|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Sontag argues that there are two extreme positions on a spectrum of war experience which create the same idea that images of war are no longer emotionally-jarring for an audience? Which two positions are they?
(a) Soldiers and civilians of war-torn regions.
(b) Unexperienced cynics and the war-weary.
(c) Scholars and politicians.
(d) Victims and perpetrators of atrocity.
2. Which of the following terms does Sontag define as a commonly used term for those whose profession like journalists takes them into war zones?
(a) Conflict exploitation.
(b) Atrocity tourism.
(c) War voyeurism.
(d) War tourism.
3. What did Wall's photograph enable soldiers to do that they could not do in "real" life?
(a) Condemn the viewer.
(b) Speak while dead.
(c) Communicate propaganda.
(d) Glorify war.
4. Sontag lists three impulses which may be satisfied by viewing images of atrocities. Which of the following is NOT one of them?
(a) "To acknowledge the existence of the incorrigible".
(b) "To make onself more numb".
(c) "To force oneself to face taboo".
(d) "To steel oneself against weakness".
5. Sebastiao Salgado's work called "Migrations: Humanity in Transition" was often criticized as being:
6. Although images were more prevalent, which of the following was NOT also true?
(a) People's reactions to the images were greater.
(b) Humanity became oversensitive to images of suffering.
(c) The human capacity to absorb the images of suffering increased.
(d) People's understanding of atrocity increased.
7. Sontag claims that sentimentality is often accompanied by which of the following?
(a) A tendency toward hypocrisy.
(b) A fervid religious commitment.
(c) A maudlin reaction to stories of war.
(d) A proclivity for brutality.
8. Which of the following photographers exhibited photographs of Sarajevo in 1994?
(a) Paul Lowe.
(b) Frederick Wiseman.
(c) Larisa Shepitko.
(d) Jeff Wall.
9. Sontag criticizes American portrayals of U.S. military strategy, saying that war museums do not emphasize which of the following?
(a) War crimes committed by United States officers.
(b) U.S. defeat in battle.
(c) The victims of U.S. military force.
(d) U.S. use of disproportionate fire power.
10. According to Sontag, people are less responsive to images of violence in which of the following contexts?
(a) Instances of mass casualty.
(b) Times of seemingly unending war.
(c) Times of relative peace in one's home nation.
(d) Armed conflicts amassing the deaths of military personnel.
11. Sontag cites one of her earlier books published in 1977. Which of the following is it?
(a) "On Photography."
(b) "Illness as Metaphor and AIDS and Its Metaphors."
(c) "Against Interpretation."
12. Sontag discusses another common belief regarding media coverage of an event, and suggested that it may seem to contradict the first common belief she addresses. What is this second idea?
(a) Limited exposure diminishes the impact the images have on an audience.
(b) Repeated images in the media exhaust our ability to prevent new atrocities.
(c) Overexposure to images in the media makes people callous.
(d) The media sensationalizes stories of atrocity.
13. At the time Sontag wrote the book, many felt what which of the following made atrocity photographs immoral?
14. The West had a long tradition of viewing war as which of the following?
15. Many of the scenes in "Saving Private Ryan" were based on works by which famous World War I photographer?
(a) Gilles Peress.
(b) Ernst Friedrich.
(c) Robert Capa.
(d) Roger Fenton.
Short Answer Questions
1. A famous campaign for Benetton used which of the following images in its advertising?
2. Which of the following produced a documentary about a "deranged" Pacific war veteran who drives the streets of Tokyo speaking against Japanese war crimes?
3. In transforming an event or person into something that can be owned, photographs:
4. Sontag claims that compassion requires which of the following in order to remain?
5. Although Sontag is pessimistic about the broad effects of atrocity photographs, she did mention one positive outcome. What was it?
This section contains 682 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)