|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Sontag argues that Goya's "The Disasters of War" was a turning point in the depiction of suffering. What does she cite as her reason?
(a) The subtlety of the portrayal of war.
(b) The captions, challenging the viewer to look.
(c) The starkness of Goya's craft.
(d) The detailed descriptions accompanying the work.
2. Noting the long history of the "iconography of suffering," Sontag lists three types of art which depict incredible agony. Which of the following is NOT one of them?
(a) The Pieta.
(b) Images of the martyrdom of the Christian saints.
(c) The statue of Laocoon and his sons.
(d) Images and scultpures of the Passion of Christ.
3. Images of the Gulf War were filtered to portray the "techno war." The public was exposed to only those images that portrayed which of the following sentiments?
(a) Wondrous technological advancements.
(b) American military superiority over the enemy.
(c) Savagery of conventional warfare, compared to American techno war.
(d) American military mercy.
4. Which was the first war to be covered by television cameras?
(a) The Vietnam War.
(b) The War on Terror.
(c) The Korean War.
(d) Desert Storm.
5. Audiences may question the veracity of photographs because:
(a) Newspapers and magazines caption the images.
(b) Anyone can photograph an event.
(c) Images can be staged or manipulated.
(d) Photojournalists are unreliable.
6. "The Killing Fields" depicts which of the following?
(a) The dead and dying of the Korean War.
(b) The casualties of Bunker Hill.
(c) The mass deaths during the Spanish Civil War.
(d) The atrocities committed by the Khmer Rouge.
7. The media may inform the public of war crimes and atrocities, but often fails to capture the:
(a) Essence of the experience.
(b) Tension between combatants.
(c) Complicated circumstances, causes and impact of the event.
(d) Emotional struggles of the victims.
8. According to Sontag, anti-war sentiment:
(a) Overcame the militarized frenzy of the war years.
(b) Was considered treasonous.
(c) Produced peace.
(d) Emerged in the arts across Europe after World War I.
9. Fenton received directions from the War Office to do which of the following?
(a) Generate propaganda for Britain.
(b) Glorify war through patriotic images.
(c) Graphically depict the horrors of war.
(d) Avoid photographing the ill, wounded, dying and dead.
10. In discussing the difference gender makes in perceptions of war, Sontag agrees with which of the following authors?
(a) Joyce Carol Oates.
(b) Tyler Hicks.
(c) Henry James.
(d) Virginia Woolf.
11. Sontag argues that technological advances changed the way the public understands war by:
(a) Shielding the public from scenes of the wounded and dying.
(b) Producing mass casualties and horrific destruction.
(c) Allowing journalists to represent the war in detail as it happens.
(d) Improving the power and accuracy of weapons.
12. Sontag discusses a famous series of photographs taken by Tyler Hicks, titled "A Nation Challenged." What does this series depict?
(a) Osama Bin Laden.
(b) A wounded Taliban soldier.
(c) Hugo Chavez.
(d) The destruction of the Twin Towers.
13. Sontag notes that post-colonial Africa is most commonly known to the American public based on a series of which of the following groups of images?
(a) Still images of freedom fighters, revolutionary independence movements, and guerrilla insurgencies.
(b) Images of American aid groups, support-a-child network assistants, and refugee camps.
(c) Images of post-war development and national improvement.
(d) Photographs of the famine fields of Biafra, the Rwandan genocide, and the AIDS epidemic.
14. Which of the following magazines was NOT devoted entirely to photography?
(a) Picture Post.
(d) National Geographic.
15. Sontag describes a famous photograph from the Spanish Civil War in which two things occur simultaneously. What are those two things?
(a) A shot was fired and a soldier fell.
(b) A boy died and a helicopter landed.
(c) The photograph was snapped and the soldier was hit by a bullet.
(d) A soldier was shot and the commander surrendered.
Short Answer Questions
1. Sontag, confirming Walter Lippmann's assertion, argues that photography replaced which of the following media for representing the truth?
2. According to Sontag, why do images of atrocities fail to convey a singular, universal message?
3. According to Sontag, photojournalism was used post-9/11 to:
4. Which technological advancement changed the way war was photographed after World War I?
5. Restrictions on media coverage of the British campaign in the Falklands was notable for which of the following reasons?
This section contains 756 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)