Mid-Book Test - Hard
|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is the most important thing that would immediately be apparent to any alien intelligence that found the Voyager probes?
2. What does Neptune's moon have less of compared to Titan?
3. Sagan suggests that throughout history, many have claimed that our species is what?
4. What is Neptune's largest moon?
5. Who was the first to discover moons around another planet?
Short Essay Questions
1. How has the attitude of the Catholic church towards Galileo changed over time?
2. What location in the solar system either have or are believed to have once had volcanoes?
3. What is the problem of perspective in estimating the importance of human beings?
4. What is the purpose of SETI and how does it operate?
5. What does Sagan believe would be necessary for the safety of the human race to be secured?
6. What does Sagan believe black holes have to offer?
7. What would be the first things an alien visitor to Earth would notice about the planet?
8. Briefly describe the progress made to undermine the geocentric theory.
9. What does the image of the "pale blue dot" suggest to Sagan?
10. How did ancient people know about the planets?
Essay Topic 1
The heliocentric theory was developed by Copernicus, Galileo, and others, and uprooted the dogmatically endorsed geocentric theory, forever changing the nature of scientific thought in the West.
1) Describe heliocentric theory and the scientists who proposed and developed it.
2) Explain some of the abnormalities and observations that lent support to the heliocentric theory.
3) Discuss the reasons that Sagan believes heliocentric theory was opposed by the church.
4) Describe the impact of the victory of the heliocentric theory over the geocentric model on scientific thinking in the West.
Essay Topic 2
Sagan presents a thought experiment in Chapter 5, "Is There Intelligent Life on Earth?" He suggests that the observations that a visiting alien might make of Earth would not necessarily reveal the presence of intelligent life.
1) Discuss the thought experiment that Sagan proposes in Chapter 5, and describe the obvious characteristics of the Earth from the perspective of this visitor.
2) Describe the types of observations a visitor to Earth would have to make in order to determine the presence of intelligent life on the planet.
3) Explain how this thought experiment demonstrates Sagan's point about "missing" important details in the search for life in the solar system.
Essay Topic 3
Each of the Voyager craft were fitted with golden phonograph records containing carefully selected information to be sent along with the probes into deep space.
1) Discuss the purpose of the Voyager records.
2) Explain the design of the Voyager records, why they are expected to endure without losing data, and how an alien intelligence would be expected to decode them.
3) Discuss the information contained on the records and why it was selected.
This section contains 847 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)