|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Mars apparently once had what resource?
2. Sagan estimates that intelligent life might arise on average in one out of how many stars?
3. The atmosphere of Venus would best be described as which of the following?
4. What types of information does SETI analyze?
5. Which of the following is NOT a major resource on Mars that makes it viable for "terraforming"?
Essay Topic 1
Terraforming is the process of modifying and entire planet to make it more hospitable for human life.
1) Describe the processes of terraforming that Sagan outlines for Mars and the moon Titan.
2) Discuss the moral aspects of the effort of terraforming, and summarize Sagan's views on the issue.
3) Describe, according to information and arguments from the book, some of the benefits that the human species as a whole would reap through the wholesale terraforming of another planet.
Essay Topic 2
Neptune is the most distant planet in the solar system.
1) Describe how Neptune was discovered.
2) Discuss and explain some of Neptune's distinguishing characteristics, including its warmth and Jupiter-like atmosphere.
3) Summarize Sagan's assessment of the planet an its importance in the field of space exploration. Why was it visited by the Voyager probes?
Essay Topic 3
The heliocentric theory was developed by Copernicus, Galileo, and others, and uprooted the dogmatically endorsed geocentric theory, forever changing the nature of scientific thought in the West.
1) Describe heliocentric theory and the scientists who proposed and developed it.
2) Explain some of the abnormalities and observations that lent support to the heliocentric theory.
3) Discuss the reasons that Sagan believes heliocentric theory was opposed by the church.
4) Describe the impact of the victory of the heliocentric theory over the geocentric model on scientific thinking in the West.
This section contains 1,822 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)