|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Sontag, photographs of atrocities are best received if they are:
(a) Close-ups of compelling scenes.
(b) Images of familiar places or people.
(c) So artistically simple as to seem uncomposed.
(d) Well-lit and high-contrast.
2. Sontag notes that at the time Virginia Woolf wrote "Three Guineas," war journalism was different than it is now. How was it different?
(a) It was less graphic.
(b) It was less prevalent.
(c) It was more common.
(d) It was more disturbing.
3. The footage from a 1898 charge of Colonel Roosevelt's volunteer cavalry, the Rough Riders, was replaced with film of a staged charge later for which of the following reasons?
(a) The photographer lost the film reel.
(b) Colonel Roosevelt was unsatisfied with the footage.
(c) The lighting on the day of the event was insufficient.
(d) The footage of the actual event was not dramatic enough.
4. Sontag argues that Woolf's view, like many other "antiwar polemicists" is:
5. Sontag suggests that a catastrophic event that is experienced in real life. . .
(a) "will often seem eerily like its representation."
(b) "does not often seem to be happening."
(c) "induces more stress when it is televised."
(d) "causes greater pain than one that is experienced on television."
6. Sontag claims that Jacques Callot's 1633 painting, "The Miseries and Misfortunes of War" was unprecedented for which of the following reasons?
(a) The painting portrayed shocking violence and bloodshed.
(b) The painting was the first anti-war protest work.
(c) The painting glorified the horrors of war.
(d) The painting emphasized the savagery of the conquering army.
7. A heated debate emerged when a weekly paper in Boston ran a video of which American journalist's execution in Pakistan?
(a) Ariel Sharon.
(b) Don McCullin.
(c) Daniel Pearl.
(d) Eddie Adams.
8. Sontag mentions many factors which influence the way audiences receive war photography. Which of the following was NOT one of those factors?
9. Which of the following is true about representations of the dead or dying in American media?
(a) The faces of the dead and dying from "exotic" places are more likely to be shown.
(b) FCC laws prohibit the printing of images including the faces of war victims.
(c) American news media applies the same standards of decency to all victims, regardless of country of origin.
(d) American journalism favors American subjects, often overlooking people in "remote" places.
10. Sontag observes that "Here Is New York" had no need for captions, but suggests that:
(a) The photographers complained that their work did not receive proper explanation.
(b) Many visitors were offended by the images they saw because they did not have a caption to explain them.
(c) One day, they will be necessary for those who did not experience the tragedy.
(d) Many people misunderstood the images.
11. According to Sontag, _________ also influences the public's perception of war.
(a) Anti-war sentiment.
(c) Government policies.
12. After World War I, the general public thought of the War as:
(a) An atrocity committed on the world stage.
(b) A hopeless waste of human energy and life.
(c) A clean, necessary and effectively fought war.
(d) The war to end all wars.
13. Recalling traditions of the 16th and 17th century, Sontag claims that printing images of dark-skinned people in moments of suffering or pain is part of a long tradition of which of the following?
(a) Protesting oppressive treatment of the colonized or dominated.
(b) Creating interest in the human rights violations committed against the colonized or dominated.
(c) Displaying the bodies of the colonized or dominated.
(d) Drumming up feelings of superiority over the colonized or dominated.
14. Sontag calls for the reader's sympathy for the wounded Taliban soldier whose pain graced the cover of "The New York Times" by suggesting which of the following?
(a) The man was a human being.
(b) The man's loved ones would discover the images one day.
(c) The man deserved greater respect for serving his government in war.
(d) The man's suffering should be a private affair.
15. Sontag describes a famous photograph from the Spanish Civil War in which two things occur simultaneously. What are those two things?
(a) A shot was fired and a soldier fell.
(b) A soldier was shot and the commander surrendered.
(c) A boy died and a helicopter landed.
(d) The photograph was snapped and the soldier was hit by a bullet.
Short Answer Questions
1. Goya's "Los Desastres de la Guerra" (The Disasters of War) was a series of etchings published in 1863. Which of the following events does this series depict?
2. According to Sontag, war journalism first developed during which of the following two wars?
3. Photographic representations of the Vietnam War was essential to promoting:
4. At the end of World War II, a group of journalists formed Magnum Photo Agency. Which of the following photographers was not among them?
5. In interpreting photographs, Sontag claims that everyone approaches the image as which of the following?
This section contains 839 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)