|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Sontag, war journalism first developed during which of the following two wars?
(a) The Crimean War and the American Civil War.
(b) The American Revolution and the American Civil War.
(c) World War I and World War II.
(d) World War II and the Vietnam War.
2. Photography on the war front was first banned in an organized fashion during which of the following wars?
(a) World War II.
(b) The Boer War.
(c) The Spanish Civil War.
(d) World War I.
3. Sontag calls for the reader's sympathy for the wounded Taliban soldier whose pain graced the cover of "The New York Times" by suggesting which of the following?
(a) The man's suffering should be a private affair.
(b) The man's loved ones would discover the images one day.
(c) The man deserved greater respect for serving his government in war.
(d) The man was a human being.
4. After World War I, the general public thought of the War as:
(a) A clean, necessary and effectively fought war.
(b) The war to end all wars.
(c) A hopeless waste of human energy and life.
(d) An atrocity committed on the world stage.
5. Which of the following pairs of images appeared side-by-side in a 1937 issue of "Life"?
(a) A dying Republican soldier and Vitalis men's hair cream.
(b) A dying Republican soldier and a mother holding her child while looking at the sky.
(c) A mother holding her child while looking at the sky and Vitalis men's hair cream.
(d) The bombing of Guernica and Vitalis men's hair cream.
6. Fenton received directions from the War Office to do which of the following?
(a) Graphically depict the horrors of war.
(b) Generate propaganda for Britain.
(c) Glorify war through patriotic images.
(d) Avoid photographing the ill, wounded, dying and dead.
7. Sontag claims that American journalists have always followed one tacit prohibition. What have American journalists always avoided?
(a) Printing images of suffering women and children.
(b) Printing images of the faces of American dead.
(c) Printing images of American-committed war crimes.
(d) Printing images of mass American casualties.
8. Sontag argues that technological advances changed the way the public understands war by:
(a) Shielding the public from scenes of the wounded and dying.
(b) Producing mass casualties and horrific destruction.
(c) Allowing journalists to represent the war in detail as it happens.
(d) Improving the power and accuracy of weapons.
9. According to Sontag, anti-war sentiment:
(a) Was considered treasonous.
(b) Emerged in the arts across Europe after World War I.
(c) Overcame the militarized frenzy of the war years.
(d) Produced peace.
10. Sontag discusses the use of images of the dead to bolster hatred of the enemy. Which of the following recent events, aired on the Al Jazeera network, does she use as an example?
(a) The hanging of Sadam Hussein.
(b) The invasion of Iraq in 2003.
(c) The destruction of the Jenin refugee camp in 2002.
(d) The destruction of the Word Trade Center in 2001.
11. The conflicts in the Balkans in the 1990s stood out to many onlookers for which of the following reasons?
(a) The violence was more extreme than other conflicts of the era.
(b) The media hyped the conflicts by airing footage during each broadcast.
(c) Government propaganda incited great public interest.
(d) Most people believe that atrocities like that do not happen in Europe.
12. Although the camera captures the scene in front of it, Sontag suggests that the ______ may manipulate the image.
13. Sontag discusses "Here Is New York," a photography exhibit depicting September 11th. Whom did the organizers ask to contribute photographs?
(a) Photojournalists only.
(b) Anyone who captured an image of the tragedy.
(c) Professional artists only.
(d) Amateurs only.
14. Which Virginia Woolf book does Sontag discuss in detail?
(b) The Hours.
(c) Mrs. Dalloway.
(d) Three Guineas.
15. According to Sontag, _________ also influences the public's perception of war.
(a) Government policies.
(c) Anti-war sentiment.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which was the first war to be covered by television cameras?
2. To whom did the "Here Is New York" exhibit donate the proceeds?
3. Sontag argues that creating lasting interest in war image requires which of the following?
4. Goya's "Los Desastres de la Guerra" (The Disasters of War) was a series of etchings published in 1863. Which of the following events does this series depict?
5. Which of the following images was often thought to represent a mother, looking tellingly into the sky during an air raid of the Spanish Civil War?
This section contains 792 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)