes the possibility of a suggestion she made in "On Photography". Which of the following ideas did she refute?
Short Essay Questions
1. According to Sontag, designating a hell is not enough; yet, she suggests that this ability to name an atrocity does accomplish something. What does this accomplish? What is the point of naming an atrocity an atrocity?
2. Sontag discusses two widespread ideas about the influence of photography. What is the first idea? Discuss it including one example.
3. How does our contemporary view of suffering differ from earlier, more traditional Western views?
4. Why did the people of Sarajevo object to having scenes of their war represented alongside scenes of the conflict in Somalia?
5. Why is a museum, in Sontag's opinion, an inappropriate place to display atrocity photographs?
6. Sontag claims that a book is still the best medium for circulating images of atrocity. Name the three reasons she provides.
7. Sontag discusses the emergence of apathy and cynicism toward war. According to her discussion, what feeling underlies cynicism about war and atrocity? What is the purpose of this cynicism?
8. Although there are more images broadcast, Sontag suggests that the human response to suffering is relatively unchanged. Discuss Sontag's views on our capacity for dealing with suffering.
9. Sontag claims that there is a difference between finding beauty in artistic representations of war and finding beauty in photographs of war. What is the difference?
10. How does Sontag refute claims that photography is somehow inherently more voyeuristic than other forms of observation?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Although the public often reacts with disappointment or even outrage upon learning that a moving image has been staged, is there anything inherently less true about an image staged for a photograph than there is in a still life composed for a painting? Does a photograph need to capture spontaneous truth as it unfolds in order to have any validity. Provide support for your argument and discuss relevant examples.
Essay Topic 2
Media coverage of the Vietnam War produced a mass outcry against war, while the media coverage of 9/11 produced more divergent effects on individuals. What do you think accounts for this difference? Is it perhaps the difference between a far-off conflict and an attack at "home"? Is it perhaps something in the nature of the wars themselves? Is it the difference in media coverage? Or is it something altogether different? Defend your position with evidence and support.
Essay Topic 3
Sontag suggested that specific memory of atrocities may be detrimental to peace efforts. Is this necessarily true? Is there a way in which memories and memorials might contribute to establishing and maintaining peace? If so, how? If not, why not?
This section contains 1,154 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)