|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Sontag argues that Goya's "The Disasters of War" was a turning point in the depiction of suffering. What does she cite as her reason?
(a) The subtlety of the portrayal of war.
(b) The starkness of Goya's craft.
(c) The detailed descriptions accompanying the work.
(d) The captions, challenging the viewer to look.
2. Sontag lists which of the following as images that the artist "makes"?
(a) Paintings and photographs.
(b) Drawings and paintings.
(c) Photographs and etchings.
(d) Etchings and drawings.
3. Sontag argues that the photograph, unlike the written word, is:
(a) Subject to interpretation.
(b) Politically charged.
(c) Always objective.
(d) Artistically inferior.
4. Sontag describes the way people experienced televised images of war in their own homes as which of the following?
(b) Mediated intimacy.
(c) Comfortable distance.
(d) Diplomatic distance.
5. Sontag notes that post-colonial Africa is most commonly known to the American public based on a series of which of the following groups of images?
(a) Images of post-war development and national improvement.
(b) Still images of freedom fighters, revolutionary independence movements, and guerrilla insurgencies.
(c) Photographs of the famine fields of Biafra, the Rwandan genocide, and the AIDS epidemic.
(d) Images of American aid groups, support-a-child network assistants, and refugee camps.
6. Sontag mentions many factors which influence the way audiences receive war photography. Which of the following was NOT one of those factors?
7. Sontag references an agreement in which the United States, France, Great Britain, Germany, Italy and Japan came together to renounce war. What is the name of this agreement?
(a) The Non-Aggression Pact of 1937.
(b) The Treaty of Brandenburg.
(c) Kellogg-Briad Pact of 1928.
(d) The Treaty of Versailles.
8. Which Virginia Woolf book does Sontag discuss in detail?
(a) Mrs. Dalloway.
(b) The Hours.
(c) Three Guineas.
9. Sontag argues that witnessing war atrocities from afar is a unique experience characteristic of:
(a) The early 19th century.
(b) The modern world.
(c) Eastern countries.
(d) Western countries.
10. Sontag discusses "Here Is New York," a photography exhibit depicting September 11th. Whom did the organizers ask to contribute photographs?
(a) Professional artists only.
(b) Photojournalists only.
(c) Amateurs only.
(d) Anyone who captured an image of the tragedy.
11. Noting the long history of the "iconography of suffering," Sontag lists three types of art which depict incredible agony. Which of the following is NOT one of them?
(a) Images and scultpures of the Passion of Christ.
(b) The statue of Laocoon and his sons.
(c) The Pieta.
(d) Images of the martyrdom of the Christian saints.
12. Photographic representations of the Vietnam War was essential to promoting:
(a) The anti-war movement.
(b) New methods of communication.
(c) Patriotic sentiment.
(d) International relations.
13. How many images did the "Here Is New York" exhibit originally receive?
(a) Less than one hundred.
(b) More than one thousand.
(c) Less five hundred.
(d) More than one million.
14. Which of the following included close-up images of soldiers wounded by war in his/her 1938 film?
(a) Virginia Woolf.
(b) Ernst Friedrich.
(d) Abel Gance.
15. U.S. bombing of Afghanistan was conducted remotely from which of the following locations?
(a) The Pentagon.
(b) Washington, D.C.
(c) Quantico, Virginia.
(d) Tampa, Florida
Short Answer Questions
1. Which was the first war to be "covered" by professional war journalists at the front lines?
2. Sontag argues that a photograph by which of these photographers triggered mass outcry against the Vietnam War?
3. Which technological advancement changed the way war was photographed after World War I?
4. After World War I, the general public thought of the War as:
5. According to Sontag, photojournalism was used post-9/11 to:
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