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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Sontag argues that a photograph by which of these photographers triggered mass outcry against the Vietnam War?
(a) Robert Capa.
(b) Henri Cartier-Bresson.
(c) Larry Burroughs.
(d) Ernst Friedrich.
2. Which famous surrealist thinker does Sontag quote as saying "Beauty will be convulsive, or it will not be?"
(a) Pablo Picasso.
(b) Virginia Woolf.
(c) Salvador Dali.
(d) Andre Breton.
3. Discussing the "co-spectatorship" and "indecency" of the image of the Vietcong suspect's execution, Sontag asserts which of the following?
(a) General Loan was unaware of the cameras at the time of the execution.
(b) The shooting would not have occurred in the absence of journalists to record it.
(c) The presence of journalists was an invasion of the executed man's privacy.
(d) The photographer arranged the execution in advance.
4. Sontag argues that creating lasting interest in war image requires which of the following?
(a) A brave star witness.
(b) A plethora of shocking images.
(c) A reputation for cutting-edge journalism.
(d) A large budget from advertising.
5. Sontag compares the desire for images of people in pain to which other recurrent type of image?
(a) Images of nude bodies.
(b) Images of happiness.
(c) Images of natural disasters.
(d) Images of love.
6. Ultimately, Sontag claims that war is:
7. The footage from a 1898 charge of Colonel Roosevelt's volunteer cavalry, the Rough Riders, was replaced with film of a staged charge later for which of the following reasons?
(a) Colonel Roosevelt was unsatisfied with the footage.
(b) The photographer lost the film reel.
(c) The lighting on the day of the event was insufficient.
(d) The footage of the actual event was not dramatic enough.
8. In discussing the difference gender makes in perceptions of war, Sontag agrees with which of the following authors?
(a) Joyce Carol Oates.
(b) Tyler Hicks.
(c) Henry James.
(d) Virginia Woolf.
9. Sontag argues that witnessing war atrocities from afar is a unique experience characteristic of:
(a) The modern world.
(b) The early 19th century.
(c) Western countries.
(d) Eastern countries.
10. Photographic representations of the Vietnam War was essential to promoting:
(a) New methods of communication.
(b) Patriotic sentiment.
(c) The anti-war movement.
(d) International relations.
11. Sontag mentions many factors which influence the way audiences receive war photography. Which of the following was NOT one of those factors?
12. Sontag discusses reactions to the attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. Which of the following is NOT a reaction Sontag recalls hearing?
(a) "It felt surreal."
(b) "It felt like a movie."
(c) "It felt unreal."
(d) "It felt like a dream."
13. Goya's "Los Desastres de la Guerra" (The Disasters of War) was a series of etchings published in 1863. Which of the following events does this series depict?
(a) World War I.
(b) The bombing of Guernica.
(c) The Spanish Civil War.
(d) Napoleon's invasion of Spain.
14. How many images did the "Here Is New York" exhibit originally receive?
(a) More than one million.
(b) More than one thousand.
(c) Less than one hundred.
(d) Less five hundred.
15. Krieg dem Kriege contains images captioned in which four languages?
(a) German, French, English and Japanese.
(b) German, French, Dutch and English.
(c) German, French, English and Russian.
(d) German, French, English and Spanish.
Short Answer Questions
1. Sontag discusses "Here Is New York," a photography exhibit depicting September 11th. Whom did the organizers ask to contribute photographs?
2. Sontag claims that images of suffering in Africa send a double message. Which of the following best represents that message?
3. According to Sontag, "to photograph is to frame, and to frame is to _______".
4. Sontag notes that images of war most significantly influenced which of the following groups?
5. To whom did the "Here Is New York" exhibit donate the proceeds?
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