|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Sontag cites one of her earlier books published in 1977. Which of the following is it?
(a) "On Photography."
(b) "Against Interpretation."
(c) "Illness as Metaphor and AIDS and Its Metaphors."
2. "Dead Troops Talk (A Vision After an Ambush of a Red Army Patrol near Moqor, Afghanistan, Winter 1986" was a photograph taken by which of the following types of photographer?
(a) A military photographer archiving the event for intelligence purposes.
(b) An embedded journalist.
(c) A civilian bystander with a disposable camera.
(d) A Canadian artist attempting to envision the horrors of a distant war.
3. Using the example of Ground Zero, Sontag argues that photographs have the power to do which of the following to their subject?
(a) Degrade it to something consumable.
(b) Capture the unseen in it.
(c) Elevate it to something venerable.
(d) Transform it to something beautiful.
4. Events enter the collective memory, not by a natural process of remembering but by:
(a) Active designation of significance.
(b) Government propaganda.
(c) Subconscious selection.
(d) Repeated exposure.
5. Which of the following terms does Sontag define as a commonly used term for those whose profession like journalists takes them into war zones?
(a) War tourism.
(b) Atrocity tourism.
(c) War voyeurism.
(d) Conflict exploitation.
6. Modern society, Sontag argues, is a "society of _______".
7. A famous campaign for Benetton used which of the following images in its advertising?
(a) A wounded German soldier.
(b) The barbed wire from Warsaw.
(c) A concentration camp uniform.
(d) A dead Croatian soldier's bloody shirt.
8. _______ is a modern development in camera use.
9. According to Sontag, Wall's photograph may have been an updated version of which infamous image from the First World War?
(a) Gance's "J'accuse."
(b) Gardner's "Photographic Sketch Book of the War."
(c) Friedrich's "War against War!"
(d) Goya's "Distasters of War."
10. Although Sontag is pessimistic about the broad effects of atrocity photographs, she did mention one positive outcome. What was it?
(a) The individual may come to a deeper understanding of the evil people may inflict.
(b) Images continually educate people in how to behave humanely.
(c) The victims of atrocities may soemtimes feel that their suffering is not in vain.
(d) Some people may still be persuaded by images of suffering.
11. Sontag cites the Japanese narrative "Chushingura" in which the protagonist stops to appreciate the beauty of cherry blossoms one last time before committing ritual suicide as an example of which kind of shocking art?
(a) The type which is perennially performed, but which achieves less of a reaction with each performance.
(b) The type which, through the narrative form of pathos, continually induces emotional reactions.
(c) The type which is often underestimated for its emotional impact.
(d) The type which is only relative to a particular culture, and thus has little effect on outsiders.
12. Many of the scenes in "Saving Private Ryan" were based on works by which famous World War I photographer?
(a) Roger Fenton.
(b) Ernst Friedrich.
(c) Gilles Peress.
(d) Robert Capa.
13. Which nation's army was represented in Wall's photograph?
(c) Soviet Union.
(d) United States.
14. Which of the following is NOT one of the adjectives Sontag uses to describe the indescribable experience of war?
15. Which of the following thinkers argued that people take "no small" delight in witnessing the suffering of others?
(a) Edmund Burke.
(b) Renee Descartes.
Short Answer Questions
1. Sontag writes that provocative images may have which of the following effects on viewers?
2. "Without Sanctuary" was a book of photographs taken of which of the following atrocities?
3. Sontag lists three impulses which may be satisfied by viewing images of atrocities. Which of the following is NOT one of them?
4. When Baudelaire expressed his concerns about the effects of the newspaper in 1860, which of the following was true?
5. Sontag corrects her earlier argument by claiming that which of the following is eroded by modern media saturation?
This section contains 755 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)