|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which of the following images was often thought to represent a mother, looking tellingly into the sky during an air raid of the Spanish Civil War?
(a) "Land Distribution Meeting, Extremadura, Spain, 1936"
(c) "War Against War!"
(d) "Mother and Child, Barcelona, Spain, 1936"
2. Recalling traditions of the 16th and 17th century, Sontag claims that printing images of dark-skinned people in moments of suffering or pain is part of a long tradition of which of the following?
(a) Creating interest in the human rights violations committed against the colonized or dominated.
(b) Drumming up feelings of superiority over the colonized or dominated.
(c) Displaying the bodies of the colonized or dominated.
(d) Protesting oppressive treatment of the colonized or dominated.
3. Sontag suggests that the camera always "kept company with _________".
4. Sontag claims that Jacques Callot's 1633 painting, "The Miseries and Misfortunes of War" was unprecedented for which of the following reasons?
(a) The painting emphasized the savagery of the conquering army.
(b) The painting portrayed shocking violence and bloodshed.
(c) The painting was the first anti-war protest work.
(d) The painting glorified the horrors of war.
5. Sontag lists which of the following as images that the artist "makes"?
(a) Drawings and paintings.
(b) Photographs and etchings.
(c) Paintings and photographs.
(d) Etchings and drawings.
6. How many images did the "Here Is New York" exhibit originally receive?
(a) More than one million.
(b) More than one thousand.
(c) Less five hundred.
(d) Less than one hundred.
7. Faced with "information overload," people remember a photograph because it is a quick way of storing information, much like which of the following strategies?
(a) Quotations, mnenics and memory games.
(b) Quotations, maxims and proverbs.
(c) Jingles, mnemonics and rhymes.
(d) Maxims, proverbs and songs.
8. According to Sontag, photojournalism was used post-9/11 to:
(a) Increase sensitivity toward Middle-Eastern Americans.
(b) Promote messages of peace and pacificism.
(c) Inform the public of the event.
(d) Increase support for military action.
9. Sontag, confirming Walter Lippmann's assertion, argues that photography replaced which of the following media for representing the truth?
(a) Religious texts such as the Bible.
(b) Eye-witness testimonies.
(c) Scientific studies.
(d) Artistic representations such as paintings or drawings.
10. The media may inform the public of war crimes and atrocities, but often fails to capture the:
(a) Essence of the experience.
(b) Tension between combatants.
(c) Emotional struggles of the victims.
(d) Complicated circumstances, causes and impact of the event.
11. Sontag claims that American journalists have always followed one tacit prohibition. What have American journalists always avoided?
(a) Printing images of American-committed war crimes.
(b) Printing images of mass American casualties.
(c) Printing images of suffering women and children.
(d) Printing images of the faces of American dead.
12. Sontag argues that Woolf's view, like many other "antiwar polemicists" is:
13. Sontag claims that "good taste" is always _________ when invoked by institutions.
(a) A way to maintain appearances.
(b) A repressive standard.
(c) A decision made in the interest of freedom.
(d) A measure to protect the public.
14. According to Sontag, anti-war sentiment:
(a) Produced peace.
(b) Overcame the militarized frenzy of the war years.
(c) Emerged in the arts across Europe after World War I.
(d) Was considered treasonous.
15. The Brady war pictures were taken of which of the following wars?
(a) The Crimean War.
(b) The Spanish Civil War.
(c) The American Civil War.
(d) World War I.
Short Answer Questions
1. Sontag claims that images of suffering in Africa send a double message. Which of the following best represents that message?
2. In discussing the difference gender makes in perceptions of war, Sontag agrees with which of the following authors?
3. Paraphrasing Woolf, Sontag states that the privileged class fails to respond to images of war with the appropriate pain. She describes this as a:
4. Photographic representations of the Vietnam War was essential to promoting:
5. Sontag argues that creating lasting interest in war image requires which of the following?
This section contains 727 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)