|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Sontag lists many effects of photographs depicting war victims. Which of the following was not one of the effects she lists?
(a) "They inspire."
(b) "They reiterate."
(c) "They simplify."
(d) "They create the illusion of consensus."
2. At the end of World War II, a group of journalists formed Magnum Photo Agency. Which of the following photographers was not among them?
(a) David Seymour.
(b) Henri Cartier-Bresson.
(c) Ernst Friedrich.
(d) Robert Capa.
3. Sontag discusses "Here Is New York," a photography exhibit depicting September 11th. Whom did the organizers ask to contribute photographs?
(a) Professional artists only.
(b) Amateurs only.
(c) Photojournalists only.
(d) Anyone who captured an image of the tragedy.
4. Sontag argues that a photograph by which of these photographers triggered mass outcry against the Vietnam War?
(a) Robert Capa.
(b) Ernst Friedrich.
(c) Larry Burroughs.
(d) Henri Cartier-Bresson.
5. Sontag suggests that a catastrophic event that is experienced in real life. . .
(a) "induces more stress when it is televised."
(b) "causes greater pain than one that is experienced on television."
(c) "will often seem eerily like its representation."
(d) "does not often seem to be happening."
6. Sontag notes that images of war most significantly influenced which of the following groups?
(a) Those who had never experienced war first-hand.
(b) Governing officials making war decisions.
(c) Those who had experienced war, and were suffering from post-traumatic stress.
(d) Artists whose work centers on conscientious objection.
7. To whom did the "Here Is New York" exhibit donate the proceeds?
(a) A fund benefitting the spouses of those who died.
(b) A fund benefitting the arts and encouraging photography of New York.
(c) A fund benefitting the fire departments that acted to save the victims.
(d) A fund benefitting children who lost parents in the attack.
8. Sontag claims that Jacques Callot's 1633 painting, "The Miseries and Misfortunes of War" was unprecedented for which of the following reasons?
(a) The painting portrayed shocking violence and bloodshed.
(b) The painting was the first anti-war protest work.
(c) The painting glorified the horrors of war.
(d) The painting emphasized the savagery of the conquering army.
9. Sontag notes that at the time Virginia Woolf wrote "Three Guineas," war journalism was different than it is now. How was it different?
(a) It was more disturbing.
(b) It was less graphic.
(c) It was less prevalent.
(d) It was more common.
10. Which famous surrealist thinker does Sontag quote as saying "Beauty will be convulsive, or it will not be?"
(a) Virginia Woolf.
(b) Andre Breton.
(c) Salvador Dali.
(d) Pablo Picasso.
11. Photographic representations of the Vietnam War was essential to promoting:
(a) New methods of communication.
(b) The anti-war movement.
(c) Patriotic sentiment.
(d) International relations.
12. The protagonist of J'Accuse, the 1938 anti-war film, cries out which of the following in German and in English?
(a) "Your sacrifices were in vain!"
(b) "The horror!"
(c) "War is ugly!"
(d) "The face of war!"
13. The Brady group's approach to war photography differed from Fenton's approach in which of the following ways?
(a) The Brady group was commissioned by the government, while Fenton was not.
(b) The Brady group had permission to access the fields, while Fenton did not.
(c) The Brady group photographed the war without government permission, while Fenton had permission for his work.
(d) The Brady group was not commissioned by the government, while Fenton was.
14. According to Sontag, photographs of atrocities are best received if they are:
(a) Close-ups of compelling scenes.
(b) Images of familiar places or people.
(c) So artistically simple as to seem uncomposed.
(d) Well-lit and high-contrast.
15. Which of the following was NOT true of the "Here Is New York" exhibit?
(a) The identity of the photographer was kept secret until after the image was purchased.
(b) One image from each contributer was selected.
(c) Images were selected on a first-come, first-serve basis.
(d) The images were displayed uncaptioned.
Short Answer Questions
1. Ultimately, Sontag claims that war is:
2. Sontag notes that post-colonial Africa is most commonly known to the American public based on a series of which of the following groups of images?
3. Sontag observes that "Here Is New York" had no need for captions, but suggests that:
4. Sontag discusses the use of images of the dead to bolster hatred of the enemy. Which of the following recent events, aired on the Al Jazeera network, does she use as an example?
5. Sontag argues that the most extensive kind of censorship is which of the following?
This section contains 815 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)