|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Sontag argues that creating lasting interest in war image requires which of the following?
(a) A brave star witness.
(b) A reputation for cutting-edge journalism.
(c) A plethora of shocking images.
(d) A large budget from advertising.
2. Sontag claims that American journalists have always followed one tacit prohibition. What have American journalists always avoided?
(a) Printing images of mass American casualties.
(b) Printing images of the faces of American dead.
(c) Printing images of suffering women and children.
(d) Printing images of American-committed war crimes.
3. Which of the following was NOT true of the "Here Is New York" exhibit?
(a) Images were selected on a first-come, first-serve basis.
(b) The images were displayed uncaptioned.
(c) One image from each contributer was selected.
(d) The identity of the photographer was kept secret until after the image was purchased.
4. Discussing the "co-spectatorship" and "indecency" of the image of the Vietcong suspect's execution, Sontag asserts which of the following?
(a) The shooting would not have occurred in the absence of journalists to record it.
(b) General Loan was unaware of the cameras at the time of the execution.
(c) The photographer arranged the execution in advance.
(d) The presence of journalists was an invasion of the executed man's privacy.
5. Which was the first war to be "covered" by professional war journalists at the front lines?
(a) World War I.
(b) The Spanish Civil War.
(c) World War II.
(d) The American Civil War.
6. After World War I, the general public thought of the War as:
(a) A clean, necessary and effectively fought war.
(b) An atrocity committed on the world stage.
(c) The war to end all wars.
(d) A hopeless waste of human energy and life.
7. The protagonist of J'Accuse, the 1938 anti-war film, cries out which of the following in German and in English?
(a) "War is ugly!"
(b) "The horror!"
(c) "Your sacrifices were in vain!"
(d) "The face of war!"
8. Which of the following magazines was NOT devoted entirely to photography?
(a) Picture Post.
(b) National Geographic.
9. At the end of World War II, a group of journalists formed Magnum Photo Agency. Which of the following photographers was not among them?
(a) Henri Cartier-Bresson.
(b) Ernst Friedrich.
(c) David Seymour.
(d) Robert Capa.
10. Which technological advancement changed the way war was photographed after World War I?
(a) Lighting equipment.
(d) Lightweight cameras.
11. Sontag, confirming Walter Lippmann's assertion, argues that photography replaced which of the following media for representing the truth?
(a) Artistic representations such as paintings or drawings.
(b) Scientific studies.
(c) Eye-witness testimonies.
(d) Religious texts such as the Bible.
12. Sontag claims that Jacques Callot's 1633 painting, "The Miseries and Misfortunes of War" was unprecedented for which of the following reasons?
(a) The painting was the first anti-war protest work.
(b) The painting emphasized the savagery of the conquering army.
(c) The painting portrayed shocking violence and bloodshed.
(d) The painting glorified the horrors of war.
13. The mass media bombarded viewers with shocking images because:
(a) They were more likely to stand out from the countless images people saw every day.
(b) These images received the highest interest ratings in viewer polls.
(c) People secretly enjoy images of mass destruction.
(d) The public demanded the uncensored truth.
14. Sontag lists which of the following as images that the artist "makes"?
(a) Paintings and photographs.
(b) Photographs and etchings.
(c) Drawings and paintings.
(d) Etchings and drawings.
15. Sontag discusses reactions to the attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. Which of the following is NOT a reaction Sontag recalls hearing?
(a) "It felt like a dream."
(b) "It felt like a movie."
(c) "It felt surreal."
(d) "It felt unreal."
Short Answer Questions
1. The media may inform the public of war crimes and atrocities, but often fails to capture the:
2. Although the camera captures the scene in front of it, Sontag suggests that the ______ may manipulate the image.
3. The Brady war pictures were taken of which of the following wars?
4. According to Sontag, war journalism first developed during which of the following two wars?
5. Which famous surrealist thinker does Sontag quote as saying "Beauty will be convulsive, or it will not be?"
This section contains 712 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)