|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Sontag, photographs of atrocities are best received if they are:
(a) Well-lit and high-contrast.
(b) So artistically simple as to seem uncomposed.
(c) Close-ups of compelling scenes.
(d) Images of familiar places or people.
2. Sontag claims that "good taste" is always _________ when invoked by institutions.
(a) A measure to protect the public.
(b) A repressive standard.
(c) A way to maintain appearances.
(d) A decision made in the interest of freedom.
3. According to Sontag, why do images of atrocities fail to convey a singular, universal message?
(a) They require context and explanation.
(b) They inspire only disgust.
(c) They are inappropriate for mass publication.
(d) They are too graphic.
4. After World War I, the general public thought of the War as:
(a) A clean, necessary and effectively fought war.
(b) The war to end all wars.
(c) An atrocity committed on the world stage.
(d) A hopeless waste of human energy and life.
5. Which of the following pairs of images appeared side-by-side in a 1937 issue of "Life"?
(a) A dying Republican soldier and Vitalis men's hair cream.
(b) A mother holding her child while looking at the sky and Vitalis men's hair cream.
(c) The bombing of Guernica and Vitalis men's hair cream.
(d) A dying Republican soldier and a mother holding her child while looking at the sky.
6. Sontag discusses the subtitle of "Here is New York" in some detail. What was this subtitle?
(a) "A Democracy of Images."
(b) "A City Mourns."
(c) "September 11th, 2001."
(d) "A Nation in Shock."
7. The footage from a 1898 charge of Colonel Roosevelt's volunteer cavalry, the Rough Riders, was replaced with film of a staged charge later for which of the following reasons?
(a) The photographer lost the film reel.
(b) The footage of the actual event was not dramatic enough.
(c) The lighting on the day of the event was insufficient.
(d) Colonel Roosevelt was unsatisfied with the footage.
8. Sontag discusses a famous series of photographs taken by Tyler Hicks, titled "A Nation Challenged." What does this series depict?
(a) Osama Bin Laden.
(b) The destruction of the Twin Towers.
(c) A wounded Taliban soldier.
(d) Hugo Chavez.
9. Sontag claims that American journalists have always followed one tacit prohibition. What have American journalists always avoided?
(a) Printing images of the faces of American dead.
(b) Printing images of American-committed war crimes.
(c) Printing images of suffering women and children.
(d) Printing images of mass American casualties.
10. Sontag compares the desire for images of people in pain to which other recurrent type of image?
(a) Images of happiness.
(b) Images of love.
(c) Images of nude bodies.
(d) Images of natural disasters.
11. Which of the following included close-up images of soldiers wounded by war in his/her 1938 film?
(b) Virginia Woolf.
(c) Ernst Friedrich.
(d) Abel Gance.
12. Audiences may question the veracity of photographs because:
(a) Newspapers and magazines caption the images.
(b) Anyone can photograph an event.
(c) Photojournalists are unreliable.
(d) Images can be staged or manipulated.
13. Sontag notes that post-colonial Africa is most commonly known to the American public based on a series of which of the following groups of images?
(a) Photographs of the famine fields of Biafra, the Rwandan genocide, and the AIDS epidemic.
(b) Still images of freedom fighters, revolutionary independence movements, and guerrilla insurgencies.
(c) Images of post-war development and national improvement.
(d) Images of American aid groups, support-a-child network assistants, and refugee camps.
14. The conflicts in the Balkans in the 1990s stood out to many onlookers for which of the following reasons?
(a) Most people believe that atrocities like that do not happen in Europe.
(b) Government propaganda incited great public interest.
(c) The media hyped the conflicts by airing footage during each broadcast.
(d) The violence was more extreme than other conflicts of the era.
15. Sontag argues that technological advances changed the way the public understands war by:
(a) Improving the power and accuracy of weapons.
(b) Allowing journalists to represent the war in detail as it happens.
(c) Producing mass casualties and horrific destruction.
(d) Shielding the public from scenes of the wounded and dying.
Short Answer Questions
1. Sontag notes that at the time Virginia Woolf wrote "Three Guineas," war journalism was different than it is now. How was it different?
2. According to Sontag, anti-war sentiment:
3. Which was the first war to be "covered" by professional war journalists at the front lines?
4. How many images did the "Here Is New York" exhibit originally receive?
5. To whom did the "Here Is New York" exhibit donate the proceeds?
This section contains 804 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)