|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The conflicts in the Balkans in the 1990s stood out to many onlookers for which of the following reasons?
(a) Most people believe that atrocities like that do not happen in Europe.
(b) The media hyped the conflicts by airing footage during each broadcast.
(c) Government propaganda incited great public interest.
(d) The violence was more extreme than other conflicts of the era.
2. Sontag lists which of the following as images that the artist "takes"?
3. Sontag claims that Jacques Callot's 1633 painting, "The Miseries and Misfortunes of War" was unprecedented for which of the following reasons?
(a) The painting emphasized the savagery of the conquering army.
(b) The painting portrayed shocking violence and bloodshed.
(c) The painting was the first anti-war protest work.
(d) The painting glorified the horrors of war.
4. Which of the following images was often thought to represent a mother, looking tellingly into the sky during an air raid of the Spanish Civil War?
(a) "Mother and Child, Barcelona, Spain, 1936"
(b) "War Against War!"
(c) "Land Distribution Meeting, Extremadura, Spain, 1936"
5. The Brady group's approach to war photography differed from Fenton's approach in which of the following ways?
(a) The Brady group was commissioned by the government, while Fenton was not.
(b) The Brady group photographed the war without government permission, while Fenton had permission for his work.
(c) The Brady group was not commissioned by the government, while Fenton was.
(d) The Brady group had permission to access the fields, while Fenton did not.
6. According to Sontag, anti-war sentiment:
(a) Overcame the militarized frenzy of the war years.
(b) Produced peace.
(c) Emerged in the arts across Europe after World War I.
(d) Was considered treasonous.
7. Recalling traditions of the 16th and 17th century, Sontag claims that printing images of dark-skinned people in moments of suffering or pain is part of a long tradition of which of the following?
(a) Protesting oppressive treatment of the colonized or dominated.
(b) Drumming up feelings of superiority over the colonized or dominated.
(c) Displaying the bodies of the colonized or dominated.
(d) Creating interest in the human rights violations committed against the colonized or dominated.
8. Sontag argues that witnessing war atrocities from afar is a unique experience characteristic of:
(a) The early 19th century.
(b) Western countries.
(c) Eastern countries.
(d) The modern world.
9. Photography on the war front was first banned in an organized fashion during which of the following wars?
(a) The Spanish Civil War.
(b) The Boer War.
(c) World War I.
(d) World War II.
10. Sontag mentions many factors which influence the way audiences receive war photography. Which of the following was NOT one of those factors?
11. Sontag, confirming Walter Lippmann's assertion, argues that photography replaced which of the following media for representing the truth?
(a) Scientific studies.
(b) Eye-witness testimonies.
(c) Artistic representations such as paintings or drawings.
(d) Religious texts such as the Bible.
12. Which was the first war to be covered by television cameras?
(a) The Korean War.
(b) The Vietnam War.
(c) Desert Storm.
(d) The War on Terror.
13. Sontag discusses reactions to the attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. Which of the following is NOT a reaction Sontag recalls hearing?
(a) "It felt surreal."
(b) "It felt unreal."
(c) "It felt like a dream."
(d) "It felt like a movie."
14. Sontag argues that the photograph, unlike the written word, is:
(a) Subject to interpretation.
(b) Artistically inferior.
(c) Always objective.
(d) Politically charged.
15. Restrictions on media coverage of the British campaign in the Falklands was notable for which of the following reasons?
(a) They were stricter than any censorship since the Crimean War.
(b) They prohibited foreign journalists from covering the story.
(c) They opened the event to full-scale television coverage.
(d) They allowed only government-sponsored journalists.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which of the following pairs of images appeared side-by-side in a 1937 issue of "Life"?
2. Which painting does Sontag "find it difficult" to look at?
3. Sontag notes that images of war most significantly influenced which of the following groups?
4. The footage from a 1898 charge of Colonel Roosevelt's volunteer cavalry, the Rough Riders, was replaced with film of a staged charge later for which of the following reasons?
5. Discussing the "co-spectatorship" and "indecency" of the image of the Vietcong suspect's execution, Sontag asserts which of the following?
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