|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The footage from a 1898 charge of Colonel Roosevelt's volunteer cavalry, the Rough Riders, was replaced with film of a staged charge later for which of the following reasons?
(a) The footage of the actual event was not dramatic enough.
(b) Colonel Roosevelt was unsatisfied with the footage.
(c) The photographer lost the film reel.
(d) The lighting on the day of the event was insufficient.
2. Sontag suggests that a catastrophic event that is experienced in real life. . .
(a) "will often seem eerily like its representation."
(b) "induces more stress when it is televised."
(c) "does not often seem to be happening."
(d) "causes greater pain than one that is experienced on television."
3. Sontag argues that technological advances changed the way the public understands war by:
(a) Allowing journalists to represent the war in detail as it happens.
(b) Improving the power and accuracy of weapons.
(c) Producing mass casualties and horrific destruction.
(d) Shielding the public from scenes of the wounded and dying.
4. According to Sontag, anti-war sentiment:
(a) Emerged in the arts across Europe after World War I.
(b) Overcame the militarized frenzy of the war years.
(c) Was considered treasonous.
(d) Produced peace.
5. Sontag mentions many factors which influence the way audiences receive war photography. Which of the following was NOT one of those factors?
6. How many images did the "Here Is New York" exhibit originally receive?
(a) Less five hundred.
(b) Less than one hundred.
(c) More than one million.
(d) More than one thousand.
7. The Brady war pictures were taken of which of the following wars?
(a) The Crimean War.
(b) World War I.
(c) The American Civil War.
(d) The Spanish Civil War.
8. Paraphrasing Woolf, Sontag states that the privileged class fails to respond to images of war with the appropriate pain. She describes this as a:
(a) Failure of ignorance.
(b) Failure of empathy and imagination.
(c) Failure of wealth.
(d) Failure to behave humanely.
9. Sontag observes that "Here Is New York" had no need for captions, but suggests that:
(a) Many people misunderstood the images.
(b) The photographers complained that their work did not receive proper explanation.
(c) Many visitors were offended by the images they saw because they did not have a caption to explain them.
(d) One day, they will be necessary for those who did not experience the tragedy.
10. According to Sontag, photographs of atrocities are best received if they are:
(a) So artistically simple as to seem uncomposed.
(b) Well-lit and high-contrast.
(c) Close-ups of compelling scenes.
(d) Images of familiar places or people.
11. Sontag argues that Goya's "The Disasters of War" was a turning point in the depiction of suffering. What does she cite as her reason?
(a) The subtlety of the portrayal of war.
(b) The starkness of Goya's craft.
(c) The detailed descriptions accompanying the work.
(d) The captions, challenging the viewer to look.
12. Sontag argues that the photograph, unlike the written word, is:
(a) Politically charged.
(b) Artistically inferior.
(c) Always objective.
(d) Subject to interpretation.
13. Ultimately, Sontag claims that war is:
14. Which of the following included close-up images of soldiers wounded by war in his/her 1938 film?
(a) Abel Gance.
(c) Ernst Friedrich.
(d) Virginia Woolf.
15. Which of the following is true about representations of the dead or dying in American media?
(a) FCC laws prohibit the printing of images including the faces of war victims.
(b) The faces of the dead and dying from "exotic" places are more likely to be shown.
(c) American journalism favors American subjects, often overlooking people in "remote" places.
(d) American news media applies the same standards of decency to all victims, regardless of country of origin.
Short Answer Questions
1. Fenton's "The Valley of the Shadow of Death" is unique for which of the following reasons?
2. Which painting does Sontag "find it difficult" to look at?
3. Sontag argues that witnessing war atrocities from afar is a unique experience characteristic of:
4. In interpreting photographs, Sontag claims that everyone approaches the image as which of the following?
5. Sontag lists many effects of photographs depicting war victims. Which of the following was not one of the effects she lists?
This section contains 736 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)