Necessary Losses Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. There are _______ unanswered questions about the innate differences between the sexes.

2. "Our conscience is our _____________ installed in our mind."

3. Sigmund Freud once said, "When you meet a human being, the first distinction you make is ______________?"

4. De-identification can help siblings feel superior in different ways, but it can also lead to what negative result?

5. When the child decides to replace the hostility towards the new sibling with some other activity, it is referred to as what?

Short Essay Questions

1. According to psychoanalyst Margaret Mahler, what is our "psychological birth" ?

2. Why do we have fantasies?

3. The term "penis envy" can sound quite ridiculous, but Viorst points out that it takes on many metaphorical meanings. What are some of those possible symbolic meanings?

4. What support does Viorst give to the Cinderella Complex?

5. Why does sibling rivalry tend to diminish with age?

6. Excessive punishment of ourselves rests on the illusion of what?

7. Describe repetition compulsion and what we may be trying to accomplish through it.

8. What are the four stages of human development that many analysts agree upon and how are they similar to each other?

9. According to Viorst, why is it okay to have fantasies that are inappropriate if they aren't acted upon?

10. Why do psychologists think the "Mommy and I Are One" experiments worked?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Sigmund Freud first discovered and described the Oedipus complex. Write an essay about the beginning of this complex, why it was named after Oedipus, and how it continues to impact modern psychology. Using support from the book and your own life, discuss why or why not you may agree or disagree with Freud and Viorst's view of this theory.

Essay Topic 2

Compare and contrast the perception that our image of our mother as an all-loving, all-encompassing being with the reality of what most mother's really must be. Why do we all seem to have such idealistic perceptions of mothers as such selfless, loving beings? Are these perceptions based in some reality or just fantasy? How do these perceptions play out and affect who we become, our expectations for love in other relationships, etc.?

Essay Topic 3

When mothers who reject our dependency push us from the nest too soon, the author says, we "adapt, or crumple, or compromise." Discuss the ways in which children can respond to each individual situation. In what ways can parents help children through such an experience? Why do you feel parents sometimes prematurely demand independence from their children?

(see the answer keys)

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