|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Sontag compares the desire for images of people in pain to which other recurrent type of image?
(a) Images of natural disasters.
(b) Images of nude bodies.
(c) Images of happiness.
(d) Images of love.
2. Which of the following included close-up images of soldiers wounded by war in his/her 1938 film?
(a) Abel Gance.
(b) Ernst Friedrich.
(c) Virginia Woolf.
3. The mass media bombarded viewers with shocking images because:
(a) These images received the highest interest ratings in viewer polls.
(b) They were more likely to stand out from the countless images people saw every day.
(c) People secretly enjoy images of mass destruction.
(d) The public demanded the uncensored truth.
4. According to Sontag, anti-war sentiment:
(a) Produced peace.
(b) Overcame the militarized frenzy of the war years.
(c) Emerged in the arts across Europe after World War I.
(d) Was considered treasonous.
5. Sontag notes that at the time Virginia Woolf wrote "Three Guineas," war journalism was different than it is now. How was it different?
(a) It was less prevalent.
(b) It was more disturbing.
(c) It was more common.
(d) It was less graphic.
6. Sontag argues that Woolf's view, like many other "antiwar polemicists" is:
7. Paraphrasing Woolf, Sontag states that the privileged class fails to respond to images of war with the appropriate pain. She describes this as a:
(a) Failure of ignorance.
(b) Failure of wealth.
(c) Failure to behave humanely.
(d) Failure of empathy and imagination.
8. Which of the following images was often thought to represent a mother, looking tellingly into the sky during an air raid of the Spanish Civil War?
(a) "Mother and Child, Barcelona, Spain, 1936"
(c) "Land Distribution Meeting, Extremadura, Spain, 1936"
(d) "War Against War!"
9. Sontag argues that we are most disappointed to discover that which type of photographs have been staged?
(a) Images depicting gory battle scenes.
(b) Images depicting spontaneous events.
(c) Images depicting everyday life.
(d) Images depicting intimate climaxes.
10. Sontag mentions many factors which influence the way audiences receive war photography. Which of the following was NOT one of those factors?
11. The first war photographer, whose work garnered him the position as "official photographer" of the Crimean War, was which of the following?
(a) Robert Capa.
(b) Edmund Gosse.
(c) Ernst Friedrich.
(d) Roger Fenton.
12. Which painting does Sontag "find it difficult" to look at?
(a) Da Vinci's "The Last Supper."
(b) Picasso's "Guernica."
(c) Callot's "The Miseries and Misfortunes of War."
(d) Titian's painting of the flaying of Marsyas.
13. Sontag describes a famous photograph from the Spanish Civil War in which two things occur simultaneously. What are those two things?
(a) A boy died and a helicopter landed.
(b) A shot was fired and a soldier fell.
(c) A soldier was shot and the commander surrendered.
(d) The photograph was snapped and the soldier was hit by a bullet.
14. Which of the following is true about representations of the dead or dying in American media?
(a) American journalism favors American subjects, often overlooking people in "remote" places.
(b) American news media applies the same standards of decency to all victims, regardless of country of origin.
(c) The faces of the dead and dying from "exotic" places are more likely to be shown.
(d) FCC laws prohibit the printing of images including the faces of war victims.
15. Restrictions on media coverage of the British campaign in the Falklands was notable for which of the following reasons?
(a) They were stricter than any censorship since the Crimean War.
(b) They opened the event to full-scale television coverage.
(c) They allowed only government-sponsored journalists.
(d) They prohibited foreign journalists from covering the story.
Short Answer Questions
1. Sontag argues that Goya's "The Disasters of War" was a turning point in the depiction of suffering. What does she cite as her reason?
2. Sontag claims that American journalists have always followed one tacit prohibition. What have American journalists always avoided?
3. Fenton received directions from the War Office to do which of the following?
4. According to Sontag, photojournalism was used post-9/11 to:
5. How many images did the "Here Is New York" exhibit originally receive?
This section contains 748 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)